Native people of north america
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Native people of north america

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    Native people of north america Native people of north america Presentation Transcript

    • Native People of North America
      The lives of the Iroquois, Pueblos, Plains, and Northwest Coast Indians.
    • The Iroquois
      Consist of 5 tribes:
      Cayuga
      Onondaga
      Seneca
      Mohawk
      Oneida
      Located in cultural region of the Eastern Woodlands.
      A cultural region in an area where people with similar ways of life live.
    • The Iroquois did not get along well and many died.
      Deganawidah and Hiawatha, two men from different tribes, convinced others to end the fighting.
      This lead to the formation of the Iroquios League in 1570.
      The league had 50 representatives who met once a year at the Great Council of Fire and created laws.
      A Violent History
    • The Iroquois lived in what is now New York state.
      They fished, hunted deer and elk, and grew corn, squash and beans.
      Lived in longhouses; a building made from saplings and bark of tree.
      Over 100 ft. long
      Several families lived in one building.
      Everyday Life
    • The Iroquois celebrated 6 festivals throughout the year.
      Sang and danced
      Gave thanks to their crops and animals they killed
      Created masks called false faces
      The masks were used to chase away the evil spirits that caused illness
      Religion
    • Include:
      Hopi
      Zuni
      Located in the cultural region of the Southwest Desert, which include what is now Arizona and New Mexico.
      The Pueblos
    • Built villages on top of mesas; kept them safe from enemies
      Pueblo houses built from rocks and clay
      Grew corn and cotton
      Performed ceremonies that they thought would bring rain
      Kachinas were used in ceremonies. A kachina is a spirit that helps people.
      There was a special dance to honor the kachinas.
      Pueblo Villages
    • Pueblo Villages
    • This is a mesa. It is characterized by its flat, table-like top
      These are kachina dolls, which were used in ceremonies
      Pueblo Villages
    • Ceremonies
    • Pueblo Culture
    • Pottery
    • Populated the Northwest cultural region of North America; located along the western coasts of Canada and the United States.
      Nootka
      Chinook
      Bella Coola
      Kwakiutl
      Indians of the Northwest Coast
    • Because of the abundant natural resources the tribes didn’t have to grow crops
      Region list along the Pacific Coast
      Kwakiutl and other tribes hunted seals and fished
      The Pacific Northwest has thick forests of trees
      Built homes out of tree
      Made dugout canoes (a small boat made from a hollowed out tree-trunk)
      Natural Resources
    • Dugout Canoes
      Natural Resources
    • Natural Resources
    • Natural Resources
    • Master woodcarvers; carved totem poles
      A Totem Pole is a tall post which features carved faces that represent a person’s family and ancestors (people from whom one descended at a distance at a distance of time).
      Totem Poles
    • The Kwakiutl and Chinook help a potlach, which is a big party to celebrate an important event
      Lots of food, singing, dancing, and gift giving
      Potlach
    • A shaman is a man or woman who practiced native medicine
      When a tribe member became sick a shaman was called
      Shaman perform ceremonies to help the sick feel better
      Shaman