Isolating what a person has said or written in such a way as to prove your argument.
“ To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree” --Charles Darwin, Origin of Species
When a person draws a conclusion about a population that is based on a sample that is biased or prejudiced.
A well-documented scientific study shows that the consumption of eggs leads to higher cholesterol, but the study fails to mention that the participants were sedentary individuals in their 50’s who would have experienced heightened cholesterol regardless of diet.
An argument where characteristic of the whole are applied to its parts
Ex: John lives in a large building, therefore his apartment must be large.
Ex: Table salt is made of sodium and chlorine, therefore it must be OK to eat these chemicals.
The Fallacy of Regression or The Sports Illustrated Jinx
An argument where the arguer fails to take into account natural and inevitable fluctuations of things when ascribing causes.
A week after this appearance on the March SI cover Dennis Rodman missed four Lakers games and then took a leave of absence to address "personal matters." He filed for divorce on April 6. The Lakers released him from his contract on April 15.
A recent study showed that violent offenders enjoyed watching violent movies and playing violent video games. Obviously these types of media make people violent.
Allowing same sex marriages will produce 10,000 marriages new marriages each year. The current divorce law punishes the primary wage earner. Look, Paul McCartney’s ex-wife got 50 million! How many people are going to be financially ruined when these marriages end in divorce?