Chapter 16 and 17 in belgian brussels (new1)


Published on

Published in: Technology
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 16 and 17 in belgian brussels (new1)

  1. 1. <ul><li>Rizal’s research studies in the British Museum (London) and in the Bibliotheque Nationale (Paris) enrich his historical knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>His knowledge of foreign languages enabled Rizal to read historical documents and books in the languages in which they were originally written: </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>He read Pigafetta’s famous First Voyage Around the World in Italian </li></ul><ul><li>The annotations on Morga’s book </li></ul><ul><li>Ma-yi </li></ul><ul><li>Tawalisi </li></ul><ul><li>Filipinas Dentro de Cien Años (The Philippines within a Century) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sobre la Indolencia de los Filipinos (Indolence of the Filipinos) and many more. </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippines Within a Century is an article written by Rizal, he expressed his views on the Spanish colonization in the Philippines and predicted with amazing accuracy the tragic end of Spain’s sovereignty in Asia. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Indolence of the Filipinos , is an essay of Rizal is also a prestigious work of historical scholarship. It is an able defense of the alleged indolence of the Filipinos. Rizal made a critical study of the causes. Based on his findings the causes are: </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The native revolts and other internal disorders which fallowed the establishment of Spanish rule. </li></ul><ul><li>The wars which the Filipinos fought for Spain against the Dutch, Portuguese and other enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>The forced labor which compelled thousands of Filipinos laborers. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Lack of stimulus to work. </li></ul><ul><li>The bad example shown by the Spaniards in despising manual labor. </li></ul><ul><li>The teaching of the Spanish missionaries that it is easier for the poor to enter the heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement and propagation of gambling by the Spanish authorities </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>System of Spanish education did not promote economic enterprise and activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Another project of Rizal was the establishment of an “International Association of Filipinologist” and have its inaugural convention in the French capital. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Another magnificent project of Rizal in Paris which also fizzled out was his plan to established a modern college in Hong Kong , but did not materialize. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Por Telepono” a satirical work as reply to another slanderer of Fr. Salvador Font, who masterminded the banning of his Noli. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>December 25, 1889 was a wintry day in Paris. They prepared a Christmas dinner with his friends. Shortly after New Year, Rizal made a brief visit to London. Biographers do not know the purpose of his visit. It may be due to two reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) To check up his annotated edition of Morga’s Sucesos book with the original copy in the British Museum . (2) to see Gertrude Beckett for the last time. January 1890, he was back to Paris. He complained of a terrible headache. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 16: In Belgian Brussels (1890) <ul><li>On January 28, 1890, Rizal left Paris for Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>For 2 reasons </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of living in Paris was very high </li></ul><ul><li>The gay social life of the city hampered his literary works especially the writing of his 2 nd novel El Filibusterismo </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>While in Brussels, he lived in Rue Philippe run by 2 Jacoby sisters (Suzanne and Marie) </li></ul><ul><li>He was busy writing El Fili and articles for the La Solidaridad </li></ul><ul><li>Despite of his European education and his knowledge of foreign languages, Rizal loved his own native language </li></ul><ul><li>He was the 1 st to advocate to the Filipinization of our letters c and o and use instead K and w </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>In Brussels, Rizal received news from Juan Luna and Valentin Ventura, that there are some Filipinos who were destroying the reputation of Filipinos by gambling too much </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, he wrote a letter address to Del Pilar , to remind the Filipinos in Madrid that they did not come to Europe to gamble, but to work for their Fatherland’s freedom </li></ul><ul><li>The gambling Filipinos were angry when they learned or Rizal’s moralizing. </li></ul><ul><li>They called him “PAPA” instead of Pepe </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Rizal received bad news from home as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Paciano and his brother-in-law were deported to Mindoro </li></ul><ul><li>M. Hidalgo were vanished for the 2 nd time to Bohol </li></ul><ul><li>In his moment of despair Rizal had bad dreams </li></ul><ul><li>And although he was not superstitious, he feared that he would not live long </li></ul><ul><li>But he wanted to finish his 2 nd novel El Fili before he went to his grave. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>In his letter to MH Del Pilar he said: </li></ul><ul><li>In my childhood I had a strange belief that I would not reach 30 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>In the face of sufferings , Rizal planned to go home </li></ul><ul><li>All his friends objected to his plan and warned him of the danger that awaited him at home </li></ul><ul><li>Something happened that changed his decision and he informed MH Del Pilar that he was going to Madrid to supervise the handling of the case of his family in Calamba </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>While in Brussels, he wrote a poem entitled “ A Mi (to My Muse) a pathetic poem, lack of exquisiteness. </li></ul><ul><li>While he was preparing for his trip to Madrid, two things brought some measure of cheers </li></ul><ul><li>1) The summertime festival of Belgium, which was celebrated in carnival style – with colourful costumes, fantastic floats </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>2) His romance with Petite Jacoby – the pretty niece of his landladies </li></ul><ul><li>Rizal was so charming and dignified gentleman that Suzanne was attracted to him </li></ul><ul><li>He was lonely in a strange country and Leonor Rivera was so far away </li></ul><ul><li>He found certain bliss in the company of a pretty Belgian girl </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Like all the other girls in Rizal's life, Suzanne fell in love with Rizal </li></ul><ul><li>And she cried when he left for Madrid </li></ul>
  18. 18. Articles Published in La Solidaridad <ul><li>A La Defensa </li></ul><ul><li>La Verdad Para Todos </li></ul><ul><li>Vicente Barrantes </li></ul><ul><li>Una Profanacion </li></ul><ul><li>Verdades Nuevas </li></ul><ul><li>Crueldad </li></ul><ul><li>Diferencias </li></ul><ul><li>Inconsequencias </li></ul><ul><li>Llanto y Risas </li></ul><ul><li>Ingratitudes </li></ul>
  19. 19. Misfortunes in Madrid <ul><li>August ,1890, Rizal arrived in Madrid </li></ul><ul><li>He immediately secured the help of the Filipino colony and the association of the Hispano-Filipino and the liberal Spanish newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>In securing justice for the oppressed Calamba tenants including his family </li></ul><ul><li>Together with MH Del Pilar )acted as his lawyer) and Dr. Dominador Gomez (secretary of the association) called on the Minister of Colonies to protest the injustices committed against the Calamba tenants </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Nothing came out of Rizal's interview </li></ul><ul><li>More terrible news reached Rizal as he was waging a futile war for justice </li></ul><ul><li>He learned that there was already an ejectment order against Rizal's family and the other Calamba tenants </li></ul><ul><li>He further learned that their parents were forcibly ejected from their homes and were then living in the house of Narcisa </li></ul><ul><li>He even sought the help of liberal Spanish statesmen but he was again disappointed </li></ul><ul><li>They just gave him honeyed words of sympathy and nothing else </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Blumentrit urged him to talk with Queen Regent Maria Cristina (the ruler of Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>But he could not because he had neither powerful friends to bring him to the queen nor gold to grease the palms of influential courtiers </li></ul><ul><li>Another disappointment happened when his friend Jose Ma. Panganiban died in Barcelona after lingering illness </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Towards the end of August, Rizal attended a social reunion </li></ul><ul><li>At that time A. Luna was bitter because of his frustrated romance with Nellie Bousted </li></ul><ul><li>He was blaming Rizal for his failure to win her </li></ul><ul><li>In a fit of jealousy, which his alcohol be-fogged mind uttered unsavoury remarks about Nellie </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Rizal overheard him and due to his high regards to women </li></ul><ul><li>Angrily he challenged Luna to a duel </li></ul><ul><li>The Filipinos was shocked and tried to pacify Rizal and Luna pointing that it could damage their cause in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Luna when he became sober, realized that he made afoul of himself and apologized to Rizal </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>On another occasion, he challenged another man to a duel -Wenceslao Retana, his bitter enemy of the pen </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote in his article that the friends of Rizal had not paid their rents so that they were ejected from their lands in Calamba </li></ul><ul><li>Such insult stirred Rizal to action, he challenged Retana to a duel and he said that Retana's blood or his apology could vindicate the good blame of Rizal's family and friends </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Retana to save his own skin, he published a retraction and an apology in the newspaper after being warned of Rizal's superior skills in both pistol and sword </li></ul>