The best time of the year to visit the Basque countriesAny time except during thesummer because there aretoo many tourists then, andwouldn’t see the authenticBasque country. A good timeto come is probably Springor Autumn because Natureis so beautiful in thoseseasons.
The local foods a visitor should definitelytasteA visitor should taste theEspelette pepper which isvery good and it adds a goodtaste to all the food. Taloa islike a pancake made fromcorn and you put what youwant in it.
Five cities or monuments a traveller shoulddefinitely see 1. The Basque museum in Baiona, there is a lot of information about Basque history, and there are alsoimportant masterpieces of Basque culture.2. Larraldea, the house of culture in Amotze isa place where people used to meet and talkabout some projects.3. Castle of Abadia: it is set in a natural parkopposite the sea, and was the house of afamous scientist and explorer.
5. Donibane Garazi is a touristic city because, the "Camino de Santiago" the pilgrimage of Saint James) passes through thetown, so there are good restaurants.6. Maule is the main town of Xiberua, one ofthe three provinces of the North Basquecountry.4. Baiona is avery importanttown, and thereare loads ofthings to visitlike the harbour,or the cathedral.
The experiences of everyday life that a travellershouldn’t miss in BaionaA visitor shouldnt miss Basquefood. They should try Basquemeat, or eat in a "Sagarnotegi"(Cider house) where they cantaste a typical meal and enjoydrinking fresh cider straight outof the barrel.Basque festivals are worthseeing because the music isreally interesting and fun! Thereare also village fetes, and visitorscan have fun and learn howBasque people party.
What to take back home as a symbol of Baiona?The best souvenir is the memory of thetime the visitors have spent here.However there are many objects or foodsthat are typical from here:" ardi gasna"ewes cheese, "sagarnoa" cider,"patxaran" sloe-flavoured liqueur ,"xingarra" ham, "baionako txokolateak"chocolate from Baiona," txakoli", aslightly sparkling, very dry whitewine, "espartinak", espadrille shoes,"pala" and "xisterra", equipment of"pelota" a Basque sport.
LOCAL TRADITION AND CULTURE-Every year the Motxian bertso school(which teaches the art of Basque improvised poetry)organises Bertso Week, holding a series of public exhibitions-Regatta is a boat race.- Carnivals are different all over the Basque country.People wear traditional basque outfits.
Basque dances «euskaldantzak» are part of theirtradition.Arteka is a place where you can dorafting in Birriday’s riverPelota is very popular,you have to play with a little ballin a «trinquet» which is a gymnasium witha left-hand wall.SPORTS ANDOUTDOOR ACTIVITIES
The three most important moments in the historyof Basque countryThe Battle of Roncevaux Pass (French andEnglish spelling, Roncesvalles in Spanish,Orreaga in Basque) was a battle in 778 inwhich Roland, prefect of the BretonMarch and commander of the rear guardof Charlemagnes army, was defeated bythe Basques. It was fought at RoncevauxPass, a high mountain pass in thePyrenees on the border between Franceand Spain.9
The end of Navarre kingdom(1512)The French Revolution : the Basque Country lost allthe laws it used to have. The three NorthernBasque provinces still enjoyed great autonomyuntil the French Revolution suppressed itradically, as it did elsewhere in France,eventually creating the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, half Basque and half GasconFerdinand the Catholic did not relinquishhis long-cherished designs on NavarreWhen Navarre refused to join one of manyHoly Leagues against France anddeclared itself neutral, Ferdinand askedthe Pope to excommunicate Albret,which would have legitimised his attack.. 10The Navarrese Cortes(Parliament) had to acceptannexation to Castile, whichagreed to keep Navarreseautonomy and identity. In 1513,the first Castilian viceroy tookan oath to respect Navarreselaw (fueros).
What traces of these events can atraveller still see?Visitors can still see the"Astobizkar” (donkey backhill) in Orreaga, which is verywell-known in the BasqueCountry.The assembly of Uztaritze,which used to be the capitalof the north Basque country isan event that we stillcelebrate every year, we eatall together and there areconcerts in the evening.11
The excavation of the Castle of Amaiur is a historicmonument of the Basque Country, and it is very famousas a symbol of resistance 12
The most important cultural and artisticaspects of the Basque countryIn the Basque Country, music, dance,Basque and contemporary art are themost important aspects of the region,there are a lot of typical instrumentslike the Trikitixa or the Pandero. Weare also used to dancing Basquedances called Mutxikoak. Finally, themost famous contemporary artist isOteiza, and he has an outdoormuseum in Altzuza.13
Nicola De Girolamo 5GSanti Jonathan Di Paola 4GFederica Marano 4GGiuseppina Raciti 4GLiceo Statale“Enrico Boggio Lera”Catania - Italy13