The interviewee if conventionally placed left or right of the frame. Interviewees filmed in close up, medium close up or mid shot.
The background will conventionally have content of which relates to the interviewee, this helps to anchor their relevance. 1. Interviewee looks at interviewer, not the camera. 2.They are always sat down.3. The interviewer is also placed as close to the camera as can be.
In order to break up interviews, to illustrate the topic and to avoid jump outs in editing, cutaways are edited in. These are archive footage. Eye line of interviewing follows the rule of thirds as it is a third of the way down the screen.
Low key lighting is used and will come only from behind the camera or in front of the interviewee, to prevent the interviewee being blackened out. In the case that the any light does come from behind, it will be covered up.
The graphics are conventionally in a white sans serif font, as this is easy to read. These are also on the side opposite to the interviewee. There are also some conventions that cannot be matched with an image as they are not visual:Although music is rare, when it is used it has a significant meaning and relation.The questions are edited out so you just get the answers. As a result of this, the question is reworded in the response.