Hilary Plass "Sspeaking naturally"
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  • 1. SPEAKING NATURALLY
    Hilary Plass
    TESOL-SPAIN
  • 2. CONTEXT
     
    Do you know where today’s paper is?
     
    1. Participants: colleague to colleague
    Setting: staff room
     
    2. Participants: master and servant
    Setting: breakfast table
     
    3. Participants: husband and wife
    Setting: living room
  • 3. Who’s talking?
     
    A: Do you know where today’s paper is?
    B: I’ll get it for you
    A: That’s OK. Just tell me where it is. I’ll get it
    B: No, I’LL get it
  • 4.
  • 5. Address forms
    Susan
    Susie
    Mrs Wakefield
    Miss
    Madam
    Mummy
    Susie WusiePusie
  • 6. Pre-sequences:
    (invitation, request, (news) announcement, closing)
     
    1. You doing anything on Saturday?
     
    You haven’t got the DVD of “The Great
    Gatsby” by any chance have you?
     
    3. Guess what?
     
    4. I – I – I’ve got something awful to tell you
     
    5. Well it’s been great to see you, you know
  • 7. Silence
    A: Is there something bothering you or not?
    (1.0)
    A: Yes or no?
    (1.5)
    A: Well?
    B: No
  • 8. Side sequences
    A: Are you coming tonight?
    B: Can I bring a friend?
    A: Male or female?
    B: What difference does it make?
    A: An issue of balance
    B: Female
    A: Sure
    B: I’ll be there
  • 9. Piggy-backing & latched utterances
     
    A: we could go and see “The Prophet” that’s a good one
    B: yeah that’s a good one yeah
     
    A: and we have a teaspoon of=
    B: =paprika
    A: ground ginger
  • 10. Turn taking:
    • No gap no overlap
    • 11. Keeping the floor
    • 12. Relinquishing the floor
    • 13. Nominating next speaker
    • 14. Self nomination
    • 15. Interruptions & overlaps
    • 16. Signalling turn endings
  • Listening responses
    Mmhmm
    Mmm
    Yeah, right
    Sure
    Really?
    No::?
    Wha::t?
    Repetition
  • 17. 2. Illustrative Scales
    2.1 Communicative Activities
     
    Overall Spoken Interaction
     
    Understanding a Native Speaker Interlocutor
    Conversation
    Informal Discussion
    Formal Discussion (Meetings)
    Goal-oriented Co-operation
    Obtaining Goods and Services
    Information Exchange
    Interviewing & Being Interviewed
  • 18. 2.1 Communicative Activities
     
    Overall Spoken Production
     
    • Sustained Monologue: Describing Experience
    • 19. Sustained Monologue: Putting a Case (e.g. Debate)
    • 20. Public Announcements
    • 21. Addressing Audiences
  • 2.2 Communication Strategies
     
    Reception
     
    • Identifying Cues and Inferring
     
    Interaction
     
  • 2.4 Communicative Language Competence
    Linguistic Range
     
    • General Range
    • 28. Vocabulary Range
     
    Control
     
    • Grammatical Accuracy
    • 29. Vocabulary Control
    • 30. Phonological Control
  • 2.4 Communicative Language Competence
     
    Sociolinguistic
    •  Sociolinguistic
     
    Pragmatic
    • Flexibility
    • 31. Taking the Floor (Turntaking)
    • 32. Thematic Development
    • 33. Coherence
    • 34. Propositional Precision
    • 35. Spoken Fluency
    http://www.coe.int/T/DG4/Portfolio/?L=E&M=/documents_intro/Data_bank_descriptors.html
  • 36. NS / NNS: Agreeing on what film to see
    NS yes / NNS no
    • Summarising, getting back tothepoint, upgradingassessments
    • 37. Suggesting
    • 38. Appeal to 3rd party
    • 39. Overlaps
    • 40. Repetition
    • 41. Hedges
    • 42. Questiontags
    • 43. Pre and sidesequences
  • NS / NNS: Agreeing on what film to see
    NS yes / NNS yes
    • Fewlongturns
    • 44. Listening responses
    • 45. Piggybacking
    • 46. Linguistically simple (exceptvocabulary)
    • 47. Expressingpreferences
    • 48. Question – answer
    • 49. Description