<ul><li>Rizal having lost Leonor Rivera, entertained the thought of courting other ladies. While a guest of the Boustead family at their residence in the resort city of Biarritz– Villa Eliada, he had befriended the two pretty daughters of his host, Eduardo Boustead. Rizal used to fence with the sisters at the studio of Juan Luna. It was Biarritz where he had a serious romance with Nellie and finished the last chapter of his second novel, El Filibusterismo. </li></ul>
<ul><li>With the Bousteads in Biarritz </li></ul><ul><li>The one month vacation in Biarritz worked wonders for Rizal. His sorrowing heart began to sing once more with joy and his health improved with remarkable swiftness. </li></ul><ul><li>From Biarritz, he write Mariano Ponce on February 11, 1891 he said “I have put on much weight since I arrived here, my cheeks are no longer shrunken as before for the reason that I go to bed early and I have no cares”. </li></ul>
"Rizal's European experience was complete with hanging out in bistros and cafes, sharing beer at country inns, and dressing for elegant balls, masked or otherwise. Photo shows Rizal (left) be-turbanned for a party with friends Paz Pardo de Tavera, Luna, Nelly Bousted , Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo and two unidentified ladies."
a.) b.) a.) Rizal in Juan Luna’s studio in Paris. b.) Rizal fencing with A. Luna in Paris.
<ul><li>Romance with Nellie Boustead </li></ul><ul><li>Biarritz, with its romantic gardens, delightful villas, and panoramic beauties, is an ideal setting for romance. Rizal having lost his beloved Leonor, came to entertain considerable affection for Nellie, the prettier and younger daughter of his host. He found her a real Filipina, highly intelligent, vivacious in temperament and morally upright. He wrote to his intimate friends, except Prof. Blumentritt, of his love for Nellie, also called Nelly, and his intention to propose marriage to her. </li></ul>
<ul><li>As early as on February 4, 1891, M.H. del Pilar teased him about changing the “o” in Noli to an “e”, which means Noli to Nellie. </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio Luna, Juan’s brother and also a frequent visitor of the Bousteads, courted Nellie but she was deeply infatuated with Rizal. In a party held by Filipinos in Madrid, a drunken Antonio Luna uttered unsavory remarks against Nellie Boustead. This prompted Rizal to challenge Luna into a duel. Fortunately, Luna apologized to Rizal, thus averting tragedy for the compatriots. </li></ul><ul><li>Their love affair unfortunately did not end in marriage. It failed because Rizal refused to be converted to the Protestant faith, as Nellie demanded and Nellie's mother did not like a physician without enough paying clientele to be a son-in-law. The lovers, however, parted as good friends when Rizal left Europe. </li></ul>
<ul><li>El Filibusterismo Finished in Biarritz </li></ul><ul><li>Frustrated in romance, Rizal found consolation in writing. While wooing Nellie and enjoying so “many magnificent nights” with her, he kept working on his second novel which he began to write in Calamba in 1887. </li></ul><ul><li>On March 29,1891, the eve of his departure from Biarritz to Paris, he finished the manuscript of El Filibusterismo. </li></ul>
a.) b.) a.) Room in which “El Filibusterismo” was begun. (Pencil sketch by Rizal.) b.) Facsimile of the first page of the MS. of “El Filibusterismo.”
<ul><li>To Paris and Back to Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>Rizal bade farewell to the hospitable and friendly Bousteads on March 30, 1891 and proceeded to Paris by train. He stayed at the home of his friend, Valentin Ventura, on 4 Rue de Chateaudum. </li></ul><ul><li>From Paris, he wrote to his friend, Jose Ma. Basa, in Hong Kong, On April 4, expressing his desire to go to that British colony and practice ophthalmology in order to earn his living. </li></ul><ul><li>By the middle of April, 1891, Rizal was back in Brussels, where he was happily received by Marie and Suzanne Jacoby. </li></ul>
a.) b.) a.) Jose Ma. Basa b.) Valentin Ventura
<ul><li>Retirement from the Propaganda Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Since abdicating his leadership in Madrid in January, 1891, owing to the intrigues of his jealous compatriots, Rizal retired from the Propaganda Movement, or reform crusade. He desired to publish his second novel, to practice his medical profession, and later, when he became financially independent, he expected to make a more vigorous campaign for his country’s redemption. </li></ul><ul><li>From Brussels, on May1, 1891, he notified the propaganda authorities in Manila to cancel his monthly allowance and devote the money to some better cause, such as education of a young Filipino student in Europe </li></ul>
<ul><li>Rizal Stopped Writing for La Solidaridad </li></ul><ul><li>Rizal ceased writing articles for La Solidaridad. Many of his friends in Spain urged him to continue writing for the patriotic periodical, because his articles always attracted considerable attention in European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>3 Reasons why Rizal stopped writing for La Solidaridad: </li></ul><ul><li>He need time to work on his book. </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted other Filipinos to work also; </li></ul><ul><li>He considered it very important to the party that there be unity in the work. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Revising the Fili for Publication </li></ul><ul><li>In Brussels Rizal Worked day after day revising the finished manuscript of El Filibusterismo and readied it for printing. Apparently, the revision was mostly completed on May 30, 1891. On the letter, he told Jose Ma. Basa that his book is now ready on press and the first 20 chapters are already corrected and can be printed. If he received a money, he will surely have a copy in July. </li></ul>