Developing Ideas for Writing a Paragraph 1. Brainstorming
quickly writing down all the thoughts that come into your head.
It doesn’t matter if the first ideas are good or bad
a good writer thinks before he writes.
not linear, consecutive; rather messy
ideas are associated
Let’s brainstorm! How weather affects people
Developing Ideas for Writing a Paragraph 2. The Topic Sentence
Control or guide the whole paragraph.
It is NOT a general fact.
It is specific.
Is is NOT TOO specific.
It often has controlling ideas.
Let’s practice!!! Controlling ideas pg. 37 The best season for kids is winter. Soccer is the world’s most popular sports. People from many different cultures live in Los Angeles. Many language students prefer bilingual dictionaries to monolingual dictionaries. The SAT contains two distinct sections that deal with two different skills. The shocking crash of 747 jumbo jet off the coast of New York has baffled investigators. Crossword puzzles are not only educational but also addictive.
Let’s practice!!!Topic sentences pg. 40 Flowers are beautiful. Cats are nice. Paris is the capital of France. The English alphabet has twenty-six letters. It costs forty cents to mail a first-class letter from the United States to Canada. Tennis is an enjoyable sport.
Language Focus: Capitalization and Punctuation Capitalization
Always capitalize the first word of a sentence.
Always capitalize the word I
Capitalize proper nouns, specific names of people, places or things.
Capitalize titles’ first letter, content words (words with meaning) and DO NOT capitalize small words (function)
Periods (.) Used at the end of declarative sentences.
Question marks (?) Used at the end of a question.
Exclamation points (!) Used a the end of an exclamation.
Homework Choose one of the general topics below. 2. Brainstorm your ideas on a separate paper. 3. Circle the ideas that you think are better to include in a paragraph. 4. Write a paragraph using the brainstorming you did and an appropriate topic sentence. 5. Be ready to share your writing. ON LINE HOMEWORK> http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/grammar/capitalization.htm http://owl.english.purdue.edu/exercises/3/16/14/
Supporting and Concluding Sentences Like a good foundation of a house, supporting sentences need to hold the paragraph together. The concluding sentence will close the deal.
Supporting sentences should:
Explain and support the topic
Answer the main wh questions (who, what, where, when, why, how)
Be related to the topic sentence.
Go to pg. 50 Activity 1-2
Kinds of supporting sentences Explaining Describing Giving reasons Giving facts Giving examples Go to pg. 52 Activity 3
Analyzing and writing supporting sentences Do pg 54 Activity 5
Concluding sentences should:
Be the last sentence of the paragraph.
Give the paragraph a logical conclusion
You should read many examples of concluding sentences to help you learn how to write an effective one.
Kinds of concluding sentences There are many types of concluding sentences. The following are two examples from our textbook. Restate the main idea Make a prediction
Restating the main idea In other words, the concluding sentences summarizes the most relevant points of the paragraph. It is probably the easiest one. Go to pg. 61 ‘Examples’
Making a prediction To predict is to guess. An interesting conclusion can be one that makes a guess about what will happen, or in what way a certain event or situation will be resolved. It is also a good way to state your opinions. Go to pg. 62 ‘Examples’
Analyzing and Writing Good Concluding Sentences Before writing the concluding sentence you should read the paragraph again, identify the topic sentence, and circle any relevant details. These steps can help you, once more, organize the ideas properly before writing an appropriate final sentence. Go to pg. 62 Do Activity 9
Pronouns When writing a paragraph, which is about one topic (or subject), it is common and necessary to use key nouns (the paragraph’s ‘main character’). However, constant repetition and mentioning of our main character causes the writer to fall into repetition that sounds confusing, awkard, and definitely mistaken. A way to solve such a problem can be by using pronouns. Using pronouns effectively helps the written text sound more smoothly.
Types of pronouns
Do you remember the types of pronouns there are and how to use them?
Writing> from ‘Great Paragraphs’ Textbook pgs. 53 Activity 4 57 Activity 7 64 Activity 10 Original Writing No. 1 ** Language Focus> Pronouns: Pg 59 & 60 + Activity 8 Sentence Fragments and Comma Splices online> http://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/fragments.htm http://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/comma_splices.htm (this is an explanation about the two topics. Read them first and scroll to the bottom to the link for two exercises. Answer them and report the score, if you can please print the answers before you get you get your score) ** Original writing sample part of the portfolio!!!