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Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)
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Philippine Constitution 1987 (Article 6)

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  • 1. Article VI THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT© 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Section 1 The legislative power shall be vested inthe Congress of the Philippines which shallconsist of a Senate and a House ofRepresentatives, except to the extent reserved tothe people by the provision on initiative andreferendum. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 3. Section 2The Senate shall be composed of twenty-fourSenators who shall be elected at large by thequalified voters of the Philippines, as may beprovided by law. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 4. Section 3No person shall be a Senator unless he is a natural-borncitizen of the Philippines and, on the day of theelection, is at least thirty-five years of age, able to readand write, a registered voter, and a resident of thePhilippines for not less than two years immediatelypreceding the day of the election. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 5. Section 4The term of office of the Senators shall be sixyears and shall commence, unless otherwiseprovided by law, at noon on the thirtieth day ofJune next following their election. No Senatorshall serve for more than two consecutiveterms. Voluntary renunciation of the office forany length of time shall not be considered as aninterruption in the continuity of his service forthe full term of which he was elected. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 6. Section 5(1) The House of Representatives shall be composed ofnot more than two hundred and fifty members, unlessotherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected fromlegislative districts apportioned among theprovinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area inaccordance with the number of their respectiveinhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform andprogressive ratio, and those who, as provided bylaw, shall be elected through a party-list system ofregistered national, regional, and sectoral parties ororganizations. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 7. (2) The party-list representatives shall constitutetwenty per centum of the total number of representativesincluding those under the party list. For threeconsecutive terms after the ratification of thisConstitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-listrepresentatives shall be filled, as provided by law, byselection or election from the labor, peasant, urbanpoor, indigenous culturalcommunities, women, youth, and such other sectors asmay be provided by law, except the religious sector. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 8. (3) Each legislative district shall comprise, as far aspracticable, contiguous, compact, and adjacentterritory. Each city with a population of at least twohundred fifty thousand, or each province, shall have atleast one representative.(4) Within three years following the return of everycensus, the Congress shall make a reapportionment oflegislative districts based on the standards provided inthis section. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 9. Section 6No person shall be a Member of the House ofRepresentatives unless he is a natural-borncitizen of the Philippines and, on the day of theelection, is at least twenty-five years of age, ableto read and write, and, except the party-listrepresentatives, a registered voter in the districtin which he shall be elected, and a residentthereof for a period of not less than one yearimmediately preceding the day of the election. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 10. Section 7The Members of the House of Representatives shall beelected for a term of three years which shall begin, unlessotherwise provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth day ofJune next following their election. No Member of theHouse of Representatives shall serve for more than threeconsecutive terms. Voluntary renunciation of the officefor any length of time shall not be considered as aninterruption in the continuity of his service for the fullterm for which he was elected. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 11. Section 8 Unless otherwise provided by law, theregular election of the Senators and theMembers of the House of Representatives shallbe held on the second Monday of May. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 12. Section 9In case of vacancy in the Senate or in the House ofRepresentatives, a special election may be called to fillsuch vacancy in the manner prescribed by law, but theSenator or Member of the House of Representatives thuselected shall serve only for the unexpired term. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 13. Section 10The salaries of Senators and Members of the House ofRepresentatives shall be determined by law. No increasein said compensation shall take effect until after theexpiration of the full term of all the Members of theSenate and the House of Representatives approving suchincrease. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 14. Section 11A Senator or Member of the House ofRepresentatives shall, in all offenses punishableby not more than six years imprisonment, beprivileged from arrest while the Congress is insession. No Member shall be questioned nor beheld liable in any other place for any speech ordebate in the Congress or in any committee © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 15. Section 12All Members of the Senate and the House ofRepresentatives shall, upon assumption ofoffice, make a full disclosure of their financialand business interests. They shall notify theHouse concerned of a potential conflict ofinterest that may arise from the filing of aproposed legislation of which they are authors © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 16. Section 13No Senator or Member of the House ofRepresentatives may hold any other office oremployment in the Government, or anysubdivision, agency, or instrumentalitythereof, including government-owned orcontrolled corporations or theirsubsidiaries, during his term without forfeitinghis seat. Neither shall he be appointed to anyoffice which may have been created or theemoluments thereof increased during the termfor which he was elected. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 17. Section 14No Senator or Member of the House of Representativesmay personally appear as counsel before any court ofjustice or before the Electoral Tribunals, or quasi-judicialand other administrative bodies. Neither shall he, directlyor indirectly, be interested financially in any contractwith, or in any franchise or special privilege granted bythe Government, or any subdivision, agency, orinstrumentality thereof, including any government-owned or controlled corporation, or its subsidiary, duringhis term of office. He shall not intervene in any matterbefore any office of the Government for his pecuniarybenefit or where he may be called upon to act on accountof his office. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 18. Section 15 The Congress shall convene once everyyear on the fourth Monday of July for itsregular session, unless a different date is fixedby law, and shall continue to be in session forsuch number of days as it may determine untilthirty days before the opening of its nextregular session, exclusive ofSaturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. ThePresident may call a special session at any time. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 19. Section 16(1). The Senate shall elect its President and the House ofRepresentatives, its Speaker, by a majority vote of all itsrespective Members. Each House shall choose such otherofficers as it may deem necessary.(2) A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum todo business, but a smaller number may adjourn from dayto day and may compel the attendance of absentMembers in such manner, and under such penalties, assuch House may provide. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 20. (3) Each House may determine the rules of itsproceedings, punish its Members for disorderlybehavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds of allits Members, suspend or expel a Member. A penalty ofsuspension, when imposed, shall not exceed sixty days.(4) Each House shall keep a Journal of itsproceedings, and from time to time publish thesame, excepting such parts as may, in itsjudgment, affect national security; andthe yeas and nays on any question shall, at the request ofone-fifth of the Members present, be entered in theJournal. Each House shall also keep a Record of itsproceedings. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 21. (5) Neither House during the sessions of the Congressshall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for morethan three days, nor to any other place than that inwhich the two Houses shall be sitting. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 22. Section 17The Senate and the House of Representatives shall eachhave an Electoral Tribunal which shall be the sole judgeof all contests relating to the election, returns, andqualifications of their respective Members. Each ElectoralTribunal shall be composed of nine Members, three ofwhom shall be Justices of the Supreme Court to bedesignated by the Chief Justice, and the remaining sixshall be Members of the Senate or the House ofRepresentatives, as the case may be, who shall be chosenon the basis of proportional representation from thepolitical parties and the parties or organizationsregistered under the party-list system representedtherein. The senior Justice in the Electoral Tribunal shallbe its Chairman. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 23. Section 18There shall be a Commission on Appointments consistingof the President of the Senate, as exofficio Chairman, twelve Senators, and twelve Members ofthe House of Representatives, elected by each House onthe basis of proportional representation from the politicalparties and parties or organizations registered under theparty-list system represented therein. The chairman of theCommission shall not vote, except in case of a tie. TheCommission shall act on all appointments submitted to itwithin thirty session days of the Congress from theirsubmission. The Commission shall rule by a majority voteof all the Members. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 24. Section 19The Electoral Tribunals and the Commission onAppointments shall be constituted within thirty daysafter the Senate and the House of Representatives shallhave been organized with the election of the Presidentand the Speaker. The Commission on Appointments shallmeet only while the Congress is in session, at the call ofits Chairman or a majority of all its Members, todischarge such powers and functions as are hereinconferred upon it. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 25. Section 20The records and books of accounts of theCongress shall be preserved and be open to thepublic in accordance with law, and such booksshall be audited by the Commission on Auditwhich shall publish annually an itemized list ofamounts paid to and expenses incurred for eachMember. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 26. Section 21The Senate or the House of Representatives orany of its respective committees may conductinquiries in aid of legislation in accordance withits duly published rules of procedure. Therights of persons appearing in, or affectedby, such inquiries shall be respected. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 27. Section 22The heads of departments may, upon their owninitiative, with the consent of the President, orupon the request of either House, as the rules ofeach House shall provide, appear before and beheard by such House on any matter pertainingto their departments. Written questions shall besubmitted to the President of the Senate or theSpeaker of the House of Representatives at leastthree days before their scheduled appearance. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 28. Interpellations shall not be limited to writtenquestions, but may cover matters related thereto. Whenthe security of the State or the public interest sorequires and the President so states in writing, theappearance shall be conducted in executive session. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 29. Section 23(1) The Congress, by a vote of two-thirds ofboth Houses in joint session assembled, votingseparately, shall have the sole power to declarethe existence of a state of war. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 30. (2) In times of war or other national emergency, theCongress may, by law, authorize the President, for alimited period and subject to such restrictions as it mayprescribe, to exercise powers necessary and proper tocarry out a declared national policy. Unless soonerwithdrawn by resolution of the Congress, such powersshall cease upon the next adjournment thereof. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 31. Section 24All appropriation, revenue or tariff bills, billsauthorizing increase of the public debt, bills oflocal application, and private bills, shalloriginate exclusively in the House ofRepresentatives, but the Senate may propose orconcur with amendments. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 32. Section 25(1) The Congress may not increase theappropriations recommended by the Presidentfor the operation of the Government asspecified in the budget. The form, content, andmanner of preparation of the budget shall beprescribed by law. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 33. (2) No provision or enactment shall be embraced in thegeneral appropriations bill unless it relates specificallyto some particular appropriation therein. Any suchprovision or enactment shall be limited in its operationto the appropriation to which it relates.(3) The procedure in approving appropriations for theCongress shall strictly follow the procedure forapproving appropriations for other departments andagencies.(4) A special appropriations bill shall specify thepurpose for which it is intended, and shall besupported by funds actually available as certified bythe National Treasurer, or to be raised by acorresponding revenue proposal therein. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 34. (5) No law shall be passed authorizing any transfer ofappropriations; however, the President, the President ofthe Senate, the Speaker of the House ofRepresentatives, the Chief Justice of the SupremeCourt, and the heads of Constitutional Commissionsmay, by law, be authorized to augment any item in thegeneral appropriations law for their respective officesfrom savings in other items of their respectiveappropriations.(6) Discretionary funds appropriated for particularofficials shall be disbursed only for public purposes tobe supported by appropriate vouchers and subject tosuch guidelines as may be prescribed by law. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 35. (7) If, by the end of any fiscal year, the Congress shallhave failed to pass the general appropriations bill forthe ensuing fiscal year, the general appropriations lawfor the preceding fiscal year shall be deemed re-enactedand shall remain in force and effect until the generalappropriations bill is passed by the Congress. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 36. Section 26(1) Every bill passed by the Congress shallembrace only one subject which shall beexpressed in the title thereof. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 37. (2) No bill passed by either House shall become a lawunless it has passed three readings on separate days,and printed copies thereof in its final form have beendistributed to its Members three days before itspassage, except when the President certifies to thenecessity of its immediate enactment to meet a publiccalamity or emergency. Upon the last reading of a bill,no amendment thereto shall be allowed, and the votethereon shall be taken immediately thereafter, andthe yeas and nays entered in the Journal. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 38. Section 27(1) Every bill passed by the Congressshall, before it becomes a law, be presented tothe President. If he approves the same he shallsign it; otherwise, he shall veto it and return thesame with his objections to the House where itoriginated, which shall enter the objections atlarge in its Journal and proceed to reconsider it. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 39. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of all theMembers of such House shall agree to pass the bill, itshall be sent, together with the objections, to the otherHouse by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and ifapproved by two-thirds of all the Members of thatHouse, it shall become a law.(2) The President shall have the power to veto anyparticular item or items in anappropriation, revenue, or tariff bill, but the veto shallnot affect the item or items to which he does not object. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 40. Section 28(1) The rule of taxation shall be uniform andequitable. The Congress shall evolve aprogressive system of taxation.(2) The Congress may, by law, authorize thePresident to fix within specified limits, andsubject to such limitations and restrictions as itmay impose, tariff rates, import and exportquotas, tonnage and wharf age dues, and otherduties or imposts within the framework of thenational development program of theGovernment. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 41. (3) Charitable institutions, churches and personages orconvents appurtenant thereto, mosques, non-profitcemeteries, and all lands, buildings, andimprovements, actually, directly, and exclusively usedfor religious, charitable, or educational purposes shallbe exempt from taxation.(4) No law granting any tax exemption shall be passedwithout the concurrence of a majority of all theMembers of the Congress. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 42. Section 29(1) No money shall be paid out of the Treasuryexcept in pursuance of an appropriation madeby law. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 43. (2) No public money or property shall beappropriated, applied, paid, oremployed, directly or indirectly, for theuse, benefit, or support of anysect, church, denomination, sectarianinstitution, or system of religion, or of anypriest, preacher, minister, other religiousteacher, or dignitary as such, except whensuch priest, preacher, minister, or dignitary isassigned to the armed forces, or to any penalinstitution, or government orphanage orleprosarium. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 44. (3) All money collected on any tax levied for aspecial purpose shall be treated as a specialfund and paid out for such purpose only. Ifthe purpose for which a special fund wascreated has been fulfilled or abandoned, thebalance, if any, shall be transferred to thegeneral funds of the Government. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 45. Section 30No law shall be passed increasing the appellatejurisdiction of the Supreme Court as providedin this Constitution without its advice andconcurrence. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 46. Section 31No law granting a title of royalty or nobilityshall be enacted. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.
  • 47. Section 32The Congress shall, as early as possible, providefor a system of initiative and referendum, andthe exceptions there from, whereby the peoplecan directly propose and enact laws or approveor reject any act or law or part thereof passed bythe Congress or local legislative body after theregistration of a petition therefore signed by atleast ten per centum of the total number ofregistered voters, of which every legislativedistrict must be represented by at least three percentum of the registered voters thereof. © 2012 C.Camilo & JC.Cifra. All rights reserved.

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