State Standards Review      Coach Harken       US History
6.1, 6.2, 6.3,• Identify how the effects of 19th century warfare  promoted the growth of industrialism  – (Railroads, iron...
• Civil War Warfare leads to industrialism in the  US• America transfers from Agrarian to Urban• Transcontinental Railroad...
6.4, 6.5• Identify patterns of immigration and the  casual factors that led to immigration to the  United States of Americ...
• Crop Famine  – Irish Potato Famine• Political Unrest  – Germany
• Old Immigrants           • New Immigrants  – Northern and Western     – Southern and Eastern    Europe                  ...
• Employment  – Worked in sweatshops  – Triangle Shirtwaist Company• Housing  – Tenements     • Jacob Riis• Nativists Reac...
6.6• Read and interpret a primary source  document reflecting the dynamics of the  Gilded Age American society.  – (Booker...
6.7, 6.8, 6.9• Recognize Technological and industrial  advancements to the era  – (advancements in mining, farming, or ran...
• Advancements in mining  – Dupont creates dynamite• Farming  – Barbed Wire  – Homestead Act    • Each adult head of house...
• Vanderbilt- Controls all railway lines into New York and  Chicago• Westinghouse- Air brakes for trains and railway  sign...
• Hourly Wages  – Most worked a ten hour day for $1- $1.50  – Most worked six days a week  – Accidents meant loss of emplo...
6.10, 6.11• Interpret a political cartoon which portrays the  controversial aspects of the Gilded Age   – Populist reactio...
• Grant’s Black Friday  – James Fisk and Jay Gould     • Purchased enough gold so they could manipulate its price on      ...
• Credit Mobilier  – Union Pacific Railroad was a private company that    received government assistance to build the    t...
• Whiskey Ring  – Whiskey was taxed heavily by the federal    government     • Distillers wanted more of the profit from t...
• Tammany Hall and Boss System  – Tammany Hall    • Political organization in New York City    • Political Machine that pr...
• Garfield’s Assassination  – Charles Guiteau     • Disgruntled office seeker who did not receive an       appointment to ...
• Civil Service Reform  – Spoils System     • Pendleton Act        – Established a Civil Service Commission which created ...
• Granger Movement  – Consisted of a coalition of US farmers that fought    corporate monopolies in the 1870’s     • Price...
• Interstate Commerce Act  – Required that railroads establish “reasonable and    just” rates for consumers  – Established...
6.12• Assess the effect of late 19th century  technological innovation on the daily lives of  American people  – Electrici...
• Electricity   – Americans now have lights, air conditioning, and     radios• Indoor Plumbing   – Sanitation increases• C...
7.1, 7.2• Identify causes of American imperialism  – Raw    materials, nationalism, missionaries, militarism, M    onroe D...
• Imperialism  – A practice by which a foreign power extends    political and economic influence or control over    anothe...
• Consequences of Imperialism  – Spanish American War- US intervenes to help    Cuba defeat Spain because of influence of ...
7.3, 7.4, 7.5• Recognize the progress of political and social reform in  America during this era   – Women’s suffrage, reg...
• Women’s Suffrage   – Giving women the right to vote   – Seneca Falls Convention       • Declaration of Sentiments       ...
• Woodrow Wilson  – Focused on labor and business     • “New Freedom”        – Sought tariff reform and regulation of the ...
• Model T   – By 1924 Henry Ford’s Model T sold for under $300        • Much more affordable to the everyday person who ma...
7.6, 7.7• Recognize the role of Tennessee in the  women’s suffrage movement  – The Perfect 36, Anne Dallas Dudley, Harry B...
• Nineteenth Amendment  – 35 states had ratified this amendment to give women the right    to vote  – Tennessee was not on...
• Dust Bowl   – Farmers overplant crops because they can’t make     enough money• Margin   – Americans buy stock on credit...
7.8, 7.9, 7.10• Read and interpret a primary source  document reflecting the social dynamics of  the 1920’s  – Harlem Rena...
• W.E.B. Du Bois   – Founder of the National Association for the Advancement     of Colored People (NAACP)   – Studied at ...
8.1, 8.2• Identify the causes of World War II  – Treaty of Versailles, Fascism, Failure of the League    of Nations, Japan...
• Treaty of Versailles  – Major cause of World War II  – War Guilt Clause, Reparations• Fascism  – Italy and Benito Mussol...
• Economic Downturns  – Aggregate Demand curve shifts left     • Consumers are not willing to buy as much at any given pri...
8.3, 8.4• Recognize the definitions of totalitarianism,  fascism, communism, nationalism, and anti-  Semitism• Identify th...
• Totalitarianism   – Control of political, economic, social and cultural aspects     of life   – Led by a single leader a...
• Shantytowns  – Places where thousands of people lived in shacks and tents  – Many Americans blamed President Hoover for ...
• Election of 1932  – Hoover vs. Franklin D. Roosevelt     • Roosevelt blamed Hoover for the Great Depression     • Roosev...
8.5, 8.6, 8.7• Interpret a timeline of major events of World  War II• Identify New Deal Programs/Initiatives  – Social Sec...
• WPA   – Work Progress Administration         • Builds the Golden Gate Bridge in San Fransisco• Social Security   – Feder...
• Axis         • Allies  1. Germany      1.   US  2. Italy        2.   France  3. Japan        3.   Britain               ...
8.8, 8.9• Analyze how World War II affected the  American economy  – Women in the workforce, movement to urban    centers,...
• Women join the workforce because so many men  are oversees fighting• Minorities in the Workforce   – Minorities often li...
• Fort Campbell  – Located in Clarksville, Tennessee  – Served as a major army base during WWII• TVA  – Tennessee Valley A...
8.10, 8.11• Evaluate the impact of the Manhattan Project  – Creation of Oak Ridge Tennessee, nuclear    proliferation, esp...
• Manhattan Project  – $2 Billion Project  – Centered at Los Alamos, Texas  – Codename for the American push to build an  ...
9.1, 9.2, 9.3• Recognize the differences among the victorious  Allied Powers after World War II   – Capitalist, Communist,...
• Capitalism  – Economic style in which the means of production    are privately owned and operated for profit• Communist ...
• Racial Segregation   – Jim Crow Laws        • Laws based off of the mandate of “Separate but equal”        • Separate Bu...
9.4, 9.5• Recognize the impact of technological and  cultural changes on American society  – Space Race, Hollywood, Commun...
• Space Race   – Television brings the space race into the homes of everyday     Americans   – Sputnik I      • Russians l...
• Korea  – Soviet Union and US take control of Korea post WWII     • Korea split into two along the 38th Parallel     • Di...
• East and West Germany  – Post World War II     • Germany divided into four zones by the Allies     • Each of the Allies ...
9.6, 9.7• Recognize the domestic impact of the Cold  War on American society  – McCarthyism, Fear, Conformity, Contercultu...
• McCarthyism  – Joseph McCarthy     • Crusade against suspected Communists led by McCarthy     • House Un-American Activi...
• Interstate System  – National Interstate and Defense Highway Act     • Created a nationwide system of highways that allo...
• Plessy v. Ferguson   – Homer Plessy challenged the 1890 Louisiana Separate Car Act       • Separate but equal railroad c...
• Escobedo v. Illinois  – Court case that establishes the precedent that    criminals have the right to counsel during    ...
9.8. 9.9• Identify significant events in the struggle for Civil Rights   – Integration of Clinton High School in Clinton, ...
• Clinton, Tennessee   – 1956       • Clinton 12       • 12 African Americans who enroll in a previously all-white school ...
• Diane Nash   – Leader who organizes lunch counter sit-ins in Nashville• March on Washington   – I have a dream”       • ...
• Bay of Pigs  – Invasion     • US sponsors an invasion of Cuba by Cubans who had       fled the country and living in the...
9.10, 9.11• Match leading figures of the Civil Rights era with  their respective groups and goals   – Strom Thurmand, Euge...
• Strom Thurmand   – Opposed Civil Rights• Eugene “Bull” Connor   – Opposed civil rights by trying to keep segreagation go...
9.12, 9.13, 9.14• Identify the changes in the music industry  brought about by Tennessee’s influence  – Grand Ole Opry, WS...
• Nashville and the Grand Ole Opry  – Tennessee popularizes country music on a    national scale through the Grand Ole Opr...
• Time of change and return to normalcy   –   Television   –   TV Dinners   –   Box Cakes   –   Life in the suburbs       ...
10.1, 10.2, 10.3• Match Innovators or entrepreneurs in the new  economy   – Sam Walton, Michael Dell, Ray Kroc, Lee Iococc...
• Same Walton    – Founder of Wal-Mart        • The world’s larges retail chain• Michael Dell    – Created the Dell Corpor...
• Watergate  – Nixon runs for re-election     • Democratic National Committee’s office broken into         – DNC’s office ...
10.4, 10.5• Compare and contrast the Reagan and George  H.W. Bush administrations with the Clinton  administration and the...
• Reagan and Bush                                 • Clinton   – Ronald Reagan                                   – His camp...
• 1993 North American Free Trade Agreement  (NAFTA)  – US, Canada, and Mexico  – Eliminated all trade barriers among the t...
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
Harken US History
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Harken US History

  1. 1. State Standards Review Coach Harken US History
  2. 2. 6.1, 6.2, 6.3,• Identify how the effects of 19th century warfare promoted the growth of industrialism – (Railroads, iron vs. steel, textiles, coal, processed foods)• Identify major agricultural post-Civil War American geographic areas on a map• Identify major urban areas of the United States on a map – (Northeast, upper Midwest, Atlantic Coast, California)
  3. 3. • Civil War Warfare leads to industrialism in the US• America transfers from Agrarian to Urban• Transcontinental Railroad – Pacific Railway Act• As more railroads were built their became more need for mining coal – This is because coal powered the steam engine
  4. 4. 6.4, 6.5• Identify patterns of immigration and the casual factors that led to immigration to the United States of America – (Crop famines, European social and political unrest, religious freedom)• Distinguish the differences in assimilation of “old” vs. “new” immigration. – (languages, settlement patterns, education, employment, housing, Nativist reaction, religion, geographic origin)
  5. 5. • Crop Famine – Irish Potato Famine• Political Unrest – Germany
  6. 6. • Old Immigrants • New Immigrants – Northern and Western – Southern and Eastern Europe Europe – Irish, Germany, – Escape religious and political persecution – Did not speak English – Were Catholic and Jewish
  7. 7. • Employment – Worked in sweatshops – Triangle Shirtwaist Company• Housing – Tenements • Jacob Riis• Nativists Reaction – Nativism- considered themselves “Native Americans” – Know-Nothing Party- Nativists political party
  8. 8. 6.6• Read and interpret a primary source document reflecting the dynamics of the Gilded Age American society. – (Booker T Washington’s “Atlanta Compromise”, Carnegie’s “Gospel of Wealth”, Sojourner Truth’s “Ain’t I A Woman”, Jane Adams’ Hull House Accounts, Jacob Riis photographs and/or writings, a sweatshop worker’s personal story)
  9. 9. 6.7, 6.8, 6.9• Recognize Technological and industrial advancements to the era – (advancements in mining, farming, or ranching)• Match innovators to their industrial and technological contributions – Vanderbilt, Westinghouse, Carnegie, Pullman, Hershey, Dupont, Bell, Edison, Rockefeller, Swift, and Armour• Recognize the economic disparity among farmers, wage earners, immigrants, or racial groups when compared to industrial capitalists
  10. 10. • Advancements in mining – Dupont creates dynamite• Farming – Barbed Wire – Homestead Act • Each adult head of household given land if he or she lived on and developed that land for five years
  11. 11. • Vanderbilt- Controls all railway lines into New York and Chicago• Westinghouse- Air brakes for trains and railway signaling system• Carnegie- Owner of Carnegie Steel, Vertical Integration• Pullman- Railroad sleeping car• Hershey- mass produces milk chocolate• Dupont- Smokeless gunpowder and dynamite• Bell- Telephone• Rockefeller- Owner of Standard Oil, creates the first trust• Swift- pioneer and beef packing industry• Armour- fleet of refrigerator cars
  12. 12. • Hourly Wages – Most worked a ten hour day for $1- $1.50 – Most worked six days a week – Accidents meant loss of employment• Growth of industrialism led to an increase in the disparity of income and living conditions between the industrialists and the wage earners – Industrialists live a lavish lifestyle • Time period referred to as the Gilded Age – era of rapid economic and population growth in the United States during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction eras of the late 19th century where industrialists live a lavish lifestyle while everyone else barely gets by
  13. 13. 6.10, 6.11• Interpret a political cartoon which portrays the controversial aspects of the Gilded Age – Populist reaction to politicians an tycoons, railroad development, westward expansion, Dawes Act, urban developments)• Analyze the impact of different forms of corruption and its consequences in American politics during the later half of the Age – Grant’s Black Friday, Credit Mobilier, Whiskey Ring, Tammany Hall, Boss System, Garfield’s assassination, Civil Service Reform, Granger Laws, Interstate Commerce Act
  14. 14. • Grant’s Black Friday – James Fisk and Jay Gould • Purchased enough gold so they could manipulate its price on the stock market – If they could control the price of gold they could earn higher profits for themselves • Befriended Abel Corbin, President Grant’s brother in law • Used Corbin to convince President Grant to refrain from selling government gold – This would lower the worth of the gold they purchased • Grant learns of the plot • Ordered the sale of 4 million dollars of government gold – Because Grant decides to sale so much gold so quickly he caused a minor panic • Black Friday of 1869 – Panic happened investors had purchased gold on loans – When the price of gold dropped they were unable to repay the loans
  15. 15. • Credit Mobilier – Union Pacific Railroad was a private company that received government assistance to build the transcontinental railroad • Credit Mobilier was a company set up to contain the profits • Congressmen and Vice President given stock in Credit Mobilier in exchange for favors • Congressional Investigation followed and as a result some congressional representatives were censured
  16. 16. • Whiskey Ring – Whiskey was taxed heavily by the federal government • Distillers wanted more of the profit from these taxes – Bribery rings develop where Distillers bribed politicians so that they did not have to pay the taxes – Secretary of Treasury Benjamin H Bristow • Broke the Whiskey Ring – Results in the indictments of over 200 people
  17. 17. • Tammany Hall and Boss System – Tammany Hall • Political organization in New York City • Political Machine that practiced “machine” politics – Bosses • Networks of local leaders, called bosses, helped communities get things they needed • People responded to this help with votes • Used the growing immigrant population to gain even more votes – Boss Tweed
  18. 18. • Garfield’s Assassination – Charles Guiteau • Disgruntled office seeker who did not receive an appointment to office by Garfield • Shot President Garfield – Resulted in a sever infection that killed Garfield 80 days later
  19. 19. • Civil Service Reform – Spoils System • Pendleton Act – Established a Civil Service Commission which created a required examination for federal jobs » Fewer jobs were handed out as political favors
  20. 20. • Granger Movement – Consisted of a coalition of US farmers that fought corporate monopolies in the 1870’s • Price Fixing – Occurs when businesses or owners conspire to raise prices on goods and services – Granger Laws • Passed to regulate businesses, proved the farmers did have political power
  21. 21. • Interstate Commerce Act – Required that railroads establish “reasonable and just” rates for consumers – Established the Interstate Commerce Commission • US Government’s first regulatory agency
  22. 22. 6.12• Assess the effect of late 19th century technological innovation on the daily lives of American people – Electricity, indoor plumbing, communication, transportation
  23. 23. • Electricity – Americans now have lights, air conditioning, and radios• Indoor Plumbing – Sanitation increases• Communication – Americans can now communicate with anyone anywhere• Transportation – Railroads link Americans together like never before – Transcontinental Railroad
  24. 24. 7.1, 7.2• Identify causes of American imperialism – Raw materials, nationalism, missionaries, militarism, M onroe Doctrine• Identify consequences of American imperialism – Spanish American War, expanding trade, extractive economies, Panama Canal, idea of a superior Anglo-Saxon culture, yellow journalism, military occupation
  25. 25. • Imperialism – A practice by which a foreign power extends political and economic influence or control over another country – Causes • Raw Materials- America looks to use imperialism to take over new lands with the goal of taking their natural resources • Nationalism- Americans see themselves as superior and look to extend their control through Imperialism • Missionaries- Missionaries in Hawaii help advance imperialism • Monroe Doctrine- told European countries to stay out of the Western Hemisphere
  26. 26. • Consequences of Imperialism – Spanish American War- US intervenes to help Cuba defeat Spain because of influence of Yellow Journalists • Pulitzer and Hearst • USS Maine • San Juan Hill • Platt Amendment – Cuba could not make treaties with other nations that were against American interests – Gave America control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay • Philippines – Panama Canal • France starts building canal US finishes it
  27. 27. 7.3, 7.4, 7.5• Recognize the progress of political and social reform in America during this era – Women’s suffrage, regulation of food and drug, Initiative, Referendum, recall, protection of worker’s rights, Antitrust Supreme Court Decisions, Muckrakers• Identify the causes of American involvement in World War I – Security concerns, economic benefits, Wilsonian diplomacy, propaganda• Recognize the new trends, ideas, and innovations of the 1920’s popular culture – Radio, Automobile, phonograph, prohibition, birth control, organized crime, sports
  28. 28. • Women’s Suffrage – Giving women the right to vote – Seneca Falls Convention • Declaration of Sentiments – Drew upon the Declaration of Independence to articulate women’s rights• Muckrakers – Journalists, novelists, and critics who attempted to expose abuses in business and corruption in politics – Ida Tarbell • History of the Standard Oil Company – Brought the company’s monopoly to light and eventually led to a government antitrust suit against the company – Upton Sinclair • The Jungle – Told of unsafe and unsanitary conditions in meat processing plants – Led to its readers calling for changes in the laws protecting food• Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 – Mandated safe and sanitary conditions for food preparation and packing • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – Put regulations on food and medicines
  29. 29. • Woodrow Wilson – Focused on labor and business • “New Freedom” – Sought tariff reform and regulation of the banking industry • Federal Reserve Act – Set up the Federal Reserve Banking System » Regulates the nations money supply – Clayton Antitrust Act • Legalized peaceful strikes and boycotts and prohibited price discrimination – Keating-Owen Child Labor Act • Forbade the sale of products made by children across state lines
  30. 30. • Model T – By 1924 Henry Ford’s Model T sold for under $300 • Much more affordable to the everyday person who made $1,300 annually – Wages • Henry Ford increases his workers’ wages to $5 a day – Gives his workers more money to spend• National Prohibition Act – Provided for the enforcement of the 18th amendment – Called Prohibition • Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcohol • Drinking alcohol was legal• Margaret Sanger – Felt unplanned pregnancies were a shackle to women – Was a pioneer in the American birth control movement – Sent pamphlets about birth control in the mail – Arrested when she opened up a birth control clinic• Organized Crime – Al Capone and the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
  31. 31. 7.6, 7.7• Recognize the role of Tennessee in the women’s suffrage movement – The Perfect 36, Anne Dallas Dudley, Harry Burn, Governor Albert Roberts• Determine the possible factors that led to the economic collapse of 1929 – Over production of agriculture and industry, expansion of credit, financial speculation, agricultural crop failures, tariff barriers, laissez- faire
  32. 32. • Nineteenth Amendment – 35 states had ratified this amendment to give women the right to vote – Tennessee was not one of them • Tennessee would make the “Perfect 36” – Governor Albert H. Roberts • Pressured into holding an assembly by President Wilson to vote on the amendment – Tennessee was to be the deciding state for Women’s Suffrage • If Tennessee ratified the amendment then the majority of states would have ratified the amendment which would effectively add it to the Constitution – Harry Burn • Legislator who changed his mind because his mother told him to vote for ratification of the amendment – Results in Tennessee giving women the right to vote – Anne Dallas Dudley- President of Tennessee Equal Suffrage Association who was instrumental in getting the 19th amendment passed
  33. 33. • Dust Bowl – Farmers overplant crops because they can’t make enough money• Margin – Americans buy stock on credit resulting in the stock market crash• Tariff Barriers – Smoot-Hawley Tariff • Increase on imported goods that leads other countries to increase their tariffs in return• Laissez Faire – Government has a hands off policy ad when the stock market crashes Hoover decides not to do anything because he believed the government should not get involved with the economy
  34. 34. 7.8, 7.9, 7.10• Read and interpret a primary source document reflecting the social dynamics of the 1920’s – Harlem Renaissance, Lost Generation, Upton Sinclair• Compare and contrast the philosophies of Du Bois, Washington, and Garvey• Analyze the American isolationist position versus interventionist arguments
  35. 35. • W.E.B. Du Bois – Founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) – Studied at Tennessee’s Fisk University – Black Nationalist Policy • Disagreed with Booker T. Washington• Booker T. Washington – Assimilation of blacks into white culture• Marcus Garvey – Segregationist policies and revolutionary tactics• President Woodrow Wilson tried to keep America out of the War• Factors leading America to war 1. Zimmerman Note 2. Sinking of the Lusitania (128 Americans killed) 3. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
  36. 36. 8.1, 8.2• Identify the causes of World War II – Treaty of Versailles, Fascism, Failure of the League of Nations, Japanese Imperialism, Economic Worldwide Difficulties• Recognize the negative patterns of an economic cycle – Increase of unemployment, decrease of price level, excess inventory, decrease of production, prepossession, increase of business failure, and bankruptcy
  37. 37. • Treaty of Versailles – Major cause of World War II – War Guilt Clause, Reparations• Fascism – Italy and Benito Mussolini• Failure of the League of Nations – League does nothing to stop Hitler from violating the Treaty of Versailles• Economic Worldwide Difficulties – The poor economic conditions in Germany, Italy, and Russia led to the rise of dictators
  38. 38. • Economic Downturns – Aggregate Demand curve shifts left • Consumers are not willing to buy as much at any given price• Economic Downturns – Since not as much is being sold producers look to lower their costs • To do this they produce less – This requires fewer workers (Unemployment increases) – Leads to decrease of price level, business failures, and bankruptcy – Also decreases the GDP (Gross Domestic Product)• GDP – Gross Domestic Product – The total market values of goods and services produced by workers and capital within a nations borders during a given period – If GDP declines for six months then there is a recession • If a recession lasts for a while and the decrease in a GDP is enough then the downturn is called a depression
  39. 39. 8.3, 8.4• Recognize the definitions of totalitarianism, fascism, communism, nationalism, and anti- Semitism• Identify the changes in social and cultural life caused by the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl – Hoovervilles, Bonus Army, Migrations, worldwide economic depression, Democrat victory in 1932, widespread poverty, unemployment, religious revivalism
  40. 40. • Totalitarianism – Control of political, economic, social and cultural aspects of life – Led by a single leader and party – Not interested in individual freedom (civil liberties) – Used modern technology and propaganda• Fascism – Italy under Benito Mussolini – More Relaxed version of Communism• Communism – Russia, Collectivization,• Nationalism – Intense form of patriotism• Anti-Semitism – Hatred of Jews
  41. 41. • Shantytowns – Places where thousands of people lived in shacks and tents – Many Americans blamed President Hoover for these conditions • Shantytowns became known as “Hoovervilles”• Bonus Army – Made up of unemployed World War I veterans – In 1932 they marched on Washington D.C. and occupied empty buildings in the city – Protesting the government’s inability to pay them their bonus money • Veterans wanted their money sooner than the pay date• Migrations – People move to California to try to escape the Great Depression
  42. 42. • Election of 1932 – Hoover vs. Franklin D. Roosevelt • Roosevelt blamed Hoover for the Great Depression • Roosevelt wins a landslide victory – Won by 20% of popular vote – 472 electoral votes to 59• Religious Revivalism – Teaching Darwinism • John Scopes, high school biology teacher, charged with teaching evolution • Clarence Darrow, Scope’s lawyer argued that the Tennessee law violated the separation of church and state by taking a religious position • William Jennings Bryan – Argued against Darrow – Bryan wins the trial – Scopes eventually let off by the State Supreme Court because of a technicality
  43. 43. 8.5, 8.6, 8.7• Interpret a timeline of major events of World War II• Identify New Deal Programs/Initiatives – Social Security, WPA, TVA, Indian Reorganization Act, FDIC, CCC, Fair Labor Standards Act• Recognize World War II alliances
  44. 44. • WPA – Work Progress Administration • Builds the Golden Gate Bridge in San Fransisco• Social Security – Federal program of retirement insurance for people over 65 in age• TVA – Tennessee Valley Authority • Builds dams across East Tennessee and supplies electricity to over six states• Indian Reorginization Act – Secured certain rights for Native Americans• FDIC – Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation • Insured savings accounts in banks approved by the government• CCC – Civilian Conservation Corps • Looked to hire young single men to work on reforestation and building national parks• Fair Labor Standards Act – Established minimum wages and maximum hours for businesses
  45. 45. • Axis • Allies 1. Germany 1. US 2. Italy 2. France 3. Japan 3. Britain 4. Russia (Soviet Union)
  46. 46. 8.8, 8.9• Analyze how World War II affected the American economy – Women in the workforce, movement to urban centers, minority employment, post war GI bill, rationing, childcare• Recognize the effect of the New Deal and World War II on Tennessee – Creation of Fort Campbell, Clarksville Base, TVA, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, Oak Ridge
  47. 47. • Women join the workforce because so many men are oversees fighting• Minorities in the Workforce – Minorities often limited in the type of employment they could find – Executive Order 8802 • Banned discrimination in the defense industry • Did not desegregate the armed forces• GI Bill – Paid tuition for servicemen after the war who wanted to go to college• Rationing – Ration Books • Government begins to ration certain items by giving out coupons • These coupons must be redeemed for items such as sugar, meat, and gasoline
  48. 48. • Fort Campbell – Located in Clarksville, Tennessee – Served as a major army base during WWII• TVA – Tennessee Valley Authority – Builds dams in East Tennessee that provide electricity to six states• Cordell Hull – Politician from Tennessee – Served as FDR’s secretary of state – Known as the “father of the United Nations”• Oak Ridge – Military base in Tennessee that builds part of the atomic bombs
  49. 49. 8.10, 8.11• Evaluate the impact of the Manhattan Project – Creation of Oak Ridge Tennessee, nuclear proliferation, espionage, ethical debate, medical experimentation, Nagasaki, Hiroshima• Interpret a political cartoon involving the New Deal
  50. 50. • Manhattan Project – $2 Billion Project – Centered at Los Alamos, Texas – Codename for the American push to build an atomic bomb – One of 37 plants helping to build the bomb located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee – Enrico Fermi, responsible for developing the bomb – After much debate America chooses two major cities on which to drop the atomic bombs 1. Nagasaki 2. Hiroshima
  51. 51. 9.1, 9.2, 9.3• Recognize the differences among the victorious Allied Powers after World War II – Capitalist, Communist, Military Structure, Individual Differences• Distinguish social inequities in America in the post World War II era – Racial Segregation, Generation Conflict, Gender Equity, Ethnic Identification• Locate and label countries, using a map, dominated or threatened by Communism
  52. 52. • Capitalism – Economic style in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit• Communist – Style of government that aims for a classless society centered equality for everyone, also the state owns the means of production
  53. 53. • Racial Segregation – Jim Crow Laws • Laws based off of the mandate of “Separate but equal” • Separate But Equal – African Americans were supposed to have the same as whites but just separated – Under Separate but Equal African Americans did not enjoy the same living standard, education, career opportunities, public access, or facilities as whites did – Poll Taxes and Literacy tests used to keep African Americans from voting – Population Shifts • White Americans move to suburbs • African Americans move to the inner city• Gender Problems• Stereotypical Female Assets – Clean House – Neat Appearance – Well behaved children – The ideal woman was portrayed in television sitcoms and through advertising – Rise of dissatisfaction – Women and the Workforce – After WWII women were expected to leave the workforce and return home – Average marrying age of women drops to 20 years – 40% of already working women remained in the workforce • Relegated to what was seen as a woman’s job • Women do not earn as much as men do for the same job
  54. 54. 9.4, 9.5• Recognize the impact of technological and cultural changes on American society – Space Race, Hollywood, Communication Networks, Mass Media, Medical Advances, Interstate Highway System• Identify areas associated with American containment policies – Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, East and West Germany
  55. 55. • Space Race – Television brings the space race into the homes of everyday Americans – Sputnik I • Russians launch the first satellite into orbit • US begins to feel like far less of a super power – Explorer I • US launches its first satellite – National Aeronautics and Space Act (NASA) • Goal was for the US to become a leader in space exploration – Neil Armstrong • First man on the moon – “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”• Interstate System – National Interstate and Defense Highway Act • Created a nationwide system of highways that allowed for easier and more extended travel – Also aids in the suburbanization of America – Americans travel the roads, sightseeing spots, love affair with cars
  56. 56. • Korea – Soviet Union and US take control of Korea post WWII • Korea split into two along the 38th Parallel • Divided the country into Communist North and Democratic South – North invades South • 1950 • US backs South Korea • Soviet Union and China back North Korea• Vietnam – Vietnam War was primarily a civil war with North Vietnamese seeking reunification of the country under Communist rule – Tet Offensive – War ends in 1975 • South Vietnamese surrenders to the North Vietnamese Army
  57. 57. • East and West Germany – Post World War II • Germany divided into four zones by the Allies • Each of the Allies controls one zone • Berlin – Surrounded by the Soviet Union’s zone and was divided also into four sections – Zones controlled by Britain, US, France, and Soviet Union • Berlin Blockade and Berlin Airlift • Berlin Wall
  58. 58. 9.6, 9.7• Recognize the domestic impact of the Cold War on American society – McCarthyism, Fear, Conformity, Conterculture, Ge neration Gap, Highway System, Consumerism• Determine the effects of the Supreme Court’s decisions on Civil Rights – Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v, Board, Miranda v, Arizona, Gideon v, Wainwright, Escobedo v. Illinois
  59. 59. • McCarthyism – Joseph McCarthy • Crusade against suspected Communists led by McCarthy • House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) – Used to accuse individuals of all professions of Communist affiliation » Accuses politicians and movie stars » Many entertainers blacklisted because of McCarthyism• Counterculture – College Campuses • Dissent on college campuses up to this time had been peaceful • Peaceful protest become mixed with tense confrontation and even violence • Kent State, Jackson State, and University of Wisconsin, Madison
  60. 60. • Interstate System – National Interstate and Defense Highway Act • Created a nationwide system of highways that allowed for easier and more extended travel – Also aids in the suburbanization of America – Americans travel the roads, sightseeing spots, love affair with cars• Consumerism – Americans become obsessed with purchasing new goods and products
  61. 61. • Plessy v. Ferguson – Homer Plessy challenged the 1890 Louisiana Separate Car Act • Separate but equal railroad cars for blacks and whites • Plessy loses the case • Established the principle of “separate but equal• Brown v. Board of Education – Stated segregated schools violated the 14th amendment – Supreme Court rules to end segregation in schools• Miranda vs. Arizona (1963) – Ernesto Miranda arrested and identified as the assailant in a violent crime • Miranda questioned for two hours without being informed that he had the constitutional right to refuse to answer questions and the right to an attorney • Miranda convicted but appeals – Police had violated his 5th amendment, right against self incrimination – Miranda Warning, “You have the right to remain silent…”• Gideon vs. Wainwright (1963) – Clarence Gideon arrested for burglarizing a poolroom • Couldn’t afford an attorney asks for one to be appointed for him • Court denies request, Gideon must serve as his own lawyer • Convicted and sentenced to five years • Petitions case because he had been denied counsel and due process guaranteed to him in the Constitution – Granted a new trial and found not guilty
  62. 62. • Escobedo v. Illinois – Court case that establishes the precedent that criminals have the right to counsel during interrogation
  63. 63. 9.8. 9.9• Identify significant events in the struggle for Civil Rights – Integration of Clinton High School in Clinton, Tennessee, The Clinton 12 and Governor Clement’s actions, Little Rock Central High, Montgomery Bus Boycott, Freedom Riders’ Route, Birmingham Bombings, Nashville Lunch Counters, Martin Luther King’s March on Washington Speech, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Civil Rights act of 1968, Great Society• Recognize the altered American approach to foreign policy – Bay of Pigs, Brinkmanship, Cuban Missile Crisis, Peaceful Coexistance
  64. 64. • Clinton, Tennessee – 1956 • Clinton 12 • 12 African Americans who enroll in a previously all-white school after desegregation had been ordered• Little Rock, Arkansas – Central High School • Little Rock 9 – African Americans who attend the High School – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends the national guard to Arkansas to force the desegregation• Montgomery Bus Boycott – Rosa Parks • Arrested for refusing to giver up her bus seat in Montgomery, Alabama to a white man at a time when African Americans were obligated to – Sparks a year long bus boycott • 75% of the bus systems customers were African Americans • Struck deep into the city’s revenues • Boycott leads to desegregation of the bus system • Launches Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. to prominence
  65. 65. • Diane Nash – Leader who organizes lunch counter sit-ins in Nashville• March on Washington – I have a dream” • Famous speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial • Lyndon B. Johnson – Signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 » Ends legal discrimination based on race – Also signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 » Allowed African Americans to vote• Great Society – Lyndon B Johnson • Becomes President after Kennedy is assassinated • Introduces a series of reforms called The Great Society – Focus on helping those who lived below the poverty line – Head Start » Provides free preschool to children living in poverty – Medicaid » Provides medical care for individuals living in poverty – Medicare » Provides free hospitalization and inexpensive insurance for medical care for the elderly
  66. 66. • Bay of Pigs – Invasion • US sponsors an invasion of Cuba by Cubans who had fled the country and living in the US • Invaded at the Bay of Pigs – Failed and was an embarrassment for President John F. Kennedy• Cuban Missile Crisis – Soviets have no missiles that can reach the US • Soviets install missiles on Cuba that can reach the US • US responds with a naval blockade of Cuba – US and Soviet Union almost go to war – After tense negotiations Soviets removed missiles and the US Navy withdraws » Fear of nuclear attack always present
  67. 67. 9.10, 9.11• Match leading figures of the Civil Rights era with their respective groups and goals – Strom Thurmand, Eugene “Bull” Connor, George Wallace, Diane Nash, Betty Friedan, Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, Albert Gore SR.• Read and interpret Cold War documents – Truman’s announcement of dropping the atomic bombs, the contrast between Eisenhower’s farewell speech and Kennedy’s speech at his inauguration, Goldwater’s 1964 party nomination acceptance speech, Johnson’s Gulf of Tonkin declaration
  68. 68. • Strom Thurmand – Opposed Civil Rights• Eugene “Bull” Connor – Opposed civil rights by trying to keep segreagation going on the Birmingham buses• George Wallace – Opposed civil rights• Diane Nash – Organized sit ins in Nashville (Pro Civil Rights)• Betty Frieden – Major leader in the feminist movement – Wrote The Feminine Mystique• Martin Luther King Jr.• Malcom X – Pro civil rights, black supremicists• Stokely Carmichael – Pro Civil Rights, member of the Black Panthers• Albert Gore Sr. – White senator who was pro civil rights and was against segregation
  69. 69. 9.12, 9.13, 9.14• Identify the changes in the music industry brought about by Tennessee’s influence – Grand Ole Opry, WSM, Nashville music publishing, Memphis Sun Studio & Stax Records, Elvis Presley• Evaluate socio-economic impact of the post World War II Baby Boomer generation – Media, Entertainment, Sports, Suburbia, Education, and Counterculture• Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of increased global trade and competition on the US economy
  70. 70. • Nashville and the Grand Ole Opry – Tennessee popularizes country music on a national scale through the Grand Ole Opry • Radio program broadcast on Nashville’s WSM radio • Ralph Emery – DJ who helped make the Opry the longest running radio program in history• Memphis – Sun Studios and Stax Records • Elvis Presley – Records rock n’ roll at Sun Studios • Otis Redding – Music featured on Stax Records which helped expose soul music and make it popular
  71. 71. • Time of change and return to normalcy – Television – TV Dinners – Box Cakes – Life in the suburbs • All of this fueled by renewed consumerism – US gears down its war production• Baby Boom – When the great generation returns home a baby boom results – Increased the population by 20% – Search for the American Dream • Came to include a family with a house in the suburbs • Cookie Cutter homes• Changing Lifestyles – Americans stay home to watch television instead of going out – In a ten year span the amount of households with a TV increases by 41 million
  72. 72. 10.1, 10.2, 10.3• Match Innovators or entrepreneurs in the new economy – Sam Walton, Michael Dell, Ray Kroc, Lee Iococca, Donald Trump, Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Jeff Bezos• Recognize the roles of the key figures of Watergate – Administration, investigators, media• Use a timeline to identify America’s interest and participation in Southeast Asia since World War II
  73. 73. • Same Walton – Founder of Wal-Mart • The world’s larges retail chain• Michael Dell – Created the Dell Corporation • Sold customized computers over the telephone• Ray Kroc – McDonald’s – Introduces mass-produced food on a large scale• Lee Iacocca – Chrysler – Buys Chrysler and brings it back from the brink of bankruptcy• Donald Trump – Made a fortune in the real estate business in NYC• Bill Gates – Microsoft – Once the world’s wealthiest man• Steve Jobs – Apple Computers • Ipod, Ipad… • Developed computer alternatives for the PC• Jeff Bezos – Amazon.com – Brought online shopping to the masses
  74. 74. • Watergate – Nixon runs for re-election • Democratic National Committee’s office broken into – DNC’s office located in the Watergate complex in Washington DC – Senate begins investigating Nixon’s link to the break in » Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein from the Washington Post • Journalists who used investigative journalism for the next two years – White House Tapes • Nixon Refuses – Refuses to release White House tapes of conversations concerning Watergate – Vice President Spiro Agnew » Steps down from office when charged with taking bribes » Gerald R Ford nominated as the new Vive President – Nixon Releases the Secret Tapes • Discovered that he had ordered a cover-up of the Watergate break-in • Strong possibility of impeachment – Nixon steps down as president on August 9, 1974 – Gerald Ford sworn in as the next president » Ford pardons Nixon • Controversial decision
  75. 75. 10.4, 10.5• Compare and contrast the Reagan and George H.W. Bush administrations with the Clinton administration and the nature of their respective political opposition – Economic, domestic, budgets, foreign policy, ethics, and generational values• Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of increased global trade and competition on the US economy – NAFTA treaty, import quotas, free trade agreements
  76. 76. • Reagan and Bush • Clinton – Ronald Reagan – His campaign brings together • President from 1981-1989 Democrats • Called for a return to basic – Wins election of 1992 American values • Focuses on social policy – Emphasis on family life, patriotism, respect for law • Rough start for Clinton and order, and a reduction in – Economy Booms Again the intrusion of the federal government into the lives of • 1993 North American Free Trade Americans Agreement (NAFTA) » Said the government – US, Canada, and Mexico collected too much taxes – Eliminated all trade barriers and spent too much on among the three countries social programs » Opponents predict a loss – Reaganomics of American jobs • Deregulation » Supporters believe NAFTA would expand – First step to deregulate the consumer markets rules placed by government on American businesses – Proposed reducing taxes on businesses and individuals to jumpstart the economy » Critics predict Reaganomics will fail – Bush • Economy declines • Bush forced to raise taxes – During his campaign he had promised “Read my lips…no new taxes”
  77. 77. • 1993 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – US, Canada, and Mexico – Eliminated all trade barriers among the three countries • Opponents predict a loss of American jobs • Supporters believe NAFTA would expand consumer markets • NAFTA is a free trade ageement• Import Quotas – Place a limit on the amount of a certain good that can be imported • Used to protect local business

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