Diabetes multimedia project
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Transcript

  • 1. Diabetes Awareness By: Kelsey Walker
  • 2. Terms
    • Cataract: condition where the eye becomes cloudy.
    • Glaucoma: condition where the pressure within the eye causes damage to the optic nerve, which sends visual images to the brain.
    • Hyperglycemia: condition where there is too much glucose or sugar in the blood.
    • Hypoglycemia: condition where there is too little glucose in the blood.
    • Insulin: a hormone or chemical produced by the pancreas, insulin is needed by cells in order to use glucose (sugar), the body’s main source of energy.
    • Diabetic peripheral neuropathy: condition where the sensitivity of nerves to pain, temperature, and pressure is dulled, particularly in the legs and feet.
    • Kidney dialysis: process where blood is filtered through a dialysis machine to remove waste products that would normally be removed by the kidneys.
    • Pancreas: gland located behind the stomach that produces insulin.
  • 3. What is diabetes?
    • Condition in which the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or the cells stop responding to the insulin produced.
  • 4. What are the symptoms?
    • Thirsty
    • Tired
    • Hungry
    • Frequent urination
    • Weight loss
    • Sweet smelling urine
  • 5. Types of Diabetes
    • Type 1(Juvenile)
    • -Childhood, insulin dependent
    • Type 2 (Age-onset, adult-onset)
    • -Poor health, non insulin dependent (misleading)
    • Gestational
    • -Pregnancy
  • 6. Type 1
    • Developed during childhood or adolescence.
    • Body produces little to no insulin.
    • Rapid swings of blood sugar levels between hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
    • Require several injections of insulin.
  • 7. Type 2
    • More common form of diabetes.
    • Overweight and poor diet and no exercise.
    • Age 50 and over.
    • Milder form, controlled with diet and oral medication. (insulin sometimes necessary)
  • 8. Gestational
    • Second or third trimester of pregnancy.
    • Resides after birth.
    • Babies are born prematurely, have hyperglycemia, and have excess body fat.
    • Treated with diet.
  • 9. Insulin
    • Type 1 needs several injections.
    • Type 2 may need injections.
    • Small needle, injection pen, or insulin pump.
    • Injections given subcutaneously, where there is looser skin.
    • Works in 15-20 minutes, lasts 6 hours.
  • 10. Hypoglycemia
    • Too much insulin
    • Too little food
    • Alcohol consumption
    • Increased exercise
    • Hungry, cranky, confused, tired.
    • Diabetic coma
    • Fruit juice, candy, high sugar snacks
  • 11. Uncontrolled diabetes
    • Blindness
    • End-stage renal disease
    • Limb amputations
    • Doubles the risk for heart disease and stroke.
    • Cataracts and glaucoma
    • Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
  • 12. Prevention
    • Research continues for cure
    • Type 1 is unpredictable
    • Type 2 can be reduced by maintaining ideal weight and exercising.
    • Healthy lifestyle