Future time

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Future time

  1. 1. FUTURE TIME
  2. 2. WILL AND BE GOING TO <ul><li>To express future time </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative </li></ul><ul><li>I will finish my homework. </li></ul><ul><li>I am going to finish my homework. </li></ul><ul><li>Negative </li></ul><ul><li>I will not finish my homework. </li></ul><ul><li>I am not going to finish my homework </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Yes-no questions </li></ul><ul><li>Will you finish your homework? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to finish your homework? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I will </li></ul><ul><li>No, I am not going to finish my homework. </li></ul>
  4. 4. TO EXPRESS PREDICTION <ul><li>Use will or be going to </li></ul><ul><li>It will be cloudy tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>It is going to be cloudy. </li></ul>
  5. 5. TO EXPRESS A PRIOR PLAN <ul><li>Use only be going to </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you buy this paint? </li></ul><ul><li>Because , I am going to paint my room. </li></ul>
  6. 6. TO EXPRESS WILLINGNESS <ul><li>Use only will </li></ul><ul><li>The phone is ringing! </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll get it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. EXPRESSING THE FUTURE IN TIME CLAUSES <ul><li>When Bob comes, we will see him. </li></ul><ul><li>Before she leaves, she is going to finish her work. </li></ul><ul><li>There are going to come soon. I’ll wait until they come. </li></ul>
  8. 8. TIME CLAUSE <ul><li>Rule: when + subject+ verb= a time clause </li></ul><ul><li>Will or be going to is not used in a time clause </li></ul><ul><li>Time clauses begin with: when, after, before, as soon as, until, while </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the present progressive is used in the clause: </li></ul><ul><li>While I am traveling in Europe next year, I’m going to save money by staying in youth hostels. </li></ul>
  9. 9. USING THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE AND THE SIMPLE PRESENT TO EXPRESS FUTURE TIME <ul><li>My wife has an appointment with a doctor. She is seeing Dr. North next Tuesday. </li></ul><ul><li>The present progressive may be used to express future time when the idea of the sentence concerns a planned event or definite intention. </li></ul><ul><li>The future meaning is indicated either by future time words or by the context. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The museum opens at ten tomorrow morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Classes begin next week. </li></ul><ul><li>Used in sentences concerning events that are on a definite schedule or timetable. </li></ul><ul><li>Only a few verbs are used in this way: </li></ul><ul><li>Open, close, begin, end, start, finish, arrive, </li></ul><ul><li>leave, come, return </li></ul>
  11. 11. FUTURE PROGRESSIVE <ul><li>I will begin to study at seven. You will come at eight. I will be studying when you come. </li></ul><ul><li>IT EXPRESSES AN ACTIVITY THAT WILL BE IN PROGRESS AT A TIME IN THE FUTURE. </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative </li></ul><ul><li>Subject+will+be+verb ing </li></ul><ul><li>I will be loving you for the rest of my life. </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>I will not be loving you… </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Sometimes there is no difference between the future progressive and the simple future, especially when the future event will occur at an indefinite time in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be impatient. She will be coming soon. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be impatient. She will come soon. </li></ul>

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