Once known as the “XRegio Romana”, theVeneto region wascontrolled by the EasternRoman Empire. It wasthen, between the 2ndand the 6th centuriesB.C., that most of thebeautiful venetian citieswere founded.Later, between the 11thand 15th centuries, the“Comune” system wasintroduced by somenoble families thatenstablished the role of“podestà”.Meanwhile the “Serenissima Repubblica” of Venicewas born and gradually became one of the greatestpower of the Italian peninsula. Thanks to itsauthority, the Seren Republic gave birth to a commonstyle that influenced both culture and architecture.
-Spritz,anaperitifmade ofwine andprosecco-Bigoli, a typicalkind of pasta-Tiramisù, anitaliandeliciousness-Baccalà, also known as “salt cod”
TRACES OF THE HISTORY•Archaeological remains of the Roman presence can especiallybe found in Verona: for instance the “Arena of Verona” a Romanamphitheatre in Bra Square.•‘’Ponte Pietra’’: orStone Bridge anoriginal Romanbridge.
THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD: TRACES OF GOTHIC STYLE CAN BESEEN IN MANY CHURCHES AND PALACES IN VENICE Saint Mark’s• Saint Mary of TheFrari• Ca’ D’oro •The Doge’s Palace
TRACES OF GOTHIC STYLE ARE ALSO THE BEAUTIFUL GIOTTO’SFRESCOES INSIDE THE SCROVEGNI CHAPEL IN PADUA•Traces of the Medieval form of towngovernment called “Comune” and lateron “Signoria” are present in the heart ofall Veneto cities.•The Lords’ square was the centre ofgovernment, while Market square wasthe commercial centre of the town withthe merchants’ buildings displaying theirowners’ wealth. One such building isCappelletti’ s house in Verona, betterknown as Juliet’s House.
The Renaissance period: Many Renaissance painters fromVeneto worked and contributed to the magnificence of many churches andbuildings in the centuries between 14th and the 18th.•Mantegna in SanZeno’s Church inVerona•Donatello in Saint Anthony’sBasilica in Padua•Veronese in Doge’sPalace in Venice•Tiziano in Saint Mary ofthe Frari in Venice•Tintoretto in Scuola Grandedi San Rocco in Venice
VENICEOne of the most importantcities in Veneto is Venice.In this beautiful town wecan find the famous SaintMark’s Basilica and itssquare, the big lagoon, thetypical gondole, thetraditional Carnival, theInternational CinemaFestival, the prestigious Ca’Foscari University and,last but not least, theFenice theatre.
The emblem of the city and has always been the center of his public life is thefamous Piazza San Marco, the only square in Venice (all others are called fields),which is the result of a long process of adaptation to the functional requirementsand representative of the Venetian community. It is almost rectangular, againstthe background of the Basilica of St. Marco, with the isolated tower, the tallest inthe city.
PADUAAnother important cityis Padua. In this citythere are someimportant buildingsand places like theSaint Anthony’sBasilica, the ScrovegniChapel, Prato dellaValle - the biggestsquare in Europe - theUniversity, one ofmost ancient in Italy.
The actual Basilica is the result of three differentreconstructions, which took place over a periodof about 70 years: 1238-1310.In St. Anthonys time there was the little churchSanta Maria Mater Domini, which was thenintegrated into the Basilica and is now theChapel of the Black Madonna. Next to this, in1229, the Friary sprang up, which was probablyfounded by St. Anthony himself.St. Anthony died in 1231 in Arcella, in the north of thecity where his body was transported and buried in thelittle church Santa Maria Mater Domini.The construction of the first nucleus of the Basilica, aFranciscan church with only a single nave and a shorttransept, began in 1238; two lateral naves were addedand it was eventually transformed into the amazingstructure that we admire today.
OLYMPIC THEATRE IN VICENZAThe Olympic Theatreis a theatre designedby Renaissancearchitect AndreaPalladio in 1580 andlocated in Vicenza. Itis the first and oldestindoor theatre in themodern era.The theatre still hosts plays and concertsin 1994 and was included in the list ofUNESCO World Heritage Site, likeother works by Palladio in Vicenza.
ARENA DI VERONAThe Verona Arena is aRoman amphitheatrelocated in the historiccenter of Verona.This is one of the greatbuildings that havecharacterized the Romanarchitecture.During the summers it isused for the famous liricfestival.
CASTELVECCHIOCastelvecchio,originally called theCastle of San Martinoin Aquaro, is a castlein Verona which iscurrently used tohouse the museum. Itis the most importantmonument of militaryScaligera.
UNIVERSITY OF PADUAThe University of of Padua isone of the most famousuniversities in Italy, and amongthe oldest in the world, datingback to 1222.On the University seal depicts the Risen Christ and SaintCatherine of Alexandria, that are the patrons of the twodistinct "universitates“. Risen Christ was considered thepatron saint of doctors while St. Catherine was the patron oflawyers.
DOLOMITESThe Dolomites are agroup of mountainranges of the EasternAlps Italian, among theprovinces of Belluno,Bolzano, Trento, Udineand Pordenone.On 26 June 2009,UNESCO declared theDolomites WorldHeritage
PO DELTAThe Po delta is defined as the hydraulic system of branching river through whichthe river Po flows into the Adriatic Sea.The Po delta lies entirely in the Province of Rovigo or Polesine and occupiesalmost the entire eastern portion.
FINGER FOODFinger food is very tastyandit is favorite by youngpeople.
“SPRITZ”People spend theirafternoons meetingtheir friends in thebar for the aperitif,called also spritz.
PIZZAGuys continue theirevening out eating apizza.Pizza is the most populardish in Italy.
SOUVENIRS FROM VENETOFood and drinks“Colussi veneziani”typical biscuits ofVenice.“Grappa veneta”Traditional alcoholic drink.
ART & FOLKLOREThe carnival of Venice is aworldwide known event, and youcan buy several typical masks.Another typical, but expensivesouvenir you can get in Venetois the artistic Murano glass.
THE DIFFERENT SEASONS IN VENETOIn winter you can go skiing in theAlps. Around Cortina you can findmany ski slopes. If you like iceskating there are also skating rinks.In spring you can go either horseriding or cycling in the country, inthe Euganean hills or in themountains. In the Alps you can gofree climbing, canyoning, rafting or
In summer you can swim at theseaside or at lake Garda ; thereyou can also go windsurfing orsailing.In autumn you can look formushrooms or chestnuts in theEuganean hills.If you are a real sportsman, you canjoin the “Venice marathon” inOctober.