Alice charles conference_the_potential_of_landbanking_05.04.2011


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Presentation at ’Creating Sustainable Communities’ Green Building Forum Conference on 6th May 2011.

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Alice charles conference_the_potential_of_landbanking_05.04.2011

  1. 1. The Green Building Forum -The Potential of Landbanking inIrelandAlice Charles, BSc Hons PG Dip TCP MRTPIMIPI
  2. 2.  The legacy of the boom Banking Solutions Landbanking solutions employed in Ireland and elsewhere What we need to do Disclaimer: Whilst I am an External Member of the NAMA Planning Advisory Committee, views are mine & mine alone in capacity as Planning Consultant.Overview
  3. 3. The Legacy of the boom…
  4. 4.  Collapsed economy & development sector Surplus partially completed or completed development:  Unfinished estates  Zombie hotels & golf courses  Struggling private hospitals  Vacant modern offices  Vacant dated offices  Derelict historic properties  High levels of vacany in village, town and city centres Abundance of Raw Land:  Permitted development  Zoned land - 44,000 hectares  Unzoned land The legacy of the boom
  5. 5. The legacy – Infrastructure Deficiencies
  6. 6. The legacy… Inadequate Waste Water Treatment & Plethoraof One off Housing
  7. 7. Banking Solutions…
  8. 8.  NAMA established as mechanism to deal with riskiest loans on banks balance sheets NAMA operates within confines of NAMA Act 2009 Asset management agency Acquires good & bad loans at market value from Irish banking institutions Requires borrowers to submit business plans for approval Can appoint receivers c76 billion Portfolio & c22,000 Loans Assets spread throughout Ireland, UK, US & wider world Planning Advisory Committee established in 2010 Banking Solutions: NAMA
  9. 9.  Majority established Global Restructuring teams Manage major corporate clients who in financial distress. Aim is to maximise debt recovery Revised Business Plans sought for approval Can appoint receivers Land/Property assets could be partially managed by NAMA and foreign banks Banking Solutions: Foreign Banks
  10. 10. Landbanking Solutions employed in Ireland or elsewhere….
  11. 11.  Land Commission established through Land Act 1923 & dissolved by Oireachtas in 1992 Land vested in Land Commission for re- allocation included:  Tenanted land  Untenanted land in Congested District Boards (CBDs)  All untenanted land outside CDB acquired by voluntary agreement and re-allocated Landlord initially paid through Govt Bonds & post 1950 in cash. Tenant received a notional advance from the Land Commission & entered into a Land Purchase repayment scheme – like a mortgage. 2.5 million acres of land were distributed among some 150,000 beneficiaries Landbanking Solutions Ireland – Land Commission
  12. 12.  Industrial Development Authority established 1949 (now Industrial Development Agency Ireland) Responsible for the attracting & developing FDI in Ireland Identify strategic employment locations, acquires land, seeks planning approval, services & landscapes site & attract occupants. Today Major Strategic Employment Sites include: Letterkenny, Belview Port, Ringaskiddy, Dundalk, Oranmore & Athenry. Reviewing wider landbank and offloading non core assets. Landbanking Solutions Ireland – IDA Ireland
  13. 13.  Formerly English Partnerships National housing & regeneration delivery agency for England Work in association with Regional Development Agencies & Local Authorities Programmes include:  Affordable Homes Programme  BLAC  Land & Regeneration  National Coalfields Programme (est 1997)  Surplus Public Sector Land  Growth Points Initiative  Urban Regeneration Companies e.g. Gloucester Heritage Landbanking Solutions England – Homes & Community Agency
  14. 14.  Brownfield Land Assembly Trust (BLAT) established as pilot in 2002 by South East of England Regional Development Agency (SEEDA) Est as Brownfield Land Assembly Company in 2007 - PPP Aim to tackle shortage of good quality housing at affordable prices & community & social infrastructure needs in South East. Worked in partnership with Local Authorities & Housing Corporations. Identified small brownfield sites not in urban capacity studies, acquire & assembled sites, decontaminate, develop masterplan & seek planning approval, service & in some cases develop. Operated in Growth Areas: Thames Gateway, Reading & Hastings Targeted purchase of 1000haLandbanking Solutions employed in England– SEEDA’s BLAT
  15. 15.  Unification of Germany led to a 1 million empty apartments, abandoned industrial parks & social & cultural facilities in East Germany.  Govt started to plan for shrinking cities & started demolition programme to remove abandoned buildings & put back to agriculture or park land.  Shrinking Cities movement became active after 2000  Movement thinking has spread to other shrinking cities like DetroitLandbanking Solutions Germany- EastGermany planning for shrinking city
  16. 16. What should we do?
  17. 17. Partially completed orcompleted development
  18. 18.  Identify location (Done) Prepare Site Resolution Plans Engage with community Recognise each Estate is unique. Options include:  Sell  Demolition – Where remote from public transport, services, employment, in flood plain, etc  Retro fit – Where not developed in accordance with permission, BER standards & life times homes  Betterment – relocate residents from Estates allocated for demolition to superior property elsewhere  Reuse for community, social & recreational infrastructure, Allotments, Urban Farms, residential care, offices or other temporary uses.  Pepper potting social & affordable housing in accordance with LA % requirement for social & affordable housing – need balanced communities! Role: Local Authorities, Developers & NAMA. 1) Unfinished Estates & Apartments – Partially completed or completed
  19. 19.  Identify location  Demand for bed spaces  Prepare Site Resolution Plans  Options include:  Continue trading  Sell  Demolish  Reuse Hotels for nursing homes, schools, hospitals & temporary uses  Reuse Golf Courses for agriculture, provision of community, social and green infrastructure, forestry, horticultural uses and temporary uses. Role: Failte Ireland, Local Authorities, Developers & NAMA. 2) Zombie Hotels & Golf Courses
  20. 20.  Identify location  Assess demand for offices  Prepare Site Resolution Plans  Options include:  Sell  Demolish  Reuse Offices for apartments, hospitals, residential care, community, social and green infrastructure and temporary uses Role: Local Authorities, Developers & NAMA. 3) Unfinished and or Vacant Offices – Modern & Dated
  21. 21. Raw Land
  22. 22.  Develop Geographical Information System to allow for analysis & strategic planning:  Dev Plan (Layers inc. land zonings, permissions, Natura 2000 sites, floodplains, etc)  AIRO (Layers to include Unfinished Estates / Hotels, etc )  Other layers that need inclusion: grid, wind speed, transportation links, servicing, community & social infrastructure, employment profile, etc) Role: DoEHLG, Local Authorities, other Govt Depts, Universities & NAMA Also should consider working with likes of IBM Smart Cities team 1) Survey, Analyse & Plan
  23. 23.  Revise & focus the NSS around 5 key cities Needs to provide strategic framework for energy & waste related development to avoid next bubble Develop Marine Spatial Plan to inform strategic energy related development Role: DoEHLG. 2) Revise National Spatial Strategy & produce Marine Spatial Plan
  24. 24.  Prepare Urban Capacity Studies when Plan Making (survey of district, housing capacity, include empty homes strategy, living above the shops, employment land survey, etc) Plan for infrastructure by undertaking Infrastructure Capacity Assessments (Include Physical, Social, Recreational & Community Infrastructure – Water, Waste Water, Transport, Health, Parks, Schools, etc) Equitable way of developing costed development contribution schemes Role: Local Authorities working with DoEHLG 3) Establish land capacity & Plan for Infrastructure
  25. 25.  NAMA &/ IDA Ireland form Land Commission / National Regeneration Organisation Programmes could include:  Return to Agriculture & Forestry (NAMA managed lands unzoned or dezoned & only suitable for agriculture/forestry)  Brownfield Land Assembly initiative (assemble NAMA, State & Local Authority Brownfield Assets, masterplan, seek planning permission & service)  Strategic Employment & Development Zones in Gateways  Surplus Public Sector land & Foreign banks assets (If adjoining NAMA assets) - Purchased/vested in organisation  Village, town & city centre regeneration - restore vibrancy and mixed use living Role: NAMA & / IDA Ireland working with Public Sector Bodies & Local Authority 4) Land Commission / National Regeneration Agency for 21 st Century
  26. 26.  De-zone constrained & surplus land (above pipeline supply requirements) Strategic Reserve gives hope value Introduce strict green belt or horticultural belt around villages, towns & cities Promote development of brownfield sites first. Consider the promotion of a contemporary Irish Garden City movement… Medium density communities, gardens, allotments, integrated water and waste systems, mixed use, broadband, energy independent neighbourhoods. Eg. Thisted Kommune, Denmark – 46,000 inhabitants, 100% electricity from renewables, 80% heat from district heating & geothermal. Role: DoEHLG & LA’s. 5) Plan for shrinking/consolidated villages, towns & cities
  27. 27.  Density & height often confused Georgian Dublin most dense part of City Density needs to be achieved to deliver transportation & services in cost effective manner Development should reflect context Role: DoEHLG, Local Authorities & NAMA6) Ensure density in our Gateways in accordance withNational Guidance
  28. 28.  Discourage continued development frenzy of one off houses. One off houses cost more in terms of delivery of infrastructure & services. Every one off house costs Local Authorities, NAMA & ultimately the tax payer. Serviced sites in small villages & towns & offer housing choice & help to regenerate settlements. Role: DoEHLG, Local Authorities & NAMA 7) Discourage dispersed rural settlement pattern
  29. 29. Thank youAlice Charles, Director, Alice Charles PlanningEmail.