Suicide Awareness And Prevention DEC07

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  • there is always hope^^so be happy:D
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  • Good Morning, I’m Keith Andrews—Chaplain of the 1-101 Aviation Regiment and today we will spend several minutes exploring suicide awareness and prevention.
  • Suicide Awareness And Prevention DEC07

    1. 1. Suicide Awareness and Prevention CH (CPT) Keith J. Andrews 40th Engineer Battalion “ BATTERING RAMS” Prepared by the Office of Chief of Chaplains & The Army G-1
    2. 2. References <ul><li>Suicide Awareness: 1972nd Medical Detachment (CSC), PowerPoint Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>SUICIDE AND SELF-DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR 101st Combat Aviation Brigade DCS Briefing, PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>DCS Suicide Prevention Briefing Installation Chaplain’s Office, 5 January 2005; CH (COL) James Griffith, PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide Awareness 101 ST Combat Aviation Brigade DCS Briefing (Short Presentation), PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Army Suicide Awareness and Prevention Every One Matters! Prepared by the Office of Chief of Chaplains & The Army G-1. PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide Prevention: What You Can Do! Individual Deployment Training. PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Army Suicide Prevention Soldiers, Leaders, Communities Saving Lives. PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide Prevention Proactive Approach to Suicide Prevention. PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>HHC 2BCT, 1 AD HELLRAISERS SUICIDE AWARENESS & PREVENTION. PowerPoint Presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>SUICIDE PREVENTION: A RESOURCE MANUAL FOR THE UNITED STATES ARMY. PREPARED BY THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF SUICIDOLOGY AND THE U. S. ARMY CENTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE </li></ul><ul><li>A Leader‘s Guide to Suicide Prevention. http://chppm-www.apgea.army.mil/dhpw/Population/combat.aspx . JAN 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>DA PAM 600-70: Guide to The Prevention of Suicide and Self Destructive Behavior. 1 NOV 1985. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Purpose of Training <ul><li>Understand What Suicide Is </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize Warning Signs of Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>How to Respond to Threats of Suicide </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is Suicide? <ul><li>The act or an instance of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally especially by a person of years of discretion and of sound mind </li></ul><ul><li>--Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Suicide Ideation </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide Gesture </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide Attempt </li></ul><ul><li>Self-inflicted death </li></ul>Types of Suicidal Behavior
    6. 6. Myths and Facts <ul><li>Myth: People who talk about suicide rarely attempt or commit suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Nearly 80% of those who attempt or commit suicide give some warning of their intentions </li></ul>
    7. 7. Myths and Facts <ul><li>Myth: Talking to someone about their suicidal feelings will cause them to commit suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Asking someone about their suicidal feelings usually makes the person feel relieved that someone cares </li></ul>
    8. 8. Myths and Facts <ul><li>Myth: Suicide is an act of impulse with no previous planning </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Most suicides are carefully planned and thought about for weeks </li></ul>
    9. 9. Myths and Facts <ul><li>Myth: A person who attempts suicide will not try again </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Most people who commit suicide have made previous attempts </li></ul>
    10. 10. Who Commits Suicide? Anyone
    11. 11. CY 06 Suicides - Day Frequency
    12. 12. CY 06 Suicides - Rank
    13. 13. CY 06 Suicides – Racial Comparison African Native White American Hispanic Asian/PI American Confirmed 79 17 0 2 0
    14. 14. CY 06 Suicides - Age Group Youngest: 19 (Enlisted) Oldest: 56 (Officer) AGE CATEGORIES
    15. 15. CY 06 Suicides – Gender Male Female Confirmed 87 11
    16. 16. CY 06 Suicides - Marital Status Married Single Confirmed 42 56
    17. 17. CY 06 - Suicides Deployment Status * **
    18. 18. Who Commits Suicide? Anyone
    19. 19. The Suicide Risk is Higher in a Person Who: <ul><li>Has problems with family, relationship, job, Army, finances </li></ul><ul><li>Has experienced a recent suicide of a friend or relative </li></ul><ul><li>Has made previous suicide attempts </li></ul><ul><li>Threatens suicide </li></ul>
    20. 20. What Causes Suicide? Suicidal Feelings are most often the result of stress and depression.
    21. 21. Stress is the body’s response to the changes in our lives and to the threats to our safety and our self-esteem. Stress
    22. 22. Some Stressful Situations can trigger suicidal feelings: <ul><li>Low Self-Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden Change of Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to Sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Job Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Relationships </li></ul>
    23. 23. Learn Effective Relaxation Techniques <ul><li>Play Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Write a Letter or Diary </li></ul><ul><li>Take Slow Deep Breaths </li></ul><ul><li>Talk with Friends </li></ul><ul><li>Read A Book </li></ul>
    24. 24. What to do for yourself: <ul><li>Remind yourself that the way you are feeling is normal </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of Physical Needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the mission at hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay tied I with buddies in your unit; </li></ul><ul><li>Seek Help. </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>Know the members of your team and welcome newcomers when they arrive. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for sudden changes in behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Include others in opportunities to relax; </li></ul><ul><li>Offer encouragement and recognition. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask about how they’re doing; </li></ul><ul><li>Seek help. </li></ul>What to do for your buddies:
    26. 26. Depression <ul><li>Depression, an abnormal emotional state, is a profound sadness which is present nearly everyday for at least two weeks. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Some Depressive Situations That can trigger suicidal feelings <ul><li>Disappointment </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection </li></ul><ul><li>Illness </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of relationship </li></ul>
    28. 28. How To Help Yourself if You are Depressed <ul><li>Set realistic goals and assume a reasonable amount of responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Break large tasks into small ones, set some priorities, and do what you can as you can. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to be with other people and to confide in someone; it is usually better than being alone and secretive. </li></ul>
    29. 29. How To Help Yourself if You are Depressed <ul><li>Participate in activities that may make you feel better. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling better takes time. </li></ul><ul><li>It is advisable to postpone important decisions until the depression has lifted. </li></ul><ul><li>People rarely “Snap out of” a depression. But they can feel a little better day-by-day. </li></ul><ul><li>Let your family and friends help you. </li></ul>
    30. 30. Helping a Soldier in Distress <ul><li>Be a good friend. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen and encourage. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t criticize or argue with the soldier’s ideas and feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge your buddy’s grievances against others. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions to understand the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t give a lot of advice. </li></ul><ul><li>Praise your buddy’s work. </li></ul>
    31. 31. Verbal Warning Signs <ul><li>Direct Statements </li></ul><ul><li>“ I want to die.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I don’t want to live anymore.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indirect Statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I want to go to sleep and never wake up.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Soon this pain will be over.” </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. <ul><li>Sadness and crying </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Change in sleeping pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Drug & alcohol abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Neglecting hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Final arrangements </li></ul>Behavioral Warning Signs
    33. 33. What To Do <ul><li>Take threats seriously </li></ul><ul><li>Tell them you care </li></ul><ul><li>Get help </li></ul><ul><li>Be Safe Rather Than Sorry </li></ul>
    34. 34. What Not To Do <ul><li>Don’t keep it a secret </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t leave Soldier alone </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t discount the soldier’s feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t over React. Keep Calm. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to follow up. </li></ul>
    35. 35. <ul><li>Chain of Command </li></ul><ul><li>Chaplain </li></ul><ul><li>Unit Sick Call </li></ul>Call For Help...
    36. 36. CH(CPT) Keith J. Andrews 40 Engineer Battalion Unit Ministry Team DSN 485-6550 chaplainandrews.com

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