SPEAKING NATURALLY<br />Hilary Plass<br />TESOL-SPAIN<br />
CONTEXT<br /> <br />Do you know where today’s paper is?<br /> <br />1. 	Participants:  colleague to colleague<br />	Settin...
Who’s talking?<br /> <br />A: 	Do you know where today’s paper is?<br />B:	I’ll get it for you<br />A:	That’s OK. Just tel...
Address forms<br />Susan<br />Susie<br />Mrs Wakefield<br />Miss<br />Madam<br />Mummy<br />Susie WusiePusie<br />
Pre-sequences: <br />(invitation, request, (news) announcement, closing)<br /> <br />1.  You doing anything on Saturday?<b...
Silence<br />A: 	Is there something bothering you or 	not?<br />	(1.0)<br />A:	Yes or no?<br />	(1.5)<br />A:	Well?<br />B...
Side sequences<br />A:	Are you coming tonight?<br />B:	Can I bring a friend?<br />A:	Male or female?<br />B:	What differen...
Piggy-backing & latched utterances<br /> <br />A:	we could go and see “The Prophet” 	that’s a good one<br />B: 	yeah that’...
Turn taking:<br /><ul><li>No gap no overlap
Keeping the floor
Relinquishing the floor
Nominating next speaker
Self nomination
Interruptions & overlaps
Signalling turn endings</li></li></ul><li>Listening responses<br />Mmhmm<br />Mmm<br />Yeah, right<br />Sure<br />Really?<...
2. Illustrative Scales<br />2.1 Communicative Activities<br /> <br />Overall Spoken Interaction<br /> <br />Understanding ...
2.1 Communicative Activities<br /> <br />Overall Spoken Production<br /> <br /><ul><li>Sustained Monologue: Describing Exp...
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Hilary Plass "Sspeaking naturally"

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Hilary Plass' talk as delivered at the XXV GRETA Annual Conference 2011, University of Granada (Spain).

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Hilary Plass "Sspeaking naturally"

  1. 1. SPEAKING NATURALLY<br />Hilary Plass<br />TESOL-SPAIN<br />
  2. 2. CONTEXT<br /> <br />Do you know where today’s paper is?<br /> <br />1. Participants: colleague to colleague<br /> Setting: staff room<br /> <br />2. Participants: master and servant<br /> Setting: breakfast table<br /> <br />3. Participants: husband and wife<br /> Setting: living room<br />
  3. 3. Who’s talking?<br /> <br />A: Do you know where today’s paper is?<br />B: I’ll get it for you<br />A: That’s OK. Just tell me where it is. I’ll get it<br />B: No, I’LL get it<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Address forms<br />Susan<br />Susie<br />Mrs Wakefield<br />Miss<br />Madam<br />Mummy<br />Susie WusiePusie<br />
  6. 6. Pre-sequences: <br />(invitation, request, (news) announcement, closing)<br /> <br />1. You doing anything on Saturday?<br /> <br />You haven’t got the DVD of “The Great <br />Gatsby” by any chance have you?<br /> <br />3. Guess what?<br /> <br />4. I – I – I’ve got something awful to tell you<br /> <br />5. Well it’s been great to see you, you know<br />
  7. 7. Silence<br />A: Is there something bothering you or not?<br /> (1.0)<br />A: Yes or no?<br /> (1.5)<br />A: Well?<br />B: No<br />
  8. 8. Side sequences<br />A: Are you coming tonight?<br />B: Can I bring a friend?<br />A: Male or female?<br />B: What difference does it make?<br />A: An issue of balance<br />B: Female<br />A: Sure<br />B: I’ll be there<br />
  9. 9. Piggy-backing & latched utterances<br /> <br />A: we could go and see “The Prophet” that’s a good one<br />B: yeah that’s a good one yeah<br /> <br />A: and we have a teaspoon of=<br />B: =paprika<br />A: ground ginger<br />
  10. 10. Turn taking:<br /><ul><li>No gap no overlap
  11. 11. Keeping the floor
  12. 12. Relinquishing the floor
  13. 13. Nominating next speaker
  14. 14. Self nomination
  15. 15. Interruptions & overlaps
  16. 16. Signalling turn endings</li></li></ul><li>Listening responses<br />Mmhmm<br />Mmm<br />Yeah, right<br />Sure<br />Really?<br />No::?<br />Wha::t?<br />Repetition<br />
  17. 17. 2. Illustrative Scales<br />2.1 Communicative Activities<br /> <br />Overall Spoken Interaction<br /> <br />Understanding a Native Speaker Interlocutor<br />Conversation<br />Informal Discussion<br />Formal Discussion (Meetings)<br />Goal-oriented Co-operation<br />Obtaining Goods and Services<br />Information Exchange<br />Interviewing & Being Interviewed<br />
  18. 18. 2.1 Communicative Activities<br /> <br />Overall Spoken Production<br /> <br /><ul><li>Sustained Monologue: Describing Experience
  19. 19. Sustained Monologue: Putting a Case (e.g. Debate)
  20. 20. Public Announcements
  21. 21. Addressing Audiences</li></li></ul><li>2.2 Communication Strategies<br /> <br />Reception<br /> <br /><ul><li>Identifying Cues and Inferring</li></ul> <br />Interaction<br /> <br /><ul><li>Taking the Floor (Turntaking)
  22. 22. Co-operating
  23. 23. Asking for Clarification
  24. 24. Production
  25. 25. Planning
  26. 26. Compensating
  27. 27. Monitoring and Repair</li></li></ul><li>2.4 Communicative Language Competence<br />Linguistic Range<br /> <br /><ul><li>General Range
  28. 28. Vocabulary Range</li></ul> <br />Control<br /> <br /><ul><li>Grammatical Accuracy
  29. 29. Vocabulary Control
  30. 30. Phonological Control</li></li></ul><li>2.4 Communicative Language Competence<br /> <br />Sociolinguistic<br /><ul><li> Sociolinguistic</li></ul> <br />Pragmatic<br /><ul><li>Flexibility
  31. 31. Taking the Floor (Turntaking)
  32. 32. Thematic Development
  33. 33. Coherence
  34. 34. Propositional Precision
  35. 35. Spoken Fluency</li></ul>http://www.coe.int/T/DG4/Portfolio/?L=E&M=/documents_intro/Data_bank_descriptors.html<br />
  36. 36. NS / NNS: Agreeing on what film to see<br />NS yes / NNS no<br /><ul><li>Summarising, getting back tothepoint, upgradingassessments
  37. 37. Suggesting
  38. 38. Appeal to 3rd party
  39. 39. Overlaps
  40. 40. Repetition
  41. 41. Hedges
  42. 42. Questiontags
  43. 43. Pre and sidesequences</li></li></ul><li>NS / NNS: Agreeing on what film to see<br />NS yes / NNS yes<br /><ul><li>Fewlongturns
  44. 44. Listening responses
  45. 45. Piggybacking
  46. 46. Linguistically simple (exceptvocabulary)
  47. 47. Expressingpreferences
  48. 48. Question – answer
  49. 49. Description</li>
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