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E NGLISH L ANGUAGE A CQUISITION & T HE R OLE OF ICT Charles Cornelius ICT
E NGLISH L ANGUAGE A CQUISITION & T HE R OLE OF ICT Charles Cornelius ICT Information Communication Technology How do children develop the ability to communicate in a foreign language? How can ICT help?
Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis Two separate processes LEARNING ACQUISITION Subconscious Similar to first language Communication not correctness Fluency Conscious Structured teaching Knowledge (eg grammatical rules) Accuracy
Monitor Hypothesis Learning can support acquisition by checking and correcting communication ACQUISITION LEARNING
Natural Order Hypothesis -ing endings he is play ing football Simple plurals two cat s Linking verb “to be” Zuzka is a teacher Auxiliary verbs she is talking Article the , a Irregular past tense he went Regular past she looked 3rd person singular she runs Possessives Josef ’s nose
Input Hypothesis “ The single most important concept in foreign language acquisition theory today.”
Optimal Input “ The main function of the foreign language teacher is to help make input comprehensible. ” Comprehensible Interesting Relevant Not grammatically sequenced In sufficient quantity
Comprehensible Input For acquisition to take place, the input needs to be a little bit beyond what the student already knows. Krashen: i+1 How? Background knowledge Contextual clues Graphic clues Non-linguistic clues Scaffolding
Comprehensible Input i + 1 input i + 1 input i + 1 input i + 1 input i + 1 input i + 1 input i + 1 input In Sufficient Quantity