By P.CHARLES CHRISTOPHER RAJ M.A.,M.I.M.,M.LISC.,M.C.A.,M.Phil.,B.Ed.,P.G.D.T.A., Assistant Professor cum NSS Programme Officer KASTHURBA COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, VILLIANUR, PUDUCHERRY 605110 MOBILE :9443723327 Email :firstname.lastname@example.org
Heritage is that which is inherited ; it is everywhere around us. It is natural or created or has evolved in the course of history. Heritage is something which is specific and typical of a place, area, region or country on the one hand and of a family, community or people on the other. natural cultural
The Great Himalayas Constitute the highest mountain system of the world.
Its tributaries namely the Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum
The Ganga with its tributaries like the Alaknanda, Mandakini, Yamuna,Ghaghra, Gandak and Kosi
The River Saraswati which was a mighty once but now it is dry and no more.
The rivers in the northern part of the peninsula are the Subarnarekha and the Mahanadi on the eastern side and the Mahi and the Sabarmati on the Western Coast.
The rivers that originate in the Western Ghats are the Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri and the Vaigai.
Because of the rivers great empire capital like Vijayanagar grew up in the banks of the Tungabhadra, Nagarjunakonda was on the bank of the Krishna and the great port town Kaveripattanam was on the bank of Kaveri.
Some of the hills like Pachaimali, Shevaroy, Javadi and Nallamala hills are known for their history.
Our Heritage is also helped by nature specially trees
Trees like the peepal and banyan and the tulsi plant are considered sacred and are respected.
Mountains,rivers,trees,birds and animals have been a part of our stories of the Panchatantra, the Shukanasopadesha, popularly known as Kissa Tota – Maina or the Buddhist Jatakas.
Some of the classical ragas are based on seasons or moods of the day. Musical Modes like Chaiti, Phag,Kajari etc., are essentially seasonal.
Even the system of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and naturopathy, rely on nature
Some well known trees which are typical of our flora are mango, neem, sal, arjuna, amaltas, ashok,teak,shisham, tamarind, sandalwood, kadamba,amla,rosewood,palm,bamboo, acacia,deodar, oak, birch,rhododendron,coconut,bel etc.
Sarais were built along the Grand Trunk Road for traders and travellers by Sher Shah Suri and Mughals.
Sarais at Amritsar in Punjab to Haryana,Delhi,U.P,Bihar and West Bengal.
Sarai Amanat Khan,Dakhni Sarai and Nurmahal Sarai in Punjab
Gharaunda Sarai in Haryana, Badli and Badarpur Sarais in Delhi and Chhata Sarai near Mathura in U.P.
As we travel along the Grand Trunk Road huge high brick pillars were constructed approx. 5 meters high are Kos Minars e.g. Qutub Minar which was started by Qutub ud din Aibak and completed by Illtumish.
Water conservation and harness led to creation of human made lakes and reservoirs.
Water harvesting goes back to Harappan Civilization.
At Dholavira, in the Great Rann of Kachchh.
Gujarat, a network of reservoirs were created. A record was found of a lake at Girnar in Junagarh at Gujarat was repaired.
Sudarshan Lake was built by Chandragupta Maurya.
Cholas built many tanks.
Devaraya I built canal from river Tungabhadra to Hampi.
Thus individuals can help by indentifying hitherto unknown monuments, sites and antiquities, take up the work of listing and documenting these and maintain vigil so that the monuments are not damaged or destroyed and the antiquities are not removed or stolen from their location. Awareness about this rich heritage land will help in preserving it for posterity.