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Modals
 

Modals

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    Modals Modals Presentation Transcript

    • MODALS
    • MODALS
      The modal auxiliaries generally express speaker’s attitudes.
      For example, modals can express that a speaker feels something is necessary, advisable, permissible, possible or probable.
    • Can, could, had better, may, might, must,
      ought to, shall, should, will, would
    • Modals that express Necessity or obligation
      Must
      Have to
      Have got to (informal)
      Youmusteathealthyfood!
    • Modals that express Advisability
      Should
      Ought (to)
      Have better
      Could
      Youshould
      drinkwater
    • Past form of should
      Should + past participle
      Example:
      You should have called us
      You should have written the essay last week
    • Expressing Expectations
      Be supposed to expresses the idea that someone expects something to happen also scheduled events
      Ex: The meeting is supposed to begin at 08:00 am
       
      Expresses expectations about behavior
      Ex: The kids are supposed to clean up their room
      Be supposed to in the past expresses unfulfilled expectations
      Ex: Jack was supposed to call me last night. I wonder why he didn’t.
    • Polite requests with “I” as the subject
      May or Might and Could I are used to request permission. They are equally polite
      Ex: May I use your bathroom?
      Could I borrow your bathroom?
       
      Can I is used informally to request permission, especially if the speaker is talking to someone he knows fairly well
      Ex: Can I use the bathroom?
    • Polite request with “you” as the subject
      The meaning of Would you, will you, could you is the same. Would you is more common and is often considered more polite. The degree of politeness is often determine by the speaker’s tone of voice
      Ex: Would you please pass me the bottle?
      Will you please pass me the bottle?
      Could you please pass me the bottle?
      The auxiliary “Can” is often used informally. It sounds less polite than Could you and would you.
      Ex: Can you please pass me the bottle?
    • Polite request with would you mind
      Asking for permission
      Would you mind, if I is followed by the simple past
      Ex: Would you mind if I closed the door?
      Is the same if I say: May I closed the door?
      Will I cause you any trouble if I close the door?
    • Making suggestions: Let’s, why don’t, shall I/we
      Let’sis followed by the simple form of a verb
      Negative form: let’s + no + simple verb
      Ex: Let’s go to a movie
      Let’s not go to a movie
      Let’s stay home.
      Why don’t is used to make friendly suggestions
      Why don’t we go to a movie?