POLITICAL PARTIES
AND
PARTY SYSTEMS
What is a Political Party?
A group of people that is organized for the
purpose of winning government power, by
electoral o...
Characteristics of a
Political Party:
Has an organized structure with lines of
authority and power distribution.
Seek to...
Party Membership
means formal attachment to a political
party, usually involving the assumption of obligations
to the part...
Principal Activities of Parties
Selecting Candidates
Parties virtually monopolize
nominations, which give them tremendous...
The Functions of
Political Parties
Leadership Recruitment
The political party is still likely to be a
structure that iden...
Policy Formulation
The successful party finds out what people
want and finds way to combine and address those
demands. Sp...
Governing
The leader of the party winning the most
votes takes the top leadership role (be it
president or prime minister...
Differences among Parties
In the Nature and Role of Ideology
The platforms of other parties say
relatively little about i...
b) Broker Parties
Parties whose main goal is to win
elections, and who therefore appeal to as broad a
spectrum of interest...
Party Systems
The system of interactions resulting from
inter-party competition.
Single-party system
Political system in ...
Two-Party System
A state in which just two parties dominate.
Other parties might exist but they have no
political importa...
Some Philippine
Political Parties
MAJORITY
Nacionalista
Party
Liberal Party
Pwersa ng Masang
Pilipino
Force of the Filipino Masses
Lakas-Kabalikat ng Malayang
Pilipino-Christian Muslim
Democrats
Lakas Kampi -
CMD
MINORITY
Gabriela
Party
Anak mindanao
Party
AnakPawis
Party
THANK YOU!
Political parties shine
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Political parties shine

  1. 1. POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY SYSTEMS
  2. 2. What is a Political Party? A group of people that is organized for the purpose of winning government power, by electoral or other means. A political organization which nominates candidates for election to a legislature.
  3. 3. Characteristics of a Political Party: Has an organized structure with lines of authority and power distribution. Seek to attract popular support in the form of votes.
  4. 4. Party Membership means formal attachment to a political party, usually involving the assumption of obligations to the party and receiving privileges from the party. Usually require a person to apply formally for membership, and party officials can accept or reject the application (though in fact they are usually accepted). The person must at least pay annual dues and sometimes take an oath to support the party’s principles and candidates. Party Membership Rules:
  5. 5. Principal Activities of Parties Selecting Candidates Parties virtually monopolize nominations, which give them tremendous power to shape governments and policies. Election Campaigning Those professionals, hired by the candidates for substantial fees, organize high-tech campaigns that feature such up-to-date (and costly) techniques and raising money by computerized direct mail advertising.
  6. 6. The Functions of Political Parties Leadership Recruitment The political party is still likely to be a structure that identifies potential leaders, brings them to public attention, and secures them the support necessary for taking public office. Interest Aggregation The most effective way for parties to attract a wide base of support is to set up internal party procedures that permit different points of view -different interests-to be presented, discussed, compromised and aggregated.
  7. 7. Policy Formulation The successful party finds out what people want and finds way to combine and address those demands. Specific policies inevitably begin to emerge in this process. Campaigning In today’s world of mass media, political consultants, and direct mail advertising, the parties still play a part in ensuring that voters are registered, that they know the differences among the candidates, and that they know when and where to vote on election day.
  8. 8. Governing The leader of the party winning the most votes takes the top leadership role (be it president or prime minister), works with the advice of a cabinet formed of his own party.
  9. 9. Differences among Parties In the Nature and Role of Ideology The platforms of other parties say relatively little about ideologies and focus mainly on the parties’ proposed solutions to specific problems that especially concern voters at the time of the election. a) Missionary Parties Parties whose principal aim is to win converts for their ideologies, not to maximize their votes so as to win elections.
  10. 10. b) Broker Parties Parties whose main goal is to win elections, and who therefore appeal to as broad a spectrum of interests and ideologies as possible. In Centralization In Discipline Leader’s control of the members achieved by dispensing rewards & imposing sanctions. In Cohesion The extent to w/c party members holding public office act together on policy issues.
  11. 11. Party Systems The system of interactions resulting from inter-party competition. Single-party system Political system in which only one political power is allowed. Hegemonic party system A system in which there is more than a single party. a)One-Party System
  12. 12. Two-Party System A state in which just two parties dominate. Other parties might exist but they have no political importance. Multi-Party System A system where more than two parties have some impact in a state’s political life.
  13. 13. Some Philippine Political Parties
  14. 14. MAJORITY
  15. 15. Nacionalista Party
  16. 16. Liberal Party
  17. 17. Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino Force of the Filipino Masses
  18. 18. Lakas-Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas Kampi - CMD
  19. 19. MINORITY
  20. 20. Gabriela Party
  21. 21. Anak mindanao Party
  22. 22. AnakPawis Party
  23. 23. THANK YOU!
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