UCD Micheal Smurfit Business SchoolSustainability Club Seminar   Ireland becoming a        low carbon  competitive economy...
Contents  Need for a low carbon economy  Ireland Greenhouse Gas Emissions  Models for a low carbon economy  Plans and chal...
Need for a low carbon economy  Climate Change      Primary environmental and societal challenge      High dependence on fo...
Irish Greenhouse Gas Trends 1990-2011           80,000                                                                    ...
Sectoral Emission Trends 1990-2011                 25                 20 Mtonnes CO2eq                 15                 ...
Projected Emissions: 2011- 2020                  50                  45                  40                  35 CO2eq, Mto...
A Profile of EU greenhouse gasemissions – 80% below 1990 levels
A Profile of what Ireland’s greenhouse gasemissions might look like to 2050  140%                                         ...
Sweden  Climate Bill 2008/9  An emissions- neutral country by 2050  Swedish Environmental Protection Agency drawing up  sc...
Norway  Adoption of a carbon tax in 1991.  70% of GHG emissions covered by economic instruments  Carbon Neutral by 2030   ...
EPA – Low Carbon Economy  National Framework  Needs actions that have a long term perspective  Focus should be on domestic...
Legal Basis  National Climate Strategy 2000 and 2007  2011- Development of national climate policy     Independent Study b...
Irish Challenges and Opportunities  Unique Greenhouse Gas Profile within the EU  Transport and Agriculture     50% of tota...
How to realise these  opportunities?
A marginal abatement cost curve for Irish agriculture – Teagasc Submission to National Climate Policy Consultation        ...
Irish Challenges and Opportunities  Energy     21% emissions 2011  Highly Electrified Economy     Large scale use of renew...
Behavioural change                     Requires:                       Information                       Leadership (by do...
Putting a price on carbon – emissions  trading                    25                                       -9%            ...
Putting a price on carbon - carbon tax  The carbon tax was first applied in 2010 to mainly, the  non-traded sectors, trans...
Incentives- CO2 emissions of new cars           180                         167.7   167.2   166.7   167.9           170   ...
Resource Efficiency  Global population 9 billion by 2050     3 billion more middle class consumers     Increases in demand...
Resources Efficiency programme for hotels, catering companies & restaurantsResources use mapping (waste, water, & energy)C...
Partnership Resource Efficiency programme with Health ServicesExecutiveResources use mapping (waste, water, & energy)Conce...
Conclusions  Now is the time to set both the right level of ambition and the  right pace of transition to a low-carbon eco...
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Laura Burke, Director General of the EPA presentation to Smurfit Business School Sustainability Club on 17th October 2012

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Laura Burke, Director General of the EPA presentation to Smurfit Business School Sustainability Club on 17th October 2012

  1. 1. UCD Micheal Smurfit Business SchoolSustainability Club Seminar Ireland becoming a low carbon competitive economy Laura Burke Director General EPA 17th October 2012
  2. 2. Contents Need for a low carbon economy Ireland Greenhouse Gas Emissions Models for a low carbon economy Plans and challenges for Ireland Behavioural Change
  3. 3. Need for a low carbon economy Climate Change Primary environmental and societal challenge High dependence on fossil fuels Agriculture, land use and land use changes Global Actions UNFCCC and Kyoto, adopted 2C goal under a shared vision 2009/10 Emissions to peak before 2020 and reduced by 50% by 2050 EU Action Leader on global actions Advocate for the 2C goal, since 1997 20%-30% reduction by 2020, 80% reduction 2050* *Based on IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007
  4. 4. Irish Greenhouse Gas Trends 1990-2011 80,000 -4% -15% 70,000 +27% 60,000kt CO2eq 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Energy Residential Industry & Commercial Agriculture Transport Waste
  5. 5. Sectoral Emission Trends 1990-2011 25 20 Mtonnes CO2eq 15 10 5 Waste 0 1.8% Transport Energy 19.7% 20.8% Energy Residential Industry & Commercial Agriculture Transport Waste Residential 11.5% Agriculture Industry & 32.1% Commercial 14.0% 2011
  6. 6. Projected Emissions: 2011- 2020 50 45 40 35 CO2eq, Mtonnes 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Agriculture Transport Residential Energy Industrial & Commercial Waste Annual Limits
  7. 7. A Profile of EU greenhouse gasemissions – 80% below 1990 levels
  8. 8. A Profile of what Ireland’s greenhouse gasemissions might look like to 2050 140% 140% 120% 120% Energy 100% 100% Residential 80% 80% Industry & Commercial 60% 60% Transport 40% 40% Agriculture Waste 20% 20% 0% 0% 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
  9. 9. Sweden Climate Bill 2008/9 An emissions- neutral country by 2050 Swedish Environmental Protection Agency drawing up scenarios and policy instrument proposals Minister for the Environment appointing a reference group with representatives of environmental organisations, the business sector and the research community, among others an active dialogue and collaboration - regional and municipal level, the business sector and the research community.
  10. 10. Norway Adoption of a carbon tax in 1991. 70% of GHG emissions covered by economic instruments Carbon Neutral by 2030 30% reduction by 2020 One of three largest buyers of carbon credits in world Purchase of carbon credits to supplement domestic efforts Aim to be a catalyst for market development
  11. 11. EPA – Low Carbon Economy National Framework Needs actions that have a long term perspective Focus should be on domestic action All sectors must contribute Cost effective mitigation solutions available SEAI and Teagasc MACC curves Need to understand drivers of action and inaction Transport and Agriculture
  12. 12. Legal Basis National Climate Strategy 2000 and 2007 2011- Development of national climate policy Independent Study by NESC Policy options 2020- June 2012 Transition to a low carbon future by 2050- Dec 2012 Public consultation Consideration by Oireachtas Committee and stakeholders Climate Change Legislation likely Head of Bill likely in late 2012 or early in 2013 Bill by the end of 2013 Implementation will be critical
  13. 13. Irish Challenges and Opportunities Unique Greenhouse Gas Profile within the EU Transport and Agriculture 50% of total emissions 2011 71% of non EU- ETS emissions Agriculture Unique profile in the EU Are there opportunities? Land use, bio-energy, others Not-unique globally: New Zealand and most developing countries
  14. 14. How to realise these opportunities?
  15. 15. A marginal abatement cost curve for Irish agriculture – Teagasc Submission to National Climate Policy Consultation How to realise these opportunities?
  16. 16. Irish Challenges and Opportunities Energy 21% emissions 2011 Highly Electrified Economy Large scale use of renewable energy (wind, wave, tidal, solar and biofuels) Decarbonise other sectors
  17. 17. Behavioural change Requires: Information Leadership (by doing!) Regulation Incentivisation Taxation Investment (e.g. subsidies, infrastructure)
  18. 18. Putting a price on carbon – emissions trading 25 -9% -16% 20 +1% -9% Mtonnes, CO2eq 15 10 5 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 201130% drop in emissions from the Emissions Trading Sector between 2005 and 2011
  19. 19. Putting a price on carbon - carbon tax The carbon tax was first applied in 2010 to mainly, the non-traded sectors, transport and heat in buildings In transport – emissions have fallen by 22% since peak in 2007 Recession and other policy influences at play but carbon tax has also played a role? Carbon tax has yet to be applied to coal and peat, the most carbon intensive of all fossil fuels
  20. 20. Incentives- CO2 emissions of new cars 180 167.7 167.2 166.7 167.9 170 166.1 166.1 164.0 161.7 158.2 160 150 144.0CO2 g/km 140 Change in VRT and Motor Tax 132.8 for new cars 128.0 130 125.8 120 110 100 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source : SEAI (2012).
  21. 21. Resource Efficiency Global population 9 billion by 2050 3 billion more middle class consumers Increases in demand for resources OECD Resource Use at existing level a barrier to future economic growth Resource Efficiency
  22. 22. Resources Efficiency programme for hotels, catering companies & restaurantsResources use mapping (waste, water, & energy)Certification & Award scheme, 270 members o 140 of which are hotels o Representing >16% of Irish HotelsIn 2011: o 6,400t waste reduction (equivalent to >6,000 households) o 352 million litres water saved o 39M kWh energy savedIn 2011 €5.6M saved by members (recurring saving too!)
  23. 23. Partnership Resource Efficiency programme with Health ServicesExecutiveResources use mapping (waste, water, & energy)Concentration on Food Waste30 healthcare facilities participating - 50% of national Acute beds in Ireland (~8,000 beds) - ~800 Community care beds1,700t food wastage identified, costing €3.7M/annum (for purchase, prepare& dispose)~800t non-risk waste in Risk Waste Bins, costing ~€700,000 per annum2,000 t recyclable waste in Residuals bins, costing €220,000 per annum
  24. 24. Conclusions Now is the time to set both the right level of ambition and the right pace of transition to a low-carbon economy Choice is not between growth and non-growth – it is between high-carbon growth and low-carbon growth Deployment requires clear, consistent and effective policies and incentives Changes in lifestyle and behaviour barriers need to be addressed - potential for wide ranging, long-term impact

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