Future time
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Future time

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Future time Future time Presentation Transcript

  • FUTURE TIME
  • WILL AND BE GOING TO
    • To express future time
    • Affirmative
    • I will finish my homework.
    • I am going to finish my homework.
    • Negative
    • I will not finish my homework.
    • I am not going to finish my homework
    • Yes-no questions
    • Will you finish your homework?
    • Are you going to finish your homework?
    • Yes, I will
    • No, I am not going to finish my homework.
  • TO EXPRESS PREDICTION
    • Use will or be going to
    • It will be cloudy tomorrow.
    • It is going to be cloudy.
  • TO EXPRESS A PRIOR PLAN
    • Use only be going to
    • Why did you buy this paint?
    • Because , I am going to paint my room.
  • TO EXPRESS WILLINGNESS
    • Use only will
    • The phone is ringing!
    • I’ll get it.
  • EXPRESSING THE FUTURE IN TIME CLAUSES
    • When Bob comes, we will see him.
    • Before she leaves, she is going to finish her work.
    • There are going to come soon. I’ll wait until they come.
  • TIME CLAUSE
    • Rule: when + subject+ verb= a time clause
    • Will or be going to is not used in a time clause
    • Time clauses begin with: when, after, before, as soon as, until, while
    • Sometimes the present progressive is used in the clause:
    • While I am traveling in Europe next year, I’m going to save money by staying in youth hostels.
  • USING THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE AND THE SIMPLE PRESENT TO EXPRESS FUTURE TIME
    • My wife has an appointment with a doctor. She is seeing Dr. North next Tuesday.
    • The present progressive may be used to express future time when the idea of the sentence concerns a planned event or definite intention.
    • The future meaning is indicated either by future time words or by the context.
    • The museum opens at ten tomorrow morning.
    • Classes begin next week.
    • Used in sentences concerning events that are on a definite schedule or timetable.
    • Only a few verbs are used in this way:
    • Open, close, begin, end, start, finish, arrive,
    • leave, come, return
  • FUTURE PROGRESSIVE
    • I will begin to study at seven. You will come at eight. I will be studying when you come.
    • IT EXPRESSES AN ACTIVITY THAT WILL BE IN PROGRESS AT A TIME IN THE FUTURE.
    • Affirmative
    • Subject+will+be+verb ing
    • I will be loving you for the rest of my life.
    • NEGATIVE
    • I will not be loving you…
    • Sometimes there is no difference between the future progressive and the simple future, especially when the future event will occur at an indefinite time in the future.
    • Don’t be impatient. She will be coming soon.
    • Don’t be impatient. She will come soon.