TREDFOR Libyan Marriage
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  • 1. Libyan Marriage Tredfor A51 Baldonado, Blake, Cabigunda, Duran, Mercurio,
  • 2. Introduction Libya is a country that has heavy roots in their traditions, bounded by their very strict religion -- views marriage
  • 3. As far as we know, the only things that we usually hear about Libya is their recent revolution against their government, but what about their culture regarding love and marriage? What about the other
  • 4. Location: Libya is found in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia and has an extreme desert interior. well as a keystone te rather than a Population: 6, 173, 579 Breakdown: 97% Arabians, 3% Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians,
  • 5. Religion of Majority: Most Libyans are Islam, which provides them both their beliefs in religion as well as a keystone for their government policies -meaning they have a unity of religion and state rather than a They believe that separation. Islam is the only religion that can help them solve their political, social, and economic problems as well as provide them
  • 6. Culture: 97% of Libya is composed of Arabs, their culture is dominant. It is increasingly common for young couples to set up home on their own. Strict rules +etiquette = dignity + honor + good reputation of
  • 7. They often take aside their personal feelings for the good of their group. Homosexuality is considered a criminal offence in Libya. Sexual relations outside
  • 8. Language: Arabic - national language of Libya English - most popular second language and is regularly taught in school.
  • 9. Courtship: Dating Dating is frowned upon in the traditional Libyan Society given the conservative and Islamic nature of the country. Males and females rarely mix socially and have less contact with each other. The parents usually would arrange the marriages for their children -- without their sons and daughters even meeting their future spouses as well as having a say
  • 10. Forced marriages are forbidden by the law. Dating is often not talked about in Libya because it’s frowned upon, it is the act of marriage that has richer information. ex. If parents, forbid a young woman from marrying a man of her choice, the law allows the woman even when she is a minor, to appeal to the court to prevent her parents from marrying her off to someone she doesn’t want to be married to,
  • 11. Courtship: Finding a wife/ husband Marriage in libya is more of a family than a personal affair and a civil contract rather than a religious act. Parents find a mate for their children through their own social relationships OR through a
  • 12. Courtship: Finding a wife/ husband Traditional regions: dating is forbidden and marriages are usually arranged by parents. couple tends to take little part in the arrangements * In most cases, couples have NOT met before their marriages are arranged. Couples generally spend time together in the company of their parents so that they know one another before the wedding
  • 13. Courtship: Finding a wife/ husband Groom’s dowry: US$10,000 in large cities. *Accumulation of the requisite dowry may be one reason that males tend to be several years older than females at the time
  • 14. Courtship: Finding a wife/ husband Women are inferior so the state gave more right to women to eradicate the this inequality. 1. Minimum age for marriage was set at sixteen for females and at eighteen for males.
  • 15. Courtship: Finding a wife/ husband 2. Marriage by proxy has been forbidden, and a 1972 law prescribes that a girl cannot be married against her will or when she is under the age of sixteen. *Should her father forbid her marriage to a man whom she has chosen for herself, a girl who is a minor (under the age of twenty-one) may petition a court for permission to proceed with her marriage.
  • 16. Courtship: Finding a wife/ husband Islamic tradition: husband: 4 wives (provided that he can treat them equally) wife: only 1 husband at a time *Only 3% of Libya’s marriages is polygamous
  • 17. III. Before Marriage: Chastity
  • 18. Until recently, Libyan society held on to conservative values on women, especially on chastity and family honor. Women are regarded as the embodiment of family’s honor and worth.
  • 19. Thus, they must be modest, and their virginity is regarded not just as woman’s property but also the property of her family. To maintain a family’s honor, female must be virgin before marriage and they must be sexually loyal only to their husband after marriage.
  • 20. Although both the bride and the groom are expected to be virgins on their wedding nights, Libyan society is more concerned of female’s virginity than of males. If it is discovered that the bride is no longer a virgin on their wedding night, she and her family are publicly scorned and the wedding is cancelled.
  • 21. III. Process of Marriage Minimum age of marriage: 20 years old, but a court can allow persons younger than 20 to marry with the consent of their guardian. Libyan wedding: - grand affair - can last up to 3-5 days depending on the financial status of the male. - customary to have a large wedding - family, friends and neighbors are all invited, but it is not mandatory to attend every night of the wedding.
  • 22. III. Process of Marriage FIRST DAY: The bride is not wearing any makeup unlike the other women in the celebration. The celebrants and guests are accompanied with arabic music all night long and lots of women of all ages are on the dance floor, doing Libyan-style
  • 23. III. Process of Marriage SECOND DAY: The bride gets a henna. This day is called nejma, meaning the star. It is a procession in which the bride’s friends, neighbors and family members take part, although this part of the tradition may be dying
  • 24. III. Process of Marriage THIRD DAY: The “Goufah”. The groom’s family invites family and friends to bring gifts to the bride. The bride usually wears the white dress on this day. This is also the day of the rajala, or men’s lunch, when they get together and eat
  • 25. FOURTH DAY: The III. Process of Marriage “Dokhla”. The woman has a party in her home before the groom comes to pick her up to take her to his house. This usually takes place on a Thursday. they are celebrating the bride going to the groom’s house. Inside the groom’s house, family members will greet them, some reciting prayers
  • 26. III. Process of Marriage LAST DAY: The “Sabahiyya” – or morning after. A large breakfast is given and on this occasion the bride may change costume as many as 4 times, she will also be given a ritual spoonful of sugar to taste from all family
  • 27. III. Process of Marriage Wedding customs change from area to area across the country and a wedding in Benghazi will not be the same as a wedding in Tripoli for example, although there will
  • 28. Intercultural marriage rarely happens The foreigner must take part of the Libyan cultural wedding. In traditional areas, as long as the native has the
  • 29. Inheritance Women have the right to inherit, but will generally inherit a smaller share than men. ex. A daughter has the right to a share of the inheritance that is half of her brother’s
  • 30. Divorce allowed if man OR woman 1. was able to est. grounds for divorce based on valid reasons 2. both parties agreed to the divorce
  • 31. * If a WOMAN seeks for divorce, she will exchange that to give up her financial rights. According to the law, after the divorce is granted, it is the man’s duty to support the woman financially for a limited period of time -but this is rarely
  • 32. A man can divorce his wife simply by repeating "I divorce thee" three times before witnesses. A woman can initiate divorce proceedings only with great difficulty.
  • 33. *Not mutual sepataion: The children should remain with the father *Mutual Separation: The mother is given custody of her daughters until they marry and of her sons until they reach puberty -- the father must provide financial
  • 34. IV. Issues regarding Marriage and Divorce Recently, the view regarding marriage and dating has changed in the Libyan society. Increased uranization and educational opportunities led to the modernized society of Libya now. Libyans now date before marriage, and marries omeone of their choice. This continued transformation is frowned upon by many
  • 35. In terms of domestic violence, rape, and other forms of gender-based violence inside and outside the home, these matters are considered private which carry a great deal of shame and are rarely discussed publicly. A victim of rape risks being prosecuted herself for extramarital relations if she presses charges and may instead have to marry her
  • 36. Spousal rape on the other hand is not a crime and is not covered by the law. It actually says in the penal code that if a man sees his wife having unlawful sexual relations, if he opts to murder her, his sentence will be reduced rather than for