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  • 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • The first step in the journey is a very obvious one – which is actually practice giving, whether it is your time, treasure or talent. This is a photo of 3-year-old Anya, helping her friend Kim put on her shoes. Repeated research has shows that kids are pre-disposed to altruism. You do an act of selfless service and you want to do it again. Certainly, this was my experience. In 1999, few of us went to a homeless shelter to give with no strings attached and we ended up building them a website. It felt so good that we did it again. And we told our friends, and it became the initial organizing principle of CharityFocus that then helped thousands of nonprofits with website. But we did make one startling discovery and that was this … 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • compassion is contagious. Some ground-breaking research by Nicholos Christakis at MIT shows that just like obesity and cancer spread in networks, so does generosity. If I’m kind, my friend’s friend’s friend is more likely to start being kind. We saw that. We started with website, but pretty soon, it turned into an entire ecology of projects. We would connect with seniors, have lunch with the homeless, meditate in people’s living rooms, use smile cards acts to encourage the recipient to pay it forward. It all continued to spread virally. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • Second stage in that journey was to learn that you can’t give without receiving. This is Arthur giving a hug; he gives great hugs. To give a hug is to receive a hug. You can’t give without receiving it. And really, all giving is like that. But our problem is that we tend to only recognize gifts in a few forms like money. We almost stumbled into this insight, because of one the CharityFocus guiding principles was to not fundraise. With that rule, you are like a dessert cactus and you make the money of any drop of water. But you also become good at discovering other forms of value. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • First was social capital; Internet cut radically reduced the cost of organizing, which is why we are seeing so many movements around the globe that aren’t powered more by people than money. Second was a synergistic capital, where if all these people started to form deep ties with each other, the higher trust increased productivity and created a scenario where the sum of the parts was greater than the whole, where 1 plus 1 was something greater than 2. Third was a form of subtle capital; every act of generosity quiets the mind and have calmer minds is an incredible resource which creates many ripple effects. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • Third stage on this generosity journey was to – dance. When you give and receive, there’s a tendency to track it, keep score, see if it “worked” out. But when you let go of that, and just dance to the beat, mini gift-economies emerge. Here’s a photo of a bunch of dancers gifting a shoulder rub to the person in front of them; none of them is engaged in a quid-pro-quo transaction and yet everyone gets a shoulder rub. That’s a gift-economy. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • Giving isn’t a new idea. It’s as old as hills. Things like blood donations only work in a gift-economy way. Yet we are far, far away from having a real gift culture. We need to get creative and keep the power of generosity relevant and alive. On Wikipedia, people contribute edits for other people – over 100 million hours have been donated in this way. In India, there’s a fellow who supports his family of nine by driving a rickshaw in a gift-economy way. Locally, there’s a fellow who has been offering Peace Chains in the spirit of gift. Richard Whittaker runs an entire art magazine as a pure gift – without ads; in fact, when he first heard of the idea, he was so blown away by it that he even offered refunds to all his subscribers saying that from now on he would only accept offering of gratitude. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • When individuals are progressing along this path of generosity, in that individual you have the phenomena of “being the change, changes the being”. When many people do that, and you recognize the inter-connection, then you have an emerge of a gift culture. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • A very practical example is a restaurant called Karma Kitchen, that started right here in Berkeley. Like any restaurant, you walk in to KK and have a great meal. You are served by volunteers and at the end your check reads zero. It’s zero because someone before you paid for your meal; and now you get to pay forward for people after you. At a regular restaurant, you would pay for your own food; at a soup kitchen, an external funding agency covers the cost of your meal; but at Karma Kitchen, it’s peer-to-peer generosity. You’re in a chain and it’s upto you to keep the chain going. Quite literally, Karma Kitchen would stop if one any given day, everyone decided not to pay. But it has worked for several years in Berkeley, the surplus was used to start off a Karma Kitchen in DC and the surplus there launched a KK in Chicago. It’s subtly but significantly different than pay-what-YOU-can-afford. Here’s its about experiencing an inter-connection with those before you, whom you’ll never meet, and to those after you, who will never get to say thank you, and the serve in front of you who VOLUNTEER to bring you food, do your dishes and bus your table just so you can have that experience. What is the value of such an experience? There is no price. We sensitize ourselves to determine the value of an offering without a price. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • When individuals are progressing along this path of generosity, in that individual you have the phenomena of “being the change, changes the being”. When many people do that, and you recognize the inter-connection, then you have an emerge of a gift culture. 11/13/11 22:06 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

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