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ចំណេះដឹងទូទៅ
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ចំណេះដឹងទូទៅ

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  • 2. -pþl;esvakmµbeRmIedaymanCMnajCak;lak;-Tb;sáat;karnaMcUleRKOgejon CYjdUrmnusS ePrvkmµ>>>.6>>>k>>éf¶TI 21 ExkumÖ³ qñaM2008 GPi)alRkugPñMeBj)anerobcMBFIbuNúmYyenAsYnc,arsemûcGKÀmhaesnabtIeteCah‘nEsn KWBiFI i usemÍaFebIkbUCnIyd§anrUbsMNak semûcRBHsgÇraC CYnNat nitrUbsMNakGÜkRBHPirmúGU‘ehAg:uy.¬eKcab;epþImsg;bUCnIyd§anenHenAéf¶T28 sIha 2007 nigrYcral;enAéf¶TI 15 kumÖ³ 2008 manCagcmøak; Cagsµt kmµkr srubcMnYn126nak;¦. I ix>>BiFIenHRbRBwtþeTAcMéf¶buNüRBHBuT§sasnad¾FMKWbuNümaXbUCa. buNümaxbUCaR)arB§eLIgenAéf¶eBjbUrmI 15ekIt Ex maX erogral;qñaMEdlTak;TgnwgRbvtþisxan;7ya:gKW³ M-Caéf¶maXnkçtbkS KWRBHcnÞPWc,as;l¥ þ£ ø-Caéf¶PikúçsgÇcMnn1250GgÁmkCYbCMKñaedayt)anNat;Tuk Y u-PikçsgÇTaMgenaHsuTE§ tCaRBHGrhnþxINaRsBbYsCaÉhiPikúç ú-Caéf¶EdlRBHsarIbuRtGKÀsav½ksûaM)ansMercFm’Can;x<s;-Caéf¶EdlRBHGgÁRTg;saß bnaGKÁsav½kTaMgBIr¬RBHsarIbuRtsþaMnigRBHemaKÁlaøneqVg¦-Caéf¶RBHBuTCam©as;RTg;dak;GayusgçarmuncUlbriniBaV bbIEx. §7>>GMeBIhwgSaenAkñgRKYsar ú-GMeBIhigSaKWCakarbeBa©jkMhwgdak;Kña kareFIVGaRkk;dak;Kña karRbRBwtþGMeBIkeRmal. k>mUlehtuénGMeBIhigSa-PaBGviC¢a³GnkçrCn>PaBl¶ge; xøAEdlKµankarBicarNa>.-PaBRkIRk³ TITlRk eFVI[manPaBmYem:A xwgGñkdéT. ½-esBeRKOgRsvwg³eFVI[ePøcPøaMgsµartIbÚrþ crikBIsteTACakac. øÜ-karerIseGIgx>>>rYbPaBénGMeBIhigSa-pøvkay vaydM bgárrbYssñam Ú-pøÚvcitþ bgárkarQWcab; bBaÆW epÁn man³ rwgtwg eCrbeB©ar edomdam Rbmaf erIseGIg>>>. I-pøÚvesd§kic©³ vaybMpøajRTBüsm,tþi smÖar³ lYcrbs;rbrkñgpÞHykeTAlk; bgçaMgmin[ecjeTARbkbmuxrbr>>> ú-pøÚvePT³ bgçMcab;reM laPpøÚvePT minrvl;pøÚvePT>>>K>plb:HBal;énGMeBIhigSaKW-pøÚvkay rbYssñam Bikar )at;bg;CIvit )at;bg;FnFanmnusS-pøÚvcitþ P½yxøac )ak;s,at GarmµN_minhñwgnr Gs;sgÇwm Lb;sti viklcrik GaceFIVGtþXat-pøÚvesd§kic© xUcxatRTBüsmÖar³ vibtþiCivPaBRKYsarbg;xatelIkarcMNayelIkarBüa)alrbYs cMNayelIkarCYsCul b£ Tijrbs;eRbIR)as;-pøÚvePT bgákarQWcab;pøÚvcitþ manPaBP½yxøac PaBtk;søút rs;enAmins¶b; GarmµN_minl¥GacFøak;eTAkñúgkarCYjdUrpøÚvePT GaceFVIGtþXat b£ cgKMnMusgswk. X>>snñd§an i-GMeBIhgSaeFVI[sgÁmRcbYkRcbl; )at;sNþab;Fñab;begItbBðasµúKsµajdl;sgÁm eFV[RKYsarEbk)ak;ElglH kUn)at;PaBkk;ekþAcakecj i á IBIRKYsar eKcevHsalaeron xVHkarGb;rM esBKb;mitþxilxUcbgáPaBBi)akdl;RKYsarnigbgárPaBclacldl;sgÁm.
  • 3. -edIm,IecosvagGMeBIhigSakñgRKYsarmnusSmñak;²RtUecHGt;Ft;eyaKyl;GFüaRs½yKña EtebIekItmanGMeBIenHeyIgRtUvedIrecjedIm,I[ ú µkMhwg)anes,Iy.8>>suCIvFm’ KWCac,ab;sRmab;TUnµanmnusS[rs;enA)ansuxRsYlenAkÜgsgÀm b£ c,ab;KYrsmkÜgCIvitrs;enA.mnusSmÜak;² RtUvmansuCIvFm’ ù ùeRBaHsuCIvFm’GaceFV[eyIg³ I-ecHerobcMxøÜnkM[mankarqÁaMqÁgkñúgriyabTNamYy-ecHerobcMcriyanigb£kBa[smtamkal³eTs³-ecHerobcMkayvikarkñúgeBlsnÞnaCamYyGñkdéT nigkñgeBlcUlrYmkñgkmµviFIGVImy ú ú Y-ecHeRbIsemøokbMBak;smrmüeTAtameBlevla-ecHniyaynigsresrRtwmRtUvtamk,Ünxñat-ecHTTYlePJovnigeKarBsiTKña>>> I§suCIvFm’manTMnak;Tngya:gCitsÜiT§CamYysIlFm’eRBaHfakalNamanlm¥EpÜkriyabTk¾RtUvmanlm¥ EpñksµartIctKMnitEfmeTotKWRtUv M iþmannIc©sIldUcCa³-sIlR)aM-eRkABIenaHk¾RtUvevorcakkarRbRBwtGMeBITaMgLaydUcCakarbgárbkSBYkbgtUcbgFvaytb;Kña ebIkmU:tRU bedj karCYjdUrmnusS elgehÁm þRKb;RbePT>>>>. dUcenHyuvCnTaMgLayRtUverobcMxÜøntaMgcitþ nigRbRBwtþCamnusSl¥RbkbedaylkçN³sm,tþRi béBKWCayuvCnEdll¥RBmTaMgcriyasm,tþinigRtUvmankarGPivDÆxøÜnÉg[k øayCaBlrd§le¥ dIm,IsgÁmCatieyIgsMbUrrugerOgCanic©nirnþr9>>>>sasnaKWCaBakü TUnµaneRbonEbedA.sasnaEdleKeKarBbUCaenAkñgBiPBelakeyIgenHmaneRcIndUcCa ³ BuT§sasna RKwsþsasna søamsasna sasnahiN§Ú úyUdaysasnaetA hSÚr:Gas;eRTonsasna eCnsasna xugCWsasna sintsasna U siuksasna )ahaysasna.RbeTskm<Ca)an U u ç úeRCIserIsRBHBuT§sasna Casasnarbs;rd .Tg;RBHBuT§ sasnaman6BN’KW³-BN’elOg³tMNagRBHmMs³¬sac;¦rbs;viFbNÐitdMEpCamasbiTRBHBuTr§ b. U U-BN’Rkhm³tMNag elahit¬ebHdUg¦buTmmaNBbric©aKCafñaMBüa)almþayEdlRtUvBs;ck. u w-BN’s³tMNagstVdMrsnaeKRnÞrbs;RBHevsSnþrRbTan[BykRBahµN_. I-BN’elOgTu¬hgS)aT¦³tMNagmMs³nigelahitb£rYbkayviCa¢rFr[ykSsIu. M-BN’epøk³tMNagstVTnSayeskesambNÐitbric©aKCIvit[RnÞRBahµN_CaGahar.-BN’exov³tMNagRBHenRtRBH)aTRsIPiraRsþdak;Tan[RnÞRBahµN_xVak;EPñk.10>>GFibetyümann½yfaGMNacneya)ayÉkraCünigCan;x<s;b£mann½yfardÉkraCüEpñkneya)ay.-GFibetyürbs;rd§mYysßtenAelImld§an4ya:gKW manTwkdI manRbCaCn rd§aPi)alÉkraCü mansmßPaBkñgkareFIVTMnak;TMngGnþrCamYy i U úshKmn_nana.>>>edIm,IrkSaGFibetyürbs;CatixneyIgRtUv³ øÜ-xitxMeronsURt-rkSakarBarGtûsBaÏaNCati vb,Fm’Cati-Rslaj;ngkarBarbUrNPaBTwkdICati edaycUlbeRmIkgCYrkgT½BkñgeBlcaM)ac; i ñ ú-rYmcMENkkarBarduxumalPaBRbCaCnedayminecalsRmamkñgTIsaFarN³ nigkñúgTIkEnøgEdlminKYrecal ú
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  • 10. -ecHeFVm©asl;elIxøÜnÉ ecHEsVgyl;BIcMnucxøaMg cMnucexSayrbs;xÜønecHxµas;xøÜnÉg ecHEkERbcMnucxVHxat IecHsMrbxøÜnCmYyGñkdéT. x> sar³sMxan;³-mansIlF’ cMeBaHxønÙgnigceBaHsgÀÔmCati Ñ-begáInsmtßPaBGPivDÆn_ xønnigsgÁmGacrs;enA)ansuxRsYlkñúgsgKmn_. Ü-sgÀmmanvDÆn_PaBnigyutFm’. ûi33>etIlkçNFmµCatimnusSmanFVIxøH?cUrBnül;.cM>lkçN FmµCatimnusSmanBIy:agKWlkçN xagragkay nigxagsµartIk> xagragkay³1>TMrg;sriragÀ³ BN’sm,ùr exµA s RsEGm>>>>> -maD Fat; sÁm RkGaj FM tUc>>>>>>>>> -kMBs; Tab x<s;>>>>>>2> PinPaKBiess³ manRbRCuy rW søaksñam exøARkeyAéd>>>>>3>riyabf³ edk edIr Qr GgÁy niyaysþI úx>>xagsµartI-citþKMnit l¥ GaRkk;-]sSah_Bayam x¢lRcGUs i-criyamayaT suPaBrabsar-Qøasév eqatl¶g;>>>>>>34>etImnusSnigstVmanlkçNdUc nigxusKñaRKb;NaxøH?cM>lkçNdUc-mnusSnigstVmansPavKti TMlab;tNðanig bBØaa Rbti btþdUcKña i-sßitenAeRkambB¢aatNðadUcKña-manTMenarsrIragÁKW cg;rs; xøacsøab;cg;bnþBUC nigeRskXøandUcKña.lkçNxusmnusS
  • 11. -manvicarNBaøaN bBaðaRTIsþI-manPasaCaCMnYy-ecahbegátfµI Blkmµ plitkmµ I-Gacpþac;BsPavKtinigTMlab;)an I-TMenarsrIragÁTTYlT§BlsgÁm i-manlkçNCasÁmnIykmµ-eKalkarN_Gb;rsIlFm’M-ecHEsVgrkPaBéføfrñÜ x<s;Gacpþac;xøÜnecjBItfPaBrUb. IstV-manEtbBðaaRbtibtþkñúgbc©úb,nñ i-manEtsYrsBaØa-eFVItamTMlab;dEdl²-minGacdkxønBIsPavKtinigTMlab;)an Ü-rs;tamEbbFmµCatiKµankarGPivDÆ-vivtþn_tamCIsaRsþ-Kµan35>edIm,IerobcMxøÜneGayeTACamnusSeBjeljetIRtUveFVIdUcemþcxøH?cM>edIm,IerobcMxøneGayeTACamnusSeBjeljeyIgRtUv³ Ü-ecHsÁal;xøÜnÉgedayxønÉgKW³ ÜEsVgyl;BIcMnucxøaMgnigexSayrbs;xøÜnecHxµas;xøÜnÉg ecHEkERbkMhus-manqnÞ³ nigmnsikar elIkargar -stism,CBaس-ecHRtiHriHBicarNa eFVIG²RbkbedayvicarNjaN nig]tþmKti VI-EfrkSasuxPaB nogbrisßanenACMuvijxøn Ü-ecHkMnt;eKaledAénCIviteGay)anc,as;
  • 12. -ecHeFVsm,Tandl;GñkdéT edIm,Irs;TaMgGs;Kña I-ktþBaØÚcMeBaHmatabita nig GñkmanKuN -eKarBc,ab;36>eRkABImanbBaða nig vicarNjaNetImnusSmanlkçNBiesselIsBIstVRtg;NaeTot?cM>eRkaBImanbBaða nignicarNjaNecHføgEføgrkehtupl mnusSmanlkçNBiessRtg;³ w-mansmtßPaBenHEsVgrkPaBéføfñÚr-ecHEsVgrk]tþmPaBnigkitys iþ-ecHeFVkarR)aRs½yTak;TgCamYymnusSdUcKña I37>edIm,IeGaykøayCamnusSeBjlkçN etIeyIgmñak;²RtUve)aHbg;ecalb¤lubbM)at;nUvFVIxøH?cM>mnusSxusBIstVRtg;mnusSmanvicarNjaN.edmI,eGaykøayCamnuSsSeBjlkçNkMeu GayRclMnwgstV mnusSRtUve)aHbg;nigbN)at;nUv³-karcUlcitþeRbIsPavKti nigTMlab;dUcstV]>XaønPaømsIPøam KµaneBlevlaKµanerbob u-Tmøab;eFVIGVIdEdl²minEkERbrkkarrIkcMerInrkEtRsYl²-lHbg;nUvcriteqvqavxVHkarBicarNaeFVGtamEtcitþnwkeXIj I VI-lHbg;karx¢ilRcGUsecHEtsIu nig edk.38>tMrUvkarFmµCati TUeTArbs;mnusSmanbu:nµanya:g?GVIxøH?cM>tMrUvkarTUeTArbs;mnussmanBIrEbbsMxan;²KW³k>tMrUvkarEpñksrIr³ CatMrUvkarrbs;FmµCatirbs;mnusSstVdUcCa³-kareRskXøan ³tMrUvkarTwk Gahar -cMnIedIm,IciBa©wmCIvit-tMrUvkarsMelokbMBak; - TICrk-xül;brisuT§ -fñaMBüa)al –eBTüBüa)al-karsMraklMEh -cg;rs; cg;bnþBUCx>tMrUvkarEpñksgÁmmanCatMrUvkarEdlmnusScg;)ankñgzan³CasmaCiksgÁmKW³ ú-tMrUvkarkitiþys muxmat;GMNac kitiþs½Bl,Il,aj Þ-tMrUvkarsMParTMenIbeRbIR)as;cg;begáItsñaéd.
  • 13. -tMrUvkaresrIPaBsSrPaBcg;)anlT§pll¥-cg;EfTaMGñkEdlxøneBjcitþnigcg;eGayeKEfTaMxøÜnvij Ü39>tamTsSnrbs;elakm:asøÚv etImnusSeyIgmantMrUvkarbu:nµan? GVIxøH?cM>tamelakma:søv )anEcktMrvkarCa 5 sMxan;²KW³ Ú U1-tMrUvkarEpñksrir³ CatMrUvkarmUld§anEdlmnusScg;)annUvGVsMrab;pÁt;pÁg;bnþCIvitsMxan;KWbc©½y 4 ya:g Ikñúgkarrs;enA³-cMnIGahar -TICMrk -sMelokbMBak;-fñaeM BTünigeBTüBüa)al2-tMrUvkarEpñksuvtßPaB³ mnusSRtUvkarrs;enARbkbedayesckþsux nig karFananUvsnþisuxTaMgpøvcitþ i I ÚnigpøÚvkayminrs;kñúgkarP½yxøac b¤)armÖ.3-tMrUvkarkarRslan;³CatU rU vkarmYyEdlGñNak¾cg;)ancg;[eKykcitþTukdak;cMeBaHxøn KitBIxøn[eK Ü Ücat;TukxøÜbfaCamnusSeBjlkçN.4-tMrUvkartMél³CnNak¾edayEtgRtUvkaresckþéføfñÚr kitþys muxmat; I iBiesscg;eGaKmantMélesI²KñacMeBamuxc,ab; mincg;[eKeKerIseGIg.tMrUvkarenHbgðajnUvsmiT§pl µsñaédEdleKeFVI)an.5-tMrUvkarbgðajBIskþanuPaB b¤bB¢aak;BIxÜnÉg³CatMrUvkarEdlmunsSTUeTAcg;eFVGV²edayxønÉg ø II Ücg;)ansSrPaB esrIPaB mincg;stenAeRkamkarRtYtRtarbs;GñkdéTeLIy. ßitMrUvkarenHGacehAfaCatMrUvkars½yPaB.40>enAkñúgCIvitrbs;Gñk etIGVIEdlGñkRtUvkarCacaM)ac; nwgGVIEdlmincaM)ac;?cM>k-enAkñgCIvitrbs;´GVIEdl´RtUvkarCacaM)ac;KW³ ú-)ayTwk mðbGahar Twks¥at TICMrk sMelokbMBak; Ú-suxPBl¥ manfñaM nigeBTüBüa)al CMgW-snþsux snþiPaB sNþab;Fñab; nigkareKarBc,ab; i-karsikSa sMParsikSa meFüa)aysikSa-yutûiFm’ esrIPaB sc¨PaB-R)ak;kas nigsMParsMrab;eRbIR)as;kgCIvPaBrs;rnA. ñúx-GVEI dlmincM)ac;enaHKW³
  • 14. -PaBhWha - GlgákareRKOgRbdab;Etgkay maseBCü u-sMelokbMBak;Tan;sm½y –sMParTMenIb²-PUmiRKwHsþúksþmÖ rfynþTMenIb mUtUesrIf. : µI1-edIm,ImitþPaByUrGEgVgkaresBKb;mitþedm,IykeFVICaklüaNmitþKWRtUvykcitþTukdak;CacMbgeTAelIlkçNxag citþKMnit b¤ sµartI.2-lkçNmYyénFmµCatiEdlpþl;mnusS stV nUvcMenHtaMgIkMenItsøab;RklaehAfasPavKti.3-musSmanlkçNxusBIstVRtg;mnusSmanstiBiessm½yynaM[mnussecHRtiHriHBicrNaenaHKW vicarNjaN.4-bBØaaEdlGaceGaymnusSstV ecHedaHRsykñúglkçNrUbI énbc©úb,nñkalehAfabBaØaRbtibtþi.41>cUrpÁÁÚrpÁgbc©½y 4 rbs;bBVCit nig RKhsßtamTsSnRBHBuT§.karbribUn’edaybc¨½y4 ehAfaGVI?cMppÁgbc©½y 4 rbsbBVCitnigRKhsß³ ÁÚbBVCit1-CIBr b¤cIvrb,c©½y³ sMBt;sMrab;RKg b¤XMøs,g;sMrab;esøok, ú]>s,g;CIBr sgÇadI GgS½k>>>>2>biNÐ)atb,c©½y³ mðbGahar eRKOg]bePaK briePaK Ú]>)aysMl Ggár RtIegot>>>>>>>3>esnasnb,c©½y³kEnøgKg;enA b¤ sMParsMrab;eBlsMrak]>ERK mug kenÞl PYy>>>>>4>KilanePsC¢³bc©½y »sfBüa)aleraK rMgab;CMgW.>>]>fñaMRKab; fñaMTWk eRbgxül; eRbg>>>>>>RKhsß1>sMelokbMBak;³ eRKOgdNþb;ragkay b¤dNþb;kayman Gav exa sMBt;.
  • 15. 2>cMNIGahar³eRKOg]bePaKbriePaK )ay sMl eRKOgsMrab; eFVmðb. IÚ3>TICMrk³kEnøgsñak;enA kEnøgsMrak nigRbdab; Rbdar sMrab;sMrak eRKOgdMenk.4>fñasgáv nig eBTüBüa)al kEnøgBüa)al>>>brikçareBTü esvakmµsuxaPa)al. M ÚtamTsSnRBHBuT§ karbribYN’eday bc½¨y 4 KWCaesckûsuxmYyehAfa GtÓsux. I i42>-Gtßisux suxeRBaHbribUN’edaybc¨½y 4 kñúgkarrs;enA-ePaKsux suxeRBaHmanRBPücaytamRtUvkar-GnNsux suxeRBaHminCMBak;bMnuleK-GnvC¢sux suxeRBaHmankargarCabegÁal-snþisux suxeRBaHesckþs¶b; I43>edIm,IeqøIytbnwgsiTi§rs;ranmanCIvitmnusS² RtUvbMeBjtMrUvkarEpñk srIr³edIm,IRTRTg;CIvit nigtMrUvkarEpñk suvtßiPaB edIm,IkarBarCIvit.2>buNübc©½y 4 kñúg RBHBuT§sasnamanGtßn½yeqøIytbnwgtMrUvkarEpñk srIr³.44>etIeKaledArbs;mnusSmanbu:nµanEbb?GVIxøH?cM>eKaledArbs;mnusSman2EbbKW ³ eKaledAry³eBlxøI nigeKaledAry³eBlEvg.k>eKaledAry³eBlxø³I KWeKaledAEdlCatMrvkarcMeBaHmuxEdlRtUveRbIeBlxøTamTarnUvlT§plPøam². U I ]>eKaledAcg;)anBinÞúx<s; cMnat;fñak;qmasl¥ b¤ cg;)anGVmYyPøam². Ix>eKaledAry³eBlEvg³ KWCaeKaledAEdlRtUveRbIeBlyUr Edl TamTarnUvkareKarBlkç½NkñúgkarkMnt;eKaledAenaH. ]>eKaledAcab;ykCManaj viC¢aCIv³sMrab;GnaKt.44>ehtuGVI)anCaeyIgRtUvkMnt;eKaledAénCIvitrbs;xøÜn?cM>)anCaeyIgRtUvkMnt;eKaledAénCIvitrbsxøÜnBIeRBaH³-edIm,IerobcMGnaKt[)anl¥RbesIr-edIm,IcMenjeBlevla R)ak;kas kMlaMgkay nigcitþ-edIm,IGPivDÆn_ cMenHdwg nigCMnaj[kan;EtRbesIreLIg-edIm,IRtYsRtaypøvsMrab;edIreGay)anRsYl Ú
  • 16. -manKMeragEpnkarCamunedIm,ITb;Tl;nig ]bs½KÁ nigbBðaanana cMeBaHmux-edIm,ICaRtIvis½ysMrb;cg¥lTis kMueGaygakerepþspþas naMeGayxatRbeyaCn_ xatkMlaMgnigxateBl. ú-edIm,IRukCamUT½r b¤CaefñalsMrab;CMrujsnÞ³eGayha‘nBHuBar ha‘nts‘U CMnHkarlM)akepSg². :45>edIm,IkMnt;eKaledArbs;xøÜn etImnusSmñak;²BicarNaelIGVIxøH?cM>edIm,IkMnt;eKaledArbs;xÜnmnusSmñak;²RtUvBicarNaBItMrUvkarBitR)akdrbs;xøn³ ø Ü-sm,Ta³cMeNH smtßPaB ekaslü ¬smRsbnwgeKaledAb¤eT?¦-lT§PaB ³ FnFan suxPaB eBlevla TIkEnøg ¬GMeNayplb¤eT¦-sßanPaBsgÁm ³ tMrvkarsgÁmTIkEnøg tMrUvkarTIpSar ¬eKRtUvkarGVI¦] U-]bnisS½y³cMng;cMnUlcitþ CMnaj¬eGaceTAb¤eT?¦-karecHRbmaN³BicarNa pÁpÁg¬føgEføgBIKuNsm,tiþ KuNvibtþ¦ Ú w i-kartaMgcitû³karsMerccitû Búayam ¬sMerccitû ts‘U BuHBar eFVIeGay sMerc¦46>etIktþaGVIxøHEdlCYyeGayGñkGacsMerceKaledA)an?cM>ktþaEdlCYyeGay´GacsMerceKaledA)anKW³-eKaledA nigEpnkarc,as;las;-smtßPaB RsbnwgeKaledA-FnFanR)ak;kassMrab;sikSa-eBlevlanigTIkEnøgGMeNaypl-karts‘Ur Búayam-KMnit suTidæi nigkþsgÇwm I-briyakassgÁmGnueRKaH-qnÞHemaHmut nigkarsmaFi ¬tMkl;citþeGaynwgminraErk¦47>etIlkçx½NÐ GVIxøHsMrab;vinicä½yeKaledAl¥mYy?cM>lkçx½Nkñúgkarvinicä½yeKaledAl¥KW³-lkçNBiess bBaØtkmµ³bMngR)afñaEdlnwgRtUveFVI iþ-karecHvas;sÞg; karCECk eRCIserIsføwgEføg ¬cMenH nigsmtßPaB lT§PaB¦-TMnYleCaKC½y karsMerccitþ taMgcitþCMnH]bsKÁ
  • 17. -TMnak;TMngéneKaledA³eRCIserIseKaledAnigTItaMg-kMnt;eBlevlac,as;las;³ RtUveFVGeVI BlNa? I-tMrg;TisedABitR)akd³karRbtibtþi meFüa)ayviFankar.48>edIm,IbNþúHqnÞ³ etIeKRtUvKitdl;ktþaGVIxøH?cM>edIm,IbNþHqnÞ³ [ekIteLIgeKRtUvKitKUdlktþaxageRkam³ ú1>ktþasriragÁ³ edIm,IeGay qnÞHekIneLIg)an luHRtaEteKmansuxPaBl¥eRBaHsuxPaBCaktþakMnt;énkarCECkpÁUrpÁgBiesskarRbtibtþi.2>ktþabBaØa ³kñgkarCEckpÁUrpÁg eKcaM)ac;RtUvmanbBaðaedIm,IBicarNaGMBIGtßKuN unigGtßeTasEtnigmanbBaðaluHRtaEtmansuxPaBl¥ .3>ktþaseBa©tna ³seBa©tnaCamUT½r :b¤CakMlaMgclkrmYyd¾sMxan;kñgkarCMrujeGayeKsMrac;citþ)anya:gqab;rh½s minFøak;kñgTMlab;raErk u ub¤savamþgykmYyenH b¤mYyenaH . PaBraErksavaKWCa]bs½KÁénkMeNItqnÞHEdlCakgVHqnÞH .3>ktþa]tþmKtisgÁm ³ qnÞHmanBitEmn EtRtUvRsb;nigc,ab;sgÁmRsb;nigqÞHGñkdéTPaKeRcInminEmnCaqÞHGþenam½t. ebIBMdUecñaHeTqÞHenHnigRtUvc,ab;sgÁmkac;bM)ak;. u49>edImIeGayCIvitrbs;GñkemIleXIjGVI²c,as; etIGñkRtUvGPivDÆriyabfnigtMéldUcemþcxøH?cM>edIm,IeGayCIviteyIgemIleXIjGVI²c,as; minP½yRcl; mineRCIserIsxuseyIgRtUv GPivDÆriyabfnigtMélrbs;xønducteTA ³ Y k>GPivDÆn_Epñkragkay³ +EfrkSasuxPaB CMerIscMnIGahar Gnam½y +hat;R)aNedIm,IQñHCMgW edIm,IsuxPaB +beBa©jkMlaMgBlkmµeFVIkargarxøH² edIm,ICMnHPaBx¢lRcGUsPaBs<kRsBn; i w x>GPivDÆEpñksµartI ³ +BRgwgsµartIeGaykøahan +qnÞHemaHmut minsava b¤Tn;RCay +Qøatév kþab;sPaBkarN¾eGay)anc,as;
  • 18. +RbRBwtþEtGMeBIsucrit +eKarBtamKitisgÁm c,ab;sgÁm .49>edIm,IeFVIkarsMerccitþRbkbedayeCaKC½yetIGñkRtUveRbICMhanénkarsMerccitþdUcemþcxøH?cM>eyIgRtUvGnuvtþCaCMhan² bnþbnÞab;KW ³-RtUvkMNt;bBaðaEdlRtUvelIkeLIgeGay)anc,as;-BicarNarkBiFIedaHRsayeGay)aneRcInEbb edILIeRtúómTukebImyminekIteRbImYyeTót Y-riHrkKuNsm,tþi nigKuNvibtþi cMeBaHdMeNaHRsaynImy² Edl)anrkTuk Y-BicarNaelItMéléndMeNaHRsayenaH-BicarNaelIplb:HBal ¬siTGñkdéT nigRbeyaCn_saFaeNH¦ §i-eFVICeRmIsviFIedaHRsaymYyEdll¥¬eRCIsykviFIedaHRsaymYyEdlmanKuNvibtþticCageK b¤man iKuNsm,tþieRcInCageK kñgcMenamviFIedaHRsay 2 b¤ 3Edl)anrkTukdak;CaCMerIsTI1 b¤bnþbnÞab;¦. ú50>edIm,IeRCIserIsmuxrbrviC¢aCIv³ b¤kargars®mab;GnaKt etIeKRtUvBicarNaelIGVIxøH?cM>edIm,IeRCIserIsmuxrbr b¤kargarsMrab;GnaKt´RtUvBicarNa ³-smtßPaBviC¢aCIv³ cMenHdwg CMnaj ÉkeTssmRsbnwgkargarEdlcg;eRCIserIsecosvagkargarxusCMnajnaM[braC½y.-]bnisS½y ³ etIkargarenaHRtUvnwgnis½Sy b¤cMng;cMnUlcitþrbs;xøÜnb¤eT?-RbPBFnFan ³ føwgEføgBIFnFan sßanPaB CIvPaB RKYsarCamYynwg viC¢CIv³EdlnwgRtUvsikSa ykCMnaj ÉkeTs etIGacFana)anEdrb¤eT?-sßanPaBsuxPaB ³ etIsuxPaBFana)anb¤eT?-ssanPaBsgÁm nigsßanPaBTIpSar ³ tMrUvkarTIpSar karGPivDÆTIpSar Blkmµ-eBlevla ³ ry³eBlénkarsikSaCMnajÉkeTsetI»kasmanb¤eT? yUr b¤qab;?-]tþmKtisgÁm ³ etICakargarRsbb,ab; b¤eT?51>GMeBImyRbkbedaybMNg nigkarriHTukCamuneKehAfa qnÞH. Y52>eRkABI]bnisS½ycMng;cMnUlcitþ nigsmtßPaBviC¢aCIv³ enAmanktþamYyeTot EdlCaktþaGenþam½t ½Tak;TgnwgsmIxøYnpÞal; kñgkareFVI[eKGacsMerceKaledAénCIvit)anenaHKw ktþasuxPaB. u
  • 19. 53>etIBuT§iCaGVI? BuT§iEckCab:unµansNæan? GVIxøH?cM>BuT§i KWCacMenHdwgEdlmanenAkñúgxøneyIgkIþ xøÜnGñkdéTkþIþ nigenAkñúgFmµCatieRkAxøneyIgkþ. Ü Ü I BuT§iEckecjCabIsNæan KW ³ -BYkénBuT§i ³ BuT§isamBaØ BuT§isüg; BuT§iTsSnviCa¢ -l,icénBuT§i ³viPaK sMeyaK -TMrgénBuT§i ³GBÖnþrjaN vicar54>dUcemþcehAfaBuT§isamBaØ? BuT§isüg;? BuT§iTsSNviCa¢?cM> k>BuT§isamBaØ ³CaBuT§iEdlmnusSTUeTAmanRKb;²Kña. BuT§ienHekItmkBIKMehIjpÞal;B¤t²KñaBIkarGnuvtþCaTMlab;RbéBNI )anmkBIsþab;viTüu>>>.BuT§ienHCacMenHEdlQrelIkarBiesaFn_samBaØCaCAgQrelIvicarNBaØaNvamanlkçNHCAsMeyaKEdlmincaM)ac;eRbIkarvIPaKdUcenñHvaGacRclMminsUvmanPaBRtwmRtUveT. ]>EpSgEtghuyeLIgelI b¤manePøIgeTIbmanEpSg. x>BuT§isüg ;³ CaBuT§Ei dlekItmkBIkarRtiHriHénbBaØa EdlmanlkçNHRtwmRtUvCak;lak;Ep¥kelIkarBiesaFn_edayman]bkrN_bec©keTsTMenIb². ]>TwkkkenA 0 cM BuHenA 100 cM . K>BuT§TsSnviCa¢³ iCaBuT§iEdlekItBIkarRtiHriHBicarNaedayvicarNBaØaNmanlkçNHsMeyaKEdlminGaceRbIkarviPaKdUcBuT§isüg;)an eRBaHbBaðaxøHCabBaðaGsþri UbEdlGaceFVBiesaFn__)an .CaBuT§iEDlmanlkçNHRCaveRCA IeRBaHvaekþabTaMgbBaðasüg;enAkñgenaHpgEdr. u ]>RTwsþRI BHBuT§ ³Gnic©M rUbM TukçM Gntþa ³manrUbEtmanTukçGVI²suT§EtmineTógTat; minEmnCarbs;xøn. Y55>evagBYkénBuT§iTaMg3enaH etIBuT§iNaEdlxusKñaRslH BuT§iNaRCaleRCACageK ?cM>-BuT§iEdlpÞyKñaRslHKW BuT§isamBaØ nigBuT§isüg; u -BuT§iEdlRCaveRCACageKKW BuT§iTsSnviCa¢ .56>etIBuT§i b¤cMenHdwgmansarHsMxan;cMeBaHbuKÁl nigsgÁmCatidUcemþcxøH?cM> BuT§i b¤cMenHdwgmansarHsMxan;Nas; ³ k> cMeBaHbuKÁl ³
  • 20. -rMedaHputBIPaBl¶g;exøAeRKaHGviCa¢ -rMedaHputBIkare)akR)as;ekgRbv½Ba© -eGaybuKÁlecHRtiHriHBicarNa nigmanqnÞHl¥ -gayRsYlkñugkarrkkargareFVI manGaCIB -mankitþysx<gx<s; nig]tþmPaB i ; -manbTBiesaFkñgCIvit u -manKMniteCOnelOnyldwgGMBbTesaFBiPBelak I -ecHedaHRsaybBaða b¤]bsKÁcMeBaHmux -manGnaKtPøsVagW -bNþHdUrsiltMéldl;mnusSkñgkarRbRBwtþ u u x>cMeBaHsgÁmCati ³ -RbeTsCatimanFnFanmnusSd¾RbesIr -sgÁmCatiGPivDÆn_eTArkPaBrIkCMerIn nigsnþiPaB -bNþHnUvFnFanmnusSsMrab;sgÁm nigRbeTsCati u -GPivDÆnigEkERbmnusS nigsgÁmeGayQaneTArkkarrIcMerIn.57>edIm,I[mancMenHdwg etIbuKÁlmñak;²RtUveFVIdUcemþcxøH?cM>edIm,I[mancMenHdwg etIbuKÁlmñak;²RtUv³-xitxMeronsURt-RsavRCavravrkbTBiesaF-eKarBvin½y-Búayamts‘rU BuHBarminrafy-mankarsMerccitþ[)anc,as;las; CMnHnUvcitþsavaraErkEdlCa]bsKÁénqnÞ³.58>etIBt’mannigcMenHdwgxusKñadUcemþc?cM>-Bt’man³KWCadMnwgEdlTTYlbc¨ùb,nÜBt’man)ankøayCamuxviC¢aviTúasaRsûmYytamry³kareRbIR)as;sMPar³TMenIb²dUcCakMuBúÑT½rCaedImEdleKeGayeQµaHfa Bt’manviTúa.
  • 21. -cMenHdwg³KWCakaryl;dwgkarecHsÁal;EdlTTYl)anBIkareronsURttamry³karsþab; karGan karsnÞnakarRsavRCav karBiesaFepSg²edayTTYl)anBIBt’manviTúapgEdr.niyayrYmBt’mannigcMenHdwgEtgEteFVCamUld×anpûl;eGayKÜaeTAvijeTAmk KWcMenHdwgTTYl)anBIBt’man IÈBt’mank¾)anmkBIkareRbIR)as;cMenHdwg>.59>etImUlehtuGVIxøH)anCakUnRsImin)ancUleronnigmin)anbnþkareronsURt)anEvgq¶ay?cM>)anCakUnRsImin)ancUleron nig min)anbnþkareronsURt)anEvgq¶ayKWedaysarmanktþaCaeRcIndUcCa³k>ktþaTMenomTMlab;³-kUnRsIenACYykic©karempÞH¬kargarpÞH)ayrbs;mþay¦-kUnRsIRtUvFanar:ab;rgCIvPaBRKYsar¬lk; dUr>>>¦edIm,IrkR)ak;cMnUlbEnßm pÁt;pÁg;RKYsa.- r:ab;rgkic©karsBVsareBICMnYsmatabita dUcCaEfTaMbÚn b¤cat;EcgkargarepSg². ¥x>sßanPaBCIvPaBb¤ karcMnayelIkarerOnsURt-karcMnayelIkUnRsIeRcInCagkUnRbus-CIvPaBxVHxatmatabitaRtUveFVCMerIspþl;GaTiPaBeGaykUnRbus I-kUnRsIenApÞHmanRbeyaCn_eRcInCagkUnRbusK> bBaðaTItaMgsalaeron-salaeronenAq¶ay pøÚvlM)ak-kgVHmeFüa)ayeFVIdMenIr-Gsnþsux GsuvtßPaB¬karCYjdUrpøÚvePT karrMelaP qk;bøn;>>>>¦ i iX>bBaÛavb,Fm’-kñúgsgÁmsøamminGnuBaØateGaykUnRsIeronCamYyRKURbus.-sgÁmExµrCMnan;munRKUCaRBHsgÇ dUecñHkUnRsImnGcsñiTsñalCamYyRKU)aneT>. i-kgVHRKURsI-karerobGaBah_BiBah_enAv½yekµgg>buernicäy ½-RsIbgVlcRgáanminCMu i-eronecHxøacecHsresrsMbuRtesñha.
  • 22. 60>etIkarGb;rM)anCHT§iBleGayRsþIGaceFVIkarGPivDÆn_xøÜnÉg RKYsar nigsgÁmCatidUcemþc?cM> karGb;rM)anCHT§BleGayRsþGaceFVkarGPivDÆn_xønÉg RKYsar nigsgÁmCatidUcteTA³ i I I Ük-GPivDÆn_xøünÉg-eFVICam©as;elIxøÜnÉg-m©as;karelIkargarmankarTTYlxusRtUv-ecHEfTaMsuxPaBrbs;xøÜn-ecHerobMCIvit[)anl¥RbesIr-ecHRtHiriH manehtupl-manGFüaRs½yl¥KMnigTUlMTUlay-yl;dwgBItUnaTInigsiTi§GMnacx>>-GPivDÆn_RKYsar-ecHGb;rMbþI kUn[rkSasuxPaBGnam½y ¬bgáaCMgWepSg²BiessCMgW eGds_¦.-Gb;rMvb,Fm’TUeTAdl;kUn¬RbÙBNIvb,Fm’ GrIyFm’ TsSnviC¢a¦-manEpnkarBnüakMenIt kMnt;cMnYnsmaCikRKYsar)anc,as;las;-ecHerobcMEpnkaresdækic©RKYsar)anl¥RbesIr-GacykcMenHdwgpþl;dl;vis½yksikmµ>>>>)anTinñplx<s;-bNûHnUvsIlGMeBIsIltMÙlRKYsar¬sIlFm’ suCIvFm’¦ ùK>GPivDÆn_sgÁmCati-CaGñkplitnUvFnFanmnuss BlrdæCUnsgÁmCati-begáItsñaéd rWsmiT§plepSg²edIm,IbMerIsgÁmCati eFV[sVamInig sgÁmTTYlsÁal; I-cUlrYmkñúgkic©karsaFarNkic©karbMerIrdæ rW kic©karkñgGgÁkar mhaCn. ú61>etIeKalkarN_Gb;rMenAshsSvtüfµIehAfaGVI?GVIxøH? cUrBnül;.cM>tamr)aykarN_EdlRksYgGb;rM)anepJ[GgÁkaryUeNsáÚ GMBeI KalkarN_Gb;reM nAshssvtüfµIenH ImaneQµaH ctusþmÖ EdlEp¥kelIkareronrs; 4 ya:gKW³1-eronedIm,Irs;CamYyKña
  • 23. -eronsÀal;RbÙBNI vb,Fm’ Rbvtûirbs;GÜkEdlrs;enACMuvijxøn¬sikSaBhuvb,Fm’¦ Ñ-eronGt;eGaneyaKyl; GFüaRs½yKña-sµartIsamKÁPaB CYyKñ Rslaj;Kña minRbkan; b¤ erIseGIgBUCsasn_ BN’sm,ùr zan³ vN˳ ¬sIlFm’ IBiPBelak¦.-dMeNaHRsaybBðaaedaysnþviFI GhwgSa. i2>-eronedIm,IecHdwg-eronBIcMnHTUeTAeronRTwsþIviTüasaRsþbec©keTs w-eronBIvb,Fm’GriyFm’ TsSnviC¢a nigcMenHviC¢a-eroneHayecHBIreboberon eronbnþmYyCIvit3>-eronedIm,IecHeFVI-eronykcMenHRTwsmkGnuvtþCak;Esþg þI-bNþHsm,TaRbtibtþCaeTal rWCa Rkum ú i-bNþHbMnigCIvitFmµta bMninCIvitbuervIC¢aCIv³ bMninCIvitGaCIB edaypSarP¢ab;nwgkarGnvtþkargarkñúgsgÁm útmry³karksagsmtßPaBekImUldæanBiessnigkarsakl,gkñúgCIvPaB.4> eronedIm,IecHrs;-eronerobcMxøÜneGaycuHsMrugCamYysgÁm-eronrs;edayeRIbBaØasMrbnwgkaleTs ecHbt;EbntamsPaBkarN_rbs;BiPBelak-eronrs;edaykarTTYlxusRtUv manesaP½NPaB kñúgKMnitsmCamnusSeBjlkçN éføfñÚr.-eronrs;edaysVym©as;kar sVyGPivDÆn_mindUcbeBaØEI k¥k. ½ ½62>etImnusSmñak;²RtUvmanRkmsIlFm’GVIxøH edIm,I[xøÜneKkøayehAfabuKÁlEdlmanRbeyaCn_cMeBaHsgÁmCati?cM>edIm,I[xønkøayehAfabuKÁlEdlmanRbeyaCn_cMeBaHsgÁmCatimnusSmñak;²RtUvmanRkmsIlFm’dUct ÜeTA³1>sIlFm’cMeBaHxønÈg Ñ-RtUvsÁal;xønÉg eFVIm©as;elIxÜnÉgRKb;RKgcitþxønÉg Ü ø ;Ü-RtUvEfTaMsuxPaBesaP½NPaBrkSaGnam½y
  • 24. -RtUvmanmnsikar stism,CBaس nigsartITYlsxusRtUvral;plvi)akénskmµPaBrbs;xøn Ü-RtUvecGPivDÆn_xnÉg xitxMeronsURt begáInsmtßPaB eronehIyeroneTot eronmYyCIvit. ; øÜ-minbeNþay;xÜnÉg[Føak;kñúgPaBx¢lRcGUs b¤ G)aymuxEdlnaMxønÉgeTAdl;kþvinas. ø i ;Ü I2> sIlFm’cMeBaHRKYsark>kñgzan³CakUn ú-ykcitþTukdk;sþab;dMbUnµanmatabitaGñkGNaPüa)al-CYyeFVkic©karCMnYsmatabita I-EfrkSabgb¥nGb;rMbgb¥nmansamKÁIPaBkñgRKYsar)anl¥ Ú Ú ú-tbsñgsgKuNmatabita ktþBaØÚ ktþevTIcMeBaHGñkmanKuNx> kñúgzanCa«Bukmaþy-pþl;ral;tMrUvkarcaM)ac;sMrab;CIvit xønÉgnigRKUsar Ü-manRBgµviharFm’ cMeBaHkUn minGyutûFm’cMeBaHkUnNamYy i-mineRbIGMeBIhwgSakñúgRKsar-esñaHRtg;PkþIPaBcMeBaHRKYsar minEbkeqVg naMCMgW b¤bBðaavibtþmkdak;kñgRKYsar. i ú3> sIlFm’cMeBaHGÜkdÙT-eKarBsiT§GñkdéT ¬CMenO RbéBNI>>>¦-mine)akR)asekgRbv½jRbkbrbrrksIsucrit ¬sIlFm’kÜùgviC¢aCIv¦ u-CYyseRgÁaHGñkdéTeBlmanTukçlM)ak-mineFV[GñkdéTQWcab; I
  • 25. -minbgámhnþray rWGsuvtßPaBdl;GñkdéT i 4>sIlFm’cMeBaHsgÀmCati -eFVIxønÉgpeTACabuKÁlmanRbeyaCn_dl;sgÁmnigCati Ü -cUlrYmkñúgkarBRgwgsnþisuxsgÁmsNaþb;Fñab;reboberobrysgÁµm -cUlrYmcMENktamtYnaTInigkatBVkic©CaBlrdæl¥ -rkSakarBarbrisßan ¬brisßanFmµCati brisßansgÁm¦BRgwgGnam½ytampÞH tMbn;nigTIsaFarNH. -karBarsm,tûvb,Fm’ lT§kmµ b¤sm,tûsgÀm vb,Fm’rbs;Cati¬TwkdI éRBeQI stV GkSrsaRsþ i i TMenómTMlab; ektnP½NÐCati >>>>>>¦ -EfrkSasm,tþisaFarNH nigrYncMEnkCYysþar nigGPivDÆRbeTsCati . 5>sIlFm’GnûrCati b¤sIlFm’BiPBelak -rab;GanCaPatrH minerIseGIg b¤Rbkan;BUCsasn_sasna sBa¢ati BN_ sm,ur>>>>>>>>. -rYmshkarKaÜkgTisedaBRgwgvb,Fm’snûiPaB Üu -edaHRsaybBaðaedaysnþviFImineRbIGMeBIhwgSa i -samKÁPaBCati nigGnþrCati¬kñgRbeTs kñugtMbn; kñugBiPBelak¦. I u63>kñugcMenamssrsþmÖTaMg4enHetIssrsþmÖmYyNaEdlsMxan;CageK?eyablrbs;Gñk?cM>kñugcMenamssrsÖTaMg4enH ssrsþmÖEdlsMxan;CageKKW erónedIm,Irs;CamYyKµa ³-RbePTmnusSxøHEtgmanBhucitþxçs;manGsµmanHeRcInEtRbkan;faxøYnRtUvCageKxçs;CageK ieTaHCaGñkenaHl¶g;kþI ecHdwgkþIk¾Bi)akrs;cuHsMrugnwgeKEdr.
  • 26. -ssrsþmÖTI1bNþHsIlsm,TanigbrTtßseBa©tnaeGaymnusSTaMgGs;ecHeFIsm,Tan¬pøvkay ú V ÚR)aCJasµartIeBlevlaRTBüFn;edIm,Irs;CamYyKñaedaysuxdumeRBaHmnusSCaPavHsgÁmminGacrs;Éeka)aneLIy.-ssrsþmÖTI1enHCassrRKwHd¾rwgmaMCamuldæanRKwHénexOnsnþPaBsßirPaBBiPBelak iBiesssßiPaBkñúgtMbn;rbs;eyIg .64>eRkABIeronenAsalanigkñúgfñak;etImñak²Gaceron)anedayviFIEbbNaxøH?cM>QrelIkarrIkcMerInbec©kviTüasm½yTMenIb sisSmµak;Gaceron)anedayviFIeRcInyaMgKW³-erontamfañk;kñúgsala-erontamkøb w-eronrdayxønÉg¬sVysikSa enAtampÞH tambNÑal½y¦ Y ½-GMnanTsSnadûI RBwtûib½Rt sarBt’man-sþab;viTüú TsSnaTUrTsSn_ cak;kaEst sIuDI sþab;.-erontamkMBüÜT½r ¬RbB½n§ INTERNET GIEu ml ¦ u-TsSnkic©sikSaeronsegÁtkñúgCIvPaBRbcaMéf¶-cUlrYmsikçasala-cUlrYmevTikasaFarNH-cUlrYmevTikayuviCn.65>etITisedArbs;RksYgGb;rMkMnt;ykkarsikSaCamUldæanmanryHeBlb:unñanqñaM?cUlBnül;.
  • 27. cM>TisedArbs;RksYgGb;rMcg;eGayRbCaBlrd×ExµrmankMrtvb,Fm’ya:gticeroncb;faÜk;TI9eRBaHkMrit ivb,Fm’b:unenHeKGaceRbIkarkÜgviC¢aCIvH)anlµmrs;nigecHRtiHriHBicaraNaCamFüm. ùehtuenHRksYgGb;rkMnt;karFb;rMmldæanenAkm<CaryHeBl9qÞaM. M U ú66>etIkarGb;rMfÞak;Gkçrkmµ nigfÞak;bMeBjviC¢asMrab;mnusScas;ehAfaGVI?cM>karGb;rMfÞak;Gkçrkmµ nigfÞak;bMeBjviC¢asRmab;mnusScas;ehAfa karGb;rMeRkARbB½n§.67>semþcsuemFaFibtICYnNat eCatBaØaeNaRTg;RbsUt nigesayTIvgÁtenAéf¶ExqÞaMNa?enAÉNa?cM>semþcRBHmhasuemFaFibtICYnNateCatBaØaeNaRBHsgÇraCfÞak;TI1KN³mhanikay RTg; ³-RbsUtenAéf¶GgÁar TI11ExmInaqÞaM1883 RtUvnwgéf¶11eracExplÁún B>s2417 qÞaMvk. enAPUmikMerogXMru kaekaH RsukKgBisI extþkMBg;s. <W-RTg;esayTIvgÁt;enAéf¶25 ExkBaØa qÞaM1969 RtUvnwgéf¶14ekItExPRTbT B>s 2513qÞaMrkaevlaem:ag20 nig20naTI enAmhakudivtþ]Naelam.68>kargarCaGVI? kargarmanb:unµanRbePT? RbePTnImYy²EckecjCaEbbGVIxøH?cM> ÷kargarKWCaTisedAnigCameFüa)aymYyEdr.kargarCameFüa)ayd¾sMxan;EdlmnusSmÞak;²RtUvxitxMeFVeI dImI,bMeBjtMrUvkarkÞúgkarrs;enA[manlkçN³smrmüeBalKWbMeBjtMrUvkarEpÞksrIr³nigtMrUvkarEpÞksgÁm. ÷kargarmanBIrRbePTKW³ 1>kargarmanR)ak;cMnUl¬kargareRkApÞH¦ 2>kargarKµanR)ak;cMnUl¬kargarempÞH¦ ÷kargarmanR)ak;cMnUlEckecjCa2EbbKW ³
  • 28. - kargaredayeRbIkMlaMgkay b¤htßkmµ b¤BlkmµédeCIg - kargaredaykMlaMgR)aC¶a b¤bBaØaBlkmµ69>etIsemþcRBHmhakSRtsuemFaFibtICYnNateCatþeBaØaeNamansÞamRBHhsþGVIxøHEpÞkxag tMEngniBn§?cM>EpÞkxagtMnagniBn§semþcsgÇraCCYnNateCatþBaØaeNaRTg;)anniBn§nUv ³-vcnanuRkmPaK1 PaK2sRmab;RTRTg;GkSrsaRsþExµr-evyüakrN_)alI-esovePAKhibdibtûsRmab;BuT§bris½TsikSaRBHFm’ i-sameNrvin½y-)atiemakçsegçb-kaBúelakFm’-suPmgÁlKafabgüavtþsRmab;sURtfVaysuPmgÁlsirIsYsþcMeBaHRBHkruNaRBH)aTsemþcneratþmsIhnu. I-GtßbTepSg²kÞúgTsSnavdþkm<Csurya nigTsSnavdþBnøBuT§cRk. I ú i I W-bTePøg ´nKrraC sMrab;eKarTg;Cati-bT svtþaExµr sMrab;das;stikUnExµr[rMlwkdl;GtItkalExµrFøab;rugerOg-bTsrPBaØsMrab;sURtrMlwkKuNdl;RBHBuT§samNeKatmmunbTnmsáarRBHrtnéRt.70>EpÞkxagsßabna etIsemþcRBHsgÇraCCYnNatRTg;mansÞamRBHhsþGVIxøH?cM>EpÞkxagsßabna semþcRBHsGÇraCCYnNatRTg;nmansÞamRBHhsþ³-]btþmelIpøÚvfÞl;P¢ab;BIfÞl;CaticUlmkvtþsurPI nigvtþeBaFiRBwkScMgay3Km
  • 29. -sßabnaRBHviharGMBIfµ-sßabnasalaBuT§kbzmsikSanigerobcMTIvtþTaMgmYl i-sßabnas<anFMmYy tUcmYyGMBIfµqøgsÞgEdlCab;RBMRbTl;sgáat;ekaHrka nigsgáat;rlMagEKn w-sßabnasalabzmsikSabMeBjviC¢a¬surPIeBaFiRBwkS[¦rhUtdl;fÞak;TI7cas;-sßabnaKilandæanmnÞIsmÖBGMBIfµnigkMEBgfµ B½T§CMuvij-]btþmkarCIkGNþgTwk elIkTMnb; Ú-]btßmÖdl;karksagGKar salaeron mnÞIreBTü>>>>>.l>>.71>kñúgcMenamsñaRBHhsþrbs;RBHGgÁ¬semþRBHsgÇraC¦etIsñahsþNamYYyEdlmantMélviessvisalcMeBaHCatiEdleyIgrlwkeXIjCaerogral;éf¶? ehIymankMenItenAéf¶ ExqñaMNa?cM> kñúgcMenamsñaRBHhsþrbs;RBHGgÁ¬semþRBHsgÇraC¦etIsñahsþNamYyEdlmantMélviessvisal YcMeBaHCatiEdleyIgrlwkeXIjCaerogral;éf¶KW bTnKr raC sMrab;eKarBTg;Cati.niBn§enAéfTI 20Exkkáda qñaM 1941.72>ehtuGVI)anCamnusSmñak;²cM)ac;RtUvmaneTBekaslünigmuxCMnajc,as;las;?cM>)anCamnusSmñak;²cM)ac;RtUmaneTBekaslünigmuxCMnajc,as;las;eRBaH -edIm,IgayRsYlrkkargareFVI. - edIm,IerobcMGnaKt[)anl¥RbesIr.
  • 30. - -edIm,I[lT§plkargar)an x<s;rkR)ak;cMnUl)aneRcIn. - -edIm,I[viC¢aCIveyIgman]tþmPaB.73>edIm,ImaneTBekaslünigmuxCMnajc,as;las; etIeyIgRtuveFVIdUcemþcxøH?c>edIm,Icab;ykeTBekaslü nig muxCMnajc,as;las; eyIgRtUv³-xitxMeronsURtcab;ykcMenHdwgTUeTA nig cMenHviTüasaRsþ bec©keTs-xitxMRsvRCavrkRTwsþI nig bTBIesaF BIGñkR)aCJ l,IrbsCati nigGnþrCati-tsUr‘ Búayam GMnt;Gt; Fn;.74>edIm,I[manPaBl¥RbesIrnviC¢aCIv eyIgRtUveFVIdUcemþc? McM>edIMm,I[manPaBl¥RbesIrnviC¢aCIv eyIgRtUv³-mansµartIm©as;karelIkargar-mankarTTYlxusRtUvx<s;
  • 31. -manstism,CBaس nig mnsikar-EsVgyl;BIcMnucxøaMgnigcMnucexSay edIm,IeFVkarGPivDÆ bnþ I-xitxMbegánsmtßPaBécñRbDittMrUvkarTIpSar I-xitxMbMeBjtamtMrUvkar rbs;sgÁm nig rbs; mnusSPaKeRcIn.-RbkbEtmuxrbr nigkargar suc©rit Rsbc,ab; .75>etIktþaGVIxøHEdlnaM[mannikmµPaB nig eRKaH)at; GaCIB?cM>nikmµPaB³ PaBTMenr Gt;kargareFVIr.cM>ktþaEdlnaM[mannikmµPaB nig eRKaH)at; GaCIBKW³ -viTüasaRsþrIkcMerIn bdivtþn_ ]sSahkmµ )anmkCMnYseGaykargarsib,kmµ htßkmµ -bec©kviTüaTMenIbTamTarGñkmansmtßPaBx<s;edIm,I bB¢aama:sIn. u -smtßPaBrbsBlkrmin Tan;eqøytbnwkar rIkcMerInrbs;BiPBelak. I -GñkmansmtßPaBx<s; pþEúM telIEpñkCMnajNamYyelIstMrUvkar¬EdlkEnøgeFIkarmancMnYnkMnt;¦ V naMeGaymnusSsl;Kµankargar eFVI . -Epnkarkat;bnßybuKÁlik
  • 32. -kareGaybuKÁlikkmµkrecjBIkargaredayels epSg²-kar[buKÁlikcUlnivtþ munGayukMnt;-GñkEdlKµanCMnajBitR)akdb¤min)anqøgkat;vKÁbNþHbNþalviRkwtkar úRtUvbBaÄb;mineGayeFVIkarEdr.-Rkumh‘unshRKaseragcRkmYycMnYndYlrlMRtUvbiTTVar kmµkr)at;GaCIB76>etIbBaðnikmµPaBnigeRKaH)at;GaCIBnaMmknUvplvi)akGVIxøH?cM>bBaðnikmµPaBnigeRKaH)at;GaCIBnaMmknUvplvi)ak ³-eFVI[)at;bg;kitys iþ-)at;R)ak;cMnUlKµanGVnwgcMnaykñgCIvPaBrs;enA I ú-CIvitRKYsarCYbkarlM)akRk evTnax©Iluy CMBak;eK-naM[mYrem:AekþARkhayQandl;kareRbIGMeBIhwgSa-xUccitþRbRBwtþGMeBIG)aymuxepSg²-h‘aneFVIGVIEdlminKYreFVIedIm,IR)ak;-ha‘nRbRBwtûbTelµs CYjdUreRKOgejon CYjdUrpøvePT cab;CMrit lYc qk; bøn;>>>>>>. I Ñ-begáInPaBGtµaniym-sgÀmGyutFm’ sIsMnUk BukrlYy ¬sUkedIm,IkargareFVI¦ ûi u-sgÁmGsnþsux Gsnþsux i i-RbCaCnmanCIvPaBRkIRk PaKeRcInnaM[esdækic©rbsgÁmFøak;cuH
  • 33. 77>etIkargarmansar³sMxan;GVIxøH? cM> kargar mansar³sMxan;Nas;eRBaHkargareFVI[³ -BiPBelakmanclnamandMenIrkar nigrIkcMerIn -sMbUrnUvRTBü sMPar sMrab;eRbIR)as;kñgsgÁm ú -tMrUvkarsrIr rbs;mnusS)an bMeBjedaybribrN_ -mnusSmankitysnigesckþIéføfñÚr þi -bMePøcnUvTukkgVl; bMePøc karrg;caM -eFVI[eBlevlamantMél -bNþHmnsikar sm,CBaس nigkarTTYlxusRtUv ú -bNþHTMlab;l¥]sSah_ Büayam ú -bNþHbTBIesaFnig bMninCIvit ú -beBa¢ósBIGMeBIG)aymuxepSg² -bM)at;nUvKMnitrevIrvay KMnitepþspþas KMnitecAcak;sµúK -begáInTMnak;TMngl¥kñúgshKmn_ nigkarR)aRsy Tak;TgeRkAshKmn_ -bNþHsamKÁIPaBTUlMTUlay ú -bNþHnUveTBekaslü BRgIkR)aCJa. ú 78>eKalkarN_énkarGb;rMEdlyUeNsá)ankMnt;kñgstvtS TI 21 KWeron rs; Ú úTaMg 4 y:agEdlmaneQµaHfa ctusþmÖ.
  • 34. 79>bBaðacMbgEdlbNþal[mannikmµPaB nigeRKaH)at;GaCIBKW bdivtiþn_]sSahkmµ.80>bTnKrraC CasñaRBhsþrbs;semþcRBHsgÇraCKN³mhanikay CYnNat eCatBaØaeNaEdlRBHGgÁ)anRBHraCniBn§enAéf¶T I20 kkáda 1941.80>etIT§iBlGVIxøH EdlCaktþanaM[yuvCnkøayeTACamnusSxagpøÚvePT?cM>yuvCnkøayeTACamnusSskmµxagpøÚvePTbNþalmkBI T§iBlénktþaCaeRcIndUcCa ³- karBRgIkRbBn§pSBVpSaynUvrUbPaBGasGaPastamry³ ³ ú TUrTsSsn_ vIedGU GiunFWENt ú Rbelamelak ú TsSnavdþI ú rUbPaBdak;lk;tamTIpSar- karrIkduHdalénbnRsI rgÁsal xara:GUex RsIbMerIRsaebor tRnþI>>>>-sMelokbMBak;beBa©jsac; rib ritrYt >>>-karbbYlmitþPkáispwk raMErk Iu-karcUlcitþesBeRKOgejon eRKOgRsvwg>>>-karcg;dwgsakl,g>>>>>>>81>mUlehtuGVIEdlbNþal[RsþImanépÞeBaHenAv½yekµg?cM>RsþIEdlmanépÞeBaHenAv½yekµgbNþalmkBI-CaekµgkMRBa Gnafa KµanTIBuMnak;GaRs½y
  • 35. -mankarGb;rM eronsURt)antic-RtUvsgSar b¤mitiþPkiþ b¤GñkCitxage)akykeTAlk; sµanfa)ankargareFVI-caj;beBaäatsgSar-RtUvQµjkNþal bCnxilxUccab;CMrit Ü-RKYsarmin)anpþl;PaBkk;ekþA manvibtiRþ KYsar-«BukmþaybgçM[erobkarBIekµg-cUlcitþemIlkaEstvIedGU b¤Rbelamelak b¤TsSnavdþGasGaPas I-cg;sak cg;dwg lYceTArYmePTedIm,IbMeBjtNðarbs;xøÜn.82>etIkarmanépÞeBaHv½yekµgbNþal[maneRKaHfñak;dUcemþc? eRBaHGVI?cM>RsþIEdlmanépÞeBaHenAeRkamGayu 18qñaMmaneRKaHfñak;eRcInCagRsþEI dlmanépÞeBaHenAGayu20eLIg. karmanépÞeBaHenAv½yekµgeBk GacbNþal[man eRKaHfñak;dl;)at;bg;CIvitTaMgmatanigTarkedayehtufa ³-q¥gRtKakrbs;nagminTan;bBaÄb;karlUtlas; w-manbBðaakGVHQamRkhm-sMBaFQameLIgx<s;-minTan;mancMenHdWgkñugkarrkSaKP’ eRcInePøcxøneRBaHcritenAekµg Ñ-kMlaMgminmanRKb;RKan;-TarkGacekItmuneBlkMNt;
  • 36. mUlehtuxagelIenHehIyEdleFV[RsþIv½yekµg minGacBeBaH)anedayeCaKC½y. I ehtuenHeKminRtUvqab;erobkarenAv½yekµg b¤qab;[manépÞeBaHenAv½yekµgeBkeT.83>edIm,I[CIvitGaBah_BiBah_mann½y etIeKRtUveKarBtaml½kçx½NÐGVIxøH?cM> edIm,I[CIvitGaBah_BiBah_mann½y karRCIserIsédKUbnþBCRtUveKarBtamlkçx½NdUcteTA ³ U k> l½kçx½NÐsMPar³-RtUvmansuxPaBl¥ KµanCMgWqøg b¤CMgWsUBC U-RtUvmancMenHdwg smtßPaBviC¢aCIv³-RtUvmanRTBüFnkñúgkareRbIR)as;eBlcaM)ac;-manTICMrk meFüa)ayeRbIR)as;epSg² x> l½kçx½NÐevTna-RtUvsÁal;citþKñaeTAvijeTAmk manseBa©tnacMeBaHGñk-manesrIPaBeBjeljkñgkareRCIserIs ú-KµankarbgçitbgçM K> l½kçxNÐsgÁm-erobcMtamTMenomTMlab;RbéBNIsgÁm-RtUvcuHsMbRu tGaBah_BiBah_Capøvkar mankarTTYldwgB¤BIrdæGMnacmUldæan nigmatabitaTaMgsgxagCa ÚsakSI.X> l½kçx½NÐsIlviC¢a-mineRbIGMeBIhigSakñúgRKYsar
  • 37. -pþl;»kas[Kña eyaKyl;GFüaRs½y-rkSaKñaluHRtacugeRkayeTaHCaGñkNamYy)at;bg;smtßPaB b¤kMlaMgBlkmµk¾eday-minbMBaneBlmantMNm-eKarBsiT§sMerckñúgkarkMNt;smaCikRKYsar i-PkþI esµaHRtg;nwgkñaminepþspþas;xageRkAnaMeraK b¤bBaðcUlpÞH-esñhaesµaHmYynwgmYy minRBYyqøgCMgWeGds_83>etIkarrMlUtkUnedayKµanGnam½yGac[RsþICYbbBaðaGVIxøH?cM>karrMlUtkUnedayKµanGnam½yRtwmRtUvGac[RsþBiessenAv½yekµgCYbnwgbBaðaEpñksuxPaBEdlman³ I-bBaðary³eBlxøI ³ Gacsøab;PøamedaysarFøak;QameRcInedayFøays,Ún b¤dac;ks,Ún b¤manCMgqøgPøam². W-bBaðasuxPaBry³eBlEvg ³GacmaneRKaH b¤manCMgWraMér: karqøgeraK u b¤karminmankUn)anteTotenAEdlcg;)an.84>edIm,IGnaKtd¾RbesIrrbs;xøÜn etIyuvCnRtUvsMerccitþkñúgCMerIsénkarbnþBUCdUcemþcxøHcM>edIm,IGnaKtd¾RbesIr yuvCnRtUvsMerccitþkñúgCMerIsbnþBUC[)anRtwkRtUv nigqøgkat;karBicarNal¥tl¥n; eBalKWsMerccitþkñCMerisKURskr nigsMerccitþkñgkarkMnt;TMhMRKYsar. i ú ú k¼ sMerccitûkÜgCMerIsKURskr ³ RtUvBinitú[)anl’¥tl¥n; nigeRbIeBlevlayUr minGactk;Rkhl b¤qab; ùerobkareBkeT BiessenAv½yekµg eRBaHvaGac[eyIgxusm½yyCIvit. kareRCIserIsKUrRskrCabBaðacMbgRtUvBinitüelI³-bBaðasuxPaB
  • 38. -nisS½y cMngcMnUlcitþ sceBa©tna x¼sMerckMnt;TMhMRKYsar³ eRkayeBlerobkarRtUveFVkarsMerccitþedayÉkPaBKñaKI³ I -kMnt;cMnYnkUn[ )anc,as;las;¬ykbunµan¦ : -etIcg;)ankUnenAeBlNa? - KMlatBIkUnmYyeTAkUnmYyb:nµanqñaM/? u -kñúgv½yenH RbBn§mansiT§iGMnackñúgkarsMerccitþ ÉbþCaGñkTTYlxusRtUvnigyk citþTukdak;Cadac;xat. I 85>edIm,ItMEhrkSaCIvit nig suxPaBRKYsar[)anl¥RbesIr etIemRKYsarRtUverobcMEpnkardUcemþc?cM>edIm,ItMEhrkSaCIvit nig suxPaBRKYsar[)anl¥RbesIr emRKYsarRtUverobcMEpnkardUcteTA³=EpnkarBnüarkMenIt-kMnt;cMnYnsmaCikRKYsar eTAtamsßanPaB esdækic©RKYsar nig suxPaBmþay.-KMlatBIkUnmYy eTAmYyya:gtic 2qñaM dIm,IFanasuxPaBmþay-ecosvagkarmanépÞeBaHjwkjab;eBk b regVIleBk EdlGacnaM[maneRKaHfñak;dl;CIvit-minRtUvqab;ykkUneBk eTRbsinebImþay enAekµgeBk.=RtUvEfrkSabMb:ncMnIGahar dl;RsþeI BlkMBugmanépÞeBaH nigeBlmankUnenAe)A.-bM)at;GMeBIhwgsSaRKb;RbePTelIRbBn§kUn-esµaHRtg;mYynwgmYy nigRtUvrYmePTCamYyédKU epSgeTot eRkABIPriya naM[ qøgeraK nig CYbvibtþikñúgRKYsar .-EfrkSasuxPaB Gnam½ykñúgRKYsareGayJ)anl¥RbesIr
  • 39. -ykcitþTukdak;tamdan BinitüsuxPaB RKYsar nig BieRKaHeyabl; elakRKUeBTü BIess eBlPriyamanépÞeBaH nigenAeBlcas; ¬ CitGs;rdUvnigeRkayGs;rdUv¦-pûl;nUvsmPaB smFm’ nigsiTi§ GMnac kÜùgkarrYmePT-Fana[mansuvtßiPaBénsuxPaBpøvkay nigpøvcitþdl;RKYsar. Ú Ú 86>etIkrNINaxøHEdlcat;TukfaCakarrMelaPsiT§imnusS nigsiTi§ énkarbnþBUC? cM>karrMelaPsiT§imnusS nigsiTi§ énkarbnþBCmankrNIdUcxageRkam³ U -karsMlab;Tark karsMraMgePT -karvkat;bMpøajGvyv³ begáItkUnrbs;RsþI -karrMelaPpøvePTelIekµgRsI nigekµgRbus Ú -karCYjdUrekµg RsIkñgRKYsarRkIRk ú -kare)akbeBaäatekµgRsI [eTAbMerIkarenAbnRsI bMerIkar kEnøgkMsanþ-bgç[eFVIRsIeBsüar M-karbgç[erobkarenAv½yekµgeBk M-karbgç[rYmePT CamYymnusSmanGayueRcInhYs M-karrMlUtkUn-karminykcitþTukdak;cMeBaHsuxPaBRsþeI BlCitGs;rdUv nigeRkayeBlGs;rdUv.87>etIc,ab;sþIBIkarrMlUtkUnénsPaCatikm<úCaGnum½tenAéf¶Na?c,ab;GnuBaØat[mankarrMlUtkUn)ankñúgkrNINaxøH?
  • 40. cM>sPaénRBHraCaNackkm<Ca)anGnum½t c,ab;rMltkUnenAéf¶ 06 Ex tula qñaM 1997 nasm½yRbCMurdæ ú UsPaelIkTI 8 nItikalTI1.c,ab;enHGnuBaØat[mankarrMlUtkUn)ankñúgkrNIrlUtBI RKUeBTüEdlmanviC¢aCIv RtwmRtUv dUcCa³ M-TarkkñgeBaHmanGyueRkam 12 GaTitü ú-TarkkñgeBaHlUtlas;FMminRtwRtUv GacbgáeRKaHfñak;dl;CIvitmþay ú-TarkenAkµgeBaHmanCMgWminGacBüa)alCa enAeBlekItmk ú-suxPaBmþayminFanafanwgGac[mankUn)an. ]>>>>mþaymancMgWexSayebHdUg.88>etIyuvCnmanlkçN sm,tþiBiessbu:nµanRbkarEdlKYrcat;TukfCassrRTUgRbeTCati? cUrBnül lMGit tamcMnucnImYy² [)anc,as;.cM>>yuvCnmanlkçNsm,tþBiess 3 Rbkar KW³lkçNCIvsaRsþ lkçNciþsaRsþ lkçNsgÁmsaRsþk>>>lkçNCIvsaRsþ ³ CalkçN FmµCatirbs;yuvCnKW³-Cavy EdlkMBuglUtlas;xagEpñksrIragÁ kay nig Gvyv.-vyyuvCnkMBugeBjkMlaMg GacFnRTaMnwgkargarFn;² )an ebIsMrakEtmYyEPøt GacmankMlaMgdUcedIm.-vyEdlmansuxPaBl¥ minsUvmanCMgW ebIQWminTMrn; yUreT qab;Cavij.-CavyEdleBjrBws eBjclna mins<k RsBn; sVahab;>>>>>>>. w-CavyEdleKg)an jau)an minerIseGIg GVkGacjau)an cUleKgeBlNak lk;Pøam . M I Mx>>>>lkçNcitþsaRsþ-CavyEdlTTYl ykcMenH cg;dwgcg;yl; cg;EsVgrkkarBit cg;sakl,g cg;eXIjlT§plPaøm²
  • 41. -Cavy EdlkMBuglUtlas;xabBaØasµartI cgcaMmngayePøc i-citþmindac; citþeqvqav Qamrav cg;eFVGVI²[)ansMercPøam² I -citþmuHmut køahan saµrtIRbyuT§RsYtRsal; -vyenHmanemaTnPaB cMeBaHxønÉgNas; Rslaj;xøÜn cg;eFVGV[EbøkBIeK cg;[eKsesIr nigcg; Ü II )ansµaéd cg;bgðajnUvskþanuPaBrbs;xøn Ü -Cavys¥ats¥M brisuT§ RslajyutFm’ esrIPaB sc¨Fm’ ûi K>>>>lkçNsgÁmsaRsþ -yuvCn RtVveFVkarCMnYsmnusScas;RtUvsñgGñkCMnan;mun. I -mancMenH CMnajbec©keTs RsbnwgkarrIkcMerInrbs;stvtSfµ. I -mankaryl;dwgTan;sPaBkarN_ nigkarvivtþ rbs;sgÁmKMniteCOnelOn. -minCMBak; rW kgVl;erOgRKUsar eTANamkNaqay)an KMnit RCHRslH -cg;cUlRblUkkñgkic©karsgÁm cg;Pøk;rsCati CIvit. ú -mansuTidæiniym cg;ksagsgÁm s¥ats¥M eCOnelOn tamKMnit tamkþIRsém nigcMng;cMnUlcitþrbs;xÜn/ ø 89>etIeemdwknaMyuvCnRtUvmanlkçNsm,tþiGVIxøH? cM> emdwknaMyuvCnRtUvmanlkçNsm,tþdUcteTA³ i -mansuxPaBl¥ ragkaymaMmn Y -manKMnitpþcepþIm begáItfµI nigecHerobcMEpnkar Ü -ecHcat;Ecgkargar nigyl;TukçFur³ smaCik
  • 42. -Qøasévkþab;)annUvkaleTs-køahan citûmuHmut ha‘ntsU‘ mti nig GMnt;Búayam-manRbCaRbiy nigTMnak;TMngl¥Bfñak;elI dl;fñak;eRkam I-mWgm:at; m:t;ct; manmnsikarkñúgkargar u-manKMnitriHKit nigKMnitGFüaRsyTUlMTUlay-ecHedaHRsayTMnas; nigbeB©aós TMnas;edaysnþiviFI-esµaHRtg; man]tþmKti KitBIplRbeyaCn_rYm FMCagRbeyaCn_ pal;xøÜn.-eKarBc,ab;viny minbMBanc,ab; karBaryutûFm’min lMeGog. i-mansmtßPaBGacCMnYsmnusS cas;)an.90>edIm,IdwknaM)anl¥ etIyuvCnRtUvmansm,TasMxan;²GVIxøH?cM> edIm,IdwknaM)anl¥ yuvCnRtUvmansm,TasMxan;² 3 y:agKW³-kaysm,Ta ³ sMedAdl;suxPaB GñkdwknaMburs nig RsþI RtUvmansuxPaB l¥ ragkaymaMmn YKµanCMgW RbcaMkay rW KµanbBðaaxagsésRbsaT.-R)aCJasm,Ta³ cMenH smtßPaB GñkdwknaMsMerckic©karNamYy )an eday meFüa)ay pøvkayÚcitþ bBaØa. smtßPaBenaHGacekItecjBIkarRtiHriH BicarNa karsikSaqøgkat;vKÁbNþHbNþal úCMnajÉkeTs Qøasév nigman bTBiesaF kñúgkargar.-sIlsm,Ta³ KuNFm’ GÜkdwknaMRtUvmanGakb,kiriyal¥ man]tûmPaB TsSn³TUlMTUlaymanKMnit TsSn³ viC¢a KW KMnit riHKit nigKMnit GFúaRsy Biess manRBhµviharFm’nigTsBiFraCFm’ .91>edIm,ICYyKña etIyuvCnRtUveRbIbMninGVIxøH?
  • 43. cM>>edIm,ICYyKña yuvCnRtUveRbIbMninkñúgkarCYydUcteTA³-karsþab;³sþab;edayRkEsEPñkRsTn; eRbIriyabT nigkayvikar sMEdg[eXIjnUvkarykcitþTukdak; manBaküeBcn_R)aRsyTak;TgKñal¥.-kardwknaM³ yl;BITwkcitþ pþl;esrIPaB pþl;CMenO elIkTwkcitþ [eKyl;c,as;- karRtiHriHBIcarNa³ GarmµNnwgnr eFVIkarviPaK rkdMenaHRsay nigbþÚr bTBiesaF. _-karsegçb³ eFVsMeyaKnUvKMnitEdlviPaK rYc nigelIkykegtupl nigplvi)ak IbgðajdMenaHRsay.-karbkRsay³ Bnül;nUvGtßny RBwtþkarN_ RsaybMPøW edayRbugRbytñ minbgçeM dayTukeGay ieKyl;edayxønÉg. Ü-karpþl;dMbUnµan³ ecHlIk]TahrN_ BIsuPasit rW KMnitGñkR)aCJ FM² rWerOgeRBgGkSrsil,_ rW TsSnRBHBuT§ mkpSarP¢ab; nigdMbUnµanenaH.92>etIkILapþl;nUvsar³sMxan;GVIxøHdl;mnusS?cM> kILaKWCakarbeBa©j nUvkayvikar clna edIm,IbeBa©jejIs nigCatiBul BIkñúgxøn. kILaEsþg ÚeLIgtamrUbPaBCaeRcIn dUcCa ³ karhat;RJ)aN – karrt;RbNaMg- karelg)al;Tat; -elatkMBs; -EhlTwk >>>.l.kILapþl;nUvsar³sMxan;CaeRcIndlmnusSdUcCa³-eFVI[srIragÁ lUtlas;l¥ ragkaymaMmn Y-eFVI[manPaBrh½srhYn -Gackat;bnßy)annUvEl,gsIsgG)aymuxepSg² u-mansuxPaBl¥ beBa©jCatiBulBIkñúgxøn eKglk;RsYl Ü-manbBaØavagéveRbIl,icpþÜlKURbkYt nigmansmtßPaBkarBarxøn Ü
  • 44. -mansµartIsamKÁPaB manvin½y I -manvin½yl¥nigeKalkarN_RtwmRtUv-mancitþGMnt; KµanKMnMu sgswk -mansmtßPaBkarBarxøneBlmanGasnñ Ü-pþl;nUbriyakasrIkray. -KWCaEpÜkmYyÙnvb,Fm’Cati93> kILaEdlmanlkçNCaeTal ehAfaGVI? kILaCaRkumehAfaGVI?cM>>kILamanlkçNCaeTal ehAfa GtþBlkmµ. kILamanlkçNCaRkumehafa kILasmUhPaB.94>sil,³manTMrg;GVIxøH?cM>sil,EckecjCa 7TMrg;KW³1>sil, sßabtükmµ sMng;2>sil, cMlak; sUnrUb>>>>>3>sil,KMnUr viciRtkmµ4>tRnþI cMerog sUrsMelg5>sil, r)aM kayvikar6>sil,GkSrsil,_ kMNaBü BaküsMdI7>sil, PaBynþ vIedGU rUbPaBbEnßmelIenH mansil,mYyeTotKW esaPNviTüa KW sil, tubEtg lMG ³ tubEtgxøn >>>>>>>>. Ü95>CMerOnCaGVI? etIRbeTskmçúCa)anqøgkat;kareFIVCMerOn bu:nµanelIkehIy? sm½yNa? edIm,IGVI?
  • 45. cM>>CMerOn KW Cakarrab;cMnYnmnusS RbusRsI cas;ekµg edIm,IRbmUlTinñny sMrab; GPivDÆn_RbeTsCati.RbeTskmçúCa )anqøgkat;CMerOn 3 elIkehIyKW ³1>>> qñaM 1921 ³sm½yGaNaniKm)araMgeKeFVICMerOn elIburs GayuBI 20 qñaM eTA 60 qñaM eKalbMng edIm,I RbmUlBn§dar.2>>>qñaM 1962 sm½ysgÁmraRsþniymeKeFVICMerOn elImnusRKb;rUb RKb;RKYsarnImy² edIm,IRsg;Bt’mancg;dwgBIsÓtiRbCaCn Y inigRbmUlTinñn½ypg.3>>>qñaM 1998 ³ sm½yRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaTI 2 úeKrab;cMnYnmnusSRKYsarTaMgGs;edIm,IRbmUlTinñ½yGPiDÆRbTes.96> etICMerOnenAqañM1998 manGgÁkarNaxøHCYy]btßmÖkm<úCa ?GgÁkarTaMgenaH]btßmÖGVIxøH?cM/ CMerOnenAqañ1998 RtUvGgÁkarGnþrCatiCYy ]btßmÖTaMgsMParHnigfvikaCaeRcIdUcCa³ M1/ GgÁkar UNDP ³ kmµviFIGPiv]Ærbs;GgÁkarshRbCaCati]btßmÖCasMParHmanrfynþ25eRKOgnigm:UtU50eRKOg . i2/ GgÁkarUNHPA³ mUlniFishRbCaCatisMrab;RbCaCn )anCYy]btßmÖelIxaghirjØvtßú-beec©keTs éføsMParH eRbIR’)as;nigmeFúa)ayeFVdMenIr manTWkR)ak;srub5470000dUla . I3/ GgÁkarUNESCO³ GgÁkaGb;rMviTúasaRsaû nigvb,Fm’shRbCaCati)anCY]btßmÖyuT§nakarkareXasnapSBVpSay nigRbB½neXasna epSg² .97/ sM/ etICMerOnmansarHsMxan;dUcemþccxøH?cM/ kareFVCMerOnmansarHsMxan;Nas; kñúgkar ³ I
  • 46. - RbmUlTinÜn½yBt’man edIm,IesVgyl;BI TidæPaB RbCasaRsaþ ¬GRtakMenIt-mrNH- tMhycuH- GRtaGnkçrCn-GRtaPaBRkIRk///¦ bBaðaesdækic© sgÁmkic© enAkñúgsgÁmCati naeBlbc©úb,nñ nig bNþamUlehtuepSg²EdlBak;B½n§.-cgúlbgðajCamUldæan viPaKBIsßanPaBesdækic© sgÁmkic© ehIyGacBüakrN_ GMBI TMhMtMrUvkarrbs;BlrdænaeBlGnaKt edIm,I[sßab½n CMnaj pþl;eyabl;CUnrdæaPi)al nigCamUldæansMrab;rdæaPi)aleFVkarsMerccitþ Rbkbeday suPvinicy smehtupl. I ä½-ksagEpnkarGPivDÆ elIRKb;vis½y)anRtwmRtUvc,as;las; RKb;RCugeRCay Fana)ansßri PabtulüPaB nigcMTisedA tMrUvkar caM)ac;edIm,IsuBlPaBsgÁm.-pþl;lT§PaBdl;shKmn_GnþrCati ¬sßanTUt énbNþaRbeTsCamitþ GgÁkareRkArdæaPi)alGgÁkarGnþrCati TIPñak;garshRbCaCati GñkBak;B½n§kmµviFICMnYyGPivDÆ ¦ Gacdak;eKaledAkargarrbs;xÜøn )anlRbesIr nig cMTisedA.-bGálkçN gayRsYldl;vinieyaKKinkñúgRsuk nigbreTs bNþak;TunrksI. u98>kare)aHeqñatCaGVI? kñúglT§iRbCaFibetyü etIkare)aHeqñatmanlkçNdUcemþcxøH?cM> kare)aHeqñatKWCa ³-»kasm½yyEdlBlrdæRKb;rUb)aneRbIsiTi§ neya)aydsMxan;rbs;xøÜn.-Ca»kasEdlBlrdæmñak;² )ansMEdgnUvsuqnÞ³ rbs;xÜøn kñúgkareRCIserIs tMNagrbs;xøÜn[bMerIkarkñgGgÁkarnItibBaØti nigGgÁkar nItiRbtibtþ. ú i-CakarvaytMél nUvlT§plkargar éndMnwknaMrbs;rdæaPi)alenAGaNtþmun.tamry³kare)aHeqñatRb iCaBlrdæGacpþl;nUvf TMnukcitþ b¤ dkesckþITukcitþBmRnþI b¤ KNbkSNaEdlbMerI RbCaraRsþ I)anRbesIr b¤minRbesIr.kare)aHeqñatEbblT§iRbCaFietyü RtUvmanlkçN dUcxageRkam³-lkçNesI ³ KµankarbgçtbgçKMramkMEhg i M-lkçNRtwmRtUv³ KµankarEkøgbnøsnøwkeqñat M-lkØNyutûFm’³ manGksegÔtkarN_ BIRKb;KnbkScUlrYm nigmantMlaPaB GaCJaFre)aHeqÜat iÉkraCü.-lkçNCaskl³ e)aHkñúgéf¶Et 1 TUTaMgRbeTs
  • 47. -lkçNTUeTA³ RbCaBlrdæExµrTaMg 2ePT eGayEtGayu 18qñaMeLIg mansiTi§eTAe)aHeqñatedayKµankarerIseGIg.-lkçNsMgat; ³e)aHkñúgbnÞb;mñak;ÉgKµannrNadwg-lkçNesµPaB ³ mñak;²e)aH)anEt1snøwk ehIytMélsnøkeqñat 1snøw esµ1 sMelgdUcKña. I w I-edaycMeBaH³ eTAe)aHxønÉgpÞal; eBjcitþmYyNae)aH[mYyenaH. Ü-lkçNeTogTat; ³ kMnt;eBlevla eTogTat; 5qñaMmþg.99>ehtuGVIcaM)ac;mankare)aHeqñat eRCIserItMNagraRsþ?cM> kñúglT§iRbCaFibetyü RbCaraRsþ KWCam©as;TwkdIm©as;elIeCaKcasnarbs;RbeTsCati. RbCaraRsþCaGñkTTYlxusRtUv elIGnaKtrbs;RbeTs. buE: nþRbCaraRsþ TaMgGs;minGaceTAcat;Ecgkic©karrdæeday pÞal;TaMgGs;Kña)aneTKWRtUveRCIserIsebkçCn EdlxøÜneBjcitþmñak; b¤ eRcINeFVCatMNag[xøÜn ehAtatMNagraRsþ edIm,IeTAcat;Ecgkic©karrdæCMnYs.kareRCIserIsenHRtUvqøgkat; Itamry kare)aHeqñat.100>etIkare)aHeqñaterIstMNagraRsþmanT§iBl ya:gNaxøHdldMnwknaMrbs;rdæaPi)al?cM>kare)aHeqñateRCIserIstMNag raRsþ manT§iBlnas;cMeBaHdMnwknaMrdæaPi)aleRBaHvaeFV[³ I-rdæaPi)alRtUvxitxMbMerIRbCaCnGsaBIcitþBIeføIm-rdæaPi)alRtUvKitRbeyaCn_raRsþCaFM-rdæaPi)alR tUveFVya:gna[RneTsrIkcMerIn IebImindUecñaHeT rdæaPi)alnwgRtUvsPae)aHeqñatTMlak; rWRbCaraRsþdkesckþTukcitþtamry snøkeqñat I wGNtþei Rkay.101>edIm,IeTAcuHeQµaHeFVIb½N e)aHeqñat etIBrdæmñak;² RtUvmanlkçNvinicä½ydUcemþc?cM>edIm,IeTAcuHeQµaHeFVb½N e)aHeqñat etIBrdæmñak;² RtUvmanlkçNvinicä½ydUcCa³ I-manGayu BI 18qñaLIgeTAKitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat Mw-mansBa¢atiExµr-manGas½ydæanc,as;las;-eTAcHueQµaHedayxøÜnÉgpÞal;
  • 48. -minsßtenAkñúgsßanPaBCab;Bn§naKar i-minEmnCa Cnviklcrit b¤ CnEdlsßteAeRkamGaNaBüa)alEdlmanlixit ibBa¢ak;BIsßab½nmansmtßkic©.102>etIRbCaBlrdækm<úCaTaMgBIePT suT§EtmansiT§iQr eQµaHCaebkçCntMNagra®sþTaMgGs;Kña b¤y:agNa? cUrBnül;?cM>>RbCaCnkm<úCaTaMgBIePT minEmnsuT§EtGacQreQµaHCaebkçCntMNgraRsþTaMgGs;Ka)aneT.karQrenHRtUveKarBtaml½kçx½NEÐ dlmanEcgkñúg maRtaTI 33 énc,ab;sþGMBIkare)aHeqñatKW³ I-RtUvmansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt-RtUvmanGayucab;BI 25qñaM eLIgeTA Kitdléf¶e)aHeqñat .-mansiT§i e)aHeqñat-sñak;enaCaGciéRnþy_ kñúgRBHraCaNacRkkm<Caya:gtic 1 qñaM Kitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat. ú-mankrEtgtaMgBIKN bkSneya)ayEdl)ancuHbBa¢QreQµaHe)aHeqñat. I103>dUcemþcehAfa RbB½næsmamaRt?RbB½n Éktþnam?cM>>k>>>>RbB½næsmamaRt ³KWCakare)aHeqñateRCIserIsebkçCn tamry KNbkScuHeQµaHRblgRbECg.RbB½smamaRtmanEbbbTdUcxageRkam ³ æ-mankarEbgEck Gsn )anRtwmRtUvtamcMnYnkMnt;.-KNkSnImYy²TTYl)anGasn Rbhak;RbEhl rWesµnwgPaKryénsMelg eqñat EdlxøÜnTTYl)ankñúg ImNÐleqñatNamYy.-KNbkSnImYy² CaGñk cuHeQµaHbBa¢eI bkçCn eTatammNÐlnImy². Y-KNbkSEdlCab;eqñat kMnt;ykebkçCn EdlmaneQµaHtamelx erog EdlenAelIeKnigbnþbnab;tamcMnYnEdl Cab;eqñat kñúgmNÐlnImYy².-ebkçCnQreQµaH RtUvEtCasmasPaB nKNbkSneya)ayNamYy.-ebkçCnÉkraCü minGacQreQµaHCaebkçCn )aneLIy.-kardk dak; bþrÚ CMnYs CasiT§isMercrbs;KNbkS EdlRtUveRCIsyk eQµaHenAlMdab;elxferogbnÞab;.x>>>RbB½n§Éktþnam ³KWCakare)aHeqñatedaypÞall;eHayebkçCn EdlmancuHeQaµHelI snøkeqñat. w
  • 49. RbB½n§Éktþnam manlkçNKYr kt;sMKal;³-RbCaraRsþ eRCIserIsbuKÁl edaypÞal;-ebkçCn QreQµaH GacCa smasPaBnKNbkSneya)ay b¤CaebkçCn Ékraüeday mincMnuH [ emKNbkS b¤nrNaeLIy.-cg;Tmøak; b¤ dkesckþITukcitBIGñke)aHeqñat RtUvqøgkat;kare)aH CafµIrR RbCamti.-RbB½n§enHGnuvttammtiPaKeRcInFmµta b¤ semøgKaMRTPaKeRcIn dac;xat.1>>>>>>mtiPaKeRcInFmµta³ eKeRCIserIsebkçCnmñak; b¤eRcInedayykCnNaEdl )ansemøgeqñateRcInCageK nigeRcIn bnþbnÞab;CaGñkQñHkñúgmNÐl.2>>>>>>mtiPaKeRcIndac;xat³ eKeRCIsykebkçCnEtmñak; Edl)ansemøgKaMRTelIs BI50° ¬50°Efm 1¦ . RbsinebIKµaneKeRCIerIs ebkçCnEdlmansMelgKaMRTeRcInCag eK 2nak; [e)aHCaelIkTI2 edIm,IrksMelgKaMRTPaKeRcIndac;xat.104>etIRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCaTI )anqøgkat;kare)aHeqñat bu:nµanelIkehIy?enAéf¶Na Ex qñaMNa? GnuvtþtamRbB½n§GVI?cM>RBHraCaNacRkkm<CaT2 )anqøgkat;kare)aHeqñatcMnYn 3 elIkr YcmkehIyKW³ ú-elIkTI 1³ éf¶ 23 dl; 28 Ex ]sPa qñaM 1993-elIkTI 2 ³ éf¶ 26 Exkkáda qñaM 1998-elIkTI 3³ éf¶ 27 Ex kkáda qñaM 2003.kare)aHeqñatTaMg 3 elIkenH Gnuvtþtam RbB½§ smamaRt.105> cUreFVIkareRbobeFobkare)aHeqñatGaNtþiTI1 nigTI2 etIGñkGacvaytMél)andUcemþc?cM>k>>>lkçNdUc ³-GnuvtþtaRbB½n§smamaRt-GnuvtþtamlT§i RbCaFibetyüesrIBhubkS-manlkØN RtwmRtUv esrI nig yutFm’ sMgat; ûi
  • 50. x>>>>lkçNxus GaNtþiTI 1 GaNtþiTI2 -e)aHéf¶ 23 dl; 28 ]sPa 1993 -e)aHéf¶ 26 kkda 1998 -ryeBl 6éf¶ -ryeBl 1 éf¶ -man 20KNbkScUlrYmcuHeQµaH -man 39 KNbkS cUlrYm QreQµaH -mankarcUlrYmBIGaCJaFrbeNþaHGasnñ -eFVeI LIgedayrdæaPi)alkm<úCa Etmankar énGgÁkarsRbCaCatiUNTAC TaMgkMlaMg ]btßmÖTaMgbec©keTsnigfvikar mYycMnYn nigfvikarcMnYn2000 landuløaUS BIGgÁkarGnþrCatinigCaBiess KWshKmn_GWru :ub -KNbkSEdlmansMelgkñúgsPaKW³ - KNbkSEdlmansMelgkñúgsPaKW³ +KNnkShV‘ùnsinbic u u +KNbkSRbCaCn +KNbkSRbCaCn +KNbkShV‘ùnsinbic u u +KNbkSelaktasWnsan +KNbkSsmrgSúI +KNbkSRBhµnaKraC -KNbkSEdlCaemdwknaMrdæaPi)alKW ³ -KNbkSEdlCaRbmuxrdæaPi)alKW³ KNbkShV‘ùnsinbicnig KNbkSRbCaCn u u KNbkSRbCaCn vaytMél -kare)aHeqñatenAGaNtþiT2 manlkçNRbesIrCagGaNtþTI1 eRBaH i RbeTseyIgGaceFVCam©as;elIxøÜnÉg )an TaMgxagépñksnþisux TaMgxagfvikar nigTaMgEpñk lT§pl I énkare)aHeqñat. 106> kñúglT§iRbCaFibetyüRbCaBlrdæKWCam©as;casnaénRbeTsCati.GMnacTaMgGs;Carbs;RbCaBlrdæ.etIGMnacenaHmanGVIxøH? sßitenAkñúgsßab½nNa?cM > GMnacsMxan;² man3KW ³-GMnacnItibBaØtiþ ³ mansßab½n rdæsPa -RBwT§sPa.
  • 51. -GMnacnItiRbtibtþ³ mansßab½n rdæaPa)al i-GMnactulakar ³ mansßab½n salaCMrH kþI107>>etIrdæFmµnuBaØénRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCaTI 2 Rbkas[eRbI CapøÚckarenAéf¶ ExNaqñaMNa?cM>>rdæFmµnuBaØ énRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca RbkaseGay eRbICapøvkarenAéf¶ 24 kBaØa 1993. ú Ú108>>etIrdæFmµnuBaØ énRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCacab;epþImkekIt CadMbUg eKenAéf¶ Ex qñaMNa?esþcGgÁNa RbTanrdæFmµnuBaØenH?cM>rdæFmµnuBaØ énRBHraCaNacRkkm<CakekItCaelIkdMbUg eK enAéf¶ 06 ]sPa qñaM 1947 RbTaneday úRBHkruNa RBH)aTsemþcRBHneratþmsIhnu.109>cab;taMgBIéf¶ kekItrhUtbc©úb,nñ etIRbeTskm<úCa )anqøgkat; rdæFmµnuBaØbu:nµanehIy? kñúgsm½yNaxøH? qñaMNa?cM>cab;taMgBIkekItrdæFmµnuBaØCaelIkdMbUgqñaM 1947 RbeTs km<úCa)anqøgkat;rdæFmµnuBaØ cMnYn 7ehIyKW³-sm½yRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCaTI 1 qñaM 197 kekItdMbUg-sm½yRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCaTI 1 rbbsgÁmraRsþniym qñaM 1956-sm½ysaFarNrdæExµr elakln;nl; qñaM1972-sm½ykm<CaRbCaFibetyü ExµrRkhm qñaM1976 ú-sm½ysaFarNrdæRbCamanitkm<Ca KNbkSRbCaCn qñaM1981 ú-sm½yrdækm<úCa KNbkSRbCaCn
  • 52. -sm½yRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCaTI2 qñaM1993 enA GNtþTI2 eyIg)aneFVviesaFnkmµ rdæFmnuBaØ éf Ti i I08 Ex mina qñaM 1999.110>bc©úb,nñRbeTskm<úCa)anGnuvtþneya)ayGV?etIRbB½n§KN³bkSneya)ayenHcab; IbegáIttaMBIeBlNa?cM>bc©b,nñRbeTskm<úCa Gnuvtþrbbneya)ayebb lT§iRbCaFietyüesrIniymBhubkS.RbB½n§KNbkS EbbBhuubkSenH)anbegáteLIgcab;taMgBImankic©RBmeRBogRkug)a:rIsenAéf¶ 23 Ex Itula qñaM 1991 mk.111>ehtuGVI)anCacaM)ac;RtUvbegáItrdæsPa?cM>)anCacaM)ac;RtUvbegáItrdæsPaBIeRBaH ³-rdæsPa CasßnmYyEdltMNag[qnÞ³raRsþ. ½-rdæsPa CaGgÁkarnItibBaØtþi EdlmannaTIeFVeI sckþIesIñc,ab; nigGnum½tc,ab; rbs;RbeTs.-rdæsPa begátc,ab;rdæFmµnuBaØ EdlCac,ab;RKwHsMrab;dwknaMRbeTs. I-rdæsPa CaGñktamdanral;skmµPaBrbs;rdæaPi)al-rdæsPa CañkGnum½tfrikarCati EpnkarrdækMcIR)ak;BIeK nigkar[R)ak;eKx©I.-begáItc,ab;karBar siTe§i srIPaBrbs;RbCaBlrdæmansiT§imnusS siT§inarInig siT§i kumar.-mansiTi§ nigeFVIviesaFnkmµc,ab; rbs;RbeTs-Gnum½tc,ab;elIkElgeTas CaTUeTA-Gnum½tc,ab;sþBIkar RbkassRgÁam I-begáIt c,ab;karBarplRbeyaCn_ RKb;Ebby:ag rbs;RbCaBlrdæ.¬maRta 90¦
  • 53. dUcenHRbeTsCatinImYy²dac;xatRtUvRtmanrdæsPaedIm,I begáItc,ab;. RbsinebIRbeTsCatiNamYyKµanrdæsPaeT RbeTsenaH nwgCYbnUv ³ sRgÁam TurPikS PaBGnaFibetyü Kµanc,ab;TMlab;eLIy.112>etIrdæsPa manParkic© nigtYnaTI sMxan;GVIxøH?cM>>rdæsPa manParkic© nigtUnaTIsMxan; dUcCa ³-rdæsPa CasßnmYyEdltMNag[qnÞ³raRsþ. ½-rdæsPa CaGgÁkarnItibBaØtþi EdlmannaTIeFVeI sckþIesIñc,ab; nigGnum½tc,ab; rbs;RbeTs.-rdæsPa begátc,ab;rdæFmµnuBaØ EdlCac,ab;RKwHsMrab;dwknaMRbeTs. I-rdæsPa CaGñktamdanral;skmµPaBrbs;rdæaPi)al-rdæsPa CañkGnum½tfrikarCati EpnkarrdækMcIR)ak;BIeK nigkar[R)ak;eKx©I.-begáItc,ab;karBar siTe§i srIPaBrbs;RbCaBlrdæmansiT§imnusS siT§inarInig siT§i kumar.-mansiTi§ nigeFVIviesaFnkmµc,ab; rbs;RbeTs-Gnum½tc,ab;elIkElgeTas CaTUeTA-Gnum½tc,ab;sþBIkar RbkassRgÁam I-begáIt c,ab;karBarplRbeyaCn_ RKb;Ebby:ag rbs;RbCaBlrdæ.¬maRta 90¦dUcenHRbeTsCatinImYy²dac;xatRtUvRtmanrdæsPaedIm,I begáItc,ab;. RbsinebIRbeTsCatiNamYyKµanrdæsPaeT RbeTsenaH nwgCYbnUv ³ sRgÁam TurPikS PaBGnaFibetyü Kµanc,ab;TMlab;eLIy.113>rdæsPaebIk sm½yRbCMu CasamBaØ bu:nµandgkñúmYyqñaM²? kñúgsm½yRbCMunImYy²manfirevlabu:nµan Ex?cM> rdæsPa ebIksm½yRbCMuCasmBaØ 2dg kñúg 1qñaM.
  • 54. sm½yRbCMumYy man firevla ya:gtic 3Ex.114>kñúgkrNINaEdlrdæsPa GaceIksm½yRbCMuCa visamBaØ? ehIyrebobvar³énkarRbCMuénkarRbCMuRtUv pSBVpSay dUcemþc?cM>rdæsPa GacebIksm½yRbCMuCavisamBaØ )an kñúg krNI EdlmansMNUmBresñIsMBI³ RBHHmhakSRt b¤ uesckþeI sñIrsMuBI naykrdæmRnþI b¤ BIsmaCikrdæsPacMnYn 1/3 ya:gtic. KnkmµaFikarGciéRnþ rdæsPaekaHRbCMurdæsPa CavisamBaØ.kñúgkrNIenHrebobvar³ Cak;lak; énsm½yRbCMuCavisamBaØ RtUvpSaydl;RbCaraRsþCamYynwgéf¶kMnt;RbCM. ¬maRta 83¦ u115>etIGasn³TaMg 3 GaNtþirbs;rdæsPa énRBHraCa NacRkkm<úCamanbu:nµan?cM>>Gsn³rbs;rdæasPaénRBHraCaNacRkkm<CTaMg 3 GaNtiþman³ ú-GaNtþTI 1 qñaM 1993 man 120 Gasn³ i-GaNtþTI 2 qñaM 1998 man 122Gasn³ i-GaNtþTI 3 qñaM 2003 man 123 Gasn³ i116>etirdæsPa manNtþi bu:nµanqñaM? rdæsPa GacrMlaymunGaNtþi)an b¤eT?cM>rdæsPamanGNtiþ 5qñaM ehIyRtUvput kMNt; enA eBlEdlrdæsPafµI cUl kan;tMENg. rdæsPaminGacRtUv)anrMlaymun putGaNtþi)aneLIy evorElgEtkñúgkrNIEdlraCrdæPi)al RtUv)anTMlak; 2dgkñúgry³eBl 12Ex. ¬maRta 78¦117>eRkayeBle)aHeqñatetIrdæsPa ebIksm½yRbCMuCaelIk dMbUgenAeBlNa?cM>>rdæsPaebIksm½yRbCMuCaelIkdMbUg 60éf¶ ya:gyUreRkayeBle)aHeqñat tamkarekaHRbCMurbs;RBHmhakSRt .
  • 55. tMNagraRsþ TaMgGs;RtUveFVsc©aRbNiFanmuncUlkan;tMENg . ¬maRtaTI 82¦ I118>RBwT§sPaénRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCamanGaNtþibu:nµanqñaM?cM>>RBwT§sPa manGNtþi 6qñaM ¬nItikalTI1 GaNtþi 5qñaM¦ . RBwTwsPaénRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaT2 § ú)anbegát eLIgnigebIksm½y RbCMuelIkTI1 enAéf¶ 25 mina 1999 kñúg KMnitpþcepþIm begáIttaMgBI éf¶ I Ü12-13 vicäka 1998 mkemøH. RBwT§sPabegIáteLIgenAkñúgGaNtþiTI2. i119> etIrdæsPa nigRBwT§mandMeNIrEbbbTxusKñadUcemþc?cM>lkçNxusKñaénrdæsPa nigRBwTæsPa³ rdæsPa RBwTæsPa-GaNtþi ³-5 qñaM - 6qñaM-smaCik ³ - cMnYn122smaCik -61 rUb ¬esµnwgBak;kNþal I 12 rUb¬GaNtþTI2¦ i smaCik 8rUb¦-kMNt;Gayu ³ -25qñaMya:gtic -40 qñaMya:gtic-kareRCIstaMg ³ -e)aHeqñatCaskl -2rUbeRCIstaMgedayRBHmhakSRt 2rUbeRCIstaMgedayrdæsPa smaCik ÉeToteRCIstaMgedaye)aHeqñatCaGskl.119>etIRbFanrdæsPa nig RbFanRBwT§sPaman muxkardUcKña xusKñaRtg;Na?cM>>RbFanrdæsPa nig RbFanRBwT§sPaman muxkardUcKña xusKña³k>>>cMnucdUcKña-FanakarRbRBwT§eTAénrdæsPa[RtwmRtUv tamrdæFmµnuBaØ.
  • 56. -dwknaMGgÁRbCMsPa nigKN³kmµaFikarGciéRnþy_ u-ebI nigelIkeBlRbCMusPanigKNkmµaFikarGciéRnþy_.-cat;EcgkarBiPakSaehIcuHhtßelxaelIkMnt;ehtuénkarRbCuMsPa.-jaug smaCikrdæsPaeGayRbtibtþtambTbBa¢aépÞkñúgénrdæsPa. M i-rkSakarBarsNþab;Fñab;épÞkñúg.x>>>cMnucxusKña-rdæsPa ³tMnagrdæsPakñúgTMnakTMngCamYyRBHmhakSRt nigGaCJaFrsaFarN³.-RBwT§sPa ³ tMnaRBwT§sPakñúgTMnak;TMngCamYyRBHmhakSRt rdæsPa rWGaCJaFrsaFarN³.Tak;TgCamYyRbFanrdæsPa edIm,IerobcMsmaCGgÁsPa TaMgmUl kñúgkrNIEdlRbFanrdæsPa nig RbFan YRBwT§isPamanFur³ minGacbMeBjmuxgar)anGnuRbFanRtUvman Parkic© cat;Ecgkic©karCMnYs.buE: nþebIRbFan b¤ GnuRbFanlaElgBIdMEng b¤ TTYl Gnic©kmµ rdæsPa RtUve)aHeqñat eRCIstaMgRbFan b¤GnuRbFanfµI.120>etIrdæsPanigRBwT§isPamanKNkmµkarcMnYn bu:nµan ?GVIxøH?kñúgKNkmµkarnImYy²énGgÁkarTaMgenHmansmaCik bu:nµan rUb?cM>rdæsPanigRBwTæisPamanKNkmµkarcMnYn 9 dUcKña³1-KNkmµkarkarBarsiTi§mnusSnigTTYlBakübNþg w2-KNkmµkarhirBaØvtßú nigFnaKar3-KNkmµkar esdækic© Epnkar vinieyaK ksikmµ GPivDÆn_CnbT nig brisßan4-KNkmµkarmhaépÞ karBarCati Gegát nige)assMGat5-KNkmµkarkic¨karbreTs shRbtibtûkarGnûrCati eXasnakar nigBt’man ÙnsPanigRBwT§sPa i
  • 57. 6-KNkmµkar nItikmµénsPa nig RBwT§sPa7-KNkmµkarGb;rM Fmµkar vb,Fm’ nig eTscrN_8-KNkmµkarsuxaPi)al sgÁmkic©kargar nigkic©karnarI9-KNkmµkar saFarN kardwkCBa¢n TurU KmnaKmn_ éRbsNIy_ ]sShkmµ famBl nig BaNiC¢kmµ. Ú-KNkmµkarnImYy²RtUveRCIstaMgRbFan1rUb GnuRbFan1rUb nigelxaFikar 1rUbedaykar e)aHeqñat.-KNkmµkarnImYy² énrdæsPamansmaCikya:g tic7rUb-KNkmµkarnImYy²énRBwT§sPamansmaCikya:gtic 9rUb.121>etIrdæsPanigRBwT§sPaGacdMeNIrkarRbCuM)ankñúgkrNINaxøH? rebobPar³GgÁRbCMumancMnucepSgKñadUcemþcxøH?cM> k>rdæsPanigRBwT§sPa GacdMenIrkarRbCM)ankñúgkrNI³ u-mankUrumelIsBI2/3énsmaCikTaMgGs; :¬sMrab;karGnum½tykmtiPaKeRcIn2/3énsmaCiksPaTaMgmUl¦.-mankUr:melIsBIBak;kNaþlsMrab;Gnum½tykmtiPaKeRcIndac;xat¦. u-ryHeBlrg;caM30naTI eRkamkarkMNt;cab;epþm. IeRkaykarrg;caM30naTIebIminRKb;kUrmeT RbFanrdæsPa b¤RBwT§sPaRtUvbBaÄb;karRbCMu. :ux>>>> rebobvar³sMrab;GgÁRbCMru dæsPa³-bBðaaTaMgLayEdlrdæsPa)ansMercfaTukCakarRbjab;.-bBaðaTaMgLayedlraCrdæaPi)alCUnmkrdæsPaK>rebobcar³sMrab;GgÁRbCMRu BwT§sPaman³
  • 58. -bBðaaTagLay EdlRBwT§sPa)ansMercTukCakarRbjab;.- bBðaaTagLayEdlrdæaPi)alCUNmkRBwT§sPa- bBðaaTagLay EdlKNkmµkarnanaCUnmkRBwT§sPa.- bBðaaTagLayEdlsmaCik RBwT§sPaCUnmkRBwT§.122>etIRbFanrdæsPa nig RBwT§sPa GacelIkeBlRbCuM)ankñúgkrNINa?cM>>RbFanrdæsPa nigRBwT§sPaGacelIkeBlRbCuM)ankñúgkrNI³-yl;fa CakarmanRbeyaCn_ rWCakarcaM)ac;-ebImansmaCikrdæsPa y:agtic 10 nak;esñIrsuM-smaCikRBwT§sPaya:gtic 6 nak;esñIrsuM.123>etIsiT§i niyay nigsiTi§eqøIytbkñúgeBlRbCuMBiPakSardæsPanig RBwT§sPamanbu:nµannaTI?cM>kñúgeBlRbCMuBiPakSa smaCikrdæsPaEdlCavaKµin mansiT§i ³-siTniyay 20naTI ya:gyUr i§-siTei§ qøytb)anEt 5naTIeT IebIRbFanyl;fa CakarmanRbeyaCn_ rWCakarcaM)ac; kñúgkarBiPakSaenaHRbFanGacGnueRKaH ³-bEnßm 10 naTI-karbEnßmenHGac GnuBaØat[bnþ)an 3dg kñúgerOgdEdl124>etIc,ab;rdæFmµnuBaØ manlkçN RKb;RKan;eBjeljkñúg karRKb;RKgrdæ b¤eT?etIeKRtUveFVIGVIbEnßmeTot?
  • 59. cM>fVeI bIc,ab;rdæFmµnuBaØCac,ab;RKwH kMBUlrbs;rdæEmn buE: nþminTanmanlkçN³RKb;RKan;kñúgkarRKb;RKgRbeTsCatieT eRBaHc,ab;rdæFmµnuBaØRKan;EtCac,ab;eKal² EdlEcgCaTUeTAbue: NaH.dUecñHrdæsPaRBwT§sPaRtUveFVIc,ab;epSg²eTot edIm,IlMGiteTA elIEpñk b¤vis½ynImYy² dUcCac,ab;sþBI Ic,ab;BaNiC¢kmµ c,ab;karBarebtikP½NÊvb,Fm’c,ab;sûBIkargar>>>. I125>etIRbCaBlrdæRtUvmankatBVkic© GVIxøHcMeBaHc,ab;sgÁm?cM>>RbCaBlrdæRtUcmankatBVkic© cUlrYmkñúgkarksag RbeTsCatielIRKb;vis½y TaMgEpñkesdækic©sgÀmkic¨ vb,Fm’ nigneya)ay [)anxøaMg køadUcCa³-bg;Bn§CUnrdæ-eKarBc,ab;rdæ-bgábegátpl; I-rkSaRbéBNITMenomTMlab;rbs;Cati-rkSakarBarbrisÓan nigsm,tivb,Fm’Cati. û-cUlrYme)aHeqÞateRCIserIs GÞkdMnagnigGÞkdwknaM-eKarB nigkarBasiT§mnusS.126>GasnHtMnagraRsþkÞúgrdæsPa énRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCaGaNtþITI3enHmancMnYn=123nak;.127>enAGaNatþiTI2GMnac;nitibBaØtþi RtUv)anRbKl;[sßabn=rdæsPa-RBwT§sPa.128>rdæsPaGac;dMenIrkarRbCMu)anluHRtamankUr:um=1/2+1.129>nitibBaØtþi=rdæsPa
  • 60. 130>nitiRbtibtþi=rdæaPi)al131>tulakar=salaCMrHkþI132>tamc,ab;rdæFmµnuBaØ etIRbmuxrdæbc©úb,nÞ énRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCaCaGÞkNa?cM>tamc,ab;edæFmµnuBaØRbmuxedæénRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaKW³¬RBH)atsMemþcRBHbrmnafneratþmsIhmnI ¦. úRTg;CaRbmuxrdæmYyCIvit.¬maRtaTI7CMBUkTI2¦.133>etIsmasPaBKNHrdæmRnþI manGVIxøH?cM>smasPaBKNHrdæmRnþIman³-naykrdæmRnþI CaRbmuxénrdæaPi)al-]bnaykrdæmRnþeI nAGmnaykrdæmRnþI-eTsrdæmRnþCasmaCik I-rdæelxaFikar CasmaCik.134>etIkareRCIserIstaMg naykrdæmRnþImandMenIrkardUcemþc?cM>naykrdæmRnþRI tUv)anEtgtaMgedayRBHraCRkitSrbs;RBHmhakSRttamsMenIsMBIRbFan urdæsPaedaymanmtiÉkPaB BIGnuRbFanTaMgBIrénrdæsPa>naykrdæmRnþICavrCnmYyrUbkÞugcMenamtMnagraRsþénKNHbkSEdlQÞHeqÞatehIyEdlRtUv)anRBHmhakSRtcat;taMg[begáItrardæaPi)alEdlCaGgÁkarnitiRbtibtþ. i135>etIraCrdæaPi)al énRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCa kekIteLIgedayrebobNa?cM>tamesckþeI sÞIsMBIRbFan mnig edaymanmtiÉkPaB BIGnuRbFanTaMgBIr énrdæsPaRBHmhakSRtRTg; ucat;taMgvrCnmYyrUb kÞúgdMNagraRsþénKNHbkSEdlQÞHeqÞat[begáItraCrdæaPi)al.
  • 61. vrCnEdl)ancat;taMgenH naMshkarEdlCadMNagraRsþ b¤CasmaCikKNHbkStMNagenAkúgrdæsPaEdlpÁÜpÁg[kan;dMEngepSg²kÞúgraCrdæaPi)aleTAsMeu sctþITukcitþBIrdæsPa.bnÞab;BIrdæsPa)ane)aHeqÞatpþl;TMnukcitþehIyenaHRBHmhakSRtRTg;ecjRBHraCRkitüEtgtaMgKNHrdæmRnþI RtUveFVIUsc©aRbNiFan dUcmanxømsar wEckkÞúg]bsm<½n§6.¬maRtaTI119fµI¦136>etIrdæaPi)alCaGgÁkarGVI? manParkic©GIVxøH?cM>raCrdæaPi)alCaGgÁkarnItiRbtibtþEi dlmanPar³kic©dceTA ³ U-dak;ecjExSbnÞat;neya)ayrbs;Catiep¥kelIeKalkarN_nanaEdlmanEcgkñgrdæFmµnuBaØsþBIrbb ú Ineya)ayénraCrdæaPi)al.-dwknaMkic©karTUreTArbs;rdætamkmµviFIneya)ay nigEpnkarrdæEdlsPa)anGnum½t.-RKb;RKgbBa¢areRbIR)as; eyaFa nKr)al kgkMlaMgRbdab;GavuFepSg² eTotnigrdæ)alkÞúgkareFIskmµPaBrbs;xn. V øÜ-eFIVBRgagc,ab; edIm,Idak;CYnrdæsPa RBwT§sPa BinitünigGnum½t.137>etIParkic©rbs;naykrdæmRnþImanGIVxøH?cM>naykrdæmRnþmanParkic©CaeRcIn EteyIgelIkykcMnucsMxan;² mYycMnYnmkbBa¢ak;bue: NÑaH KW³ I-mansiT§ipþÜcepþImKMniteFIVc,ab;-TTYlxusRtUvCamYysmaCik énraCrdæaPi)alcMeBaHmuxrdæsPa GMBeI Kalneya)ayTUeTAnigskmµPaBénraCrdæaPi)al-dwknaMkargarebs;KNHrdæmRnþI cat;EcgbBa¢aral;skmµPaBebs;raCrdðaPi)alelIRKb;vis½y.
  • 62. -dwknaMkarcrcarnigcuHhtþelxanigkarRBmeRBogBaNiC¢kmµshRbtibtûkar esd×kic¨ vb,Fm’ viTúasaRsû ibec©keTsnigkarBarRbeTs .-elIksMeNIrdl;KNHkmµaFikarGciéRgy_rdæsPa[ekaHRbCMru dæsPa CavisamjØ-elIksMenIrsþGMBIesckþIeRBogc,ab;nigsMenIrnigkarpøas;pþrÚ bBa©b;Parkic©rbs;smaCikraCrdæaPi)al IehIymansiT§pøas;pþÚrsmaCikraCrdæaPi)al.138>etIrdæaPi)almansßab½n RksYg nigrdæelxaFikarb:unÞan ?cM>TwskarKNHrdæmRnþI RKb;RKgRksYg 26 nigrdæelxadæan2KW³ þI 1>TIsþkarKNHrdæmRnþRI Kb;RKgRksYg nigrdæelxaFikardæan I 2>RksYgmhaépÞ 3>RksYgkarBarRbeTs 4RksYgyutFm’ ûi 5>RksYgkarbreTs nigshRbtibtþkarGnþrCati i 6>RksYgEpnkar 7>RksYgTMnak;TMngCamYyrdæsPA nigRBwT§sPa nigGFikarkic© 8>RksYgRBHbrmraCvaMg 9>RksYgsaFarNHkarnigdwkCBa¢n Ü 10>RksYgéRbsNIy_nigTUrKmnaKmn_ 11>RksYgbrisßan 12>RksYgEdndI nKrerabnIkmµnigsMNg;
  • 63. 13>RksYgFnFanTwknig]tuniym 14>RksYgGPivDÆCnbT 15>RksYgGb;rMyuvCnnigkILa 16>RksYgBt’man 17>RksYgesdækic©nighirBaØvtþú 18>RksYg]sSahkmµEr:nigfamBl 19>RksYgBaNiC¢kmµ 20>RksYgksikmµrukçaRbm:ajnigensaT 21>RksYeTscrN_ 22>RksYgsukçaPi)al 23>RksYgvb,Fm’nigviciRtsil,H 24>RksYgkic©karnarI 25>RksYgsgÁmkic©GtiyuvCn nigyuvtIsm,Tar 26>RksYgkargarnigbNþHbNþalviC¢aCIvH u 27>RksYgFmµkarnigsasna. rdæelxaFikardæan2KW³ 1>rdæelxadæanmuxgarsaFarNH 2>rdæelxaFikardæanGakascrN_sIuvil.139>etIRksYgEdlbgáItfµI enAGaNtþiTI3eQµaHGVI?
  • 64. cM>KWRksYgkargarnigbNþHbNþalviC¢aCIvH. ú140>etIrdæ)alfÞak;mUldæanEckecjCaGIVxøH? smaPaBdwknaMmanzanHCaGIV?cM>rdæ)alfÞak;mUldæanEckecjCaextþ Rkug.k> -extþEckecjCaRsuk -RsukEckecjCaXMu ehIyXMEu ckecjCaPUmi -RkugEckecjCaxNÐ -xNÐEckecjCasgáat; ehIysgáat;EckecjCaPUmi rWRkumx>smasPaBdwknaM-rdæaPi)alfñak;extþ rWRkug dwknaMedayGPi)alextþ-Rkug EdlmanGPi)alrg2 rW3nak;-rdæ)alfñak;RsukrWxNÐ dwknaMedayGPi)alRsuk rWGPi)alxNÐÐEdlmanGPI)alrg2nak;-rdæ)alfñak;XMurWsgáat; ³1>fñak;XMu dwknaMedayemXMu 1rUb nigCMTb;elx1 elx2 nigmRnþICMnYykarXM1rUb u2>fñak;sgáat;dwknaMedayecAsgáat; 1rUb nigecAsgáat;rgmYyrUb.-fñak;eRkamXMuEckecjCaPUmi dwknaMedayRbFanPUmi rWemPUmi-fñak;eRkamsgáat;EckecjCaRkum rWPUmidwknaMedayRbFanRkumrWemRkum rwRbFanPUmi. RbFanPUmi rWRbFanRkumnImYy²CaGñkkþab;nUvsßticMnYnsmaCiktamRKYsarnImYy²EdlenAkñúgPUmi irWRkugEdlxønkan;. Ü141>etIrdæ)alextþ-Rkug(mUldæan)cMnuHeRkam»vaTRksYgNa? manPar³kic©GVI?cM>rdæ)alextþRkug cMnuHeRkam»vaTRksYgmhaépÞ.manPar³kic©rkSakarBarsnþsuxsNþab;Fñab;saFarN³ isiTe§i srIPaB kitþysesckþIéføfrñÚ GayuCIvit RTBüsm,tþi nigplRbeyaCn_ Rsbc,ab;rbs;RbCaBlrdæenA imUldæan BiesselIktMekIg CIvPaBrs;enArbs;RbCaraRsþQaneTArkkarGPivDÆelIRKb;vis½y. w
  • 65. 142>enAkñúgRbeTsGnuvtþliT§iRbCaFibetyüetIGMnacTaMg3mankarEbgEckdac;BIKñadUcemþc?ehIymanTMnak;TMngnwgKñadUcemþcxøH?cM>k¼kñúgRbeTsGnuvtþliTR§i bCaFibetyü GMnacTaMg3mankarEbgEckdac;BrI KñaKW-GMnacnItibBaØtiþ ¬rdæsPa-RBwT§sPa¦mannaTItak;Etgc,ab;nigGnum½tc,ab;.-GMnactulakar¬GgÁecARkm¦ Gnuvtþc,ab; nigRkitü-GMnactulakar¬GgÁecARkm¦ CMunMCMrHkþI nigrkyutûFm’CUnRbCaraRsû. iGMnacTaMg3 enHEbgEckdac;BKñaedIm,IeCosvagkarrMelaPGMnacKñaEdlQaneTArkGMnacpþac;kar. I x¼fVeI bImankarEbgEckdac;BIKñaya:genHk¾eday k¾eKeXIjfaGMnacTaMgbIenAEtmanTMnak;TMngnwgKñaeBalKWRtYtBinitütamdan nigshkarKñaCanic© CaGaT× ³-rdæsPa RBwT§sPa CaGñkGnum½tc,ab; ÉrdæaPi)al CaGñkGnuvtþc,ab; nigkarBarrdæFmµnuBaØ-rdæsPa-RBwT§sPa BInitünigGnumtelIesckþIeRBogc,ab;rbs;raCrdæaPi)al.-naykrdæmRnþeI lIksMenIrdl;KN³kmµaFikarGciéRnþy_ rdæsPa[ekaHRbCMCavisamBaØ . u-naykrdæmRnþeI lIksMenIrEtgtaMgpøas;brþÚ bBa©b;Parkic©smaCikraCrdæaPi)al CUnrdæsPaGnumt-tMnagraRsþmansiT§idak;sMnYrdl;raCrdæaPi)al-rdæsPaGacsMerccitþbþwgeTAtularkarmansmtßkic© kñúgkrNIsmaCikmYyrUb²énraCrdæaPi)alRbRBwtþxusFn;Fr kñúgkarbMeBjParkic© nigmuxnaTIrbs;xøÜn.143>GPi)alkic©CaGVI? etIGPi)alkic©l¥ manFatusMxan;b:unµanya:g? GVIxøH?cM>GPi)al ³ RKb;RKg-rkSa-karBarGPi)alkic©l¥ KWCarebobmYy EdlGMnacsaFarN³nigGCJaFrmansmtßkic©)anRtUvbegátnigeRbIR)as;edIm,I IRtYtBinitü nigRKb;RKgelIFnFansMxan;²TaMgGs;ebs;RbeTs[)anl¥. GPi)alkic©l¥ manlkçN³sMxan; 4ya:gKW :³1>KNenyüPaB ³ CaskmµPaBénkarbMeBjParkic©rbs;mRnþIsarFarN³EdlEp¥kelIsarFatucMbgBIrya:gKW ³
  • 66. -kareqøIytbTan;eBleTAnwgbBaðaEdlTak;TgeTAnwgskmµPaBrbs;xøn. Ü-karepþImtbeTAnwgplvi)akénskmµPaBrbs;xøÜnEdlGacdwgCamun)an nigmanGtßnyeBjelj2>tMlaPaB ³ PaBRss;føaEdl)anpSBVpSayTUlMTUlayEdl)anebIkcMhr CasaFarN³nUvBt’manTaMgLayEdlmanPaBRKb;RKan;eBjelj BitR)akd EdlGaceCOCak;)an nigTan;eBlevla .3>PaBEdlGac)a:n;RbmaN)an ³ kardwgmunnUvneya)ay c,ab; nigbTbBaØtþTaMgLay ehIyRtUv)an iGnuvtþ [manRbsiT§PaB nigmankarÉkPaB CaTUeTA.KwCaeKalkarN_EdlBak;Bn§ya:gCitsñitCamYynwgeKalkarN_nItirdæ.4>karcUlrYm ³ skmµPaBTaMgLayrbs;raCrdæaPi)alcaM)ac;RtUvEtmankarcUlrYmBieRKaHeyabl;BIsaFarN³ nigedIm,I[manPaBCam©as;kareFVIBlkmµ nigkarÉkPaB.144>etInimitþsBaØaénRksYgGb;rMyuvCn nigkILamanrUbsBaØaGVIxøH?ehIymanGtßn½ydUcemþc?cM>nimtþsBaøaénRksYgGb;rMyuvCn nigkILa manrUb nigGtßn½ydUcxageRkam³ i1> k,ac;PJeI TsBN’mas B½T§CargVg; tMnag[vb,Fm’ExµrnigCanimitþrbénRsTab;yvCnkMBugsikSaGb;rMEdlmankarrIkcMerInlUtlas;CapáCaEpø U u2> rgVg;mUlRTePøgKb;BN’mas CanimitþrUbénvis½ykILaEdlmanyuvCnCaGñkRTRTg; nigbnþevn. I3> kaMrsµBN’mascaMgbMPøWelIÙpÒemX CaBnøwÙnviC¢aGb;rM stibBaÏa IsµartIdl;RbCaCnExµrTUTaMgRbraCaNacRkkm<úCa.4> kMNat;ExSbUrBN’ÙpÒemX EdlmancarwkGkSr RksYgGb;rMyuvCn nigkILa CaniitûrbÙnvis½ykILa Edl UmanTMnak;TMngCamYyGnþCati.145>etIxuTÞkal½yTIsþIkarKN³rdæmRnIþmanTMnYlxusRtUvsMxan;²elIkic©karGVIxøH?cM>1>xuTÞkal½yTIskarKN³rdæmRnImanTMnYlxusRtUvsMxan;²elIkic©kardUcteTA ³ þI þ-erobcMCYnnaykrdæmRnþI edIm,IGarkat;sMercelIsMnMuerOgTaMgLayEdlRksYgepSg²dak;esÞIsMeu sckþIsMerc.-CYnCaeyabl;dl;naykrdæmRnþI kÞúgkarerobcMeKaledAénskmµPaBrbs;raCrdæaPi)al
  • 67. -raykarN_GMBIkarvivtþ nigkarGnuvtþkic©karTaMgLayEdlRksYgnana)ancat;Ecg.-TTYlerobcMTMnak;TMngCamYysÓab½neRkA GgÀkarshCIB GgÀkarsPasarBt’man-Binitü nigBieRKaHBRgagc,ab;Rkitü GnuRkitü-l-EdlerobcMeLIgedayRksYgepSg²munnIgdak;C½yRbCMueBjGgÁrbs;KNHrdæmRnþI edIm,IBinitüniGnum½t .2>TMnUlxucRtUvcMeBaHsgÁmCakarTTYlxusRtuvcMeBaHmuxc,ab;sgÁmenAeBlEdleyIgRbRBwtþelµsc,ab;KRtUvTTYlvi)avinicä½yBItula Ikar b¤BGCJaFrmansmtßkic©. I145>etIkarTTYlxusRtUvEpÞksgÁmEckecjCakMhusGIVxøH?cM>TMnUlxusRtuvEpÞksgÁmEckecjCakMhusBIry:ag³1>kMhusrdæb,evNI ³tMrUv[manecjsgnUvkarxUcxatEtmincMeBaHfaGÞkNaRbRBwtRtUvEtGÞkenaHCaGÞksgeLIg. GÞkdéTb¤GÞkGaNaBüa)alGacecjsgcMnUsGÞkRbRBwtþkÞúgrUbPaBCusCulkarxUcxatb¤CaCMgWcitþ .]>EqáeyIgxaMeKeyIgRtUvecjéføBüa)al nigCMgWcitþ[eK.2>kMhuRBhµTNгCakMhusEdlmanlkçNHCabTelµIsRBhµTNÐEdleFIV[manebUssÞaksÞamrhUtdl;karRbmafCIvt b¤sMlab;CIvit .eRkABIenHenAmankrNICaeRcIneTotEdlcat;tUlkÞúgbTelÞIsRBhµTNÐdUcCakrNIlYcbøn;karCYndUrePT cab;rMelaP lYcCati>>>>. bTelµIsRBhµTNÐtMrUvelIGÞkRbRBwtþ RtUvEtTTYleTas kÞúgkrNICatiBiCn. bTelµIF¶n;F¶rQandl;karsMlab;CIvitehAfabT ]Rkidæ .147>enAkÞúgbTelµIsRBhµTNÐ manbNþwgGIVxøH?cUrBnül;.cM>bTelµsRBhµNak¾edayk¾Gac[manbNþgBIrya:gepSgKÞaedr KWbNþgGaC¶a nig bNþgrdæb,evNI. I w w w 1>bNþgGaC¶a ³CabNþwgEdlmaneKalbMNgpþnÞaeTas sMrab;GMeBIEdlnaM w[mankarxUcsNþab;FÞab; nigsnþsux saFarNH. i 2>bNþgrdæb,evNI ³CabNþgEdlmaneKalbMNg eFI[mankarCUsCulkMhUcxat w w VEdlbNþalmkBIGMeBIelµs dl;PaKIrgeRKaH ehIykÞúgeKAlbMNgenH IGÞkrgeRKaH)anTTYlsMngCMgWcitþFYnlµmnigkMhUcxatEdlxøÜn)an)at;bg;.
  • 68. 148>etInKr)almansmtßkic©Gaccab;xøÜnCnEdlRbRBwtþbTelµiskÞugkrNICak;EsþgNaxø?cM>nKr)almansmtßkic©Gaccab;xøÜnCnEdlRbRBwtþbTelµskÞugkrNICak;EsþgdUcCa³ i-CnenaHkMBgEtRbRBwtþbTelµsb¤kMBugEtrt;EdlRtUveKERskedjcab;Rbpab;RbPIg u I-CnsgS½y)anRtUvsakSIb¤Cnrg;eRKaHcg¥lenAnwgkEnøgekItehtufaCaBirT§Cn. ú u-CnsgS½ykMBugrkviFIrt;ecjBIkEnøgekItehtu.149>etIkarpþwgpþl;KÞamanb:unµankrNI?GIVxøH?ehIyEckCab:unÞanRbePT?cUrerobrab;.cM>  karpþgpþl;KÞaman6krNIKw³ w-krNIrdæ)al -krNIBaNIC¢kmµ -krNIBlkmµ-krNIRBhµTNÐ -krNIbT]Rkidæ -krNIeyaFa  karbþwgpþlEckCa 3RbePT ³ ;- karbþgTI1 ³ bþgeTAtuladMbUgb¤nKr)aledIm,I tva:GMBIbuKÁlGgÁkar w wb¤sßab½nedl)anrMelaPsiTnrNamñak; §i-karbþgTI2³ eFVeI LIgedaykareBjcitþEdlbuKÁliksßab½nrdæ b¤GgÁkarRtUveKecaTGMBkarRbRBwtþxusc,ab; w IEdlFVI[b:HBal;dl;RTBüsm,tþisiT§esckþéføfñÚr esrIPaB rWrUbragkayrbs;buKÁlNamñak;.CnrgeRKaH rW IGCJaFrtMnagCnrgeRKaHenaHmansiT§ibþwg.karRbqaMg rWkarbþg ]T§rN_ wRbqaMgnwgkarsMerccitþrbs;tulakarextþ-Rkug k¾Gaccat;TukkñúgRbePTbNþgenHEdr. w÷karbþgTI3³sMedAdl;karbriharehIybNþgenHeFVeI daymnusSmñak;rWRbCaBlrdæeRcInnak;RbqaMgnwg w wbuKÁl rbs;rdæaPi)alrWsßab½n EdlRbRBwtþxusc,ab;eFV[manplb:HBal;dl;plRbeyaCn_rWRTBüsm,tþirdæ I. bNþgenHGacrab;bBa©ÚlkrNIecarkmµkarEkøgbnøM sIsMnUkcab;CMritykR)ak; elgEl,gsIusg. w u150>etIdMeNIrkaresIubsYrrkehtuplmanGVIxøH?cM> dMeNIrkaresIbsYrrkehtuplman ³ u-karGeBa¢IjsamIxønmkkan;tulakar Ü-karRbmUlBt’mantamrykaredjedalrbs;GÜkkat;kû. I151>dUcemþcEdlehAfasalRkmkM)aMgmux?cM>salRkmkM)aMgmuxKW³ CasalRkmEdlecjedaytulakarextþ Rkug kñúgeBleFVIsvnakar EdlKUkþImçageTot¬cugecaT¦ Gvtþmanmin)ancUlrYmsvnakar..
  • 69. 152>etIsmasPaBén]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkmmanGVIxøH? manGNtþibu:nµanqñaM>?cM>smasPaB]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkmman ³1-RBHmhakS®tCaRBHRbFan2-rd×mRnûIRksYgyutFm’CasmaCik ûi3-RbFantulakarkMBUlCasmaCik4-GKÁRBHraCGaCJaGmtulakarkMBUlCasmaCik5-RbFantulakarsala]TÞrN_CasmaCIk6-GKÁRBHraCGaCJaGmsala]TÞrN_CasmaCik.7-ecARkm3rUbEdle)aHeqñateRCIstaMgedayecARkmCasmaCik]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkum RtUvmansmaCikbMrug3rUbeTotEdle)aHeqÞateRCIstaMgedayecARkumTUTaMgRbeTssMrabCMnYssmaCikCab;eqÞatEdlGvtþman .]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkummanGaNtþ5qÞaM. i153>etIeKalkarCabUldæansþIGMBIÉraCPaBénGgÁecARkummanGIVxøH?cM>eKalkarCabUldæansþGMBIÉraCPaBénGgÁecARkumKW³ I-ecARkumTaMgLayRtUvkatûtamktiyutFm’Ep¥kelIehtukarEdlmanenAcMeBaHmux. I ûi-ecARkmRtUveKarBtamc,ab;edayminjejItnigkarekobsgátkMeromkMEhgbMpitbMPIedaycMeBaHb¤mincMeBaHGMBIPaKINamYkÞúgerOgkatþb¤GMBIGÞkÉeToteLIy. I-ecARkmminRtUvenAcMnuHGMnacnitiRbtibtþi nitibBaØtþi b¤eRkamPaKIneya)ayNamYyeLIy>-ecARkmRtUvEtCaGÞksucritnigmansmatiPaBRKb;RKan;kÞúgkarbMeBjmuxgarkÞúgtulakar-ecARkmRtUvEtrkSaGnaKti evorcakGKtiTaMg4ya:g . suPasit=elaPtxµas; vinasc,ab; .154>etIGKtiTaMg4ya:gEdlecARkmRtUvevorcakKWGIVxøH?cM>GKtiTaMg4ya:gKW³1>¬qnÞaKti =qnÞ=GKti¦lMeGogeRBaHRslaj;2>¬eTasaKti=eTasH=GKti¦lMeGogeRBaHs¥b;3>¬PyaKti=PyH=GKti¦lMeGogeRBaHp½yxøac
  • 70. 4>emahaKti=emahH=Gkti¦lMeGogeRBaHmindwg eRBaHl¶g;minc,as;kÞúgcitþ.155>etItulakarmansarsMxan;ya:gNaxøHdl;CIvPaBRbCaCn?cM>tulakarmansarsMxan;Nas;cMeBaHCIvPaBrs;ebs;RbCaCnKW³-CaGÞkrkSasNþab;FÞab;snþsuxsaFarNH i-CaGÞkrkSakarBarsuvtþiPaBpøvkaypøvcitþdl;RbCaBlrdæRKb;rUb Ú Ú-CaGÞkkarBarsiT§iesrIPaBrbs;buKÁl[manbribUrN_ nigTb;sáat;mn[siT§ri bs;bKÁlmÞak;²eRbIhUsRBMEdn i uEdleTArMelaPsiT§GÞkd¾éT-CaGÞkpûl;yutûFm’d¾RbCaraRsûFanadl;karGnuvtþc,ab;[manRbsiT§PaB i RbsinebItulaKµanyutûiFm’RbCaraRsûKµanCMenorelIc,ab;ehaiyriHrkmeFüa)aypøas;xøÜnedayminBegelIc,ab;EdlnaM[manGsßri PaBsgÁmQaneTArkPaBGnaFietyümineKarBc,ab;b¤kareRbIGMeBIhwgSaepSg².156>etIRkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØmanGaNtþib:unµanqÞaM ?mansmaCikb:unµanrUb?eRCIstaMgrebobNa ?cM>RkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØmanGaNtþ9qÞaM . mansmaCik9rUb. i-smaCIkRkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaج1¼3¦¬3rUb¦RtUvpøas;fµkÞúgryHeBlbIqÞaMpþg². I-smaCik3rUbRtUvEttaMgedayRBHmhakSRt.-3rUbeToteRCIstaMgedayrdæsPa.-3rUbeTotRtUvEtgtaMgeday]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkm.-smaCIkRkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØRtUveRCIserIskÞúgcMenamsSrCnEdlmansBaØab½Rtcab;BI]tþmsikSaeTA¬xagc,ab; xagrdæ)al xagkarTUt b¤xagesdækic© ¦ehiIymanbTBiesaFn_eRcInkÞúgargar-RbFanRtUveRCIstaMgedaysnaCikRkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØ .-RbFanmansEmþg]tþmanuPaBkÞúgkrNIEbksEmþgCaBIesµKµa. I157>etIRkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØbegáItenAéf¶Na?mansmatikic©eFIVGIVxøH?cM>RkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØbegátenAéf¶TI15 mifuna 1998 mansmatikic©³ I-FanakarBareKarBrdæFmµnuBaØ-bkRsayrdæFmµnuBAØnigc,ab;EdlrdæsPa Gnum½tnigRBwsPa )anBinitücb;sb;RKb;ehIy.
  • 71. -RkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØmansiTiBinitünigsMerc GMBIkrNIvievotkmµTak;Tgnigkare)aH §eqÞateRCIstaMgdMnagraRsþ nigkare)aHeqÞateRCIstaMgsmaCikRBwtþsPa.158>etIRkumbwkSaraCsm,tþimantYnaTIeFVIGVI? mansmasPaBGVIxøH?cM>RkumRbwkSaraCsm,tþimannaTI CaGñkeRCIstaMgRBHmhakSRt fµI énRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca kñúgry³eBl ú1s)þah_ ya:gyUr eRkayeBlRBHmhakSRtRTg;cUlTIvgÁt.smasPaBénRkumRbwkSaman ³-RbFanrdæsPa-RbFanrdæsPa-naykrdæmRvþI-semþcRBHsgÇraCKN³mhanikaynigKN³Fmµyutþknikay i-GnuRbFanTI1 TI2énRBwT§sPa-GnuRFanTI1 TI2 énrdæsPa159> etIsmassPaBtulakarmanGVIxøH?cM>smasPaBrbs;tulakarman ecARkm ¬ecARkmCMrHkþI nigecARkmesubGegát¦ I-RBHraCGCJa b¤GKÁRBHraCGCJa-RklabBa¢¬CMnYykarkt;Rta¦ I160>etItulakarkMBulCMnMuCMrHkþIedayEp¥kelIGVI? esckþIsMercrbs;tularkMBUlehAfaGVI?cM>tulakarkMBlCMnCMrHkþeI dayEp¥kelIGgÁc,ab;tCMnMuCMrHkþeI lIGgÁehtueT.b:Eu nþRbsinebImanbNþgsar u Mu wTukçelIkTI2 tularkarenH CMnMuCMrHelIGgÁehtupgEdr.esckþsMercrbs;tulakarkMBUlCaesckþsMercGFibetyümannyfaminGacbþgtva:)anelIkElgetbNþg I I w wesIerI kñgkrNImYycMnYnEdlmankMNt;kñúgc,ab;.esckþsMercenHehAfa saldIka. ú I161>-bNþgGCJa ³ bþgBIkrNICnelµIseFVI[xUcsNþab;Fñab;sarFaN³. w w-bNþgrdæb,evNI ³ bþgTamTarsgéføkarxUcxat b¤CMgWcitþ w w-bNþgrdæ)al ³ TMnas;rvagPaKIÉkCn nigPaKIraCkar w-bNþgtva: ³ bþgBIkrNIreM laPsiT§ i w w-bNþgbrihar ³ bþgBIkrNImRnþI b¤sßab½nNaekgRbv½Ba© sm,tþsaFarN³ b¤BukrlYy w w i
  • 72. 162>etIRbB½n§esækic© EckCab:unñanEpñk? GVIxøH?cM>RbB½n§esdækic©EckCa3EpñkKW ³-esdækic©RbéBNI-esdækic©rdæ-esdækic©TIpSar163>bc©úb,nñetIRBHraCNacRkkm<úCaGnuvtþRbB½§nesdækic©GVI?cM> bc©úb,nñRBHraCNacRkkm<CaGnuvtþRbB½§nesdækic©TIpSar¬maRtaTI56¦karerobcM nigkarRbRBwtþeTAén úesdækic©enH nwgmankMntkñgc,ab;. ú164>dUcemþcEdlehAfaesdækic©RbéBNI ? etIesdækic©RbéBNImanKuNsm,tþinigKuNvibtþidUcemþc?cM>k¼ esdækic©EbbRbéBNICaesdækic©EbbburaNEdlmantaMgBIyUrlg;Nas;mkehIy KwCaesdækic© ³-manexOnplitkmµ nigEckcayEbbsamBaØ-rbbkmµsiT§ibuKÁlelImeFüa)ayplitkmµ-viFIplitEbbsamBaØ b¤EbbburaNbnþBCMnan;eTACnan;mYy b¤mant²KñaBIdUnta I-bec©keTsplitGn;fyhYssm½y nigmanlkçN³GPirkS-KµankarEklMG b¤Ekécñbec©keTsplit nig]bkrN_Blkmµ-GnuvtþtamTMenomTMlab;RbéBNI éntMbn;nImYy²-kMBugmanvtþmanenAtamCnbTéntMbn;GasIu GaRhVik nigGaemricxagt,Úg¬GaemricLaTIn¦]TahrN_ ³ sib,kmµtM)aj ksikmµensaT ebHRkvaj C½rcug C½rTwk.l. x¼ KuNsm,tþi nigKuNvibtþénesdækic©RéBNI i÷KuNsm,tþi-bgß[manBlrdæmankargarca)ac;tamCMnajGacm©as;karrs;)an-manesrIPaBkñgplitkmµ b¤mansVyPaBkñúgGaCIB ú ½-eRbIR)as;RbPBTuntic nigGacmanlT§PaBeFVI)anRKb;²Kña-minGMBl;dl;rdæ dl;rdæaPi)al kñúgkarbNþHbNaþlviC¢aCIv³ muxCMnaj nigkñúgkarrkkargar[eFVI ú
  • 73. -minmanl,icpþlrMlM rWdeNþkargarKÞaeFVI Ü I÷KuNvibtþi-exOnplitkmµ exOnesdækic© ]btßmÖxøÜn min)ancUlrYmkñúgplitkmµTMnijnaMcUl-plit)anbnþicbnþÜcRKan;nwgciBa©wkRkBH Bi)aknwgelIkkMBs;KuNPaBCIvit-GacBi)akrkTIpSar kþab;TIpSarmin)an ehIyGacplitxus b¤elIstMrUvkar-GacxatTunFøak;xønRk CYbeRKaHTurPÖkS RbsinebICYbeRKaHFmµCati Ü i-min)ancUlrYmcMEnkxøaMgkøakñgkarGPivDÆesdækic©Cati u165>dUcemþcEdlehAfaesdækic©rdæ?cM>esdækic©rdæKWCaesdækic©EdlrdæRKb;RKgedaypÞal;.elImeFüa)aynanadUcCaFnFanFmµCatiRbB½n§eracRk shRKas nigRKiHsßanCMnYjepSg². kñúgesdækic©enHfñak;dwknaMrdæ)alCaGñkbBa¢aesdækic©eTAtamkaryl;eXIjrbs;BYkeK. RbCaCnmansiT§itictYcb¤KµanesaHkñúgkarbeBa©jmtiGMBIesdækic©rWk¾erOgneya)ayk¾eday.esdækic©enHminGnuBaØat[mankmµsiT§ÉkCn BImeFüa)ayplitkmµeLiIy.rdæCaGñkpÁt;pÁg; EpñkhirBaØvtßú nigCaGñkTTYlkarxatbg;.165>etIesdækic©rdæmanKuNsm,tþi nigKuNvibtþidUcemþc?cM>TMrg;esdækic© eRcInmanenAkÞgRbeTskMumuynisþ. esdækic©manKuNsm,tþi nigKNvibtþdUcteTA³ ú i +KuNsm,tþi ³ -tMélTMnijefak -RbCaCnGaceRbIR)as;)anRKb;²KÞa KµancritvNÑH -KµankaraeRbIpþÜ;rMlMKÞa -edækþab;)anl¥tl¥n;elImuxTMnijKµankarEkøgbnøMTMnijEkøgkøay i +KuNvibtþi ³ -KitEtbrimaNminKitBIKuNPaB -KµankarRbkYtRbECgdeNþmTIpSar I -KµankarrIkcMerIn -RbCaraRsþKµansiT§eRCIserIsTMnijtamesckþRI tUvkarrbs;xønÜ
  • 74. -plitplminsUvsMbUrEbb dUcesdækic©TIpSar166>dUcemþcEdlehAfaesdækic©TIpSar ?cM>esdækic©TpSarb¤ shRKassesrI KWCaesdækic©Edl ebIk[mankmµsiT§iÉkCnBIrmeFüa)ayplitkmµ. I esdækic©enHmanskmµPaBlk; nigTMnijkÞúgTIpSaredayGÞkeRbIR)as;nigGÞkplitedIrtYrnaTIsMxan; kÞúgkarkMNt;tMélTMnij tamrebobmeFüa)aykmµsiT§ÉkCnnigeyageTAtameKalkarN_énkarpÁtpÁg;nigtMrUvkar .167>cUreFIVkareaRbobeFobcMnucxusKÞarvag esdækic©rdæ nigesdækic©TIpSar ?cM>cMnucxusKÞarvagesdækic©TIpSar nigesdækic©rdæ ³ +esdækic©TpSar³ I -mankarRbkYtRbECgTIpSarRsYcRsal; -GÞkmanTunticRtUvkS½yFn nig)at;FaCIB -mankmµsiT§ÉkCnelImeFüa)ayplitkmµ -plittamtMrvkarTIpSar U -tMélTmnijFaRs½yelIkarRBmeRBogrvagGÞkeRbInig GÞkplit -rt;tamKuNPaBCaCagbrimaN -manEtGÞkmanluy eTIbmanlT§PaBTijTMnijmkeRbI ¬mancritvNÑH¦ +esdækic©rdæ³ -KÞankarRbkYtRbECg -rdæaPi)alpÁt;pÁghirBaØvtþeú Blmankarxatbg; -rdæaPi)alCam©as;kmµsiT§elImeFYa)ayplitkmµ -plittampnkarnigmantulüPaB -rdæCaGÞkkMNt;tMélTMnij -rt;tambrimaNCaCagKuNPaB -pþl;lT§PaB[mnusSGacTijTMnijeRbIRi )as;)anRKb;²KÞa¬KÞancritvNÑH¦ -KÞanl,icpþÜlrMlMKÞa.
  • 75. 167>CaTUreTAenAbNþalRbeTsttiyelakRbCaCnPaKeRcInrs;enAkÞúgPaBRkIRk?etIPaBRkIRkbNþalmkBIktþaGIVxøH?cM>RbeTsttiyelakCaRbeTsRdlmanexOnesdækic©Gn;fy .mUlehtuénPaBRkIRkrbs;RbCaCnkÞúgRbeTsttiyElakmanktþaBIry:ag³1>ktþaxønÉgb¤ktþaGtenam½t³ Ü-mkBIx¢ilRcGUssb,aycayeBlevlaePøcxøn Ü-xVHkarts‘UBúayamRbwgERbg xVHKMnitÙcÞrRbDitnigbTBiesaF-min)aneronsURtecHdwg ¬GkçrCn¦-minecHsnSMsMéc x¢as;x¢ayhWharePøcxøn u Ü-xVHKMnitsuT§dæi xVHkareCOrCak;elIxnÉgøÜ-KÞanPaBm©as;karKÞankarTTYlxusRtUv-RKYsarmankUneRcInCMnayFM vinieyaKTunTab -suxPaBminFanaQWreRcIn-elgEl,gG)aymux manRsIRsa2>ktþaeRkAxøn b¤ktþabranum½t Ü-sßitkÞúgvNÑHGFn«BukmaþyKµanGIVpÁt;pÁg;-sgÁmerIseGIg bkSBYkniym-sIusMnUk-sgÀmBukrlYy ekgRbv½j KabsgÔt; GyutûiFm’.-eRKaHFmµCati-TwkCMnn;-raMgs¶t-trÖikS Ú-sRgÁamraMér:-GsuvtþPaB-Gsnþsux u i i-»nPabesdækic© GtiprNa-nikmµPaB eRKaH)at;GaCIB.168>cab;tMagBIqÞMa1979 rhUtmkbc©úb,nÞ etIRbeTskm<úcaRbkan;yRbB½n§ esdækic©GIVxøH?cM>cat;tMagBIqÞaM1979 rhUtdl;sBVé:f¶RbeTskm<CaRbkan;ykRbB½n§esdækic©³ ú1>1979 dl; 1989 ³RbB½n§esdærdæEbbsgÁmniym rdæCaGÞkRKb;RKgelIesdækic©TaMgmUlminGnuBaØat[mankmµsiT§ÉkCn BImeFüa)ayplitkmµFM². eragcRkshRKas Carbs;rdæTaAMgGs;.
  • 76. 2>1989 dl;1993 ³GnuvtþRbB½n§esdækic©TIpSar EtrdæenARKb;RKg y:agm:t;ct; elIvis½yÉkCn .minTanmankarRbkUtRbECgdeNþmTIpSarxøagkøaenAeLIy. I M3>1993dl;bc©úb,nÞ ³RbB½n§esdækic©TpSarrdæebIkTUrlay vinieyaKinbreTs nigvinieyaKinkÞúgRsuk. IebIkTUlay [mankarRbKYtRbECgTIpSar.169>etIplitplksikmµrbs;RbeTskm<úCamanGIVxøH?cM>plitplksikmµrbs;RbCaCnkm<CamanRsUv ekAs‘U eBat sENûk fÞaMCk;>>>>. ù170>etI]sSahkmµkm<úCapliteFIVGVIxøH ?cM>]sSahkmµenAkm<úCaplitexaGav TwkRkUc Rsaebor )arI twkedaHeKa>>>>>.171>etIplitplnaMecjsMxan;²rbs;RbeTskm<úCamanGIVxøH?k>ehIynaMcUrmkvijnUvplitplGIVxøH?x>enAelITIpSarkÞúgRbeTskm<úCa etIplitplRbeTsNaxøH EdlmaneRcInCageK?cM>RbeTskm<ùCanaMecjnUvplitplsMxan;²dUcCa ³exaGav RsUv ekAs‘U >>>>>.l.k>ehIynaMcUlmkvijCaeRcInnUv ³eRKOgeGLicRtUnic man TUrTsSn_ TUrs½BÞ TUrTwkkk m:aejeRKOg]bPaKbriePaK rfynþ m:tU kg; eRKOgsMNg; ¬dækar:U sgásI>>>>¦ sIum:gt_ faMeBTü sMParHsikSa U ½sMParHkILa >>>.x>plitplenAelITIpSarkm<úCaPaKeRcInCaplitplrbs;RbeTséf-evotNam Cb:n-cin – ukUEr:xagt,Úg>>>.172>tamkarsegátrbs;GÞk etInIhr½N nigGahr½N enAkm<úCamantulüPaBb¤eT?etIGÞkRtUveFIVdUcemþc?cM>tamkarsegátrbs;´” nihr½N nig Gahr½enAkmúCa BMmantulüPaBeT ueRBaHnihr½NKWkarnaMecjmanlkçNHtictYc É Gahr½N manTMhMFM KWeyIgnaMcUlnUvrbs;rbrswgEtRKb;muxeTAehIy . tameyablrbs;´RbeTskm<úCa KYrEtFIya:gNaedIb,I bEnþmkarnaMecj kat;bnßykanaMcUl ebITUlay VkareaFIvinieyaTun [breTsedIm,Ibegáinplitpl kÞúgRsuk[)aneRcInedIm,IRbCaCnmankargareFIV VmanCivPaBrs;enAsmrmü esdækic© rbs;RbeTsQaneLIg .
  • 77. 173>etIeKGacedaHRsayvibtþiesdækic©rbs;RbeTsmYy edayviFINa ?cM>eKGacedaHRsayvibtþiesdækic©rbs;RbeTsmYy edayviFankar ³+bnÞan;cMeBaHmux -edæa)alRtUveFIV[manlMnwgEpÞkneya)ay -rkTIpSarsMrab;lk;plitplEdlRbCaCnplit)an -bM)at;GMeBIBurlYyGskmµ GyutFm’ kÒgsgÀm. ûi ù -cat;EcgkarBarsnþsux suvtþiPaB CUnRbCaCn nigsgÁm . i -ebITUlaydl;BYkGÞkvinieyakin nigrkSakarBar suvtþiPaBpøvcitþnigpøÚvkayBiess Ú erobcM[manc,ab;RtwmRtUv nigmanRbsiT§PaB . +sMrab;GnaKt ³ -GPivDÆFnFanmnusSeBalKWbNþHbnNþalcMeNHdwg CMnajbec©keTs viTüasaRsþdl;Blrdæ. ú -erobcMEpnkarGPivDÆsMrab;5 qÞaMeTAmux. -rdæaPi)alRtUvmansuqnÞH nigkarerobcMGnuvtþ bnÞat;neya)ay rvagneya)ayesdækic© nigesdækic©neya)ay[)ansIsgVak;KÞa. u -GPi)alkic©lø bIessRKb;RKg cat;EcgFnFanrbs;RbeTsCati[)anløRbesIr. 174>ebIRbeTsmYymanvibtþiesdækic© etIvaCHT§iBldl;RbeTsCitxag dUcemþc? RbeTsmYymanvibtþei sdækic© vaCHT§BlCaplvi)ak dl;RbeTsCitxagdUcCa³ i -plGaRkk;³xVHTnijsMrab;eRbIR)as;EdlFøab;naMecjBIRbeTsenaH. -pll¥³RbeTsCitxagEdlKµanvibtþei sdækic©Gacbegátplitpl rbs;xøÜnlk;ecjeTAeRkA [RbeTs I déT CMnYsRbeTsEdlmanvibtþienaH nig mYycMnYneTot lk;[RbeTsEdlman vibtþiesdækic©enaHvij. 175>RbeTskm<úCanaMecjplitplekAsU‘. 176>BIqñaM 1979dl; 1989 RbeTskm<úCaGnuvtþRbB½n§esdækic©Ebb esdækic©rdæ. 177>esdækIc©EdlmanrdæCaGñkRKb;RKgelImeFüa)ayplitkmµehAfa esdækic©rdæ. 178>esdækic©EdlmanlkçNbUraN bnþBICMnan; mYyeTACMnan;ehAfa esdækic©RbéBNI. 179>dUcemþcehAfa GþsBaØaNCati? etIGtþsBaØaNCatiExµr rYmmanGVIxøH?
  • 78. cM> GtþsBaØaNCati mkBIBakü Gtþ ÷ sBaØaN ÷Cati-Gtþ ³ xøn Ég – citþ Ü-sBaØaN ³ esckþdwgCak; -lkçN sMKal;Bei ss I GtþsBaØaNCatiKWCalkçN sMKal;Biessrbs;CatinImYy². GtþsBaØaNCatiCaeRKOg sMKal; BIess rbs;mnusS rs;enA kñg shKmn_ mYyEdlCTUeTA man Pasa únig vb,Fm’ mYydUcKµars;enAelITwkdI CamYy KÜa manGtItkal dUcKÜanigmenaseBa¨tna qnÒ³ rYmKña begát I)anCacrit1dUcKña.GtþsBaØaNCati ExµrrYmman³-nimtþrbCati ³ Tg;Cati ePøg Cati cMerogCati RBHsgða i U-rUbiybNÑExµr³ R)ak; erol-eQµaH mnusS³ TIkEnøg PUmRi suk-PasaExµr manGnþrbT KµankarelIkdak;sMelg-suCIvFm’ Exµr ³ edaHmYk sMBH GgÀùybt;eCIg-TMenomTMlab;RbéBNI ³ GaBah_BiBah_ buNüTan-mðbGaharExµr ³ sMlkkUr / m¢rÚ sMLk; RbehIr Rbhukdut>>>> Ú-GkSrsaRsþExµr -sil,³ -GkSrsil,_Exµr ¬TMTav¦u -dRnþI ¬ePøgExµr¦ -r)aM GbSra RbCaRbiy eKaHRteLak -sßabtükmµ³ R)asaTGgÁrvtþ>>>> -cMlak;Exµr k,ac; RTg;RTay CalkçNExµr -El,gRbCaRbiyExµr -c,ab;Rkmg:y c,ab;epSg² u -sMelokbMBak; ³ hUl pamYg sarug sURt 180>etIGtþsBaØaNCatisr³sMxan;GVIxøH? cM> GtþsBaØaNCati mansar³sMxan;Nas;Rtg;³
  • 79. -bgðajnUvlkçNBit²dac;edayELkrbs;CatinImYy² -bgÛajBItMÙlÙnGriyFm’ -bgðaj[Exµryl;dwgnig sICMerABIRBlwgCati u -eFVI[sÁal;BIGtþcritExµrBit² 181>edIm,IeGayGtþsBaØaNCatiKg;vg; etIeyImñak;²RtUveFVIGVIxøH? cM> edIm,IeGay GtþsBaØaNCatiKg;vg;Exµrmñak;²RtUv -karBarvb,Fm’rbs;xn[)anKg;vg; kÜùgenaHmanPasa-GkSr-sil,³-TMnak;TMngRbéBNI CaedIm. øÐ -RtUvBRgwg nigBRgIkvb,Fm’rbs;xÑn[)anrwgmaM ø -Kas;kkaypSaybnûnUvvb,Fm’ edIm,I[kUnecACMnan;eRkay sÀal;nUvtMÙlvb,Fm’rbs;CatixÑøn. -RtUvecHTb;sÔat;vb,Fm’breTs BalaGavaEs kM[eRCotcUlmkkÜg vb,Fm’CatieyIg)an. u ù -RtUcecHdkRsg;ykcMnucl¥² rbs;vb,Fm’breTs EdleCOnelOnmkEkÙcÜ edIm,IBRgIk vb,Fm’ Cati.EtminRtUvykrbs;eKTaMgdul b¤ Rtab;tameKTaMgRsugenaHeTnaM[)at;bg;nUvvb,Fm’Catixøn. Ñ -RtUvBRgIkcMenHdwg viTüasaRsþ [)anTUlMTUlay -RtUvecHrkSakarBar TwkdIBcsasn_xÜn U ø -RtUvmansµartIsamKÁIPaBÉkPaBCati bM)at;[Gs;KMnitbkSBUkniym. -RtUvrYmcEnkksagRbeTsCatelIRKb;vis½yTaMgEpÞkvb,Fm’esd×kic¨ nig neya)ay. -RtUvEfrkSasm,tûvb,Fm’Exµr[Kg;vg;¬sm,tþiFmµCati nigsm,tþsgÁm¦ i i182>etImUlehtuGIVxøH EdlbNþal[mankar)at;bg;nUvGtþsBaØaNCati?cM> mUlehtuénkar)at;bg;GtþsBaØaNCati KW³k>ktþaGnam½y b¤ktþaxagkÞúg ³xøÜnÉg-mkBIeyIgmankareFVrRbEhs minGb;rMkUnecA[sÀal;BItMÙl Ùnvb,Fm’Cati[sÁal;BIGtþsBaØaNCatirbs;xn. øÜ-xVHPaBGMnvb,Fm’-minykcitþTukdak; minsÁal;BIRbPB nigtMÙlÙnvb,Fm’Catixøn ÑEbrCaeTAcMlgykvb,Fm’eKTaMgdulmkdak;xøn EdleFI[)at;bg;nUvlkØNHrbs;CatiÈg. Ñ V]>ePøgBiNBaTü naMKÞaehARclMfa ePøgesom.
  • 80. x>ktþabranum½t b¤ktþaxageRkA ³breTs-breTsmincg;[eyIgsÁal;GtþsBaØaNCatixÜøn eRBaHeKmin)ane)akR)as;eyIg .-breTs ykGtþsBaØaNCatimkbMBak;elIeyIgedIm,Icg;bM)at;GtþsBaØaNCatieyIg.]>sm½yGaNaniKmniym)araMglub;BM)at;GkSrExµreday[eRbICMnYsvijnUvPasa)araMg.GkSrExµrRtUveTAERCkBYnenAtamvtþGaram.183>etIGÞkmanGtþsBaØaNCaCnCatiExµrmYyrUbEdlb¤eT ?eRBaHGIV?cM>´manGtþsBaØaCaCnCatiExµreRBaH ³-´man«BukmþayCaCnCatiExµr-´ekItnigrs;núvelITwkdIExµr-´niyayPasaExµrCaPasayan-´manvb,Fm’RbÙBNI TMenomTMlab; sasna sil,HCaExµr-´sikSaGkSrsaRsþExµr-RKÜsar´manRbvtþsaRsþxntaMgBIyUryamkelITwkdIExµr øÜ184>etImnusSEdl)at;bg;enA GtþsBaØaNCatirbs;xøÚnenaHeKnigmanGarmµN_ya:gNa?cM>GÞkEdl)at;bg;enAGtþsBaØNCatirbs;xøÜnenaHeKkøayCamnusS ³-)at;enACMenOrelIkMlaMgxønÉgKÞaneKaledA Ü-KaµnGIVCaTIBgmindwgfaxønCaGÞkNaRtUveFIGI? w Ü VVsMrab;mnusSEdlminsal;xøÜnÉgehIyrs;nUvpÞúynigc,ab;FmµCati .srubmunusSEbbenHCamnusSEdlminsÁal;xøÜnÉg185>etInrNaxøH EdlmansBa¢atiCaExµr?cM>GñkEdlmansBa¢atiCaExµr KW³ k>mincMeBaHfaekItenATINaeT [Et ³-manmþay«BukmansBa¢atþiCaExµreTaHmanxan;søa b¤Gt;xan;søa[Et«BukmþayTTYlxusRtUv-mantulakarecjCasaRkmbBa¢ak;faBitCaman«BukmaþyEdlmansBa¢atþCaExµreTaHCamþay«Bukmin iTTYlsÁal;keday x>[EtekItkÞúgRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca ú
  • 81. -kUnekItenAkÞúgRsukExµreTaHCamanmþay«BukCabreTskeday[Et«BukmþayenaHrs;enARsb;c,ab;kÞúgRBHRaCaNacRkkm<úCa-kUnEdlmindwgfa«BukmþayenAÉNanigkUnEdlerIs)anenAkÞúgRbeTskm<Ca úcat;TukfaekInenAkÞúgRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca ú-RsþIbreTsykbþCabursExµrCabreTsEdl)anykRbBn§ExµrEdl)anerobGaBah_BiBah_GacTamTar IsBa¢atþEi xµrluHRtaEteKrs;enACamYyKÞa3qÞaM eRkayeBlcuHsMbuRtGaBah_BiBah_. RbCaBlrdæExµrmin)ac;sBa¢atþCaExµredaysarEterobGaBah_BiBah_CamYybreTseT . i186>etICnCatiPaKticmanTMenomTMlab;RbéBNIl¥ nigRbéBNIGn;fydUcemþcxøH?cM>k>CnCatiPaKticmanTMenomTMlab;RbéBNIl¥dUcCa ³-eKarBcas;TMu ¬m©as;Rsuk¦ dUntaCMnan;mn u-samKÁrI vagKÞanigKÞa-BiFIGaBah_BiBah_-PaBesµaHRtg;cMeBaHsmaCikkÞúgRkumnImYy²-siT§esrIPaBkÞúkkareRCIserIsKYrRskr-minecHTas;ETgKÞaeT KÞanKMnMu-minecHniyaykuhkb¤lYc¬BYksÞc¦ Ü-KÞankarpitk,t;GaRs½yedayTMenomTMlab;enH ehIy)anCaBYkeKmansamKÁPaBTUrlay ImincHeQøaHTas;EtgKÞaehIynigCYyykGasa)anl¥RbesIr.x>RbéBNIGn;fyKW³-ksikmµéRBdut-manCMeCOrelIGkSrGÞkta-KÞansasnaFM²-mineCOrelIviTüasaRsþ-mankarRbkan;erIseGIgcMeBaHRsþeI PT¬BYkesÞog¦¬Rbus²Gack,t;RbBn§)AnÉRsI²k,t;bþImankMhusF¶n;Fr¶ ¦.
  • 82. 187>etICnCatisMbUrExµrmnPaKeRcInrs;enAÉNa?manCnCatiGIVxøH?RbkbmuxrbrGIV?cM>CnCatiPaKticsMbUrExµrmnes;enATMbn;x<g;rab; PaKxageCIg nigxagsan dUcCaextþRBHvihar sÞgERtg wrtnHKirI mNÐlKirI RkecH kMBg;FM esomrab eBaF×sat; kMBg;s<CaedIm. W CnCatiPaKticsMbUrExµrmndUcCa ³ BÞg TMBUn RkYy Rkwg eRBA caray esÞog karevt s¥c sERm Br>>>. ÚBYkeKeRcInRbkbrbrebHEpøeQI daMdMnaMcMkaréRBdut.188>tamCMerOnsßiti qÞaM1998 etICnCatiExµrmanb:unÞanPaKry?etIenAkm<úCaRbmUlpþMúedayCnCatiGIVxøH ?cM>tamsßiti qÞaM1998 CnCatiExÞrCaCnCatiPAKeRcInEdlmanRbEhr90° kÞúgcMenamRbCaCnsrub11lan4Esn3mwn7Ban;6ry56nak;¬11437656nak;¦ u RkumCnCatiepSg²enAkm<Caman ³ CnCaticin CnCatievotNam CnCaticam úCnCatiPaKticsMbrU Exµrmn .189>etICnCatiPaKticmansiT§ieFIVGVIxøH ?cM>CnCatiPaKticmansiTi§ ³-GnuvtþnigeKarBsasnarbs;xøÜn-eRbIR)as;PasaÉkCn nigCasaFarNHedayesrI-cUrrYmya:gskmµkÞùgCIvPaBvb,Fm’ sasna esd×kic¨ kic¨karsaFarNH-cUlrYmeFIVesckþIsMercfÞak;Cati tMbn;kþIbBaðaEdlTak;TgnigCnCatiPaK [edIRsb;nigc,ab;rbs;Cati .-begáItnigEfrkSashkmrbs;xÜn nigCamYyRkumGÞkdéTeTot. ø-GaceRbIR)as;eBjeljnigedaymanRbnsiT§PaBcMeBaHsiT§imnusS edayKÞanbMEngEcknigedayesÞIrPaBcMeBaHmuxc,ab;-TTYlcMeNHdwgGMBRI bvtûsaRsû RbÙBNI Pasa vb,Fm’EdlmankÞúgEdldIrbs;eK. i-man»kasRKb;RKan;kÞúgkareronsURt eRkbCBa¢k cMenHdwgBIsgÁmTaMgmUl.190>edIm,IeqøIytbnwgtMrUvkarrbs;CnCatiPaKtic etIrdæaPi)alRtUvmaneKal nya)aydUcemþc xøH ?cM>rdæaPi)alRtUvmaneKalneya)aydUcxageRkam³
  • 83. -kat;bnßykarkab;éRBeQI bgá[CnCatiPaKticcUlrYmerobcMkarGPirkSéRBwQI-TTYlsÁal;bMerIbMras;dItamRbéBNICnCatiPaKtic-BRgIkRb½n§dITuk[dImanCICati eLIgvij nig elIksÞy vis½yksikmµ Ü-RsavRCavGMBCIvsaRsþ cMrHenAtMbn;xg;rab nigkñgéRB eQI EdlCnCatiPaKticeRbIR)as;. I u < ú-sikSa nigeRbIR)as;Pasarbs; CnCatiPaKtic kñúgsalaeron-sikSanig eRbIR)as;»sf buraN edIm,I[CnCatiPaKticmansuxPaB RbesIr eLIg-GPivDÆn_RbB½n§suxaPi)alEdlsmRsbsMrab;tMbn;xg;rab. <-sikSanigBRgIktMÙlvb,Fm’ RbÙBNInigkarGnuvtûn_ nanaedIm,IFanapman karGPivDÆn_.l.191> CnCaticaray cUlcitþsg;pÞHEvg² x½NÐCa bnþbnÞab;tUc²192> CnCatiTMBUn eRcInrs;enAtMbn;GaeKñy_ énextþrtnKIrI193>CnCatiesÞóg cUlcitþensaTRtI nig)aj;stV minbYgsk;.194>etIenAelIBiPBelakmansasnaGVIxøH? sasnanImYy² manKm<IrGVICaeKal?cM>k>sasnaFM² enAelIBiPBelakman³-RBhµsasna manedImkMenItenARbeTsNþa-RBHBuT§sasna manedImkMenItenARbeTsNÐa ¬en)a:l;¦-RKwsþsasna manedImkMenItmkBIRbrTssIurI ¬b¤ GIuRsaEGl¦-GIsøamsasna manedImkMeNItenARbeTsGara:b; u-tavsasna manedImkMenItenARbeTscin-sinsasna manedImkMenItenARbeTsCb:n ÞÚ ux>RBhµBaØsanaEp¥kelIKm<I éRtevT ÉRBHBuT§sasna Ep¥kelIKm<I RBHéRtbidk-RKwsasna Ep¥kelIKm<I bib Ésøamsasna Ep¥kelIKm<I kUra:n; ¬b¤kUGan¦195>RBHBuT§sasna cUlmkRbtIsßankÞúgRbeTskm<úCa kÞúgstvtür_TIb:unÞan ?kÞúgraCesþcGgÁNa?cM>RBHBuT§sasna )ancUlmkRbtisßankÞúgRbeTskm<Ca enAstvtSTI2én K>s kÞúgraCRBH)aTRsImarH úhVan;exma:n; .
  • 84. 196>sasnaFM²enAelIBiPBelakmanb:unÞan ?GIVxøH ?cM>sasnaFM²enAelIBiPBelakman4KW RBHBuT§sasna hiNÐsana RKwsþsasna nigsøamsasna . Ú197>etIsPasasnaBiPBelak beGáIteLIgenAqÞaMNa ?enAÉNa ?edIm,IGIV?cM>sPasasnaBIPBelak)anbegáItenAqÞaM1893 enArdæsIkakU énshrdæGaemrik. usPasasnabegáIteLIgedIm,ICMnUb énGnþrCMenOrsasnaTaMgLayenAelIBPBelakielakedIm,IedaHRsaybBacaBiPBelak. kÞúgCMnUbenaHkarcUlrYmBIsMnak; saRsþcarüd¾l,I²énCMenOrsasna epSg² nigcUlrYmrab;BanlGÞkedIm,I RtWHriH BicarNaedaHRsaybBaðasMxan;²EdlkMBugRbQmmixCamYy bBaabrisßan nigmnusS Catiu eBalKWkarKMramKMeEhgénviTüasaRsþ bBa¢aeGkULÚsIuEdlKMrKMEhgdl; suxPaBmnusSCatiTaMgmUl.197>etIBakü sasna mann½ydUcemþc? CnCati ExµreyIgman sasnapÞallrbs;xøÜnb¤eT?cM> sasnamkBIBaküsasn³ mann½yfaBakübNaþM b¤karTUnµanrbs;RKUGacarüNamYykñúgelak.Gtßn½yénBaküsasnaminEmnsßtenARtg;CMenO rWbBaÏti sIlFm’ nigkareKarB Rbnitb½tbueNÜaH eT KWRtUv imanGgÁkarBiessmYysMrab;RTRTg;EfrkSaliT§isasna[mansßri PaBtaMgenACasßaBrEvgq¶ayterogeTA.CnCatiExµreyIgBMumansasnapÞal;xneT. eyIgmanEtCMenOeTAelIRBlwgGarkS GÜkta ¬mUlFm’Exµr mn øÜmunKs¦ eyIgeKarB kMlaMgFmµCatieKarBGñkta EdltMnag[em)a b¤ buBVbursExµr Edlsøab;eTAehIyenAcaMrkSapþl;esckþsuxdl;GñkRsukdUcCa³ GñktadMbgEdk GñktaRkhm k elakyayem:A >>>. ICenO elIGñkta b¤sasnaGñktaniym enHBusUvlUtlas;eT eRBaHBMmanGtßbT Km<rI Edlkt;RtaTsSn³ M uRTwsþI dUcsasna ÉeToteLIy. buE: nþeTaHCay:agenHk¾eday k¾sasnaEbbenHenAEtrs;kñúgcitþKMnitTMenomTMlab;ExµrghUtsBVéf¶enHEdr. luHeRkaymkenAedIm K s eTIbExµrTTYlykTßi§Bl sasna NÐa FM²2KW RBhBaØ sasna nig RBHBuT§sasnatamry RBH)aTekADinú b¤ h‘neTon ¬ mkerobGPiesk nigRBHnagesama b¤ u lIvyI¦ nigQµÜjNÐa EdlmkrksIeu nARsukExµrsm½y nKrPñ. M198>etIlT§iRBahµN_ EckecjCabu:nµan sm½y?cM>>lTÁi RBahµN_ EckecjCa 3 sm½y KW³1-sm½yevTnigym ³ qñaM 1500 dl; 550 mun K>s
  • 85. 2-sm½yRBahµ niym ³ qñaM550 mun Ks dl; stvtS TI 103-sm½yhiNÚÐniym ³ stvtS TI 10 dl;bc©úb,nñ199> etIsasnaRBahµN_manKm<IrGVICaeKal ? Km<IrenaHEckecjCaGVIxøH?cM>sasnaRBahµN_ BwgEp¥kelI Km<Ir éRtevT Edlman³-b¤KevT-yCuevT-samevT³ nigKm<Ir mYyeTotehAfa GfrievT CaKm<rI GUmGam>>>>.eTaHCaman bEnßmKm<rI dl;eTA 4 k¾eday k¾ eKenA EtehAfa éRtevT dEdl.200> etIRBHBuT§ sasnamanKm<IrGVI CaeKal? GVIxøH?cM>Km<rI EdlCaXøaMgpÞúknUvBuT§vcn³ rbs;RBHBuT§sasnaKW Km<IrEBHéRtbidk EdlEckCa-Km<rI vin½ybidk b¤ RBHvin½yman 13PaK nig 21000 Fmµkçn§ ½-Km<rI sutþnþbidk b¤ RBHsURt man 14PaK nig 21000 Fmµkçn§ ½-Km<rI GPiFmµbidk ehARBHGPiFmµ man 33PaK nig 42000 Fmµkçn§ ½ srub man 110PaK nig 84000 Fmµkç½n§201>etIRBHBuT§sasnaEckecjCabu:nµannikay? GVIxøH?cM> RBHBuT§sasna EckecjCa 2nikay ³ nikay hinyan b¤ efrvaT nig mhayan b¤GacriyvaT.-nikayhinyan manenAGasIu GaeKñy_ dUcCa³ RbeTs km<úCa éf Lav mIy:an;ma: RsIlgáa NÐaen)a:l;.-nikaymhayanmanenA GasuxagekIt dUcCa ³ RbeTscin evotNam Cbu:n TIeb mugehaÁl. I :202>søamsasna manedImkMenItenARbeTs ³ Gara:b‘ÍsaGUSIt.203>cUreFVIkareRboeFobrklkçNxus nikay hInyannig mhayan.cM>lkçNxus nikay hInyannig mhayan ³÷nikayhInyan-yantUcpÞkstVelaktic ú-eq<aHeTArkRBHniBaV n-eKarB RBHBuT§ smNeKatm Et 1 Kt;
  • 86. -eKarBKm<rI RBHéRtbidk tam BueT§avaT-vin½ytwgrwg÷nikaymhayan-yanFMpÞúkstVelak)aneRcIn-eq<aHeTAkan;zansYK_-eKarBRBHeBaFistV 7 GgÁ Biess RBHeBaFistVelak eksVr³-eKarBtamGacarünimYy²t²Kña ¬lT§GacriyvaT¦ i-vin½yFUrRsal.204>etIRBHBuT§sasna nigsgÁmExµr manTMnak;TMngKña dUcemþcxøH?cM>RBHBuT§sasna ¬hinyan¦ nigsgÁmExµrmanTMnak;TMngKñadUcteTA³1>RBHBuT§sasnak> vis½yGb;rM³ RBHsgÇCaeXasnik – Gb;rmmnusS[manCMenOelIkmµpl buNü)ab Gb;rMevorcakGMeBIGaRkk;RKb;Ebby:ag-Gb;rm[yl;GMBImUlehtu EdlnaM[manTukç KW elaP eTas nig emah [ ecHrMlt;Tukç ¬Griysc©4¦-[ecHRslaj; GaNit CYYyKñamansamKÁKña bM)at; vNÑ minerIseGIg. Ix>vis½ysgÁmkic© ³ sm½yburaNRBHsgÇCaRKUeBTüBüa)alCMgW-RBHsgÇ CavisVkr xagCMnagepSg² ¬eFVITUK RbNaMg>>>¦- RBHsgÇCaGñkbMpus[manclnaksagsßabnasmiT§plepS² eday Ep¥kelICMenOnig GanisgSénkarksagdUcCa³ ksagkudi vihar salaeron mnÞIreBTü elIkpøvfñl; CIkRsH sg;s<anCaedIm>>>. ÚK>>vis½yesdækic© ³ vtþGaramCaCMrkénTurKtCn nigpþl;es,ogciBa©wmdl;kumar kMRBa pþl;kEnøg sñak; enAdl;sisS nig nisSitRkIRk>.X>>vis½yvb,Fm’ ³ vtûGaramCamCÆd×anmNÊrkSaTuknUvvb,Fm’ RbéBNI GkSrsaRsþ Cati sil,³ ¬cMlak; htßkmµ>>>¦.enAsm½yGaNaniKm GkSrsaRsþ rt;eTA RCkBUnenAtamvtþGaram.RBHsgÇCaRKUbeRgon. g> vis½yneya)ay³ FmµyaRta rbs;RBHsgÇedIm,ITamTarsnþPaB TamTarkarccar bM)at; i GMeBIhwgSa RKb;Ebby:ag BRgwgvb,Fm’snûPaB. i
  • 87. 2>> sgÁmExµrCYy RBHBuT§sasna BuT§bris½T CaGñkCYy]btßmÖ dl;vtþGaramkñúgkarksagkudi vihar ]btßmÖ bc©½ybYn kñúgkarrs;enA rbs;RBHsgÇ mancIvr biN)at esnasn nig KilanePsC¢³. rdæ)an bBa©ÚlRBHBuT§sasnaeTA ÐkñúgrdæFmµnuBaØ dUcmaRta 43 Ecgfa ³ RBHBuT§sasnacasasna rbs;rdæ nigpþl;»kas[Qb;sMrakkargarCapøvkar kñgBiFIbuNü sasnaman maXbUCa BisaxbUCa P¢MbiNÐ>>>. Ú ú ú205>cUreFIVkarpÁÚrpÁgbBa©sIl nigsiT§imnusSGnþrCati?cM> bBa©sIl b¤sIl 5³ siT§mnusSGnþrCati i-)aNa ³evorcakkarsMlab;CIvit -siT§ri s;ranmanCIvit-GTinña ³ evorcakkarlYcRTBüGñkdéT -sITimankmµsiTi§ §-kaem ³ evorcak karRbRBwtþxuskñgkam ú -siT§ikarBarmin[eKykeFVCa´kBa¢H¬TasItNða¦ I-musa ³ evorcakkareBalBakükuhk -siT§TTYlBt’manBit b¤sIT§imanesckûÙføfÜÐr i I júHjg;bgáac; bgçcÚ siTimanesriPaBbeBa©jmtiniyay §-sura ³ evorcakkaresBeRKOgRsvwg -siTimansnþsux sgÁmnigsnþisuxpÞal;xøÜn katBV § i kic©cMeBaHshKmn_.205>cUreFVIkarpÁÚrpÁgsiT§imnusS kñúgrdæFmµnuBaØ nigsIlFm’ RBHBuT§sasna?cM>siT§mnusSkÜùgrd×FmµnuBaÏ sIlFm’RBHBuT§sasna-maRta32³ CnRKb;rUmansiTi§rs;ran -)aNa ³kMusMlab;CIvit stV mnusSmanesrIPaBnigmansnþsuxpÞal;xn i øÜ-maRta 44³ nrNak¾edaymansiT§Cam©as; -GTinña³ kMulYcRTBüGñkd¾éT kmµsiT§eTaHCabuKÁlkþI CasmUhPaBkþI-maRta 46 ³ GMeBIlk;dUrmnusS GMeBIGaCIvkmµ -kaem³ kMRu bRBwtþxuskñgkam úEpñkeBsüakmµnigGMeBIGasGaPasEdlb:HBal;dl;esckþéføfñÚrrbs;narIRtUvhamXat; I-maRta41 ³ RbCaBlrdæExµrmanesrIPaBxagkarbeBa©j -musa³ kMuniyaykuhkrbs; esrIPaBxagsareBImane)aHBumÖpSayesrIPaBxagkarRbCM. u-maRta 38 ³ c,ab;r:ab;rgmin[mankarrMelaPbMBan -sura³ kMuesBeRKOgRsvwg
  • 88. elIrUbragkaybuKÁlNamYy.-maRta48³ siT§ )anRtUvTTYlkarKaMBarkñúgsßankarN_ -Gayu³ manGayuyWnyUrmansRgÁamnigkarBarRbqaMgnwgGaCIvkmµesdækic© rWkamKuNelIkumar-maRta 31³ RbCaBlrdæExµrmanPaBesIKña µ -sux³ mansuPmgÁlcMeBaHmuxc,ab;mansiTi§ nigkrNIkic©dUcKñaTaMgGs;-maRta64 ³ rdæhamXat;nigpþnÞaeTascMeBaHCnNaEdl -Bl³ kMlaMgmaMmYnnaMcUl plitpllk;dUr eRKOgejon TMnijEkøgkøay>>>.206>epþImecjBIkareRbonRbedAnUv»vaTrbs;RBHBuT§ brmRKUetIRbCaCnExµrRbkan;GtþcritEbbNa?cM> epþmecjBIkareRbonRbedAnUv»vaTrbs;RBHBuT§ brmRKU RbCaCnExµrRbkan;GtþcritnigsIlFm’RbÙBKW³ I-mansm,CBaϳ Rbkan;x¢ab;x¢ÑnnUvsc¨Fm’-Rbkan;yksuc¨rit yutûiFm’-ecHCYyseRgÁaHKñaeTAvijeTAmk-Rbkanx¢ab;nUveKalkarN_xÜnTIBwgxøÜn yl;fasuxTukçl¥GaRkk;kmkEtBIxøÜnÉg. ø-manCMenO elIsmtßPaBxøn Ég Gtþahi Gtþenanaefa . Ü-ecHedaHRsaybBaÛa GVI² edaysnûviFIeRbIFm’ GhwgSa i-ecHGt;Ft;ts‘UBüayam sagEtGMeBIl¥ µ207>etIsIlFm’rbs;RBHBuT§sasnamanGVIxøH?cM>sIlFm’RBHBuT§sasnaman³ RBhµviharFm’ TaMg4 bBa¨sIl bsIl5GdægkmKÁTaMg 8 kuslkmµbf 10>>>. Ái208>etIRBhµviharFm’TaMg 4 manGVIxøH?cM>RBhµviharFm’TaMg4 man³-emtþa ³ Rslaj;rab;esµKña minerIsmux I-kruNa³ GaNit GasUr CYyseRgÁaH KñaeBlmanTukç-muTita ³ eRtkGr eBleXIjeK)ansux minRcEnn-]ebkça ³ taMgcitþCakNþalminlMeGog.
  • 89. 209> pøÚveTAkan;niBaVnrbs;RBHBuT§Cam©as; ehAfaGVI? manGVIxøH?cM> pøveTAkan;niBaVnrbs;RBHBuT§Cam©as;man 8 ehAfa GdægÁkmKÁKW³ Ú i1>smµaTidæi ³ karyl;eXIjRtUv2>smµasgáb,³ ³ karRtiHriHRtUv3>smµavaca ³ BaküsMdIRtUv4>smµakmµnþ³ ³ kargar RtwmRtUv5>smµaGaCIv³ ³ cIBa©wmCIvitRtUv6>smµavayam³ karBüayamRtUv7>smµasti ³ karPaJk;rlwkRtUv8>smµasmaFi ³ kartaMgcitþRtUv.÷GdægkmKÁ TaMg8 enHbRgÜmmk)anCa ³ sIl smaFi bBaØa Ái210>siTi§mnusSFanaeGaybuKÁlmñak;²eFVICam©as;elIkmµsiTi§énRTBürbs;xçÜnKW ³ GTinña.211>maRta 64énrdæFmµnuBaØ)anEcgfa rdæhamXat; nigpþnÞaeTas >>>KW Bl³.212> RBhµviharFmµTaMgbYnénRBHBuT§sasna ENnaM[mnusSRslaj;rab;Gan esIµ² Kña minRbkan;;vNÑ enHKW Fm’emtþa.213>kartaMgcitþkñúgpøÚvRtUvkñúgGdægÁikmKÁ ehAfa smµasmaFi.214>dUcemþcEdlehAfaCnePosxøÜn? etICnePosxøÜneRcInmkBITVIbNa?cM>CnePosxønKWCaCnEdlrt;ecalRsukkMeNit rW TIkEnøg EdlxønFøab;rs;enA eTArs;enAkEnøgmYyepSg Ü ÜeTotedaysarsRgÁam GMeBIRbl½yBUCsasn_ PaBRkIRk karrMelaP siTimnusSnigPaBGsnþsuxCaedIm. § iCnePosxønPaKeRcInmkBITVIbGaRBic GasIu nig GWru :b. Ü u215> etIRbeTsNa Edlpþl;siT§i RCkekan[CnePosxøÜn eRcInCageK?cM>RbeTsEdlpþlsiTI§ RCkekan[CnePosxøÜneRcInCageKKW³ ;-RbeTs )a:KIsßan -GIru :g;-b‘rU unDI-tg;sanI -GUkg;da- kugkU -Garab‘saGUDIt –tYKI>>>>>. ‘ É216>siT§iCamUldæanrbs;CnePosxøÜnmanbu:nµanRbkar? GVIxøH?cM>siTCamUldæanrbs;CnePosxøÜnman 5 RbkarKW ³ §i
  • 90. -CnePosxøn man siT§i RtUv)an TTYlsÁal; nigkarkarBar tampøvc,ab;. Ü Ú- CnePosxøn man siT§isysMerc kñúgkarvilRtlb; eTAmatuPUmi Ü V½- CnePosxøn man siT§ikgkarCYbCMuRKYsareLIgvij Ü ñú- CnePosxøn man siT§ikarBarsiTi§ mnusSCamUldæan Ü- CnePosxøn man siT§imin[eKbgçM[ecjeTARbeTsNaepSgEdleKyl;fanwgmankardak;eTas Ü eFVTaruNkmµ b¤RbharCIvit>. I217>etIsñgkarCan;x<s;shRbCaCatisMrab;CnePosxøÜnmanGkSr kat;faGVI?cab;dMenIrkarBIqñaMNa?edIm,IGVI? manTIsñak;karenATINa?cM>sñgkarCan;x<s;shRbCaCatisMrab;CnePosxøÜnmanGkSr kat;fa UNHCR.GgÁkarenHmandMenIrkartaMgBIqñaM 1951mkemøH. :edIm,ICYyCnePosxønEdlrgeRKaHedaysarsRgÁamkar CIHCan; karerIseGIg GMeBIhwgSa PaBRkIRk Ü GsnþsuxsgÁmkarrMelaP siT§i mnusS.l. i TIsñak;karén UNHCR enARkugsWENv RbeTs sVIs.218> enAelIBPBelakenH TVbEdlKµanCnePosxøn KWTVIb Gaemrik. i I Ü219>RbeTsEdlpþl;siT§iRCkekan[CnePosxøneRcInCageKKW RbeTstYKI. Ü220>CnbreTsEdlmksñak;enArksukñúgRbeTsmYyEdlmin)ancUlsBa¢atienAkñg I úRbeTsenaH ehAfa GnikCn.221>etImaneRKaHfñak;GVIxøHEdlekItmancMeBaHkumar?cM>eRKaHfñak;EdlekItman cMeBaHkumarKW³-]sShkmµ³ karrIkcMerInxagEpñkesvakmsNæaKar karkMsanþkarpSayBaNiC¢kmµ>>>CMrujGarmµN_ kumar[rMePIbjab;j½r QaneTArk eBsüakmµedayÉg².-snþsux³ kumarRtUveKeRbIkñúgCMelaH Rbdab;GavuF eFVCaGñknaMsar bBa¢ÚnGvuFeTAsmrPUmi>>>CakgQøb>>>. i I-]Rkwdækmµ ³ BYkRkum]RkwdæCnykkumareTAeRbIR)as;kñg karCYjdUr eRKOgejon lYc qk; bøn; b¤ úRbRBwtbTelµIsepSg²eTot.-karerIseGIg ³ kumarRtUv mnusScas;rMelaP bMBan RKb;Ebby:ag. kumarRtUveKykeTACYjdUrdUcstVFatu
  • 91. EdleFV[maneRKaHfñak;dl;suxPaB ragkay nigsµartI ¬BiessKW kumarI¦. I-bBaðamIn ³ kumartamCnbT RtUvbYsBikar b¤)at;bg; CIvitedaysarRKab;mIn.-eRKOgejon ³ bc©úb,nñ sarFatuejon)anCHT§i Bldl;kumar dl;kumareFVI[maneRKaHfñak;dUcCa ³kavhit fñaMejonRbePT ¬ma:¦ sMrab;Ck; EdleFVI[kumar køay eTACamnusSrs;eRkamT§BlénfñaMejon. i222>etImUlehtuGVIxøHEdlnaM[kumar PaKeRcIncUlcitþRbRBwtþ sarFatuejon ktþasMxan; KWGVI?cM> mUlehtuEdlnaM[kumar PaKeRcIncUlcitþRbRBwtþ sarFatuejonKW³-xVHPaBkk;ekþaBImatabitaGaNaBüa)al-«BukmþayBu)anykcitþTukdak;Gb;rMkUn b¤ tamdanskmµPaBrbs;kUn[)anditdl;. M-esBKb;mitþminl¥-TTYlkarKabsgát; KMramkMEhgBIBYkbgFM-RtUeKcab;bgçM[RbRBwtþ edIm,ITukeFVCaGay:grbs;BYkeK I-eronexSay eronmincUl ecjeRkAfñak; eRkAsala eTACYbnwg BYk xilxUcbbYl.-kumarxøHcg;dwg cg;sak bNþal [ejonxøaMg Qb;min)ancritrwgman³.ktþasMxan;KWmatabitaRtUvRbugRby½tñ ENnaMGb;rMkUn [)an ditdl; tamdanral; skmµPaB rbs;kUnkMubNþal[kUncayvayR)ak;kasx¢Hx¢ay b¤ beNþay[kUnesBKb;mitþPkþminl¥RCulhYsEdleFV[mankar i IBi)akEk.223>GVIxøHCasarFatuejon? edIm,ITb;sáat;kareRbIR)as;fñaMejon etIeKRtUv manviFankar dUcemþc?cM>RbePTsarFatuejonman³ )arI fñaMRKab; fñaMCk; Rsa kaehV kBaäa GaePon saMg fñaM)aj; kavfñaMbM)at;karQWcab; fñaM)ay)an fñaMgguy edk>>>>. edIm,I Tb;sáat;bMerIbMras; sarFatu ejon eKRtUv manviFankar ³-pSBVpSay[)anTUlMTUlay RKb;RbB½n§pSBVpSay TaMgGs; GMBIeRKaH fñak; énkareRbIR)as;fñaMejon .-RKYsarnImYy² RtUvmanviFankartamdanskmµPaBrbs;kUn ¬kumar yuvCn ¦ Gb;rMENnaMkUn [ ecosvagdac;xat nigTb;sáat;Tan;eBlevla.
  • 92. -erobcMbegáIt KN³kmmkarTb;sáat; kat;bnßybMerIbMras;fñaMejon BIessRtUvmankarcUlrYm BIGaCaJFrmUldæanpgEdr.-kmµviFIGb;rMcMenHTUeTAenAtamdansalaGMBeI RKaHfñak;énkareRbIR)as;eRKOgejon.224>etIsiTi§CaeKalFM²rbs;kumarmanbu:nµan? GVIxøH?cM>siTi§ CaeKalFM²rbs;kumarman 4 KW³1-siT§mankarGb;rM i2-siT§min[manGMeBIeXareXAelIxøÜn i3-siT§imin[mankarekgRbv½jelIxøÜn4-siTmin[maneKe)aHbg;ecal. §i225>kumarRtUvrgeRKaHedaysareKcab;ykeTACYjdUrdUcstVFatu.enHKWCaeRKaHfñak;mYykñúgcMenammUl ehtuTaMgLay>>>>>>>>>>>KW karerIseGIg.226>mUlehtucMbgEdlnaM[kumarPaKeRcInRbRBwtþsarFatuejonKW esBKb;mitþminl¥.227>Rsa eFVI[RkineføIm rlakRkBH )at;m©as;kar.228>)arI eFVI[rlakbMBg;k mharIksYt.229>GaePon eFVI[xUcskmµPaBbBa¢arbs;xYrk,al.230>dUcemþcEdlehAfaRbeTsGPivDÆn_ RbeTskMBugGPivDÆn_?cM>RbeTs GPivDÆn_ KW RbeTsEdlmankar rIkcMerInxagEpñk]sSahkmµ CaRbeTseCOnelOn nigGPivDÆEpñkesdækic©. ]> shrdæGaemrik>>>>. RbeTs kMBugGPivDÆn_ CaRbeTsEdlmanexOnesdækic©Gn;fy ehIykMBg uEtxitxMRbwgERbgsþarvis½yesdækic© nig kMBugeFVkarGPivDÆ QaneLIg. ]>RbeTskm<úCa. I231>dUcemþcehAfaesdækic©? FnFanesdækic©?cM> esdækic©KCakarsikSaGMBIviFIyuT§saRsþ rebobeRbIR)as;FnFanedIm,IbMeBjbMngKµanRBMEdn rbs;mnusS WEdlmanRbB½n§ Tak;TgnwgRbB½n§ plitkmµ ¬esdækic© nig ]sSahkmµ ¦ RbB½n§EbgEck ¬EpñkBaNiC¢kmµ¦nigRbB½n§eRbIR)as;TMnijesdækic© ¬EpñkGtifiCn EpñkKmna Kmn_ nigdwkCBa¢Ún ¦. FnFanesdækic©KWCavtßú TaMgLayEdl eRbIR)as; enAkñgFmµCati nigkñúgsgÁm. ú
  • 93. 232>dUcemþcehAfa sklnIykmµ>?etIRbeTsGPivDÆ nigRbeTskMBugGPivDÆRtUvTTYlTi§BlBIesdækic©sklnIykmµdUcemþc?cM>>sklniykmµKWCadMenIrkarmYyEdlepþIm[RbeTsnanakñgBIPBelak pøas;bþÚrEbbbT kñúg TMnak;TMng úplitkmµnig bMerIbMras;plitkr>.RbeTsGPivDÆ nigRbeTskMBgGPivDÆ RtUvTTYlT§iBl BIesdækic©sklniykmµdUcCa³ u-RbeTsGPivDÆ TTYlKuNsm,tþdUcCa ³ mansmtßPaBxag hirBaØvtßú TTYl)an Epñkbec©keTs iGacbegIt FnFanmnusS plitpl bec©eTs kMcITun.l. á-RbeTskMBugGPivDÆTTYlrgnUvKuNvibtþdUcCa ³ TTYlvUvTMnijEdlCithYskMnt;eRbIR)as; TTYlTMnijEdl ikksÞH lk;minecj ykmklk;éLLúg kñúgtMélefakedIm,Ibn§ÚrkarkksÞH rWGacRbmUlTunrMelaHmYycMnYn.RbeTskMBugGPivDÆ luHeRkamT§iBl énesdækic© RbeTsGPivDÆ.233>kñúgcMenamRbeTsxageRkam RbeTsEdlkMBugGPivDÆ KWRbeTs km<úCa.234>RbeTskm<úCanaMecjnUv ³ exaGav.235>RbeTsGPivDÆ KW RbeTsEdlmanexOnesdækic©rIklUtlas;.236>RbeTskMBugGPivDÆ KW RbeTsEdlGn;fyEpñkesdækic©.237>RbeTsttiyelak KW RbeTsEdlGn;fyEpñkesdækic©minRBm eFVIkarEkERb.238>RksYgkarbreTs nigkic©shRbtibtþikar karGnþrCati sßtenAkñgvis½y rdæ)al. i ú239>bT]Rkwdæ b¤ bTelµsnwg c,ab;samBaØEdlRbRBwtþeday eyaFinRtUvTTYlkarCMnuM CMrHenA ItulakarextþRkúg.240>kñúgcMenamsasnaTaMgbYn sasnaEdlekIteRkayeKbg¥s;KW søam.241>RBHrtnRt½yrYmman RBHBuT§ RBHFm’ RBHsgÇ.242>]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkm GNtþi 5 qñaM.243> RkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØ man GNtiþ 9 qñaM.244>RBwT§sPa man GNtiþ 6 qñaM>.245>karCYyCabec©keTs l,ic b¤KnøH kñúgkaredaHRsaybBaðaKWsamKÁIpøÚvbBaða. w246>rdæ)alfñak;mldæanmansiTi§GMnac ecjdIka. U
  • 94. 247>tMnagraRsþenAkñúgnItikalTIbI énraCrdæaPi)al man 123rUb.248>bNþgEdlTak;TgnwgsiTi§ÉkCn b¤ RbéBNI bNþwgEdlTamTar w[mankarCYsCulkarGnþrayxagsMPar³ nig sgCMgWcitþehAfa³bNþwgrdæb,evNI.249>BiruT§Cn CnEdlRtUv)anRBHraCGaCJaepIþmeFVIkarecaTRbkan;.250>CnCab;ecaT CnEdlrg;caMkarkat;kþIBItulakar.251>TNÐit CnEdltulakar)anecjRkmpþnÞaeTasrYc.252>BiFIbuNü cUlRBHvsSasMrab;RBHsgÇkñúRBHBuT§sasnamanry³eBl 90éf¶.253>dMeNaHRsayCacugeRkayénvivaTkñúgkare)aHeqñatCasmtßkic©rbs; RkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØ.254>kILamansarsMxan;Nas;eRBaHvabNþúHbNþalnUvPaBévqøatdl;kILakr[ecHeRbIl,IcykQñHKUrRbkYt.enHCatMélEpñkxag R)aCJasm,Ta .255>kñúgcMeNammUlehtueRkamenH etImlehtuNa1 Caktþabranum½t énPaBRkIRk>? UKW eRKaHFmµCati.256>siTi§bnþBUCRtUv)aneKTTYlsÁal; faCasiTi§mnusSenAkñúgqñaM 1968.257>karbNþHbNþalvb,Fm’snûPaBBak;Bn§nwgssrsûmÍGb;rMKW eronedIm,Irs;enACamYyKña. ú i258>RkummnusSsßitenAcenøaHbzmvy nigmCÆwmvy ehAfa yuvvy.259>RksYgmhaép visyrdæ)al .260>RksYgeTscrN_ visyesdækic© .261>RksYgkic©karnarI visysgÁmkic© .262>enARbeTsEdlkan;lT§iRbCaFietyüTamTar[RsþIcUlrYmRbelakkÞúgneya)ayehtUenHRsþIRtUvEsVgyl;GMBI ktþaGIVxøHedIm,IGPivDÆRbeTsCati?cM>edIm,IcUlrYmRblUkkÞúkqakneya)ayRsþIKYrEsVgyl;GMBIktþaBIya:g ³÷ktþaGnþenam½t-eFIVCam©as;kmµsiT§xn i øÜ-xitxMbegÔtcMenHdwgTUreTA[)aneRcIn GanesovePA sûab;Bt’mankÞúgRbeTsnigGnþrCati. I
  • 95. -RtUvmansµartITTYlxusRtUvmnsikar kñúgkargar nigviC¢aCIv³. -RtUvecHEsVgyl;GMBIsiTi§rbs;xÜn ecHkarBarsiTinigeRbIsiTi§ ø §-RtUvEsVgyl;[)anc,as;GMBIc,ab;sgÁm÷ktþa sgÁm¬eRkAxøn¦ Ü-RtUvecHrkSakarBarTMenomTMlab;dUnta RbéBnINaEdlrIkcMerIn.-RtUvaecHpøas;bÚrþ TMenomTMlab;minrIkcMerIndUcCa RsþbgVlcRgáanminCMCaedIm. I i u-RtUvskmµPaBsgÁm[)anjwkjab;nigBiFIbuNüepSg².-RtUvcUlrYmkñúgkarpþl;eyabl; cMnucxVHxatrbs;sgÁm dUcCakarkat;bnßyPaBRkIRkrbs;RbCaCn-cUlrYmkñúgkarbgábegáInpl-cUlrYmkñúgkarGb;rMRsþI[yl;BsiT§irbs;xøÜn I-cUlrYmbM)at;PaBerIseGIgbM)at;GMeBIhwgSaelIRsþeI PT-begáItbNþajrW clnaneya)ayrbs;RsþkñúgshKmn_. I263> munnwgQandl;karGPivDÆn_RbeTsCati Blrdæmñak;²RtUvGPivDÆxøÜnÉgCamunsinetIsmtßPaBGPivDÆn_ xøÜnÉgenHRtUvEp¥kelIktþaGVIxøH?cM> edIm,IGPivDÆn_ xønÉg munnwgQandl;karGPivDÆn_ RbeTsCati RbCaBlrdæmñak;²RtUvmansmtßPaB ÜenaHGac ekIteLIgtamry³-]bnisS½y GMnacEdlFmµCatipþl;[BIkMenIt-karhVwkhat;rWkarhat;eron -karsikSaeron sURt-karRtiHriHBicarNa dUckarcg;dwg karRsavRCav-karecHsaksYr nig karcgcaM)anyUr-lT§PaBEdlbriyakasGMeNaypl-bTBiesaFn_kñúgkargar-karBüayamnigkMlaMgcitþ .smtßPaBKWCaktþacaM)ac;Nas;sMrab;mnusS mñak;² kñgkaredaHRsaybBaða CIvitnwg GPivDÆn_xñÜnÉg úmnusSmñak;RtUvecHbegáInsmtßPaBpÞal;xn eTIb[rYcputBIkar RbmafemIlgayepSg². øÜ264>naeBlGnaKtGackøayCaGñkdwknaMmYyrUbd¾bu:nRbsBV etIGñkRtUverobcMxøÜndUcemþc?
  • 96. cM> kñúgnamCayuvCnnaeBlGnaKtRbsinebI´køaycaGñkdwknaM´man ktþaTTYlxusRtUv mYyCaktþacMbgehIykarTTYlxusRtUvenHEp¥kelIeKalkarN_mYycMnYndUcxageRkam³-RtUvsÁal;eKalkarN_dwknaM-RtUvecHsÁal;sPaBkarN_nwgkaleTs³-RtUvecHerobcMEpnkarN_TukCamunnwgsÁal;nUvdMenIrkarGnuvtþn_-RtUvecHbegáInsm,tþkñúkardwknaMedaydkykbTBiesaFn_BIshKmn_nanaelIBiPBelak i-RtUvecHsÁal;RbePTmnusSEdlRtUvdwknaMehIyeRbI eTAtamRbePTmnusSenH.265>qøgtamry³karsikSaemeronlkçN mnusScUrrk[)andb;cMnucdUcKñaniglkçNxusKñarvagmnusSnwgstV edayman]TarhN_mkbBa¢ak;pg?cM> lkçN³ dUcnigxusKñarvagmnusSnigstV ³]÷lkçN dUc-sPavKti - manTMnab;-manbBaØa Rbtibtþi -cg;rs; cg;bnþrBUC cg;rkSadI-mankarERskXøandUcKña÷lkçNxusKña mnusS-ecHRKb;RKgeBlevla GtIt bc©úb,nñ nig GnaKt.-manbBaØaRTwsþvicarNjaN I-manPasaCaCMnYy -Blkmµplitkmµ kargar-GPivDÆn_sMPar³ nigsµartI -TMrg;sirIragÁCaBUcmnusS-manvb,Fm’GriyFm’ nwgRbvtisaRsû û-CaPavEdlmancitþKMnitnwgmenaseBa©tna-rs;CasgÀmmaneKalkarN_ sIlFm’nig mankarGb;rM-lkçN sgÁm kmµénTMenasrIragÁ rWkareRskXøansPavKti . stV-minGacRKb;RKgkal)an manEtbc©úb,nñ kalbu:enñaH-manEtbBaØaRbtibtþi -manEtsUrsBaØa
  • 97. -rs;tamEbbFmµCati -KµankarriHKit-vivtþn_tamviFIsaRsþFmµCati-TMrg;srIragÁCastvtamRbePT-Kµanvb,Fm’ GriyFm’ nigRbvtiûsaRsû-rs;CahVÚgtamsPavKti TTYl Ti§Bl FmµCati-lkçN³ FmµCati énTMenar srIragÁ266>etIkarsÁal;BIlkçNmnusSBiessKWlkçNrbs;xøÜnÉgpÞal;mansar³sMxan;dUcemþcxøH?cM> karsÁal;BIlkçNmnusSBiessKWlkçNrbs;xøÜnÉgpÞal;mansar³sMxan;dUcCa³÷sÁal;xønÉgmann½yfa³ Ü-sÁal;BIkMlaMg cMenH nigsmtßPaB-sÁal;BI citþKMnit TMlab; lT§PaBrbs;xøÜn÷sÁal;GñkdéTenAGtþcritrbs;eKdUc rWxsBIeyIg u-eFVI[eyIgecHRbmaNecHBicarNaføgEføgrkehtupl w-ecHkMnt;xÜønÉg ecHeFVIs½Vym©as;kar xønÉg ecHeGonxµasxønÉg Ü Ü-sÁal;BIcMnucxøagnigcMnucexSayrbs;xn M øÜ-[eyIgecHrs;enAkñúshKmn_ [)ansuxRsYl mansnþiPaB rYcputBImhic©taelaPln;nwgkarBarsiTi§267>etIzananuRkmérUbkayrbs;mnusSrYmmanGVIxøH?k>etItMrUvkarnImYy²ewøIytbnwgmnusSrYmmanGVIxøH?x>edIm,IbMeBjtMrUvkarrbs;RbCaBlrdæ etIraCrdæaPi)al RtUverobcMviFankardUcemþcxøH>?cM>zananuRkmEdltMrvkarrbs;mnusSman³ U-lMdab;TI1tMrUvkarEdlsMxan;CageK KW tMrUvEpñksrIr³ ehAfa tMrUvkarmUldæanEdlCaeqøytbeTAnwg IPaBcaM)ac;énsrIragÁ dUcCakarhUbcuk sMelokbMBak;TICMrk fñaMsgáv Büa)alCaedIm. Ú-lMdab;TI2 tMrUv Epñkragkay
  • 98. suvtßPaBEpñkragkay ³ eRKaHfñak;epSg² snþsux Epñk cracrN_ KuNPaBEpñkcMnIGahar i iKuNPaBBüa)al.suvtßPaB xagpøvcitþ ³ KµanGMeBIhwgSa karrMelaPsiT§i . i Ú-lMdab;TI3 tMrUvkarsgÁm ¬karRslaj;nwgPaBCam©as; TMnak;TMngl¥enAkñúg l¥enAkñgRKYsar nigenAkñg ú úsgÁm mansnþPaB PatrPaB¦. i-lMdab;TI4> tMrUvkartMél ¬esckþéføfñÚr kareKarBKñaeTAvijeTA mk minerIseGIg ÉkarcUlrYm sÁal;sñaéd IsmtßPaB¦.-lMdab;TI 5> tMrUvkarsuvtßiPaB nigtMrUvkarbgðajBIskþanuPaB RtUvkarÉkraCü kitþiys muxmat; rWcg;bgðaj BIskþanuPaBrbs;xÜn. øk>>>tMrUvkarnImYy²eqøytbeTAnwgsiT§i rbs;mnusSKW I-tMrUvkarsirIr³ siT§irs;ranmanCIvit-tMrUvkar suvtßiPaB ³ siT§i rs;ranmanCIvit siT§i mansnþiPaB pÞal; xøn nigsnþisuxsgÁm Ü- tMrUvkarsgÁm ³ siT§i [ eKTTYlsÁal;faCamnusS- tMrUvkartMél ³ siTcg;)anesckþIéføfrñÚ nigsiT§i mantMélesµKña i§ I- tMrUvkarsV½yPaB ³ siT§i manesrIPaBx>>> edIm,IbMeBj tMrUvkarrbs;RbCaBlrdæ raCrdæaPi)al RtUverobcMviFankar³-kat;bnßy QaneTArklb;bM)at; PaBRkIRknig GPivDÆn_CnbT- kat;bnßy QaneTArklb;b)at; GnkçrPaB M-begáIesvakmµsuxaPi)al -lubbM)at;GMeBIGyutûFm’ i-lubbM)at;katBVkic©ng bTelµIs RKb;RbePT i-begIßtnIti rdæviFankarc,ab;nig kitüanuPaB-begáInsnþsuxsaFarN nigsNþab;Fñab;sgÁm i-karBarbrisßanFmµCati nigbrisÓansgÀmvb,Fm’-bNþHbNþal nigGPivDÆFnFanmnusS ú-erobcMksagehdæarcnasMBn§nigehdæarcnasgÁmfñak;elI ½ esckþsuxrbs;mnusSman 5RbePT KW ³ I
  • 99. -Gtßsux ³ suxekItBIkarbribUrN_edaybc©½y4 ³ i ÷manCMrk ÷manGaharRKb;RKan; ÷mansMelokbMBak; ÷manfñaMBüa)al maneBTüBüa)al-ePaKsux ³ suxekItBIkar)ancayvayRTBürbs;xÜøneday)antampøvsuc©rit ú-GnNsux ³ suxKµanbMNul-GnviC¢asux ³ suxeRBaHRbRBwtûtamKnøgFm’eRBaHkargarRtwmRtUvCab;lab;-snþsux ³suxeRBaHesckþIs¶b; ¬KaÞnsRgÁam KµanTMnas; Kµanclacl¦ i268>k>etIRbeTskm<úCaeyIgbc©úb,nÞRbkan;;yksasnaGIV?manEcgkÞúgmaRtaTIb:unÞanénrdæFmµnuBaØ?x>etIsasnaEdleyIgRbkan;ykenaH)anrYmcMEnkkÞúgkarksagsgÁmExµrdUcemþc?K>etIeKGaclubbM)at;sasnaEdleyIgkan;enH)anEdrb¤eT?X>kÞúgkrNIEdlGaclubbM)at;)anetInwgmanplvi)akGIVekIteLIg?cM>k> RbeTskm<úCaeyIgbc©úb,nÞRbkan;;yksasnaRBHBuT§.manEcgkÞúgmaRtaTI43énrdæFmµnuBaØ)anEcgfaRBHBuT§sasna Casasnarbs;rdæ.x> RBHBuT§sasna)ancUlrYmcMEnkkÞúgkarksagsgÁmExµrelIRKb;vis½ydUcCa ³÷vis½yvb,Fm’³-vtûGaramCamCÇmNÊl CaXøaMgpÒùknUvKm<I k,Ñnc,ab;GkSrsaRsûCati vb,Fm’RbÙBNI TMenomTMlab;rbs;CatiExµr-enAsm½yGNaniKmvtþGaram CakEnøgRCk;BnGkSrsaRsþExµr U-RBHsgÇCaRKUbeRgon-begáItGtþsBaØaNCati÷vis½yGb;rM-RBHsgÇCaeXasnicmYyGgÀEdlGb;rMmnusS[sÀal;buNú)absYK’nrK [ksagEtGMeBIl¥eKarBc,ab;-Gb;rMmnusS[ecHTIBgelIxøÜnÉg w-Gb;rMcitþ[brisuT§ lHbg;nUv elaP³ eTas³ nigemah³ EdlCabc©½yénesckþsuxRKb;ya:g I-Gb;rM[Rbkan;sil,_5 eKrBsiTmnusS eRbIFm’GhwgSa §i
  • 100. ÷vis½yneya)ay-FmµyaRtaRBHsgÇ kÞúgkarTamTarsnþPaB iK> eKminGaclMbM)at;RBHBuT§sasna)aneT eRBaH - RBHBuT§sasna)ancak;b¤sya:geRCA cUlmkelITwkdIkm<CataMgBIyUryamkehIy ú - RBHBuT§sasnaCaFatuya:gsMxan;RTRTgvb,Fm’Exµr - RBHBuT§sasnacUlrYmksagRbeTsCatielIRKb;vis½y - RBHBuT§sasnapþl;esckþIsuxdl;mnusS xagpøvcitþnigCYyRKb;RKg buKÁlxagsµartIX> RbsinebIlbbM)at;RBHBuT§sasnanwgmanplvi)akdUcCa ³ u-RbqaMgnwgsiT§esrIPaBxagCMenOrbs;BlrdæExµr-eFVI[)at;bg;nUvGtþsBaØaNCati-eFVI[Ebk)ak;samKÁPaB I-eFVI[vb,Fm’breTscUlmkedaygay-bgáCaTMnas; eFVI[ExµrcuHexSayCa»kas[breTsQøanBan269>rdæsPa nigRBwT§sPamanKN³kmµaFikarb:unµan?GVIxøH?IcM>rdæsPa nigRBwT§sPamanKN³kmµaFikar 9KW ³1>KN³kmµaFikarkarBarsiTi§mnusS nigTTYlBakübNþwg2> KN³kmµaFikarhirBaØvtßú nigFanaKar3> KN³kmµaFikaresdækic© EpnkarvinieyaK ksikr GPivDÆn_CnbT nigbrisßan4> KN³kmµaFikarmhaépÞ karBarCati Gegát nige)assMGat5> KN³kmµaFikarkic¨karbreTs shRbtibtûikarGnûrCati eXasnakar nigBt’man6> KN³kmµaFikarnItikmµ7> KN³kmµaFikarGb;rMFmµkar vb,Fm’ nigeTscrN_8> KN³kmµaFikarsuxaPi)al sgÁmkic©kargar nigkic©karnarI9> KN³kmµaFikarsarFarN³kar nigdwkCBa¢n TUrKmnaKmn_ nigéRbsNI ]sSahkmµ nigfamBl ÚBaNiC¢kmµ.
  • 101. 270>etIvtßúbMngénkarGb:rMmanGVIxøH? etIRbB½n§Gb;rMeBjeljenAkm<úCarbs;RksYgGb;rMyuvCn nigkILarYmmanGIxøH?cM>vtßbMngénkarGb;rMmandUcCa ³ ú ÷pþlcMeNHdwg-pûl;vb,Fm’TUeTA b¤cMenHdwgTUeTA- pþl;cMeNHdwgEpñkviTüasaRsþbec©keTs-GPivDÆcMeNHdwg ÷pþl;erobcMriyabf-bTBiesaFkñúgkarlMG b¤riyaGviC¢man-rs;edIm,Ieron ÷pþl;nigCivit-binRbsBVkñúgkaredaHRsaybBaða¬Qøasév¦ u-bMninGnuvtþxøwmsaremeron-]bnisS½ykñúgviC¢aCiv³-bMninviC¢aCIv³ RbB½n§eBjeljrbs;RksYgGblrMyuvCn nigkILa enAkm<Caman ³ ú ÷metþyüsikSaGayu3qñaM ÷cMenHdwgTUeTA-bzmsikSa 6qñaM¬cab;BIfñak;TI1 dl;fñak;TI6¦-mFþmsikSa-mFümsikSabzmPUmi¬eron3qñaM BIfñakTI& dl;fñak;TI9;¦-mFümsikSaTutiyPUmi¬eron3qñaM BIfñak;TI10 dl;fñak;TI12¦ ÷]tþmsikSa-fñak;mFüm vKÁbNþHbNþalviC¢aCIv³ ¬ERBklab TwkpÞa¦ ú-fñak;briBaØa¬sklviTüal½y mhavITüal½y¦-fñak;GnubNÐit¬raCbNÐitsPa¦
  • 102. -fñak;bNÐt¬raCbNÐitsPabreTs¦ i-fñak;GaharrUbkrN_enAbreTs ÷GbrMeRkARbB½n§-fñak;Gkçrkmµ-fñak;bMeBjviC¢aerobry-fñak;bMeBjviC¢amnerobry ³¬eRkAem:ag¦-fñak;bMeBjviC¢aBak;kNþalerobry-fñak;bNþHbNþalviC¢aCIv³ ú271>etIRkmsIlFm’sMrab;shvtSfµImanGVIxøH?cM>RkmsIlFm’sMrab;shvtSfµman³ I ÷sIlFM’cMeBaHxøÑnÈg-eFVICam©as;elIxøÜnÉg-EfrkSasuxPaB-xitxMeronsURtRsavRCav Gb:rMxÜn begáInsmtßPaBkargar viC¢aCIv³ ø-TTYlxusRtUvral;skmµPaBrbs;xnÉg øÜ ÷sIlFm’cMeBaHRKYsar-pþl;tMrUvkarcaM)ac;sMrab;xøÜn nigRKYsar-eKarBbI)acEfrkSa ktþjÚcMeBaHGñkmanKuN-EfrkSasmaCikRKYsar bgábriyakasrIkray ÷cMeBaHGñkdéT-manKMnitGFüaRs½y -pþl;»kas[GñkdéT-ecHeFVsm,Tapøvcitþ I Ú -minbgákarQWcab;dl;déT-minbgámhnþray b¤GsuvtßiPaBdl;GñkdéT ÷sIlFm’cMeBaHsgÀm-eFVIxn[eTACaRbeyaCn_sMrab;sgÁm øÜ- GMBIkrNIkic nigeKarBsiTmnusS §i
  • 103. -CYyTMnukbMrugGñkTn;exSy-Rkbrbrsuc©rit-rkSRbéBNITMenomTMlab;rbs;sgÁm ÷sIlFm’CMeBaHRbeTsCati-eKarBRbtibtþc,ab;rbs;Rbes i-rkSakarBarRTBüsm,tþirbs;rdæ nigsm,tþsarFarN³ i-karBarbrisßanFmµCati nigbrisßansgÁm-cUlrYmkarGPivDÆn_RbeTs-rkSakarBarbitiPNÐCati karBarTwkdIBUCsasn_272>etI]tþmPaBrbs;viC¢aCiv³sßitenARtg;Na?etIGñkRtUveFVIdUcemþcedIm,Icab;yk]tþmPaBenH?CM>]tþmPaBrbs;viC¢aCIv³ b¤PaBl¥RbesIrénviC©aCIv³sßitenA ³ ÷viC¢aCIv³enaHRsbnwg]bnisS½yrbs;xøn Ü ÷ viC¢aCIv³enaHRsbnwgtMrUvkarrbs;sgÁm ÷ viC¢aCIv³enaHCakmµaGaCIv³¬GaCIvkmµ¦ ÷edIm,IEsVgrk]tþmPaBkñg viC¢aCIv³ rbs;xøneyIgRtUv ³ ú Ü V-manm©as;karelIviC©aCIv³rbs;xÜn ø-mansµartITTYlxusRtYv-xitxMEsVgylnUvcMnucxøaMg nigcMnucexSayrbs;xøn Ü-xitxMRsavRCav;eronsURt edIm,IbegánsmtßPABedaydkykbTBiesaFl¥BmnusScas; I ICMnan;mnBIGñkR)aCJaCati nigbNÐtGnþrCati u i-xitxMEkécñRDitbegánsñaéd[manKuNPaBx<s; I-xitxMEsVgyl;BItMrUvkarsgÁm-Rbkbedaykargarsuc©rit273>etIkargarpþl;tMénGIVxøH?dl;mnusS ?k>GIVxøHCakarKMramkMEhgcMeBaHkargarrbs;mnusS?
  • 104. x>etInikµPaBnaMmknUvolvi)akGIVxøHdl;sgÁm?cM>kargarpþl;nUvtMéldl;mnusSCaeRcIndUcCa ³-tMélesdækic© ³kargarnaMmknUvR)ak;cMnUlRTBüsm,tþi sMParHsMbrU Ebb-siltMélnaMmknUvPaBéføfÞÚrsÁal;sgÁm sÁal;vin½yrebob enAkÞúgkargarBiessKWpþl;RbeyaCn_kÞúgkarFana»kasesµrI KÞa-tMélbBa¢a ³kargarnaMmknUvsc©PaB karRsavRCavbegáItsm,tþisgÔmvb,Fm’ begÔnGriyFm’ I-tMélGPiesdæ ³¬tMélelIslbb¤tMél]dþúg]tþmÖéRkElg¦kargarb¤BlkmµEjkmnusS[dac;Rslas;Rtg;ecHeFVIkarnigécñRbDit-sil,_tMél ³ kargarnaMesaP½Ndl;CIvitmanreboberobry ³ begátsNþab;Fñab;kñúgCivit Ik> mUlehtuEdlKMramkMEhgkargarrbs;mnusS ³-bdivtþn_viTüasaRsþbec©keTsrIkcMerInEdleFVI sib,kmµ køayeTACaynþkmµehIyQaneTAdl;syRbvtþkmµ EdlminRtUvkarcaM)ac;nUvkMlaMgmnusSeRcIn V½ i-smtßPaBmankMérmnusS ³ karsikSayl;dwgrbs;mnusSxagEpñkbec©keTsmankMritEdleFV[Bi)akkñgkarrkkargareFVI i ú-GñkmansmtßPaBeRcInelIsBItMrkar UV ÷cMnucxagelIenHEdleFV[sMbUreTAedaynikmµCn I-karbBaÄb; kargaredaykat;bnßybuKÁlik bgçM[cUlnivtþn_munGayukMnt;cMEnkGñk/edlmin)anqøgkat;salabNþHbNþalRtUvbBaÄb;Bkargar. ú Ix> nIkmµPaBnaMmkplvi)akdl;sgÁmKW ÷PaBTMenrtkargareFVInaMmknUvbBaðaCaeRcIndUcCa ³-bBaðasnþsux ³ GMeBIBukrlYy qklbøn; nigcab;CMrit i-TMnas;kñgRKYsar GMeBIhigSa ú-GtulüPaBesdækic©kgRKYsar KWCIvPaBRkIRkkñúg lM)ak Gt;Xøan ñú - GtulüPaBesdækic©sgÁm bBaðasgÁmkic©manvibtþiesdækic©Føak;cuH-vb,Fm’BkrlYy uPaBGskmµkñgsgÁmeFVI[)at;bg;esckþíéføfrñÚ rbs;BlrdæGacQanTAdl;PaBGnaFibetyü ú
  • 105. 274>k>etIkare)aHeqñatmanGtßn½ydUcemþc ? x>tamliT§iRbCaFibetyüetIkare)aHeqñatRtUvEp¥kelIeKalkarN_GVIxøH?cM>k> kare)aHeqñatmanGtßn½ydUcteTA ³-Ca»kasEdlRbCaBlrdæeRbIsiT§ineya)ayRsbc,ab;-BlrdæGacpþl;GMnac b¤dkhUtGMnacBImRnþIraCrdæaPi)altamry³snøwkeqñat-CakarepÞrGMnacRKb;RKgedaysnþiviFIKµanGMeBIhigSa þx> tamliTi§RbCaFibetyükare)aHeqñatRtUvEp¥kelIeKaalkarN_dUcxageRkam ³ ÷lkçN³TUeTABlrdæTaMgBIePTGaccUlrYme)aHeqñat¬18¦ nigGacQreQµaH[ eKe)aH eqñat¬25qñaM¦ ÷lkçN³skl e)aHeqñatkñgéf¶EtmYyeBlEtmYy nigCakMnt;TUTaMgRbeTs ú ÷lkçN³esrI-KµankarbgçitbgçM b¤KMramkMEhg-esrIPaBkñgkarcUlrYmKN³neya)aykñkareXasna nigkarsMedgqnÞH ú ú ÷lkçN³edaycMeBaH RtUveTAcuHeQµaHedaypÞal; nigeTAe)aHeqñatedayxønÉgÜ ÷lkçN³esrIPaB-mñak;²e)aHeqñat)anEtmYydg¬1snøkdUcKña¦ w-mYysnøkmantMélmYysMelgdUcKña w ÷lkçN³edaysMgat;-kareRCIserIsRtUveFVeI LIgedaysMgat;kgbnÞb;snøkeqñatbt;ya:gCitdak;cUlkñúghibeday xønÉg pÞal; ñú w Ü ÷lkØN³yutFm’ b¤tMNPaB ûi-enAeBlEdle)aHeqñatmanGñkGegátkarRKb;KN³bkSneya)aycUlrYm ¬GCJaFre)aHeqñatÉkraC¦-lkçN³RtwmRtUv KµankarEkbnøMsnøwkeqñat KµankarbnøM e)aHmñak;Ég2dg rW3dgeLIy.275>k>etIdMenIrkare)aHeqñatrYmmanGIVxøH ?x>etIsßab½nCatirYmmanGVIxøH? sßab½nnImYy²ekIteLIgedayrebobNa?cM>k> dMenIrkare)aHeqñatrYmman ³
  • 106. -karcuHeQµaHkñúgbBa¢KNbkSedIm,IQreQµaHCaebkçCn I-karcuHeQµaHeFVIb½NÑedImI,Ie)aHeqñat-karRbkaslT§i-yuT§nakareXasnapSBVpSayrksMelg-skmµPaBe)aHeqñat-karrab;snøwkeqñatx> sßab½nRBHmhakSRt-sßab½nrdæsPa nigRBwT§sPa-raCrdæaPi)al-sßab½ntulakar sßab½nnImy²ekIteLIgedaykarcat;taMgxageRkam ³ Y-sßab½nRBHmhakSRt RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayRkumRbwkSaraCsm,tþi-sßab½nrdæsPa RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayRbCaCn¬kaee)aHeqñat¦-sßab½nRBwT§sPa RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayKN³bkSEdle)aHeqñatedayskl-sßb½nraCrdæaPi)al RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayrdæ-sßab½ntulakarRtUv)aneRCIstaMgeday]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkm276> cUreFVIkareRbobeFobGMBIkatBVkic©rbs;rdæsPa nigRBwTæsPa? rvag rdæsPanigRBwTæsPa mYyNamanGMnacCag? eRBaHGVI?cM>Parkic©rbs;rdæsPa nigRBwTæsPa mancMnucKñadUcxageRkam³÷rdæsPa-Gnum½tEpnkarfvikarrdæ-TTYlBakübNwg þ-e)aHeqñatpþle; sckþITukcitþ rWTMnukcitþBIrdæaPi)al-Binitüc,ab;EdlrdæsPa)anGnym½t-dak;fVayRBHmhakSRtLayRBHhsßelxakñúgkrNI smRsb-bBa¢nRtlb;eTArdæsPa [sMrleLIgvijkñúgkrNIman karCMTas; Ú Y
  • 107. rdæsPa³ CaGñktMnagraEsþCab;eqñat edayviFIe)aHeqñatCasklnigcMeBaH¬tamRbB½n§smamaRt¦rdæsPaénRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaTI2cab;kMenIt enaéf¶TI 25 kBaØa qñaM1993. ú÷RBwT§sPa ³ CasPaCan;x<s;ekIteLIg edayviFIe)aHeqñatCaGskl mincMeBaH.RBwT§sPatMnagsmUhPaBEdndIRBwT§sPabegát eLIgenAéf¶TI 15 mina IqñaM1999.rvagrdæsPanigRBwT§sPa manGMnacCaRBwT§sPaRtg; Gnum½telIfvikarnigEpnkarrdænigsiT§iGMnacTlak;raCrdæaPi)al .cMEnkRBwT§sPaminGacTMlak;raCrdæaPi)al)aneLIy .277>kÞúgsiT§iRbCaFibetyümansiT§iEbgEck bIdac;BIKÞa.k>etIGMnacGIVxøH? GMnacNImYy²dMnag[sßab½n b¤GgÁkarGIV?x>etIGMnacnImYy²kekIteLIgtamvIFINaxøH?cM>kÞúglTiR§ bCaFietyümankarEbgEck GMnacbIdac;BIKña GMnacTaMgbIenaHmanKW ³k>GMnacTaMgbImanKW-GMnacnitibBaØatþi mansßab½nrdæsPa nigRBwT§sPa-GMnacnitiRbtibtþi mansßab½nraCrdæaPi)al-GMnactulakar mansßab½nsalakCMrHkþI GgÁecARkmx>karkekIteLIgenAGMnacnImYy²÷edæsPa ³erobcMbegát edaykare)aHeqñatCasklrbs;RbCaCntam RbB½n§nigbBa¢KN³bkS I IEdlmansmaCikya:gtic120nak; ¬GaNtþTI1 ¦ bc©úb,nñmansmaCik 12rub tMnagraRsþ b¤tMnagsPa iEdleRCIserIsebkçCn EdlmanGayuya:gtic25qñaM mansB¢aatExµrBIkMenItsñak;enAya:gtic1qñaMkñúgRbeTskm<úCa BIessmaneQµaHkñúgbBa¢KN³bkS .rdæsPamannItikal5qñaM InigputkMNt;enAeBlrdæsPa fµcUlkan;tMENg . I÷RBwT§sPa ³mansmaCIkesµInigBak;kNþal EdlsmaCikrdæsPa bc©úb,nñ61nak;kñúgcMenamsmaCIkRBwT§sPa TaMgGs;mansmaCIk2rubEdlEtgtaMgeday RBHmhakSRtnigBIrbeToteRCIstaMgeday rdæsPa nigsmaCIkd¾éTeRCIstaMgeday kare)aHeqñatGskl. UsmaCikRBwT§sPa manGayuya:gtic40qñaM mansB¢aatiExµrBIkMeNIt RBwT§sPamanGaNtþ6qñaM . i÷raCrdæaPi)al³ tamsMeNIrBIrdæsPaRBHmhakSRkRTg;cat;taMgvIr³CnmYyrUbkñúgcMenamtMnagraRsþénKN³bkS EdlQñHeqñat[
  • 108. eFICanaykrdæmRnþI edIm,Ibegátsßab½n raCrdæaPi)alvIr³CnrUbenHeRCIstaMgb¤smaCikKN³bkS V IEdlmansMelgenAkñgsPa [kan;tMEngepSgkñgtMEngraCrdæaPI)alehIysMeu sckþITukcitþBIrdæsPa ú ú.rdæsPa )ane)aHeqñatpþl;esckþITukcitþ ehIydak;fVayRBHmhakSRt RTgecjRBHraCRkitüEtgtaMgkñgsmaCikraCrdæaPi)al. úKN³rdæmRnþeI FIsc©aRbNiFanrhIycUlkan;tMEng . V÷tulakar³ salaCMr³kþIKWKuNPaBbegáIttamsMeNIr rbs;]tþmRkmRbwkSa UGgÁecARkmEdlmanRBHmhakSRtCaRbFan RTg;ecjRBHraCRkitüEtgtaMgecARkmRBHraCGCJasalaCMr³kþI EdlmanrdæmRnûRI ksYgyutûFm’ TTYlbnÒùkRBagRBHraCRkitúenaH . I278>eRkayBI)ansikSaemeron siT§ie)aHeqñatenAkm<úCa nigqøgtamry³karFøab;dwg)anlWnUvsßanPaPe)aHeqñatenAGaNtþiTImYynigTIBIrenAkm<úCa .cM>enAkm<úCakñúgrbbRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca cab;BIqaµ M1993mkmankare)aHeqñattamrbbsPaBniym ú)anBIrelIkmkehIy BIGaNtþTImYynigTIBIr i sikSaeRbobeFob GaNtþTImYynigTiBIr i ÷GaNtþTImYyi-qña1993 M-]btþmÖeday UNTACGaCJaFrbeNaþHGasnñénGgÁkarshRbCaCati]btþmCaR)ak; 2000landuløar Ö-manKN³bkScMnYn20QreQµaH-KN³bkSh‘nsIbiucCab;eqñateRcInCageK bnÞab;mkKNbkSRbCaCn nigesrIniymRBHBuT§ sasna u unigm:UlINaka-emdwknaMrd×aPi)alKWKNbkShVùn swubiucCaRbFan bnÒab;mkKNbkSh‘ùVnswmbicRbCaCn CaGnuRbFan ‘ u u-manshnaykrdæmRnþI-semþcRkumRBHneratþmrNb¤T§i-semûc h‘unEsn-tMélminTan;manm©as;karfvikarlT§PaBénkare)aHeqñat ÷lkçN³dUc
  • 109. -Gnuvtþn_tamliT§iRbCaFibetyü-e)aHeqÜatCaskl CasMgat;RtwmRtUvesrI nigyutûFm’ GaNtûiTI2 1998 i-erobcMedayraCrdæaPi)alEtman-karCYy]btÖmÖxøH BIGgÁkarGnþrCatiBiessKWshKmn_GWr:iub-KNbkScMnYn 39QreQµaH-KNbkSRbCaCnmansMelgeRcInbnÒab;mk hV‘nswbic nigKNbkSsmrgSIù ù uu-emdwknaMrdæaPi)al KwKNbkSRbCaCn-manEtnaykrd×mRnûIEtmYyKW semûc h‘unEsnCaRbmuxÙnrd×aPi)al-tMélsVym©as;karTaMgxagsnþIsux ½279>k>cUrGñksikSaeeRbobeFobkarcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat nigkarQreQµaH[eKe)aHeqñat?cM>k> sikSaeRbobeFobkarcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat nigkareQµaHe)aHeqñat ÷lkçN³xus-karcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat karQreQµaHe)aHeqñat-mansBa¢atiCaExµrBIkMenIt-Gayucab;B18qñaeM LIgeTAKitdl;éf¶ I-manGayucab;BI25qñaMeLIgeTAKitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat-manGas½ydæanc,as;las;-sñak;enAkm<úCay:agticmYyqñaM Kitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat¬manGas½ydæanc,as;las;¦-minsßtkñúgsßanPaBCab;Bn§FnaKar i-mansiT§ie)aHeqñat-minEmnCaCnviklcarik-maneQµaHkñgbBa¢KNbkSEdlEtgtaMg eRkamGNaBüa)alsmtßkic©NamYy mkkñgbBa¢I u I úQreQµaHe)aHeqñat ÷lkçN³dUc ³-karkMnt;Gayu -CanitiCn¬CnsßitenAkñgc,ab;¦ ú-mansBa¢atiCaExµr -minBak;B½n§nwgBiruT§nana
  • 110. -manstiRKb;RKan;x> RbePTEdlKµansiT§ie)aHeqñat b¤k¾KaµnsiT§iQreQµaHe)aHeqñatKW³-GnItiCn¬manGayueRkam18qña¦ M -CnbreTs-TNÐt¬GñkeTas¦ i -Cnviklcarikb¤manstiRKb;RKan;-CnEdlsßtkñúgGaNaBüa)alénsßa½nmansmtßkic© i280>etIGacedaHRsayvibtþiesdækic©RbeTsmYyedayviFINa?cM>eKGacedaHRsayvibtþiesdækic©RbeTsmYyedayviFI ³-eFVIkarGPivDÆn_FnFanmnusS[)anTUlMTUlaykñgépÞRbeTs ú-ykcitþTukdak;bNþúHbNþalGñkbec©keTs viTüasaRsþ-rdæaPi)alRtUveFVI[manlMnwgEpñkneya)ay-RtUvrkTIpSarsMrab;lk;plitpl[Blrdæ-edæaPi)alRtUvbM)at;[)annUvGMeBIBukrlYy-rdæRtUvmankarFanasnþsux suvtßPaB RbCaCn nigvinieyaKTun i i-rdæRtUvmanEpnkarkñúgdMenIrkarRbcaMnImYy²281>edIm,IGnaKtrbs;xøÜneyIgRtUvykcitþTukdak;dl;kumardUcemþc?cM>edIm,IGnaKtrbs;xneyIgRtUvykcitþTukdak;dl;kumardUcCa ³ øÜ-RtUv[kumarrs;edaysnþPaBkñúgsßanNak¾eday i- RtUv[eKrs;edaysuxRsYlCaRkumRKYsar- RtUv[mankarGb;rM karGPivDÆn_kaysm,Tar bBaØasµartI- RtUvTTYlsÁal;mtirbs;kumarykeTABicarNa-minRtUvbMBak;bMBanelIragkaynigcitþKMnitrbs;kumar- minRtUvrMelaPelIpvePTeTAelIkumar øÚ- minRtUvRtUveKgRbv½Ba©elIesdækic©kumar nigBlkmµelIkumar- minRtUv[kumareFVIkarhYskMnt; b¤hYskMlaMg- minRtUvmankarCYjdUrelIkumarCadac;xat282>cMenHdwgrbs;mnusSmanb:unµanRbePT? manlkçNdUcemþc?
  • 111. cM> ÷cMenHdwgrbs;mnusSman 3RbePT³-cMenHdwgEbbsamBaØ b¤ cMenHdwgFmµta¬BuT§samBaئ- cMenHdwgEbbviTüasaRsþ¬BuT§süg;¦- cMenHdwgEbbTsSnviC¢a b¤But§TsSnviC¢a ÷ cMenHdwgenHmanlkçN³xusKñadUcteTA ³ BuT§samBaØ BuT§süúg -cMenHdwgkMritTab - cMenHdwgkMritx<s; -ekItBIRnÞIGarmµN_ -ekItBIkarRtiHriHli¥tl¥n;énbBaØaBIbBaða süg;b¤viTüasaRsþCkarxitxMsþab; nigBnül; GVIEdlman -TTYl)anBIkarsþab;viTüú B¤t²Kña eXIj b¤GanTsSnavdþI -QrelIbTBiesaFn_CaCag -QrelIbTBiesaFn_Cak;EsþgedayeRbI vicarNjaN -gayRclM .]>vtßF¶n;EtgEtlicTwk -mingayRclM.]>TwkBuHenA100GgSa ú EtkkenA 0 GgSa BuT§TsSn³viC¢a - cMenHdwgx<s;bMputekItBIkarBicarNal¥tl¥t;BkarBIbBaða mnusSmanbBaðasüg;pgEdr i I - QrelIvicarNBaØaNTajecjBIkarGnuvtþCIvitBit - mingayRclM ]TahrN_ ³ manrUbmanTukç283>etIkarGb;rM)anBRgIkbuKÁliklkçNmnusSdUcemþc?cM>karGb;rM)anBRgIkbuKÁliklkçNmnusS[mankarGPivDÆn_TaMgEpñkragkay TaMgxagbBaØaTaMgxagsµartI dUcCa³ ÷xagEpñkragkay¬Gb;rMkay¦ )anBRgIknUvlkçN³mnusSdUcCa ³-eFVI[mnusSmanragkaymaMmn Y-mansuxPaBl¥
  • 112. -mankMlaMgxøaMgkøa ÷xagEpñkbBaØa¬Gb;rMbBaØa¦karGb;rM)anbNþHbNþal nigBRgIkbBaØamnusSdUcCa ³ ú-manbBaØavagévqøat-bNþHbNþalnUvBuT§viTüasaRsþTMenIb ú-ecHRtiHriHBicarNarkehtupledayeRbIGBÖnþrBaØaN nigvicarNBaØaN-ecHedaHRsaybBaðaepSg²cMeBaHmux)anya:ggay-ecéqñRbDitnUv]bkrN_ sMParepSg²Rbkbedaybec©keTseCOnelOn-Ekécñral;kic©karnana[edIrRsbnwgkal³eTs³ ÷xagEpñksµartIécñRDitnigmanstiP¶ak;rB¤kdwgnUvGVEI dlxøÜn)annwgkMBugeFVI ehIynig RtUeV FVdUcCa ³ I-eFVI[manvicarNBaØaN nig]tþmKti-[mnusSsÁal;xøÜnÉgedayecHeFVm©as;elIcitþrbs;xn I Üø-mankarTTYlxusRtUvx<s; BIGMeBIEdlxøneFIV Ü-mansIlFm’l¥284>etIRsþIEdlmankarGb;rM mancMenHdwgTUeTA manriyabfdUcemþc?cM>RsþIEdl)anTTYlkarGb;rMmancMenHdwgTUeTAeRcInEtmanriyabfl¥cMeBaHxønpÞal; cMeBaHRKYsar ÜnigsgÁmdUcCa ³ ÷riyabfcMeBaHxønpÞal; Ü-manskmµPaBGacciBaw©mRKb;RKgRKYsar)anl¥-ecHeFVm©as;karelIkargar nigmankarTTYlxusRtUv I-ecHEfrkSasuxPaBrbs;xn øÜ-mankarsMerccitþ)anc,as;las;¬manqnÞH¦-manKMniteCOnelOn manGFüaRs½yl¥¬citþTUlay¦-ecHbgá[manbriyakasrIkray ÷riyabfcMeBaHRKYsar karerobcMEpnkar-Epnkaresdækic© ³ =snSMsMéc =cayvaymankarc,as;las;
  • 113. =ecHécñRbDitkargarempÞH-EpnkarRKYsar ³ =ecHkMnt;cMnYnkUn)anRtwmRtUv V =ecHerobcMEpnkarBnüakMeNIt yl;dwgBIGnam½y viFIbgáaCMgWepSg²-EpnkarGb;rM =Gb;rMsuxPaB[kUnecA samI[ecHEfrkSasuxPaB u =Gb;rMsIlFm’dl;RKYsarBiessbuRtFIta[yl;BItMÙl nigeFVIxøn[eTACamnusSman Ñ =Gb;rMvb,Fm’TUeTA bnûnUvRbÙBNIl¥²rbs;Cati ÷cMeBaHsgÁm-ecHbegáItsñaédeFV[sgÁmnigsVamITTYlsÁl; I-manTMnak;TMngl¥cMeBaHsgÁm-manmuxtMEngkñúgesvakmµsaFarN³ ÷cMeBaHRbeTsCati-)anplitnUvFnFanmnusSfµRI sneTAnwgviTüasaRsþfµI-pþl;enABlrdæl¥CUnRbeTsCati RsþITTYl)annUvkarGb;rMmancMenHdwgGaceFV[RKYsarman IsuPmgÁl nigeFIV[RbeTsCatirIkcMerIn.285>etIsiTi§BiessTaMg 6rbs;narImanGVIxøH?cM>siTBiessTaMg 6rbs;narIman ³ i§-siTTTYlR)ak;bMnac;esµInwgburs kñúgkargardUcKñaRtUvTTYlR)ak;ExesµIKña i§-siTmanskmµPaBxagpøvePT ePTNak¾edayk¾dUcKña GaceFIGIVmYy)antamskmµPaB---- §i Ú VsiTmanskmµPaBrvagbþIRbBn§ PaBCaRbBn§mantMélesµbþI §i I-siTTTYlkic©karkarBarekgRbv½j min[eKgRbv½jelIRsþRI Kb;meFüa)ay §i-siTQb;sMrakeBlsMralkUn GacQb;muneBleRkayeBlsMraktamkarkMnt;rbs;c,ab;--- §isiTrßi YcputBIeTasRbharCIvit kñúgkrNIRbePtmaneTasRbharCIvitRsþmanépÞeBaH . I286>k>etIkare)aHeqñatmann½yGIVxøH ?sMrab;RbCaBlrdæ nigmatuPUmi ?x>etIkare)aHeqñattamEbbRbCaFibetyüeKarBtamlkçx½NÐGIVxøH ?
  • 114. cM>k>sMrab;RbCaBlrdæ nigmatuPUmi kare)aHeqñatmann½ydUcteTA ³-Ca»kasGnuBaØat[ RbCaBlrdæeRcInR)as;siT§i neya)ayRKb;c,ab;rbs;xÜøn .--BlrdæGacpþl;GMnac b¤dkhUtGMnacBItMnagrbs;xÜøntame)aHeqñat .-Cakarpþl;GMnacRKb;RKgedaysiiviFI edayKñanGNeBIhwgSar . þx>kare)aHeqñattamRbCaFibetyü RtUveKarBtameKalkarN_³-lkçkarN_TUeTA ³BlrdæTaMgBIRePTGaccuHeQñaHe)aHeqñat ¬cab;BGayu18qñaM InigGacQreQµaH[eKe)aHeqañt ¦¬Gayu25qµaM¦.-lkçkarN_ ³ KañnkarbgçtbgçKMeromKMEhgmanesrIPaB cUlrYmkñúgkareXasna nigkarsMEdgqnÞH. i M-edaycMeBaH ³ eTAcuHeQµaH nigeTAe)aHeqñat edaypþal;xÜønÉg .-esµPaB ³ mñak;²e)aH)anEtmYysnøwk tMélsnøkeqñatesµKañ . I w I-edaysMgat; ³ lkçkarN_sMgat;kñgbnþÞb; . ú-yutûiFm’ nigesµPaB ³ manGÜksegÀtkarCatinigGnûrCati tMnagKN³bkSneya)ay ImanGaCJaFre)aHeqñatÉkraCüTTYl)an karpSBVpSaydUcKñaesµKañ . I-RtwmRtUv ³ BitR)akdKaµnkarExøgsnSMsnøkeqñat b¤hibeqñat . w287>k>dUcemþcEdlehAfa ]tþmPaBkñúgviC¢aCIv³ ?x>dIm,IEsVgrk]tþmPaBkñúgviC¢aCIv³ etIGñkRtUveFIVdUcemþcxøH ?cM>k>]tþmPaB KWCaPaBRbesIr éføføa PAB]tþúgÁ]tþm PaBl¥RbesIrx<gx<s;.]tþmPaBkñgviC¢aCIvH KWvICa¢CIv³dl;l¥RbesIr smedAykviC¢aCIv³ manCMnajc,as;las; úmansñaédl¥TTYl)aneCaKC½y .x>edIm,IEsVgrk]tþmPaBkñgvIC¢aCIv³ ´RtUv ú-manmañs;karkñúgkareFIVkargarviC¢aCIv³-mansµartITTYlxusRtUv-ecHEsVgyl;RsavRCavbTBIesaFn_l¥²BImnusScas; BIbNÐtCati nigGnþrCati i-xitxMécñrRbDit begáItsñaéd[manKuNPaBx<s;-EsVgyl;BIcMnucxaMg cMnucexSay edIm,IEkERb-RsavRCav nigEsVgyl;BItMrvkarrbs;sgÁm ehIyxitxMbMeBjtMrvkarenaH . U U
  • 115. 288>etIbNþwgEckecjCab:unañnya:g ?GIVxøH ?cUrbBa¢ak;?cM>bNþgEckecjCa4KW ³ w-bNþgGaCJa ¬bTelµIsRBhµTNЦ KWbNþgEdlekItBIkareFI[xUcsNþab;Fañb;rebobrab;rysaFarN³. w w V-bNþgrdæbevNI ¬bTelµsrdæbevNI ¦ KWbNWgEdlekItBIkareFIeV GayxUcxatsm,tþiGñkdéT w IehIyRtUvbBa¢asgCMgWcitþ etAGñkrgeRKaH .-bNþgtva: ¬bNþ]TÞrN_ CabNþgEdlcugecat b¤edImecatminyl;RBm w w wcMeBaHsalRkmsalaRkmgextþ-Rkug ehIybNþgmksala]TÞrN_[CMrhkþmþgetot . w I-bNþgbriha ³CabNþwgEdleFIeV LIgedaybuKÁlmañk; b¤eRcInGñkEdlmineBjcitþcMeBaHbuKál wsþab;rdæ b¤rdæaPi)alEdlRbRBwtxusc,ab; eFIeV Gayb:HBal;dl;plRbeyaCn_ b¤sm,tþirdæ dUcCaeKgbnøM þisIsMNUksUk)a:n CaedIm. u289>etIesctþIsuxrbs;mnusStamTsSn³rbs;RBHBuT§Cam©as;manb:unñanRbkar?cUrBnül;[)anc,as;las; .cM>esctþsuxrbs;mnusStamTsSn³RBHBuTCam©as;an5Rbkar . esckþIsuxTaMg5RbkarenaHman ³ I-Gkþisux ³ CaesckþsuxeRBaHmanRTBüsm,tþi RKb;RKan; tamtmrUvkar .RTBüsm,tþiTaMgenaHman4Rbkar I³-cMnIrGaharRKb;Ebbya:g-sMelokbMBak; eRKOgbiT)aMgragkay eRKOgGlgáarsmKYr .-eKhhdæanCMrksmrmüCarbs;xn RBmTaMgsMParHeRbIR)as;kñgpÞH øÜ ú-fñaMdgáÚvrbs;Büa)al manRKUeBTüCYyEfTaMCMgW÷ePaKsux ³CaesckþIsuxEdlekItBkareRbIR)as;RTBüsm,tþi edayRtwmRtUvrIkray CaesckþIsuxeRBaH)aneRbIsm,tþi xøn)anrkmkedaysucritRtwmRtUv . ÜGnBsux ³esckþsux IeRBaHKÜanbMNulesckûIsuxekItBIkar)anRbRBwtûitamKnøgFm’CaesckûsuxeRBaHmankargar sucrit ICabegÁalCab;lab;Fnark RTBüR)ak;kas.-snþsux³Caesckþs¶b;eRBaHmancitþs¶b; minvwkvrRcbUkRcbl; RcbUkRcbl;RcEnnQñasnIs. i I
  • 116. -srubesckþmkesckþsux TaMg 5Rbkar CatMrvkar nigeKalbMng rbs;mnusSCati I I UmniCaGñkNaCaGñkNaeLIy.290>etIkare)aHeqñatebbRbCaFibetyümanGtßn½yya:gNaxøH?cUrBnül[)anc,as;las;.cM> kare)aHeqñatebbRbCaFibetyümann½ydUct eTA³-kare)aH eqñatEbbRbCaFibetyüCakre)aHeqñat³-RbNaMg -edayesrI-eTogTat;eBl -CasMgat;-esµPaBI -cUlrYmKña-dac;Nat;tamrykare)aHeqñat-rdæaPi)alRtUveRCIserIleayRbCaCntamrdæsPa-rdæsPaRtUveRCiserIsedayRbCaCn-enAeBlyuT§nakareXasnae)aHeqñatKNbks nigebkçCnrbs;KNbkSRtUvman³÷esrIPaBkñgkarniyaysþI ÷ CYbRbCMu ú÷eFVdMeNIrcaM)ac;edIm,IpsBVpSaykmµviFIneya)ayrbs;xÜøn I÷kare)aHeqñatEbbRbCaCnmineRCIserIs³-Cnpþac;kar -RbFanaFibetyürW GñkdwknaM1CIvit-mRnþI rWtMnagEdlRbCaCneRCIerIsRtUvEtTTYlxusRtUv cMeBaHmuxRbCaCnehIykare)aHeqñaatRtUvKitBIRbeyaCy_RbCaCnCaFM.291>etIesdækic©km<úCabc©úb,nñGnuvtþtamRbBn§GVI? Bnül;RtYs² BIsßanPaBesdækic©enARBHraCaNacRkkm<úCacM>k>>>CaTUeTAvisyesdækic©RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca rdæaPi)al)aneRbIRbBn§esdækic©cMruH . úx>>PaKeRcInénmeFüa)ayplitkmµCakmµsiT§ ÉkCn buE: nþ rdæPi)aledIrtYnaTIsMxan;kñúgdwgnaMnwgeFV[esdækic©lMnwg. esdækic©cMruHpþl;nuvviFId¾manRbsiT§PaB kñúgkarpþl;GaCIvkmµdl;Gtifi Cn. IRbCaCnkm<Ca)aneFVIsmahrNkmµya:grh½skµgRbB½n§esdækic©GnþrCati nigkñúgtMbn; ú ú
  • 117. kñúgeKalbMngedIm,ITTYlykplRbeyaCn_cMeBaHRbCaCmxøÜn.enAxNeBlEdlrdæaPi)alRtUvCYykarBarbuKÁlikkmµkrnigGtifiCn BIkar)ak;EbkrMelaPbMBanBIsMnak;m©as;GaCIvkmµ.292>etIyuvCn EdlCassrRTUgRbeTsCati RtUvcYlrYmCYyGPivDÆn_ shKmn_sgÁmdUcemþc?cM>yuvCnEdlmanskþanuPaBminGacvas; nig )a:n;RbmaNehIyRtUvcUlrYmGPivDÆn_ sgÁmdUcxageRkam³ -erobcMxønxitxMEsvgrkcMenHdwg CMnajviC¢aCiv³ Ü-manGkb,kiriya smrmú sIlFm’rs;enas¥ats¥M eFVGVI² Rsbtamc,ab;sgÁm TMenomTMlab; RbéBNIExµr. I-cUlrYshkarKña kñfkareFVIGVImYy[ Gs;BIkMlaMgkaycitþ bBaØaCafamBl nigmanskmµ Canic©. ú-CYyEfrkSaGVI²RKb;ya:g edIm,I[mannirnþPaBsMrab;mnusSCMnan;eRkay.-manKMnitpþcepþIm kñúgkarCYyGPivDÆn_ shKmmincaM)ac;EtmnusScas;eT. Ü-mineRbIR)as;fñaMejon CYyTb;sáat; RbCaCnmin[RbRBwtþGMeBIGVIEdlsgÁms¥b;ex<m. I293>RKb;sasnaTaMgGs;)an[sasnikCnykcitþTukdak;BIbBaðaCMgWeGds_ brisßansRgÁam .etIeKGacedaHRsaybBaðaTaMgenHedayviFINaxøH?cM>RKb;sasnaTaMgGs; )an[sasnikCnykcitþTukdak;BIbBaðaCMgWeGds_ brisßan sRgÁam. ;eKaedaHRsaybBaðaTaMgenHdUcteTA³k>>CMgWeGds_³RtUvpSBVpSay BIplvi)akénCMgWeGds_ nigviGIkarBardUcteTA³-eRbIviFIkarBarRbesIrCagBüa)al-BinitürkemeraKmunbBa©ÚlQam -manédKUrmePTeRcIn Y--minesBeRKOgejonRsvwg -mincak;fñaMeRbIsWru augrYmKña M-CYyefTaMelIkTwkcitþGñkekIteGds_x>>>GMBbrisßan ³ pSBVpSayCMBIkarEfrkSasm,tþiFmµCatidUcCa³ I-EfrkSaéRBeQI Qb;kab;bMpøaj cUlrYmdaMedImeQI-EfrkSarbriyakas bnßyEpSgeBlEdlbgðúycUlbriyakas bnßykMedAEdlmnusSbegáIt.-EfrkSaTwkminecalsMramkaksMnl;cUlkñgTwk ú-EfrkSaCMrkstV FmµCatiminensaTRtIkñgrdUvRtIBg úK>>>>GMBIbBaðasRgÁam ³
  • 118. -bBa©b;sRgáamedaycrcar-edaHRsaysRgÁamedayFmµyaRta-pþl;sm,Tan[KñaeTAvijeTAmk-Qb;plitRbl½yelak294> edIm,IkøayCamnusSEmnETn etImnusSmñak;RtUvmanlkçNsm,tþiGVIxøH?cM>edIm,IkøayCamnusSEmnETnmñak;²RtUvmanlkçN ³-eFVICaKMrUl¥dl;GñkdéT -CYyykGsaGñkdéT-manTMnYlxusRtUvcMeBaHTegVIrbs;xn øÜ-KitBicarNa[)anRKb;RCugeRCaymunnwgeFVGVI1 I-elIkKuNsm,tþiGñkdéTEdl)anCYyxøn Ü-Rslaj;GñkdéTedaycitþesµaH -CYyEkkMhusGñkdéT-ecHemIl[eXIjkMhusrbs;xÜønÉg-ecHkMNt;eKaledA rbs;xn)anc,as;las; øÜ-begáIncMeNHdwg bec©keTsCaRbcaM295>etIRkmsIlFm’sMrab;shsSvtSfµI cMeBaHRKYsarmanGVIxøH?cM>>>RkmsIlFm’sMrab;shsSvtSfµcMeBaHRKYsarmandUcCa³ I-CYyeFVkar«Bukmþay nwgeKarBtamdMbUnµan taMgxønCakUnl¥ I Ü-ecHEfrkSakarBar nigRslaj;bgb¥n Ú-pþl;ral;tMrUvkarcaM)ac;sMrab;CIvitRKYsar-KitKUBIsuxTukç plRbeyaCn_RKYsar-manRBhµviharFm’ cMeBaHRKYsar-CaBIessRtUvmanPaBesµaHRtg;cMeBaHRKYsar296>k>etIeKalkarN_CamUldæansþIGMBI ÉkraCüPaBénRkumecARkmdUcemþcxøH?x>>etItulakarmansarsMxan;dUcemþc? cMeBaHCIvPaBrs;enArbs;RbCaCn?cM> eKalkarN_mldæanGMBIÉkraCüPaBénRkumecARkm Uk>>ecaRkmRtUvkat;ktamKtiyutFm’ eCosvagGKtiTaMg 4 qn³Kti eTaesaKti emaehaKti nig PyaKti. ûI ûi
  • 119. -kat;kþeI dayeKarBeTAtamc,ab; rbs;sgÁm-kat;kþIedayEp¥kelIehtuplkarN_ EdlmancMeBaHmuxx>tulakarmansarsMxan; RbCaCnRbeTsCatidUcteTA³ - rkSasNþab;Fñab;kñúgRbeTsCati - karBarsnþsuxdl;RbCaBlrdæRKb;rUb I - kaeBarsiT§esrIPaBrbs;RbCaBlrdæ - RbCaBlrdæmanlMnwgkñúgcitþ eRBaHmantulakarcaMCYykarBar - CYyrkyutûFm’ eFI[RbCaBlrd×RKb;fÜak;RtUvEteKarBc,ab;minha‘nbmBan i V eRBaHKñantulakarcaMvinicäyeTas . - CIv³PaBrs;enArbs;RbCaBlrdæ)anl¥RbesIr eRBaHCIvPaBrs;enARtUv)anFanaedayc,ab;. - ÉkraCPaBéntulakar eFI[GgákarCati GnþrCati GñkvinieyaKCa nigbreTs V manTMnukcitþelIRbeTsCatiTaMgmUl eRBaHmanc,ab;manRbBn§tulakarl¥.297>enAkñúgRbeTsttiyelakEtgEtCYbRbT³nUvGtulüPaB EdleFIV[dMeNIrkarGPivDÆn_RbeTsmankaryWtya:v . etIGtulüPaBsmxan;²manGIVxøH?cM>enARbeTsttiyelakEtgEtCYbRbtHnUvGtulüPaB EdleFI[dMeNirkarGPivDÆn_RbeTsmankaryWty:av . VGtulüPaBsMxan;²rYmmandUcCa ³-sMnUmBrnigesckþIRtUvkar-cMNUlnigCMnay-karnaMecj nigkarnaMcUl-rUbiy_vtþnigTMnij ú-R)ak;eborvtS nigCIvPaBrs;enArbs;mRnþIraCkar-kMlamgBlkmµnigkargareFIV-sMNUmBr GPivDÆn_ RbeTsCatinigFnFanmnusS-sMNUmBr GPIvDÆn_ nigehdæarcnasm<½n§.
  • 120. 298>etInimitþsBaØaénRksYlGb;rMyuvCn nigkILamanrUbPaBGIVxøH ? ehIydMnag[GIV?cM>nimitþsBaØaénRksYlGb;rMyuvCnnigkILamanrUbPaB ehIydMnag[dUcteTA ³-kMrgpáapøIeTs BN_manB½T§CMvij u-dMnagvb,Fm’Exµr-tMnag[RsTab;yuvCn EdlkMBugTTYl)anplCapáaCaEpø-rgVgmUlRTgePøIgtb;BN_mas ;-nimtþrbvis½ykILa i U-manyuvCnCaGñkbnþevn-kaMrsµBN’masEcgcaMRKb;TisTI I-BnøénviC¢a W-karGb;rMstibBaØasµartI RbCaCnExµrTUTaMRbeTs-kMnat;ExSbUBN_ mancarwkRksYgGb;rMyuvCn nigkILa Canimtþrbénvis½yGb;rMsikSaEdlmanTMnak;TMngnigGnþrCati i U299>etIkILa)anpþl;nUvsm,TanGIVxøH ? EdlCaGtþRbeyaCn_dl;GñkEdlniymva ?cM>kIILa)anpþl;nUvsm,Tan EdlCaGtþRbeyaCn_dl;GñkEdlniymva dUcCa ³-kaysm,Ta ³ mankMlaMgkayTaMgmUl suxPaBl¥ rh½srhyn-sil,_sm,YTa ³ mankaymammUn kMBs;smamaD-viC¢aCIv³ sm,TanCaGaCIBmYy sMrab;rbbciBa©wmCIvit-bBaØasm,Ta ³QøatévecHeRbIl,ic edIm,IykCICMnH-ePaKsm,Ta ³ GacrkR)ak;cMNUl b¤rGVan;eBl)aneCaKC½ycMenHdwgsm,Ta ³mancMenHdwg nigsmtþPaBkñgkarkarBarxøn kñúgeBlmanGasnñ . ú Ü300>etIGdægáikmKÁ rbs;RBhsmµasm<úT§Cam©as;manGIVxøH?cUrBnül;?cM>GdægÔkmKÀ ³rbs;RBHsmµasm<T§CamaKa’RbkbedayGgÀR)aMbI EdlmandUcteTA ³ i ù-smµaTidæ³ karyl;eXIjRtUvsmµasgÇ karRti³ri³kñúgpøvRtUv . Ú-smµakmµnþ³ karRtwmRtUv-smµavicar
  • 121. -smµaGaCIv ³karciBa©wmCIvitRtwmRtUv-smµavayam ³karBüayamRtwmRtUv-smmasti ³karPñak;rlwkRtwmRtUv-smµasmaFi ³ kartaMgcitþRtwmRtUv .301>etIkare)aHeqñatenARBHraCaNacRkkm<úCa GaNtþiTI1 TI2 TI3 mankarbriec©tenAéf¶Na ? ExNa ? qnaMNa ?cM>kare)aHeqñatenAkm<CaTaMgbI GaNtþi mankarbriec©tdUcteTA ³ ú-GaNtþTI1 ³23 ]sPa 28 ]sPa 1993 i-GaNtþTI2 26 kkáda 1998 i-GaNtþTIbI 27 kkáda 2003 . i302>etImnusSEdlTTYlrgnUvsßanPaBEbbNa eTIbGackMNt;fa CaCnePosxøÜn ?cM> nigGMnackMNt;fa CaCnePosxønKWCamnusS EdlmankarP½ykøac edaysarEtehtuplxagbUCsasn_ . ehtuplxagsasna ehtuplxagsBa¢ati b¤ehtuplxagneya)ay .303>kñúgGdægÁimKÁrbs;RBhBuT§Cam©as;Rtg; smµaGaCIv elak)anGb;rM [buKÁlTaMgLayRbkbrbbciBa©wmCIvit edaysucritRtwmRtUv Biesshamlk; b¤CYjdUrTMnijb:unñanRbePT ? etICaTMnijGIVxøH ?cM>kñúgGdægÁmKÁrbs;RBhBuT§Cam©as;Rtg; smµaGaCIv elak)anGb;rM [buKÁlTaMgLayRbkbrbbciBa©wmCIvit i edaysucritRtwmRtUv Biesshamlk; b¤CYjdUrTMnij5RbePT KW ³-hamlk;b¤CYjdUrTMnijRbhaCivit-hamlk;b¤CYjdUrmnusS ¬CYjdurpøvePT ¦ Ú-hamlk;b¤CYjdUrstVmanCIvithamlk;eRKOgBul-haamlk;eRKOgejon eBal KWRBHBuT§Cam©as; TUnñan[eyIgciBa©wmCivitedayRtwmRtUv .vacakkarekgRbv½j e)akR)as;GñkdéT eFI[GñdéTTTYlTukeTasGab;eGanedaysarxøn . V
  • 122. 304>etIbuKlmñak;²RtUvmansilFm’ cMeBaHxøÜnÉgdUcemþc ?cM>buKÁlmñak;²RtUvmansilFm’ cMeBaH xønÉg dUctrTA ³ Ü-eKarBxønÉgmanCMenOrelIsmtþPaBrbs;xøÜn Ü-minRbmafemIlgay bnÞab;benßakxønÉg manKMnitTuTidæiniym elIxønÉg hYseBlevla Ü Ü nigxitxMsikSabegáInsmtþPaB edIm,IksagGnaKtrbs;xÜøn[fáúMefágrugerOg/. I-manTMnYlxuRtUvral;TegVrI bs;xn. øÜ305>etICnRbeTsNaxøH EdlKµansiT§iCaebkçCne)aHeqñat eRCIserIsCatMNag raRsþ/cM>CnEdlKµansiT§iQreQµaH CaebkçCneRCIserIsCatMNagraRsþKW-CnEdlKµanGayu25 qñaM minGacQreQµaHe)aHeqñat-CnEdlKµansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt-CnEdlsñak;enACaGciéRnþ ¬kñúgRbeTsminRKb;1 qñaMKitdl;éf¶e)aH eqñat¦-CnEdlminmankarEtgtaMgBIKNbkSneya)ay Edl)ancHubB¢aIQreQµaHe)aH eqñat.-CnEdlAKµanb½NÑe)aHeqñat –mRnþItulakar kñúgmuntMENg-mRnþrI aCkarsþasIvil kñúg muxtMEng u-kgkMlaMgnKr)alkñg mux tMENg ú-buBCitsasna ¬GñkbYs¦ V -Cnviklcrit-CnEdlRtUvtulakarpþnÞaeTas dak;Bn§FnaKarBIr bT]Rikdæ bTmCÆwm ehIyEdlminTan; mannIti sm,TaeLIgvij.-CnEdlRtUv)anpþnÞaeTas dksiTe§i )aHeqñat.-CnEdlRtUv)andkhUt siT§iCabeNaþHGasnñBsiTi§ e)aHeqñat I-CnEdlRtuv)anlubeQµaHBI bB¢aIe)aHeqñat edayKNkmµaFIkar CatierobcMkare)aHeqñat.-smaCikénKNkmµaFikarCati nig KNkmµaFikarerobcMkare)aHeqñateRCIserIstMNag raRsþ.-smaCik]tþmRkumRbwkSaénGgÁecA Rkm-smaCikRkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØ.306>cUrrkPaBxusKñarvagkarcuHeQµaHeqñat nigkarcuH eQµaHQrCaebkçCn tMNagraRsþ[eKe)aHeqñat?
  • 123. cM>PaBxusKñarvagkarcuHeQµaHGñke)aHeqñat nigkarcuHeQµaHGñke)aHeqñat nigkarcuHeQµaHQr CaebkçCntMnagraRsþ[eKe)aHeqñat.÷karcuHeQµaHCaGñke)aHeqñat-mansBa¢atiExµr-mansiT§ie)aHeqñat-manGayucab;BI18qñaMeLIgeTAKitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat-manGas½ydæanc,as;las;kñgRbeTs. ú-minEmnCaCnviklcrit-minEmnCaCnCab;eTas-eTAcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñatedayxøÜnÉg= karQreQµaH[eKe)aHeqñat-mansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt -manb½Ne)aHeqñat-Gayu 25qñaMeLIgeTAKitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat-sñak;enACaGciéRnþkgRbeTskm<úCay:agtic 1qñaM Kitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat ñú-minEmnCaCnCab;BnÁFnaKar-mankarEtgtaMgBIKNbkSneya)ayEdlcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat.307>edIm,IGacGPivDÆn_xøÜnÉg)an CaTUeTAmnusSmñak;RtUvmansmtßPaBCa mUldæan. etIsmtßPaBTaMgenaHGacekItmantamry³GVIxøH? cUrBnül;?cM> edIm,IGacGPivDÆn_xÜnÉg)an CaTUeTAmnusSmñak;RtUvmansmtßPaBCa mUldæan. ø-=smtßPaBKWCaPaBEdlGacbMeBjkic©kar1 [sMerc)anedayeRbImeFüa)aysBVEbbya:g TaMgpøÚvkay vaca cit. þ-=smtßPaBKW CakarEdleKGacbNþH)an RbsinebIeKhVwkhat; Gb;rM[)anRtwmRtUv. ú CaTUeTAsmtßPaBGacekItmanedaysar³-GMnacFmµCatiBkMenIt I -]bnisS½yBIkMenIt-karhVwkhat; karGb;rM-kñúgbriyakasEdlGMeNaypl
  • 124. -tMNBUCBIEm:« CIdUnCIta jatisNþan-BiesaFn_kñúgkic©karRKb;Ebbya:g-kMlaMgcitþEdlBüayamBuHBar[xagEt)an-kareronsURtRtiHriH sYr nigkarcgcaM.308>etIGnkçrPaBpþl;nUvplvi)akGaRkk;GVIxøHdl;buKÁl nig sgÁmCati?cM>GnkçrPaB ³PaBminecHGkSr GnkçrPaBEtgnaMmknUvplGaRkk;dl;samIxøÜnpÞal; RBmTaMgsgÁmCatidUcCa³k-vi)akGaRkk;cMeBaHbuKÁlpÞal;-)at;m©as;karkñúgkarrs;enA-kargarTTYl)ankMértic-l¶ge; xøa qab;eCOqab;caj;beBaäateK-xVHkarBicarNa eRcInedIrpøvxus Ú-Bi)akrkkargareFVI eRBaHcMenH -RKYsarxVHsuPmgÁl-kargareRcIneRbIedaykMlaMgkay-CIvPaBrs;enAkñúgRKYsarmankMritTab niglM)akxVHmuxxVHeRkay-manPaBenOyht;xaø MgsuxPaBRTuDeRTam-minGacTTYlBt’manBittamrykarGan rW minGaclak;Gaf’kM)aMg)an-gayTTYlrgnUvkarCiHCan; ekgRbv½jnigrgeRKaHedayRbkarepSg².x>plGaRkk;cMeBaHsgÁmCati-xVHFnFanmnusS-xVHÉkraCüPaB )at;m©as;karkñúgkarGPivDÆn_ shKmn_BgEtCMnYybreTs w-esd×kic¨vb,Fm’Gn;fyeRBaHRbCaCnl¶g;exøA xVHcMenHbec¨eTskñúgkarplit-vb,Fm’breTshUrvUlKµanCMerIs GtÓsBaÏaNCatiRtUv )anbMpøajbnûcmûg². i-RbCaCnRkIRkl¶g;exøA gaycaj;beBaäatbreTs qab;TTYlmenaKm viCa¢rbs;RbeTseK EdleFV[RbeTsFøak;kñúgnwmGaNaniKmbreTs. I
  • 125. niyayrYmGnkçrPaB KWCaPaBGn§karEdlmnusSminecHGkSrRtUv)ancat;TukCa mnusSxVak; . GnkçrPaBC]bsKÁ nigCaeRKaHfñak;d¾FMbMput cMeBaHkic©karGPivDÆn_shKMn_ EdlrdæaPi)alRtUvykcitþdak;CacMbg.309>etIsßab½nCatikm<úCarYmmanGVIxøH?k>sßab½nnImYy²tMnag[GMnacGVI?x>sßab½n rW GgÁkarnImYy²RtUv)anerobcMbegáIteLIgedayrebobNa?K>etIGMNacrdæ)alfñak;mUldæansßitenAeRkamkarRKb;RKgrbs;GMnacGVI? rdæ)al fñak;NaxøHEdlminqøgkat;RbCamti?cM>sßabnCatirYmman rdæsPang RBwT§sPa raCrdæaPi)altulakar.k>>sßabnnImy²sßtkñúg³ Y i-rdæsPa RBwT§sPa GMnacnitibBaØti-raCrdæaPi)al GMnacnItiRbtibtþi-tulakarGMnac nitivinicäy rWGMnactulakarx>>sßabnnImYy²RtUv)aneRCIstaMgnig begáIteLIgdUcteTA³ rdæsPa-ekIteLIgedaykare)aHeqñatCaskl tamRbBn§smmaRt-tMNagraRsþRtUvmanGayuya:gtic 25qñaM-ebkçCnRtUvmansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt nwgmaneQaµHBIbBa¢IKNbkS-ebkçCnrdæsPa rW GasnkñúgrdæsPaRtUvman 120 ya:gtic-rdæsPamannItikal 5qñaM ehIyputkMnt;enAeBlEdl sPafµcUlkan;tMENg I-GNtiþTI 1 man 120Gasn³ TI2 man 122Gasn TI3 man 123Gasn RBwT§sPa-mansmaCikesµBak;kNþalénsmaCikrdæsPa I-smaCik 2rUb RtUv)an EtgtaMgedayRBHmhakSRt-smaCik 2rUb eTotRtUv)anEtgtaMgedayrdæsPa-nig smaCikdéTeTot RtUv)ane)aHeqñatCaGskl
  • 126. -smaCiRBwT§sPamanGayuya:gtic 40qñaM.-smaCikRBwT§sPa RtUvmansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt-RBwT§sPamanGayu 5qñaM ehIyputkMnt;enAeBlEdl RBwT§sPafµcUlkan;dMEng. I raCrdæaPi)al-tamsMeNIrrbs;RbFanrdæsPaedaymankar ÉkPaB BIGnuRbFanTaMgBIr énrdæsPa RBHmhakSRtRTg;ecjRBHraCRkwtEtgtaMgvIv³CnmYyrUbkñúgcMeNam KNbkSQñHeqñat [eFVCanaykrdæmRnþI. I-naykrdæmRnþeI LIgkan;tMENg ehIybegáItrdæaPi)alCarUbrageLIg-naykrdæmRnþI KWCatMnagraRsþénKNbkSQñHeqñat-naykrdæmRnþmantYnaTIeRCIserIs smaCik rdæaPialecj BItMnagraRsþmYycMnYn InigBIsmaCikénKNbkSYycMnYneTot EdlmansMelgenAkñúgrdæsPapÁrÚ pÁg[kan;tMENgepSg²enA raCrdæaPi)al ehIyeTAsueM sckþITukcitþBIrdæsPa rdæsPae)aHeqñatpþl;TMnukcitþdl;mti 2PaK 3 ehIyRTg;fVayRBHmhakSRtecjBI RBHraCRkwtüedIm,IEtgtaMgKNrdæmRnþITaMgmUl. = salaCMrHkþI tamsMeNIrrbs;]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkmEdlmanrdæmRnþI RksYgyutûFm’ CaGñkeRBog iRBHraCRkwtüEtgtaMgecARkmnig RBHrCGaCJaGmsalaCMnuCMrHkþI MedIm,Idak;fVayRBHmhakS®t.-RBHmhakS®tRTg;LayRBHhsßelxaEgtaMgecARkmnig RBHraCGaCJa.K>>GMnacrdæ)alfñak;mUldæansßtenA eRkamkarRKb;RKgrbs;GMnac GaCJaFrEdndIfñak; extþRkug i EdlEckCa.-Rsuk ³GPi)alRsuk -Xu³M GPi)alXMu –PUmi ³ emPUmiRkugEckCa-xNÐ ³GPi)alxNÐ -sgáat; ³ ecAsgáat; -PUmiRkum³ emPUmi min)anqøgkat;RbCamti KWGPi)alextþ GPi)alRsuk emXuM GPi)alRkug GPI)alxNÐ emPUmI Rkug.
  • 127. 310>etIsIlFm’ rbs;RBHBuT§sasna RBHBuT§sasnaGb;rMénmnusSdUcemþcxøH?cM> sIlFm’RBHBuT§sasna Gb;rMmnusS[manGtûcrit³-ecHEsVgrksnþPaB nigGPivDÆn_PaB i-Gb;rM[eFVCam©as;elIxøÜnÉg xønTIBwgxøÜn I Ü-Gb;rMmnusS[mancitþ KMnit brisuT§ RCHføa-[ecHxnþGt;Fµt; cMeBaHbBaðaRKb;ya:gEdl)anCYbRbTH. I-[mnusSevorcak nUvelaP eTas emah³ CamUlehtuénTukç GviC¢a nig tNða.-sagEtGMeBI suc©rit Gnuvtþn_ sIlR)aM nig GdægÁkmKÁ. i-[manPaBesµaHRtg; cMeBaHKñaeTAvijeTAmk-[ecHedaHRsayCMelaHedaysnþviFI nig GhwgSa i-[ecHeyaKyl;GFüaRsy ecHCYyseRgÁaH Kña BIess mansamKÁ. I-Gb;rMyl;fasagGMeBINaTTYlplenaH-Gb;rM[lHbg;[GñkdéT-Gb;rM[ecHeRbIviFIrMlt;TukØ edayedIrtammaKa’ R)aMbI y:agrbs;RBHBuT§KW pøÐveTAkan;niBaVn.311>etIesdækic©enAkm<úCabc©b,nñGnuvtþn_RbBn§GVI?k>cUrniyayedayRtYs²BIsßanPaBesdækic©enAkm<úCa.x>cUrrkBaküesøak rWsPasit EdlTak;Tg eTAnwg Baküfaesdækic©.cM>tamrdæFmµnuBaØ énRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca maRtTI 56 )anEcgfa ú RBHraCaNacRkkm<CaGnuvtþesdækic©TpSar. ú Ik>>sßanPaBesdækic©enAkm<úCabc©úb,nñKW³-rdæeRbIR)as;RbBn§esdækic©cMruH-rdæpþl;lT§PaB nig bgálkçNCUnvinieyaK breTskñúgRsuk nigeRkARsuk[mkbNþak;TunrksI. u-begáIt[mankarRbkYtRbECgdeNþmTipSar I-raCrdæaPi)aledIrtUya:gsMxan;kñúgkardwknaM nigeFV[esdækic©manlMnwg nigCYykarBar buKÁlik kmµkr I GtifiCn rYccakputBIkar e)akR)as;.
  • 128. -rdæeFVsmahrNkmµcUlkñúgesdækic©kñúgtMbn; nwgGnþrCati bc©úb,nñ)anbBa©ÚlxøneTAkñúg esdækic©GnþrCati I Ü WTO enA Ex kBaØa 2003.-rdæerobcMeFVc,ab;BaNiC¢kmµ c,ab;vinieyaKTun edIm,IGPivDÆn_esdækic©elIRKb;visy. I-rdæFanarkSa suvtßPaBsgÁm reboberobrysaFarN edIm,I[manTMnukcitþdl;BYkGñk vinieyaK[cUlmk i bNþak;Tunrksu. Ix>>rksuPasit rW Baküesøak Tak;Tg nwg esdækic.suPasit-eFVIERsnwgTwk eFVswknwg)ay I-eFVIERs[emIlesµA Tukdak;kUnecA[ emIlepAsnþan-tk;²eBjbMBg;.Baküesøak-ksikmµCadYgRBlwgCatiExµr.-ksikmµCadegðmesdækic©. I-PUmimypliplmYy Y-RsUvmYyRKab;Ca plitplmYy.312>etIRbBn§Gb;rMeBjeljenAkm<úCa man GVIxøH? cUrerobrab;lMGit.cM>RbBn§Gb;rMeBjeljenAkm<Ca man³ úk>slabzmsikSa ³ 6qñaM nig metyü 3qñaM = 9qñaMx>mFümsikSa³ 6qñaM-mFümbzmPUmi 3qñaM TI7 dl; TI 9.-mFümTutiyPUmi 3qñaM BITI 10dl; TI12.K>>fñak;]tþmsikSa-mFümsikSaÉkeTs ryeBl 2qñaM eTA 3qñaM.-salabNþHbNþalviC¢aCIv Twkføa RBHkusm³ ERBkelob>>>>>. ú271>etIRkmsIlFm’sMrab;shvtSfµImanGVIxøH?cM>RkmsIlFm’sMrab;shvtSfµman³ I
  • 129. ÷sIlFM’cMeBaHxøÑnÈg-eFVICam©as;elIxøÜnÉg-EfrkSasuxPaB-xitxMeronsURtRsavRCav Gb:rMxÜn begáInsmtßPaBkargar viC¢aCIv³ ø-TTYlxusRtUvral;skmµPaBrbs;xnÉg øÜ ÷sIlFm’cMeBaHRKYsar-pþl;tMrUvkarcaM)ac;sMrab;xøÜn nigRKYsar-eKarBbI)acEfrkSa ktþjÚcMeBaHGñkmanKuN-EfrkSasmaCikRKYsar bgábriyakasrIkray ÷cMeBaHGñkdéT-manKMnitGFüaRs½y -pþl;»kas[GñkdéT-ecHeFVsm,Tapøvcitþ I Ú -minbgákarQWcab;dl;déT-minbgámhnþray b¤GsuvtßiPaBdl;GñkdéT ÷sIlFm’cMeBaHsgÀm-eFVIxn[eTACaRbeyaCn_sMrab;sgÁm øÜ- GMBIkrNIkic nigeKarBsiTmnusS §i-CYyTMnukbMrugGñkTn;exSy-Rkbrbrsuc©rit-rkSRbéBNITMenomTMlab;rbs;sgÁm ÷sIlFm’CMeBaHRbeTsCati-eKarBRbtibtþc,ab;rbs;Rbes i-rkSakarBarRTBüsm,tþirbs;rdæ nigsm,tþsarFarN³ i-karBarbrisßanFmµCati nigbrisßansgÁm-cUlrYmkarGPivDÆn_RbeTs-rkSakarBarbitiPNÐCati karBarTwkdIBUCsasn_
  • 130. 272>etI]tþmPaBrbs;viC¢aCiv³sßitenARtg;Na?etIGñkRtUveFVIdUcemþcedIm,Icab;yk]tþmPaBenH?CM>]tþmPaBrbs;viC¢aCIv³ b¤PaBl¥RbesIrénviC©aCIv³sßitenA ³ ÷viC¢aCIv³enaHRsbnwg]bnisS½yrbs;xøn Ü ÷ viC¢aCIv³enaHRsbnwgtMrUvkarrbs;sgÁm ÷ viC¢aCIv³enaHCakmµaGaCIv³¬GaCIvkmµ¦ ÷edIm,IEsVgrk]tþmPaBkñg viC¢aCIv³ rbs;xøneyIgRtUv ³ ú Ü V-manm©as;karelIviC©aCIv³rbs;xÜn ø-mansµartITTYlxusRtYv-xitxMEsVgylnUvcMnucxøaMg nigcMnucexSayrbs;xøn Ü-xitxMRsavRCav;eronsURt edIm,IbegánsmtßPABedaydkykbTBiesaFl¥BmnusScas; I ICMnan;mnBIGñkR)aCJaCati nigbNÐtGnþrCati u i-xitxMEkécñRDitbegánsñaéd[manKuNPaBx<s; I-xitxMEsVgyl;BItMrUvkarsgÁm-Rbkbedaykargarsuc©rit273>etIkargarpþl;tMénGIVxøH?dl;mnusS ?k>GIVxøHCakarKMramkMEhgcMeBaHkargarrbs;mnusS?x>etInikµPaBnaMmknUvolvi)akGIVxøHdl;sgÁm?cM>kargarpþl;nUvtMéldl;mnusSCaeRcIndUcCa ³-tMélesdækic© ³kargarnaMmknUvR)ak;cMnUlRTBüsm,tþi sMParHsMbrU Ebb-siltMélnaMmknUvPaBéføfÞÚrsÁal;sgÁm sÁal;vin½yrebob enAkÞúgkargarBiessKWpþl;RbeyaCn_kÞúgkarFana»kasesµrI KÞa-tMÙlbBa¢a ³kargarnaMmknUvsc¨PaB karRsavRCavbegÔItsm,tûsgÔmvb,Fm’ begÔnGriyFm’ i I-tMélGPiesdæ ³¬tMélelIslbb¤tMél]dþúg]tþmÖéRkElg¦kargarb¤BlkmµEjkmnusS[dac;Rslas;Rtg;ecHeFVIkarnigécñRbDit-sil,_tMél ³ kargarnaMesaP½Ndl;CIvitmanreboberobry ³ begátsNþab;Fñab;kñúgCivit I
  • 131. k> mUlehtuEdlKMramkMEhgkargarrbs;mnusS ³-bdivtþn_viTüasaRsþbec©keTsrIkcMerInEdleFVI sib,kmµ køayeTACaynþkmµehIyQaneTAdl;syRbvtþkmµ EdlminRtUvkarcaM)ac;nUvkMlaMgmnusSeRcIn V½ i-smtßPaBmankMérmnusS ³ karsikSayl;dwgrbs;mnusSxagEpñkbec©keTsmankMritEdleFV[Bi)akkñgkarrkkargareFVI i ú-GñkmansmtßPaBeRcInelIsBItMrkar UV ÷cMnucxagelIenHEdleFV[sMbUreTAedaynikmµCn I-karbBaÄb; kargaredaykat;bnßybuKÁlik bgçM[cUlnivtþn_munGayukMnt;cMEnkGñk/edlmin)anqøgkat;salabNþHbNþalRtUvbBaÄb;Bkargar. ú Ix> nIkmµPaBnaMmkplvi)akdl;sgÁmKW ÷PaBTMenrtkargareFVInaMmknUvbBaðaCaeRcIndUcCa ³-bBaðasnþsux ³ GMeBIBukrlYy qklbøn; nigcab;CMrit i-TMnas;kñgRKYsar GMeBIhigSa ú-GtulüPaBesdækic©kgRKYsar KWCIvPaBRkIRkkñúg lM)ak Gt;Xøan ñú - GtulüPaBesdækic©sgÁm bBaðasgÁmkic©manvibtþiesdækic©Føak;cuH-vb,Fm’BkrlYy uPaBGskmµkñgsgÁmeFVI[)at;bg;esckþéføfrñÚ rbs;BlrdæGacQanTAdl;PaBGnaFibetyü ú í274>k>etIkare)aHeqñatmanGtßn½ydUcemþc ? x>tamliT§iRbCaFibetyüetIkare)aHeqñatRtUvEp¥kelIeKalkarN_GVIxøH?cM>k> kare)aHeqñatmanGtßn½ydUcteTA ³-Ca»kasEdlRbCaBlrdæeRbIsiT§ineya)ayRsbc,ab;-BlrdæGacpþl;GMnac b¤dkhUtGMnacBImRnþIraCrdæaPi)altamry³snøwkeqñat-CakarepÞrGMnacRKb;RKgedaysnþiviFIKµanGMeBIhigSa þx> tamliTi§RbCaFibetyükare)aHeqñatRtUvEp¥kelIeKaalkarN_dUcxageRkam ³ ÷lkçN³TUeTABlrdæTaMgBIePTGaccUlrYme)aHeqñat¬18¦ nigGacQreQµaH[ eKe)aH eqñat¬25qñaM¦
  • 132. ÷lkçN³skl e)aHeqñatkñgéf¶EtmYyeBlEtmYy nigCakMnt;TUTaMgRbeTs ú ÷lkçN³esrI-KµankarbgçtbgçM b¤KMramkMEhg i-esrIPaBkñgkarcUlrYmKN³neya)aykñkareXasna nigkarsMedgqnÞH ú ú ÷lkçN³edaycMeBaH RtUveTAcuHeQµaHedaypÞal; nigeTAe)aHeqñatedayxønÉgÜ ÷lkçN³esrIPaB-mñak;²e)aHeqñat)anEtmYydg¬1snøkdUcKña¦ w-mYysnøkmantMélmYysMelgdUcKña w ÷lkçN³edaysMgat;-kareRCIserIsRtUveFVeI LIgedaysMgat;kgbnÞb;snøkeqñatbt;ya:gCitdak;cUlkñúghibeday xønÉg pÞal; ñú w Ü ÷lkØN³yutFm’ b¤tMNPaB ûi-enAeBlEdle)aHeqñatmanGñkGegátkarRKb;KN³bkSneya)aycUlrYm ¬GCJaFre)aHeqñatÉkraC¦-lkçN³RtwmRtUv KµankarEkbnøMsnøwkeqñat KµankarbnøM e)aHmñak;Ég2dg rW3dgeLIy.275>k>etIdMenIrkare)aHeqñatrYmmanGIVxøH ?x>etIsßab½nCatirYmmanGVIxøH? sßab½nnImYy²ekIteLIgedayrebobNa?cM>k> dMenIrkare)aHeqñatrYmman ³-karcuHeQµaHkñúgbBa¢KNbkSedIm,IQreQµaHCaebkçCn I-karcuHeQµaHeFVIb½NÑedImI,Ie)aHeqñat-karRbkaslT§i-yuT§nakareXasnapSBVpSayrksMelg-skmµPaBe)aHeqñat-karrab;snøwkeqñatx> sßab½nRBHmhakSRt-sßab½nrdæsPa nigRBwT§sPa-raCrdæaPi)al-sßab½ntulakar
  • 133. sßab½nnImy²ekIteLIgedaykarcat;taMgxageRkam ³ Y-sßab½nRBHmhakSRt RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayRkumRbwkSaraCsm,tþi-sßab½nrdæsPa RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayRbCaCn¬kaee)aHeqñat¦-sßab½nRBwT§sPa RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayKN³bkSEdle)aHeqñatedayskl-sßb½nraCrdæaPi)al RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedayrdæ-sßab½ntulakarRtUv)aneRCIstaMgeday]tþmRkumRbwkSaGgÁecARkm276> cUreFVIkareRbobeFobGMBIkatBVkic©rbs;rdæsPa nigRBwTæsPa? rvag rdæsPanigRBwTæsPa mYyNamanGMnacCag? eRBaHGVI?cM>Parkic©rbs;rdæsPa nigRBwTæsPa mancMnucKñadUcxageRkam³÷rdæsPa-Gnum½tEpnkarfvikarrdæ-TTYlBakübNwg þ-e)aHeqñatpþle; sckþITukcitþ rWTMnukcitþBIrdæaPi)al-Binitüc,ab;EdlrdæsPa)anGnym½t-dak;fVayRBHmhakSRtLayRBHhsßelxakñúgkrNI smRsb-bBa¢nRtlb;eTArdæsPa [sMrleLIgvijkñúgkrNIman karCMTas; Ú YrdæsPa³ CaGñktMnagraEsþCab;eqñat edayviFIe)aHeqñatCasklnigcMeBaH¬tamRbB½n§smamaRt¦rdæsPaénRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaTI2cab;kMenIt enaéf¶TI 25 kBaØa qñaM1993. ú÷RBwT§sPa ³ CasPaCan;x<s;ekIteLIg edayviFIe)aHeqñatCaGskl mincMeBaH.RBwT§sPatMnagsmUhPaBEdndIRBwT§sPabegát eLIgenAéf¶TI 15 mina IqñaM1999.rvagrdæsPanigRBwT§sPa manGMnacCaRBwT§sPaRtg; Gnum½telIfvikarnigEpnkarrdænigsiT§iGMnacTlak;raCrdæaPi)al .cMEnkRBwT§sPaminGacTMlak;raCrdæaPi)al)aneLIy .277>kÞúgsiT§iRbCaFibetyümansiT§iEbgEck bIdac;BIKÞa.k>etIGMnacGIVxøH? GMnacNImYy²dMnag[sßab½n b¤GgÁkarGIV?x>etIGMnacnImYy²kekIteLIgtamvIFINaxøH?cM>kÞúglTiR§ bCaFietyümankarEbgEck GMnacbIdac;BIKña GMnacTaMgbIenaHmanKW ³
  • 134. k>GMnacTaMgbImanKW-GMnacnitibBaØatþi mansßab½nrdæsPa nigRBwT§sPa-GMnacnitiRbtibtþi mansßab½nraCrdæaPi)al-GMnactulakar mansßab½nsalakCMrHkþI GgÁecARkmx>karkekIteLIgenAGMnacnImYy²÷edæsPa ³erobcMbegát edaykare)aHeqñatCasklrbs;RbCaCntam RbB½n§nigbBa¢KN³bkS I IEdlmansmaCikya:gtic120nak; ¬GaNtþTI1 ¦ bc©úb,nñmansmaCik 12rub tMnagraRsþ b¤tMnagsPa iEdleRCIserIsebkçCn EdlmanGayuya:gtic25qñaM mansB¢aatExµrBIkMenItsñak;enAya:gtic1qñaMkñúgRbeTskm<úCa BIessmaneQµaHkñúgbBa¢KN³bkS .rdæsPamannItikal5qñaM InigputkMNt;enAeBlrdæsPa fµcUlkan;tMENg . I÷RBwT§sPa ³mansmaCIkesµInigBak;kNþal EdlsmaCikrdæsPa bc©úb,nñ61nak;kñúgcMenamsmaCIkRBwT§sPa TaMgGs;mansmaCIk2rubEdlEtgtaMgeday RBHmhakSRtnigBIrbeToteRCIstaMgeday rdæsPa nigsmaCIkd¾éTeRCIstaMgeday kare)aHeqñatGskl. UsmaCikRBwT§sPa manGayuya:gtic40qñaM mansB¢aatiExµrBIkMeNIt RBwT§sPamanGaNtþ6qñaM . i÷raCrdæaPi)al³ tamsMeNIrBIrdæsPaRBHmhakSRkRTg;cat;taMgvIr³CnmYyrUbkñúgcMenamtMnagraRsþénKN³bkS EdlQñHeqñat[eFICanaykrdæmRnþI edIm,Ibegátsßab½n raCrdæaPi)alvIr³CnrUbenHeRCIstaMgb¤smaCikKN³bkS V IEdlmansMelgenAkñgsPa [kan;tMEngepSgkñgtMEngraCrdæaPI)alehIysMeu sckþITukcitþBIrdæsPa ú ú.rdæsPa )ane)aHeqñatpþl;esckþITukcitþ ehIydak;fVayRBHmhakSRt RTgecjRBHraCRkitüEtgtaMgkñgsmaCikraCrdæaPi)al. úKN³rdæmRnþeI FIsc©aRbNiFanrhIycUlkan;tMEng . V÷tulakar³ salaCMr³kþIKWKuNPaBbegáIttamsMeNIr rbs;]tþmRkmRbwkSa UGgÁecARkmEdlmanRBHmhakSRtCaRbFan RTg;ecjRBHraCRkitüEtgtaMgecARkmRBHraCGCJasalaCMr³kûI Edlmanrd×mRnûIRksYgyutûFm’ TTYlbnÒùkRBagRBHraCRkitúenaH . I278>eRkayBI)ansikSaemeron siT§ie)aHeqñatenAkm<úCa nigqøgtamry³karFøab;dwg)anlWnUvsßanPaPe)aHeqñatenAGaNtþiTImYynigTIBIrenAkm<úCa .
  • 135. cM>enAkm<úCakñúgrbbRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca cab;BIqaµ M1993mkmankare)aHeqñattamrbbsPaBniym ú)anBIrelIkmkehIy BIGaNtþTImYynigTIBIr i sikSaeRbobeFob GaNtþiTImYynigTiBIr ÷GaNtþTImYy i-qña1993 M-]btþmÖeday UNTACGaCJaFrbeNaþHGasnñénGgÁkarshRbCaCati]btþmCaR)ak; 2000landuløar Ö-manKN³bkScMnYn20QreQµaH-KN³bkSh‘nsIbiucCab;eqÜateRcInCageK bnÒab;mkKNbkSRbCaCn nigesrIniymRBHBuT§ sasna u unigm:UlINaka-emdwknaMrd×aPi)alKWKNbkShVùn swubiucCaRbFan bnÒab;mkKNbkSh‘ùVnswmbicRbCaCn CaGnuRbFan ‘ u u-manshnaykrdæmRnþI-semþcRkumRBHneratþmrNb¤T§i-semûc h‘unEsn-tMélminTan;manm©as;karfvikarlT§PaBénkare)aHeqñat ÷lkçN³dUc-Gnuvtþn_tamliT§iRbCaFibetyü-e)aHeqñatCaskl CasMgat;RtwmRtUvesrI nigyutûFm’ GaNtûiTI2 1998 i-erobcMedayraCrdæaPi)alEtman-karCYy]btÖmÖxøH BIGgÁkarGnþrCatiBiessKWshKmn_GWr:iub-KNbkScMnYn 39QreQµaH-KNbkSRbCaCnmansMelgeRcInbnÒab;mk hV‘nswbic nigKNbkSsmrgSIù ù uu-emdwknaMrdæaPi)al KwKNbkSRbCaCn-manEtnaykrd×mRnûIEtmYyKW semûc h‘unEsnCaRbmuxÙnrd×aPi)al-tMélsVym©as;karTaMgxagsnþIsux ½279>k>cUrGñksikSaeeRbobeFobkarcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat nigkarQreQµaH[eKe)aHeqñat?
  • 136. cM>k> sikSaeRbobeFobkarcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat nigkareQµaHe)aHeqñat ÷lkçN³xus-karcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat karQreQµaHe)aHeqñat-mansBa¢atiCaExµrBIkMenIt-Gayucab;B18qñaeM LIgeTAKitdl;éf¶ I-manGayucab;BI25qñaMeLIgeTAKitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat-manGas½ydæanc,as;las;-sñak;enAkm<úCay:agticmYyqñaM Kitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat¬manGas½ydæanc,as;las;¦-minsßtkñúgsßanPaBCab;Bn§FnaKar i-mansiT§ie)aHeqñat-minEmnCaCnviklcarik-maneQµaHkñgbBa¢KNbkSEdlEtgtaMg eRkamGNaBüa)alsmtßkic©NamYy mkkñgbBa¢I u I úQreQµaHe)aHeqñat ÷lkçN³dUc ³-karkMnt;Gayu -CanitiCn¬CnsßtenAkñgc,ab;¦ i ú-mansBa¢atiCaExµr -minBak;B½n§nwgBiruT§nana-manstiRKb;RKan;x> RbePTEdlKµansiT§ie)aHeqñat b¤k¾KaµnsiT§iQreQµaHe)aHeqñatKW³-GnItiCn¬manGayueRkam18qña¦ M -CnbreTs-TNÐt¬GñkeTas¦ i -Cnviklcarikb¤manstiRKb;RKan;-CnEdlsßtkñúgGaNaBüa)alénsßa½nmansmtßkic© i280>etIGacedaHRsayvibtþiesdækic©RbeTsmYyedayviFINa?cM>eKGacedaHRsayvibtþiesdækic©RbeTsmYyedayviFI ³-eFVIkarGPivDÆn_FnFanmnusS[)anTUlMTUlaykñgépÞRbeTs ú-ykcitþTukdak;bNþúHbNþalGñkbec©keTs viTüasaRsþ-rdæaPi)alRtUveFVI[manlMnwgEpñkneya)ay
  • 137. -RtUvrkTIpSarsMrab;lk;plitpl[Blrdæ-edæaPi)alRtUvbM)at;[)annUvGMeBIBukrlYy-rdæRtUvmankarFanasnþsux suvtßPaB RbCaCn nigvinieyaKTun i i-rdæRtUvmanEpnkarkñúgdMenIrkarRbcaMnImYy²281>edIm,IGnaKtrbs;xøÜneyIgRtUvykcitþTukdak;dl;kumardUcemþc?cM>edIm,IGnaKtrbs;xneyIgRtUvykcitþTukdak;dl;kumardUcCa ³ øÜ-RtUv[kumarrs;edaysnþPaBkñúgsßanNak¾eday i- RtUv[eKrs;edaysuxRsYlCaRkumRKYsar- RtUv[mankarGb;rM karGPivDÆn_kaysm,Tar bBaØasµartI- RtUvTTYlsÁal;mtirbs;kumarykeTABicarNa-minRtUvbMBak;bMBanelIragkaynigcitþKMnitrbs;kumar- minRtUvrMelaPelIpvePTeTAelIkumar øÚ- minRtUvRtUveKgRbv½Ba©elIesdækic©kumar nigBlkmµelIkumar- minRtUv[kumareFVIkarhYskMnt; b¤hYskMlaMg- minRtUvmankarCYjdUrelIkumarCadac;xat282>cMenHdwgrbs;mnusSmanb:unµanRbePT? manlkçNdUcemþc?cM> ÷cMenHdwgrbs;mnusSman 3RbePT³-cMenHdwgEbbsamBaØ b¤ cMenHdwgFmµta¬BuT§samBaئ- cMenHdwgEbbviTüasaRsþ¬BuT§süg;¦- cMenHdwgEbbTsSnviC¢a b¤But§TsSnviC¢a ÷ cMenHdwgenHmanlkçN³xusKñadUcteTA ³ BuT§samBaØ BuT§süúg -cMenHdwgkMritTab - cMenHdwgkMritx<s; -ekItBIRnÞIGarmµN_ -ekItBIkarRtiHriHli¥tl¥n;énbBaØaBIbBaða süg;b¤viTüasaRsþCkarxitxMsþab; nigBnül; GVIEdlman
  • 138. -TTYl)anBIkarsþab;viTüú B¤t²Kña eXIj b¤GanTsSnavdþI -QrelIbTBiesaFn_CaCag -QrelIbTBiesaFn_Cak;EsþgedayeRbI vicarNjaN -gayRclM .]>vtßF¶n;EtgEtlicTwk -mingayRclM.]>TwkBuHenA100GgSa ú EtkkenA 0 GgSa BuT§TsSn³viC¢a - cMenHdwgx<s;bMputekItBIkarBicarNal¥tl¥t;BkarBIbBaða mnusSmanbBaðasüg;pgEdr i I - QrelIvicarNBaØaNTajecjBIkarGnuvtþCIvitBit - mingayRclM ]TahrN_ ³ manrUbmanTukç283>etIkarGb;rM)anBRgIkbuKÁliklkçNmnusSdUcemþc?cM>karGb;rM)anBRgIkbuKÁliklkçNmnusS[mankarGPivDÆn_TaMgEpñkragkay TaMgxagbBaØaTaMgxagsµartI dUcCa³ ÷xagEpñkragkay¬Gb;rMkay¦ )anBRgIknUvlkçN³mnusSdUcCa ³-eFVI[mnusSmanragkaymaMmn Y-mansuxPaBl¥-mankMlaMgxøaMgkøa ÷xagEpñkbBaØa¬Gb;rMbBaØa¦karGb;rM)anbNþHbNþal nigBRgIkbBaØamnusSdUcCa ³ ú-manbBaØavagévqøat-bNþHbNþalnUvBuT§viTüasaRsþTMenIb ú-ecHRtiHriHBicarNarkehtupledayeRbIGBÖnþrBaØaN nigvicarNBaØaN-ecHedaHRsaybBaðaepSg²cMeBaHmux)anya:ggay-ecéqñRbDitnUv]bkrN_ sMParepSg²Rbkbedaybec©keTseCOnelOn-Ekécñral;kic©karnana[edIrRsbnwgkal³eTs³ ÷xagEpñksµartIécñRDitnigmanstiP¶ak;rB¤kdwgnUvGVEI dlxøÜn)annwgkMBugeFVI ehIynig RtUeV FVdUcCa ³ I-eFVI[manvicarNBaØaN nig]tþmKti
  • 139. -[mnusSsÁal;xøÜnÉgedayecHeFVm©as;elIcitþrbs;xÜøn I-mankarTTYlxusRtUvx<s; BIGMeBIEdlxøneFIVÜ-mansIlFm’l¥284>etIRsþIEdlmankarGb;rM mancMenHdwgTUeTA manriyabfdUcemþc?cM>RsþIEdl)anTTYlkarGb;rMmancMenHdwgTUeTAeRcInEtmanriyabfl¥cMeBaHxønpÞal; cMeBaHRKYsar ÜnigsgÁmdUcCa ³ ÷riyabfcMeBaHxønpÞal; Ü-manskmµPaBGacciBaw©mRKb;RKgRKYsar)anl¥-ecHeFVm©as;karelIkargar nigmankarTTYlxusRtUv I-ecHEfrkSasuxPaBrbs;xn øÜ-mankarsMerccitþ)anc,as;las;¬manqnÞH¦-manKMniteCOnelOn manGFüaRs½yl¥¬citþTUlay¦-ecHbgá[manbriyakasrIkray ÷riyabfcMeBaHRKYsar karerobcMEpnkar-Epnkaresdækic© ³ =snSMsMéc =cayvaymankarc,as;las; =ecHécñRbDitkargarempÞH-EpnkarRKYsar ³ =ecHkMnt;cMnYnkUn)anRtwmRtUvV =ecHerobcMEpnkarBnüakMeNIt yl;dwgBIGnam½y viFIbgáaCMgWepSg²-EpnkarGb;rM =Gb;rMsuxPaB[kUnecA samI[ecHEfrkSasuxPaB u =Gb;rMsIlFm’dl;RKYsarBiessbuRtFIta[yl;BItMÙl nigeFVIxøn[eTACamnusSman Ñ =Gb;rMvb,Fm’TUeTA bnûnUvRbÙBNIl¥²rbs;Cati ÷cMeBaHsgÁm-ecHbegáItsñaédeFV[sgÁmnigsVamITTYlsÁl; I
  • 140. -manTMnak;TMngl¥cMeBaHsgÁm-manmuxtMEngkñúgesvakmµsaFarN³ ÷cMeBaHRbeTsCati-)anplitnUvFnFanmnusSfµRI sneTAnwgviTüasaRsþfµI-pþl;enABlrdæl¥CUnRbeTsCati RsþITTYl)annUvkarGb;rMmancMenHdwgGaceFV[RKYsarman IsuPmgÁl nigeFIV[RbeTsCatirIkcMerIn.285>etIsiTi§BiessTaMg 6rbs;narImanGVIxøH?cM>siTBiessTaMg 6rbs;narIman ³ i§-siTTTYlR)ak;bMnac;esµInwgburs kñúgkargardUcKñaRtUvTTYlR)ak;ExesµIKña i§-siTmanskmµPaBxagpøvePT ePTNak¾edayk¾dUcKña GaceFIGIVmYy)antamskmµPaB---- §i Ú VsiTmanskmµPaBrvagbþIRbBn§ PaBCaRbBn§mantMélesµbþI §i I-siTTTYlkic©karkarBarekgRbv½j min[eKgRbv½jelIRsþRI Kb;meFüa)ay §i-siTQb;sMrakeBlsMralkUn GacQb;muneBleRkayeBlsMraktamkarkMnt;rbs;c,ab;--- §isiTrßi YcputBIeTasRbharCIvit kñúgkrNIRbePtmaneTasRbharCIvitRsþmanépÞeBaH . I286>k>etIkare)aHeqñatmann½yGIVxøH ?sMrab;RbCaBlrdæ nigmatuPUmi ?x>etIkare)aHeqñattamEbbRbCaFibetyüeKarBtamlkçx½NÐGIVxøH ?cM>k>sMrab;RbCaBlrdæ nigmatuPUmi kare)aHeqñatmann½ydUcteTA ³-Ca»kasGnuBaØat[ RbCaBlrdæeRcInR)as;siT§i neya)ayRKb;c,ab;rbs;xÜøn .--BlrdæGacpþl;GMnac b¤dkhUtGMnacBItMnagrbs;xÜøntame)aHeqñat .-Cakarpþl;GMnacRKb;RKgedaysiiviFI edayKñanGNeBIhwgSar . þx>kare)aHeqñattamRbCaFibetyü RtUveKarBtameKalkarN_³-lkçkarN_TUeTA ³BlrdæTaMgBIRePTGaccuHeQñaHe)aHeqñat ¬cab;BGayu18qñaM InigGacQreQµaH[eKe)aHeqañt ¦¬Gayu25qµaM¦.-lkçkarN_ ³ KañnkarbgçtbgçKMeromKMEhgmanesrIPaB cUlrYmkñúgkareXasna nigkarsMEdgqnÞH. i M-edaycMeBaH ³ eTAcuHeQµaH nigeTAe)aHeqñat edaypþal;xÜønÉg .-esµPaB ³ mñak;²e)aH)anEtmYysnøwk tMélsnøkeqñatesµKañ . I w I
  • 141. -edaysMgat; ³ lkçkarN_sMgat;kñgbnþÞb; . ú-yutûiFm’ nigesµPaB ³ manGÜksegÀtkarCatinigGnûrCati tMnagKN³bkSneya)ay ImanGaCJaFre)aHeqñatÉkraCüTTYl)an karpSBVpSaydUcKñaesµKañ . I-RtwmRtUv ³ BitR)akdKaµnkarExøgsnSMsnøkeqñat b¤hibeqñat . w287>k>dUcemþcEdlehAfa ]tþmPaBkñúgviC¢aCIv³ ?x>dIm,IEsVgrk]tþmPaBkñúgviC¢aCIv³ etIGñkRtUveFIVdUcemþcxøH ?cM>k>]tþmPaB KWCaPaBRbesIr éføføa PAB]tþúgÁ]tþm PaBl¥RbesIrx<gx<s;.]tþmPaBkñgviC¢aCIvH KWvICa¢CIv³dl;l¥RbesIr smedAykviC¢aCIv³ manCMnajc,as;las; úmansñaédl¥TTYl)aneCaKC½y .x>edIm,IEsVgrk]tþmPaBkñgvIC¢aCIv³ ´RtUv ú-manmañs;karkñúgkareFIVkargarviC¢aCIv³-mansµartITTYlxusRtUv-ecHEsVgyl;RsavRCavbTBIesaFn_l¥²BImnusScas; BIbNÐitCati nigGnþrCati-xitxMécñrRbDit begáItsñaéd[manKuNPaBx<s;-EsVgyl;BIcMnucxaMg cMnucexSay edIm,IEkERb-RsavRCav nigEsVgyl;BItMrvkarrbs;sgÁm ehIyxitxMbMeBjtMrvkarenaH . U U288>etIbNþwgEckecjCab:unañnya:g ?GIVxøH ?cUrbBa¢ak;?cM>bNþgEckecjCa4KW ³ w-bNþgGaCJa ¬bTelµIsRBhµTNЦ KWbNþgEdlekItBIkareFI[xUcsNþab;Fañb;rebobrab;rysaFarN³. w w V-bNþgrdæbevNI ¬bTelµsrdæbevNI ¦ KWbNWgEdlekItBIkareFIeV GayxUcxatsm,tþiGñkdéT w IehIyRtUvbBa¢asgCMgWcitþ etAGñkrgeRKaH .-bNþgtva: ¬bNþ]TÞrN_ CabNþgEdlcugecat b¤edImecatminyl;RBm w w wcMeBaHsalRkmsalaRkmgextþ-Rkug ehIybNþgmksala]TÞrN_[CMrhkþmþgetot . w I-bNþgbriha ³CabNþwgEdleFIeV LIgedaybuKÁlmañk; b¤eRcInGñkEdlmineBjcitþcMeBaHbuKál wsþab;rdæ b¤rdæaPi)alEdlRbRBwtxusc,ab; eFIeV Gayb:HBal;dl;plRbeyaCn_ b¤sm,tþirdæ dUcCaeKgbnøM þisIusMNUksUk)a:n CaedIm.
  • 142. 289>etIesctþIsuxrbs;mnusStamTsSn³rbs;RBHBuT§Cam©as;manb:unñanRbkar?cUrBnül;[)anc,as;las; .cM>esctþsuxrbs;mnusStamTsSn³RBHBuTCam©as;an5Rbkar . esckþIsuxTaMg5RbkarenaHman ³ I-Gkþisux ³ CaesckþsuxeRBaHmanRTBüsm,tþi RKb;RKan; tamtmrUvkar .RTBüsm,tþTaMgenaHman4Rbkar I i³-cMnIrGaharRKb;Ebbya:g-sMelokbMBak; eRKOgbiT)aMgragkay eRKOgGlgáarsmKYr .-eKhhdæanCMrksmrmüCarbs;xn RBmTaMgsMParHeRbIR)as;kñgpÞH øÜ ú-fñaMdgáÚvrbs;Büa)al manRKUeBTüCYyEfTaMCMgW÷ePaKsux ³CaesckþIsuxEdlekItBkareRbIR)as;RTBüsm,tþi edayRtwmRtUvrIkray CaesckþIsuxeRBaH)aneRbIsm,tþi xøn)anrkmkedaysucritRtwmRtUv . ÜGnBsux ³esckþsux IeRBaHKÜanbMNulesckûIsuxekItBIkar)anRbRBwtûitamKnøgFm’CaesckûsuxeRBaHmankargar sucrit ICabegÁalCab;lab;Fnark RTBüR)ak;kas.-snþsux³Caesckþs¶b;eRBaHmancitþs¶b; minvwkvrRcbUkRcbl; RcbUkRcbl;RcEnnQñasnIs. i I-srubesckþmkesckþsux TaMg 5Rbkar CatMrvkar nigeKalbMng rbs;mnusSCati I I UmniCaGñkNaCaGñkNaeLIy.290>etIkare)aHeqñatebbRbCaFibetyümanGtßn½yya:gNaxøH?cUrBnül[)anc,as;las;.cM> kare)aHeqñatebbRbCaFibetyümann½ydUct eTA³-kare)aH eqñatEbbRbCaFibetyüCakre)aHeqñat³-RbNaMg -edayesrI-eTogTat;eBl -CasMgat;-esµPaB I -cUlrYmKña-dac;Nat;tamrykare)aHeqñat-rdæaPi)alRtUveRCIserIleayRbCaCntamrdæsPa
  • 143. -rdæsPaRtUveRCiserIsedayRbCaCn-enAeBlyuT§nakareXasnae)aHeqñatKNbks nigebkçCnrbs;KNbkSRtUvman³÷esrIPaBkñgkarniyaysþI ÷ CYbRbCMu ú÷eFVdMeNIrcaM)ac;edIm,IpsBVpSaykmµviFIneya)ayrbs;xÜøn I÷kare)aHeqñatEbbRbCaCnmineRCIserIs³-Cnpþac;kar -RbFanaFibetyürW GñkdwknaM1CIvit-mRnþI rWtMnagEdlRbCaCneRCIerIsRtUvEtTTYlxusRtUv cMeBaHmuxRbCaCnehIykare)aHeqñaatRtUvKitBIRbeyaCy_RbCaCnCaFM.291>etIesdækic©km<úCabc©úb,nñGnuvtþtamRbBn§GVI? Bnül;RtYs² BIsßanPaBesdækic©enARBHraCaNacRkkm<úCacM>k>>>CaTUeTAvisyesdækic©RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca rdæaPi)al)aneRbIRbBn§esdækic©cMruH . úx>>PaKeRcInénmeFüa)ayplitkmµCakmµsiT§ ÉkCn buE: nþ rdæPi)aledIrtYnaTIsMxan;kñúgdwgnaMnwgeFV[esdækic©lMnwg. esdækic©cMruHpþl;nuvviFId¾manRbsiT§PaB kñúgkarpþl;GaCIvkmµdl;Gtifi Cn. IRbCaCnkm<Ca)aneFVIsmahrNkmµya:grh½skµgRbB½n§esdækic©GnþrCati nigkñúgtMbn; ú úkñúgeKalbMngedIm,ITTYlykplRbeyaCn_cMeBaHRbCaCmxøÜn.enAxNeBlEdlrdæaPi)alRtUvCYykarBarbuKÁlikkmµkrnigGtifiCn BIkar)ak;EbkrMelaPbMBanBIsMnak;m©as;GaCIvkmµ.292>etIyuvCn EdlCassrRTUgRbeTsCati RtUvcYlrYmCYyGPivDÆn_ shKmn_sgÁmdUcemþc?cM>yuvCnEdlmanskþanuPaBminGacvas; nig )a:n;RbmaNehIyRtUvcUlrYmGPivDÆn_ sgÁmdUcxageRkam³ -erobcMxønxitxMEsvgrkcMenHdwg CMnajviC¢aCiv³ Ü-manGkb,kiriya smrmú sIlFm’rs;enas¥ats¥M eFVGVI² Rsbtamc,ab;sgÀm TMenomTMlab; RbÙBNIExµr. I-cUlrYshkarKña kñfkareFVIGVImYy[ Gs;BIkMlaMgkaycitþ bBaØaCafamBl nigmanskmµ Canic©. ú-CYyEfrkSaGVI²RKb;ya:g edIm,I[mannirnþPaBsMrab;mnusSCMnan;eRkay.-manKMnitpþcepþIm kñúgkarCYyGPivDÆn_ shKmmincaM)ac;EtmnusScas;eT. Ü-mineRbIR)as;fñaMejon CYyTb;sáat; RbCaCnmin[RbRBwtþGMeBIGVIEdlsgÁms¥b;ex<m. I
  • 144. 293>RKb;sasnaTaMgGs;)an[sasnikCnykcitþTukdak;BIbBaðaCMgWeGds_ brisßansRgÁam .etIeKGacedaHRsaybBaðaTaMgenHedayviFINaxøH?cM>RKb;sasnaTaMgGs; )an[sasnikCnykcitþTukdak;BIbBaðaCMgeW Gds_ brisßan sRgÁam. ;eKaedaHRsaybBaðaTaMgenHdUcteTA³k>>CMgWeGds_³RtUvpSBVpSay BIplvi)akénCMgWeGds_ nigviGIkarBardUcteTA³-eRbIviFIkarBarRbesIrCagBüa)al-BinitürkemeraKmunbBa©ÚlQam -manédKUrmePTeRcIn Y--minesBeRKOgejonRsvwg -mincak;fñaMeRbIsWru augrYmKña M-CYyefTaMelIkTwkcitþGñkekIteGds_x>>>GMBbrisßan ³ pSBVpSayCMBIkarEfrkSasm,tþiFmµCatidUcCa³ I-EfrkSaéRBeQI Qb;kab;bMpøaj cUlrYmdaMedImeQI-EfrkSarbriyakas bnßyEpSgeBlEdlbgðúycUlbriyakas bnßykMedAEdlmnusSbegáIt.-EfrkSaTwkminecalsMramkaksMnl;cUlkñgTwk ú-EfrkSaCMrkstV FmµCatiminensaTRtIkñgrdUvRtIBg úK>>>>GMBIbBaðasRgÁam ³-bBa©b;sRgáamedaycrcar-edaHRsaysRgÁamedayFmµyaRta-pþl;sm,Tan[KñaeTAvijeTAmk-Qb;plitRbl½yelak294> edIm,IkøayCamnusSEmnETn etImnusSmñak;RtUvmanlkçNsm,tþiGVIxøH?cM>edIm,IkøayCamnusSEmnETnmñak;²RtUvmanlkçN ³-eFVICaKMrUl¥dl;GñkdéT -CYyykGsaGñkdéT-manTMnYlxusRtUvcMeBaHTegVIrbs;xnøÜ-KitBicarNa[)anRKb;RCugeRCaymunnwgeFVGVI1 I-elIkKuNsm,tþiGñkdéTEdl)anCYyxøn Ü-Rslaj;GñkdéTedaycitþesµaH -CYyEkkMhusGñkdéT
  • 145. -ecHemIl[eXIjkMhusrbs;xÜønÉg-ecHkMNt;eKaledA rbs;xn)anc,as;las; øÜ-begáIncMeNHdwg bec©keTsCaRbcaM295>etIRkmsIlFm’sMrab;shsSvtSfµI cMeBaHRKYsarmanGVIxøH?cM>>>RkmsIlFm’sMrab;shsSvtSfµcMeBaHRKYsarmandUcCa³ I-CYyeFVkar«Bukmþay nwgeKarBtamdMbUnµan taMgxønCakUnl¥ I Ü-ecHEfrkSakarBar nigRslaj;bgb¥n Ú-pþl;ral;tMrUvkarcaM)ac;sMrab;CIvitRKYsar-KitKUBIsuxTukç plRbeyaCn_RKYsar-manRBhµviharFm’ cMeBaHRKYsar-CaBIessRtUvmanPaBesµaHRtg;cMeBaHRKYsar296>k>etIeKalkarN_CamUldæansþIGMBI ÉkraCüPaBénRkumecARkmdUcemþcxøH?x>>etItulakarmansarsMxan;dUcemþc? cMeBaHCIvPaBrs;enArbs;RbCaCn?cM> eKalkarN_mldæanGMBIÉkraCüPaBénRkumecARkm Uk>>ecaRkmRtUvkat;ktamKtiyutFm’ eCosvagGKtiTaMg 4 qn³Kti eTaesaKti emaehaKti nig PyaKti. ûI ûi-kat;kþeI dayeKarBeTAtamc,ab; rbs;sgÁm-kat;kþeI dayEp¥kelIehtuplkarN_ EdlmancMeBaHmuxx>tulakarmansarsMxan; RbCaCnRbeTsCatidUcteTA³ - rkSasNþab;Fñab;kñúgRbeTsCati - karBarsnþsuxdl;RbCaBlrdæRKb;rUb I - kaeBarsiT§esrIPaBrbs;RbCaBlrdæ - RbCaBlrdæmanlMnwgkñúgcitþ eRBaHmantulakarcaMCYykarBar - CYyrkyutûFm’ eFI[RbCaBlrd×RKb;fÜak;RtUvEteKarBc,ab;minha‘nbmBan i V eRBaHKñantulakarcaMvinicäyeTas . - CIv³PaBrs;enArbs;RbCaBlrdæ)anl¥RbesIr eRBaHCIvPaBrs;enARtUv)anFanaedayc,ab;.
  • 146. - ÉkraCPaBéntulakar eFI[GgákarCati GnþrCati GñkvinieyaKCa nigbreTs V manTMnukcitþelIRbeTsCatiTaMgmUl eRBaHmanc,ab;manRbBn§tulakarl¥.297>enAkñúgRbeTsttiyelakEtgEtCYbRbT³nUvGtulüPaB EdleFIV[dMeNIrkarGPivDÆn_RbeTsmankaryWtya:v . etIGtulüPaBsmxan;²manGIVxøH?cM>enARbeTsttiyelakEtgEtCYbRbtHnUvGtulüPaB EdleFI[dMeNirkarGPivDÆn_RbeTsmankaryWty:av . VGtulüPaBsMxan;²rYmmandUcCa ³-sMnUmBrnigesckþIRtUvkar-cMNUlnigCMnay-karnaMecj nigkarnaMcUl-rUbiy_vtþnigTMnij ú-R)ak;eborvtS nigCIvPaBrs;enArbs;mRnþIraCkar-kMlamgBlkmµnigkargareFIV-sMNUmBr GPivDÆn_ RbeTsCatinigFnFanmnusS-sMNUmBr GPIvDÆn_ nigehdæarcnasm<½n§.298>etInimitþsBaØaénRksYlGb;rMyuvCn nigkILamanrUbPaBGIVxøH ? ehIydMnag[GIV?cM>nimitþsBaØaénRksYlGb;rMyuvCnnigkILamanrUbPaB ehIydMnag[dUcteTA ³-kMrgpáapøIeTs BN_manB½T§CMviju-dMnagvb,Fm’Exµr-tMnag[RsTab;yuvCn EdlkMBugTTYl)anplCapáaCaEpø-rgVgmUlRTgePøgtb;BN_mas ; I-nimtþrbvis½ykILa i U-manyuvCnCaGñkbnþevn-kaMrsµBN’masEcgcaMRKb;TisTI I-BnøénviC¢a W
  • 147. -karGb;rMstibBaØasµartI RbCaCnExµrTUTaMRbeTs-kMnat;ExSbUBN_ mancarwkRksYgGb;rMyuvCn nigkILa Canimtþrbénvis½yGb;rMsikSaEdlmanTMnak;TMngnigGnþrCati i U299>etIkILa)anpþl;nUvsm,TanGIVxøH ? EdlCaGtþRbeyaCn_dl;GñkEdlniymva ?cM>kIILa)anpþl;nUvsm,Tan EdlCaGtþRbeyaCn_dl;GñkEdlniymva dUcCa ³-kaysm,Ta ³ mankMlaMgkayTaMgmUl suxPaBl¥ rh½srhyn-sil,_sm,YTa ³ mankaymammUn kMBs;smamaD-viC¢aCIv³ sm,TanCaGaCIBmYy sMrab;rbbciBa©wmCIvit-bBaØasm,Ta ³QøatévecHeRbIl,ic edIm,IykCICMnH-ePaKsm,Ta ³ GacrkR)ak;cMNUl b¤rGVan;eBl)aneCaKC½ycMenHdwgsm,Ta ³mancMenHdwg nigsmtþPaBkñgkarkarBarxøn kñúgeBlmanGasnñ . ú Ü300>etIGdægáikmKÁ rbs;RBhsmµasm<úT§Cam©as;manGIVxøH?cUrBnül;?cM>Gd×gÔkmKÀ ³rbs;RBHsmµasm<T§CamaKa’RbkbedayGgÀR)aMbI EdlmandUcteTA ³ i ù-smµaTidæ³ karyl;eXIjRtUvsmµasgÇ karRti³ri³kñúgpøvRtUv . Ú-smµakmµnþ³ karRtwmRtUv-smµavicar-smµaGaCIv ³karciBa©wmCIvitRtwmRtUv-smµavayam ³karBüayamRtwmRtUv-smmasti ³karPñak;rlwkRtwmRtUv-smµasmaFi ³ kartaMgcitþRtwmRtUv .301>etIkare)aHeqñatenARBHraCaNacRkkm<úCa GaNtþiTI1 TI2 TI3 mankarbriec©tenAéf¶Na ? ExNa ? qnaMNa ?cM>kare)aHeqñatenAkm<CaTaMgbI GaNtþi mankarbriec©tdUcteTA ³ ú-GaNtþTI1 ³23 ]sPa 28 ]sPa 1993 i-GaNtþTI2 26 kkáda 1998 i-GaNtþTIbI 27 kkáda 2003 . i
  • 148. 302>etImnusSEdlTTYlrgnUvsßanPaBEbbNa eTIbGackMNt;fa CaCnePosxøÜn ?cM> nigGMnackMNt;fa CaCnePosxønKWCamnusS EdlmankarP½ykøac edaysarEtehtuplxagbUCsasn_ . ehtuplxagsasna ehtuplxagsBa¢ati b¤ehtuplxagneya)ay .303>kñúgGdægÁimKÁrbs;RBhBuT§Cam©as;Rtg; smµaGaCIv elak)anGb;rM [buKÁlTaMgLayRbkbrbbciBa©wmCIvit edaysucritRtwmRtUv Biesshamlk; b¤CYjdUrTMnijb:unñanRbePT ? etICaTMnijGIVxøH ?cM>kñúgGdægÁmKÁrbs;RBhBuT§Cam©as;Rtg; smµaGaCIv elak)anGb;rM [buKÁlTaMgLayRbkbrbbciBa©wmCIvit i edaysucritRtwmRtUv Biesshamlk; b¤CYjdUrTMnij5RbePT KW ³-hamlk;b¤CYjdUrTMnijRbhaCivit-hamlk;b¤CYjdUrmnusS ¬CYjdurpøvePT ¦ Ú-hamlk;b¤CYjdUrstVmanCIvithamlk;eRKOgBul-haamlk;eRKOgejon eBal KWRBHBuT§Cam©as; TUnñan[eyIgciBa©wmCivitedayRtwmRtUv .vacakkarekgRbv½j e)akR)as;GñkdéT eFI[GñdéTTTYlTukeTasGab;eGanedaysarxøn . V304>etIbuKlmñak;²RtUvmansilFm’ cMeBaHxøÜnÉgdUcemþc ?cM>buKÁlmñak;²RtUvmansilFm’ cMeBaH xønÉg dUctrTA ³ Ü-eKarBxønÉgmanCMenOrelIsmtþPaBrbs;xøÜn Ü-minRbmafemIlgay bnÞab;benßakxønÉg manKMnitTuTidæiniym elIxønÉg hYseBlevla Ü Ü nigxitxMsikSabegáInsmtþPaB edIm,IksagGnaKtrbs;xÜøn[fáúMefágrugerOg/. I-manTMnYlxuRtUvral;TegVrI bs;xn. øÜ305>etICnRbeTsNaxøH EdlKµansiT§iCaebkçCne)aHeqñat eRCIserIsCatMNag raRsþ/cM>CnEdlKµansiT§iQreQµaH CaebkçCneRCIserIsCatMNagraRsþKW-CnEdlKµanGayu25 qñaM minGacQreQµaHe)aHeqñat-CnEdlKµansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt-CnEdlsñak;enACaGciéRnþ ¬kñúgRbeTsminRKb;1 qñaMKitdl;éf¶e)aH eqñat¦
  • 149. -CnEdlminmankarEtgtaMgBIKNbkSneya)ay Edl)ancHubB¢aIQreQµaHe)aH eqñat.-CnEdlAKµanb½NÑe)aHeqñat –mRnþItulakar kñúgmuntMENg-mRnþrI aCkarsþasIvil kñúg muxtMEng u-kgkMlaMgnKr)alkñúg mux tMENg-buBCitsasna ¬GñkbYs¦ V -Cnviklcrit-CnEdlRtUvtulakarpþnÞaeTas dak;Bn§FnaKarBIr bT]Rikdæ bTmCÆwm ehIyEdlminTan; mannIti sm,TaeLIgvij.-CnEdlRtUv)anpþnÞaeTas dksiTe§i )aHeqñat.-CnEdlRtUv)andkhUt siT§iCabeNaþHGasnñBIsiTi§ e)aHeqñat-CnEdlRtuv)anlubeQµaHBI bB¢aIe)aHeqñat edayKNkmµaFIkar CatierobcMkare)aHeqñat.-smaCikénKNkmµaFikarCati nig KNkmµaFikarerobcMkare)aHeqñateRCIserIstMNag raRsþ.-smaCik]tþmRkumRbwkSaénGgÁecA Rkm-smaCikRkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØ.306>cUrrkPaBxusKñarvagkarcuHeQµaHeqñat nigkarcuH eQµaHQrCaebkçCn tMNagraRsþ[eKe)aHeqñat?cM>PaBxusKñarvagkarcuHeQµaHGñke)aHeqñat nigkarcuHeQµaHGñke)aHeqñat nigkarcuHeQµaHQr CaebkçCntMnagraRsþ[eKe)aHeqñat.÷karcuHeQµaHCaGñke)aHeqñat-mansBa¢atiExµr-mansiT§ie)aHeqñat-manGayucab;BI18qñaMeLIgeTAKitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat-manGas½ydæanc,as;las;kñgRbeTs. ú-minEmnCaCnviklcrit-minEmnCaCnCab;eTas-eTAcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñatedayxøÜnÉg= karQreQµaH[eKe)aHeqñat
  • 150. -mansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt -manb½Ne)aHeqñat-Gayu 25qñaMeLIgeTAKitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat-sñak;enACaGciéRnþkgRbeTskm<úCay:agtic 1qñaM Kitdl;éf¶e)aHeqñat ñú-minEmnCaCnCab;BnÁFnaKar-mankarEtgtaMgBIKNbkSneya)ayEdlcuHeQµaHe)aHeqñat.307>edIm,IGacGPivDÆn_xøÜnÉg)an CaTUeTAmnusSmñak;RtUvmansmtßPaBCa mUldæan. etIsmtßPaBTaMgenaHGacekItmantamry³GVIxøH? cUrBnül;?cM> edIm,IGacGPivDÆn_xÜnÉg)an CaTUeTAmnusSmñak;RtUvmansmtßPaBCa mUldæan. ø-=smtßPaBKWCaPaBEdlGacbMeBjkic©kar1 [sMerc)anedayeRbImeFüa)aysBVEbbya:g TaMgpøÚvkay vaca citþ.-=smtßPaBKW CakarEdleKGacbNþH)an RbsinebIeKhVwkhat; Gb;rM[)anRtwmRtUv. ú CaTUeTAsmtßPaBGacekItmanedaysar³-GMnacFmµCatiBkMenIt I -]bnisS½yBIkMenIt-karhVwkhat; karGb;rM-kñúgbriyakasEdlGMeNaypl-tMNBUCBIEm:« CIdUnCIta jatisNþan-BiesaFn_kñúgkic©karRKb;Ebbya:g-kMlaMgcitþEdlBüayamBuHBar[xagEt)an-kareronsURtRtiHriH sYr nigkarcgcaM.308>etIGnkçrPaBpþl;nUvplvi)akGaRkk;GVIxøHdl;buKÁl nig sgÁmCati?cM>GnkçrPaB ³PaBminecHGkSr GnkçrPaBEtgnaMmknUvplGaRkk;dl;samIxøÜnpÞal; RBmTaMgsgÁmCatidUcCa³k-vi)akGaRkk;cMeBaHbuKÁlpÞal;-)at;m©as;karkñúgkarrs;enA-kargarTTYl)ankMértic-l¶ge; xøa qab;eCOqab;caj;beBaäateK
  • 151. -xVHkarBicarNa eRcInedIrpøvxus Ú-Bi)akrkkargareFVI eRBaHcMenH -RKYsarxVHsuPmgÁl-kargareRcIneRbIedaykMlaMgkay-CIvPaBrs;enAkñúgRKYsarmankMritTab niglM)akxVHmuxxVHeRkay-manPaBenOyht;xaø MgsuxPaBRTuDeRTam-minGacTTYlBt’manBittamrykarGan rW minGaclak;Gaf’kM)aMg)an-gayTTYlrgnUvkarCiHCan; ekgRbv½jnigrgeRKaHedayRbkarepSg².x>plGaRkk;cMeBaHsgÁmCati-xVHFnFanmnusS-xVHÉkraCüPaB )at;m©as;karkñúgkarGPivDÆn_ shKmn_BgEtCMnYybreTs w-esd×kic¨vb,Fm’Gn;fyeRBaHRbCaCnl¶g;exøA xVHcMenHbec©eTskñúgkarplit-vb,Fm’breTshUrvUlKµanCMerIs GtÓsBaÏaNCatiRtUv )anbMpøajbnûcmûg². i-RbCaCnRkIRkl¶g;exøA gaycaj;beBaäatbreTs qab;TTYlmenaKm viCa¢rbs;RbeTseK EdleFV[RbeTsFøak;kñúgnwmGaNaniKmbreTs. I niyayrYmGnkçrPaB KWCaPaBGn§karEdlmnusSminecHGkSrRtUv)ancat;TukCa mnusSxVak; . GnkçrPaBC]bsKÁ nigCaeRKaHfñak;d¾FMbMput cMeBaHkic©karGPivDÆn_shKMn_ EdlrdæaPi)alRtUvykcitþdak;CacMbg.309>etIsßab½nCatikm<úCarYmmanGVIxøH?k>sßab½nnImYy²tMnag[GMnacGVI?x>sßab½n rW GgÁkarnImYy²RtUv)anerobcMbegáIteLIgedayrebobNa?K>etIGMNacrdæ)alfñak;mUldæansßitenAeRkamkarRKb;RKgrbs;GMnacGVI? rdæ)al fñak;NaxøHEdlminqøgkat;RbCamti?cM>sßabnCatirYmman rdæsPang RBwT§sPa raCrdæaPi)altulakar.k>>sßabnnImy²sßtkñúg³ Y i-rdæsPa RBwT§sPa GMnacnitibBaØti-raCrdæaPi)al GMnacnItiRbtibtþi
  • 152. -tulakarGMnac nitivinicäy rWGMnactulakarx>>sßabnnImYy²RtUv)aneRCIstaMgnig begáIteLIgdUcteTA³ rdæsPa-ekIteLIgedaykare)aHeqñatCaskl tamRbBn§smmaRt-tMNagraRsþRtUvmanGayuya:gtic 25qñaM-ebkçCnRtUvmansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt nwgmaneQaµHBIbBa¢IKNbkS-ebkçCnrdæsPa rW GasnkñúgrdæsPaRtUvman 120 ya:gtic-rdæsPamannItikal 5qñaM ehIyputkMnt;enAeBlEdl sPafµcUlkan;tMENg I-GNtiþTI 1 man 120Gasn³ TI2 man 122Gasn TI3 man 123Gasn RBwT§sPa-mansmaCikesµBak;kNþalénsmaCikrdæsPa I-smaCik 2rUb RtUv)an EtgtaMgedayRBHmhakSRt-smaCik 2rUb eTotRtUv)anEtgtaMgedayrdæsPa-nig smaCikdéTeTot RtUv)ane)aHeqñatCaGskl-smaCiRBwT§sPamanGayuya:gtic 40qñaM.-smaCikRBwT§sPa RtUvmansBa¢atiExµrBIkMenIt-RBwT§sPamanGayu 5qñaM ehIyputkMnt;enAeBlEdl RBwT§sPafµcUlkan;dMEng. I raCrdæaPi)al-tamsMeNIrrbs;RbFanrdæsPaedaymankar ÉkPaB BIGnuRbFanTaMgBIr énrdæsPa RBHmhakSRtRTg;ecjRBHraCRkwtEtgtaMgvIv³CnmYyrUbkñúgcMeNam KNbkSQñHeqñat [eFVCanaykrdæmRnþ. I I-naykrdæmRnþeI LIgkan;tMENg ehIybegáItrdæaPi)alCarUbrageLIg-naykrdæmRnþI KWCatMnagraRsþénKNbkSQñHeqñat-naykrdæmRnþmantYnaTIeRCIserIs smaCik rdæaPialecj BItMnagraRsþmYycMnYn InigBIsmaCikénKNbkSYycMnYneTot EdlmansMelgenAkñúgrdæsPapÁrÚ pÁg[kan;tMENgepSg²enA raCrdæaPi)al ehIyeTAsueM sckþITukcitþBIrdæsPa
  • 153. rdæsPae)aHeqñatpþl;TMnukcitþdl;mti 2PaK 3 ehIyRTg;fVayRBHmhakSRtecjBI RBHraCRkwtüedIm,IEtgtaMgKNrdæmRnþITaMgmUl. = salaCMrHkþI tamsMeNIrrbs;]tûmRkumRbwkSaGgÀecARkmEdlmanrd×mRnûI RksYgyutûFm’ CaGñkeRBog iRBHraCRkwtüEtgtaMgecARkmnig RBHrCGaCJaGmsalaCMnuCMrHkþI MedIm,Idak;fVayRBHmhakS®t.-RBHmhakS®tRTg;LayRBHhsßelxaEgtaMgecARkmnig RBHraCGaCJa.K>>GMnacrdæ)alfñak;mUldæansßtenA eRkamkarRKb;RKgrbs;GMnac GaCJaFrEdndIfñak; extþRkug i EdlEckCa.-Rsuk ³GPi)alRsuk -Xu³M GPi)alXMu –PUmi ³ emPUmiRkugEckCa-xNÐ ³GPi)alxNÐ -sgáat; ³ ecAsgáat; -PUmiRkum³ emPUmi min)anqøgkat;RbCamti KWGPi)alextþ GPi)alRsuk emXuM GPi)alRkug GPI)alxNÐ emPUmI Rkug.310>etIsIlFm’ rbs;RBHBuT§sasna RBHBuT§sasnaGb;rMènmnusSdUcemþcxøH?cM> sIlFm’RBHBuT§sasna Gb;rMmnusS[manGtûcrit³-ecHEsVgrksnþPaB nigGPivDÆn_PaB i-Gb;rM[eFVCam©as;elIxøÜnÉg xønTIBwgxøÜn I Ü-Gb;rMmnusS[mancitþ KMnit brisuT§ RCHføa-[ecHxnþGt;Fµt; cMeBaHbBaðaRKb;ya:gEdl)anCYbRbTH. I-[mnusSevorcak nUvelaP eTas emah³ CamUlehtuénTukç GviC¢a nig tNða.-sagEtGMeBI suc©rit Gnuvtþn_ sIlR)aM nig GdægÁkmKÁ. i-[manPaBesµaHRtg; cMeBaHKñaeTAvijeTAmk-[ecHedaHRsayCMelaHedaysnþviFI nig GhwgSa i-[ecHeyaKyl;GFüaRsy ecHCYyseRgÁaH Kña BIess mansamKÁ. I-Gb;rMyl;fasagGMeBINaTTYlplenaH
  • 154. -Gb;rM[lHbg;[GñkdéT-Gb;rM[ecHeRbIviFIrMlt;TukØ edayedIrtammaKa’ R)aMbI y:agrbs;RBHBuT§KW pøÚveTAkan;niBaVn.311>etIesdækic©enAkm<úCabc©b,nñGnuvtþn_RbBn§GVI?k>cUrniyayedayRtYs²BIsßanPaBesdækic©enAkm<úCa.x>cUrrkBaküesøak rWsPasit EdlTak;Tg eTAnwg Baküfaesdækic©.cM>tamrdæFmµnuBaØ énRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca maRtTI 56 )anEcgfa ú RBHraCaNacRkkm<CaGnuvtþesdækic©TpSar. ú Ik>>sßanPaBesdækic©enAkm<úCabc©úb,nñKW³-rdæeRbIR)as;RbBn§esdækic©cMruH-rdæpþl;lT§PaB nig bgálkçNCUnvinieyaK breTskñúgRsuk nigeRkARsuk[mkbNþak;TunrksI. u-begáIt[mankarRbkYtRbECgdeNþmTipSarI-raCrdæaPi)aledIrtUya:gsMxan;kñúgkardwknaM nigeFV[esdækic©manlMnwg nigCYykarBar buKÁlik kmµkr I GtifiCn rYccakputBIkar e)akR)as;.-rdæeFVsmahrNkmµcUlkñúgesdækic©kñúgtMbn; nwgGnþrCati bc©úb,nñ)anbBa©ÚlxøÜneTAkñúg esdækic©GnþrCati I WTO enA Ex kBaØa 2003.-rdæerobcMeFVc,ab;BaNiC¢kmµ c,ab;vinieyaKTun edIm,IGPivDÆn_esdækic©elIRKb;visy. I-rdæFanarkSa suvtßPaBsgÁm reboberobrysaFarN edIm,I[manTMnukcitþdl;BYkGñk vinieyaK[cUlmk i bNþak;Tunrksu. Ix>>rksuPasit rW Baküesøak Tak;Tg nwg esdækic.suPasit-eFVIERsnwgTwk eFVswknwg)ay I-eFVIERs[emIlesµA Tukdak;kUnecA[ emIlepAsnþan-tk;²eBjbMBg;.Baküesøak-ksikmµCadYgRBlwgCatiExµr.-ksikmµCadegðmesdækic©. I
  • 155. -PUmimypliplmYy Y-RsUvmYyRKab;Ca plitplmYy.312>etIRbBn§Gb;rMeBjeljenAkm<úCa man GVIxøH? cUrerobrab;lMGit.cM>RbBn§Gb;rMeBjeljenAkm<Ca man³ úk>slabzmsikSa ³ 6qñaM nig metyü 3qñaM = 9qñaMx>mFümsikSa³ 6qñaM-mFümbzmPUmi 3qñaM TI7 dl; TI 9.-mFümTutiyPUmi 3qñaM BITI 10dl; TI12.K>>fñak;]tþmsikSa-mFümsikSaÉkeTs ryeBl 2qñaM eTA 3qñaM.-salabNþHbNþalviC¢aCIv Twkføa RBHkusm³ ERBkelob>>>>>. ú313>-TsSnviC¢aCa)ayRbcaMéf¶rbs;xYrk,al enHCaTsSn³rbs;elak Ga LaMg.-mnusSyl;fal¥nUvGVEI dl RsbeTAnwgTMenarbs;xøÜn.-bBaØaeqñmelIsmnusSFmµta énbuKÁlxøH kñúgkarbegáItfµKWCa eTBekaslü. I I-FatusMxan;mYyrbs; sIljaNEdlmanTMnak;TMngeTAnwgbBaØa KWTMnYlxusRtUv.-seBa©tnaRslaj;kitþiys KWTMenarpÞal;xn.øÜ-seBa©tnaTak;TgjaN nigjaN KWTMenarGnþrbuKál.-seBa©tnaR)afñanUvsc©³ KWTMenar]tþmKti.-seBa©tnamatuPUminiym KWTMnarsgÁm.-karRbkan; karxwgRceLAt h‘anRbqaMgtbtvijenAeBlEdleKbnûùHbg¥ab; rwRbmafemIlgay KW Gsµman³ rWman³. i-TegIVkic©snüaTak;TgeTAnwgkarlk; Tij rWesvakmµKWCaTMnYlxusRtUv Epñkrdæb,evNI énTMnYlxusRtUvsgÁm.-RKYsarnImYy²manmuxgarsMxan;Ns;cMeBaHCati matuPUmi TaMgpøvsgÁm nigTaMgpøÚvsIlviC¢a. Ú
  • 156. -katBVkic©mYyedlRtUvFanara:b;rg GMBIGMeBIEdlxøn)anrbRBwtþcMeBaHmuxGMnacCan;x<s; NamYyehAfa Ü i TMnYlxusRtUv.314>etIGaBah_BiBah_CaGVI? edIm,IFanaesßrPaBkñúgRKYsar etIGaBah_BiBah_Kb,Imanlkççx½NÐdUcemþcxøH?cUr[]TahrN_.cM>-GaBah_BiBah_ KWCakarpSMpþy:ag]Larik CapøÚvkarrvagbusmñak nignarImñak;Capøvkar. úM Ú-edIm,IFanaesßrPaBkñgRKYsar GaBah_BiBah_Kb,IRtUvmanlkçx½NdUcteTA ³ ú Ðk-lkçx½NðsMPar³ ³-samIxønTaMgBIrnak;RtUvmansuxPaBl¥ nigRKb;RKan;enAeBlerobGaBa_BiBah_ nigRtUvman Ü GayuRKb;karCadac;xat.-RtUvmanmuxrbrciBaw©mCIvit rwmankargareFVBitR)akd. I-RtUvmanFnFanrWR)ak;kasRKb;RKan;sMrab;ciBa©wmCIvitRKYsarfµI-RtUvmanTIkEnøgsñak;enABitR)akd nigsmrmü.x-lkçx½NevTna ³-RtUvmanesñhabrisuT§mYynwgmYy ehIyKµanCMBak;CMBinnwgesñhaBImn rWeRkayeBlerobkar. u-sµRKcitþerog²xøÜn nigmanRBmeRBogKña edayKµankarRBmeRBogKña edayKµankarbgçitbgçM rWKabsgát;BImatabita rWBIsasna. siT§imaneBjeljkñgGaBah_BiBah_. úK-lkçx½NsgÁm ³-RtUverobcMtampøvkar EdlmanGaCJaFrTTYlsÁal;. Ú-RtUverobcMBiFtampøvsasna I ÚX-sIllkçxNÐ ³-sc©a s,frYmrs;CamYyKña Gs;mYyCIvit-RtUvesµaHRtg;nwgKña rkSaPkþIPaBcMeBaHKñaeTAvijeTAmk.-RtUvecHrYmsuxrYmTukçCamYyKña CaBiessRtUvecHGFüaRsy[KñaeTAvijeTAmk BiesseBltMNm.-mansiTi§esµrI KñakñúgRKYsarrvagbþI nigRbBn§.315>tamn½yTsSnviC¢a krNIkic©CaGVI? siT§iCaGVI? etIkrNIkic©manTMnak;TMng nwgsiT§idUcemþc?
  • 157. cM>tamn½yTssnviC¢a krNIkic©CalkçNEdltMrUvmkelIkMNt;citþedayesrIrbs;mnusS. krNIkic©manRbPBmkBIvicarNjaN eRkambBa¢aÁ dac;xatrbsvicarNjaN.-tamn½yRtg; ³ siTi§CaektnP½NÐ EdlFmµCati)anpþl;CaBiessdl;mnusS.-tamn½ysIlviC¢a ³ siTCasIlGMnaceFVIGVImYy. i§-siTnigkrNIkic© GaTiPaBBIrEdlbRgÁb;[Kña nigeFVICamUldæan[KñaeTAvijeTAmk. §i-krNIkic©EdleyIgbMeBj [eKCacMelIytb nigsiTi§rbs;eK ehIykrNIkic©EdleKbMeBj eyIgCacMelIytbsiT§rbs;eyIg.-siTi§ nigkrNIkic©RtUvEtsßtenACab;CamYyKña ehIyedIrTnÞwmKñaCanic© minGacdac;Kña)aneT i eRBaHfakalNaeyIgmankrNIcaM)ac;RTUvEtmansiT§imYysmRsb.k-ebImanEtsiT§ixVHkrNIkic© KWGNaFibetyüx-ebImanEtkrNikic©xVHsiT§i KWrbbpþac;karK-ebImanTaMgsiT§i manTaMgkrNIkic© KwRbCaFibetyü.316>smiT§plsüg; nigticnic CaGavuFmuxBIr cUrBnül;.cM>vDÆnPaBrbs;süg; CaGavuFmuxBIr ³k-süg;bMerIdl;karrs;enArbs;mnusSx-süg;bMpøajCivitrbs;mnusS k-süg;bMerImnusS ³-süg; eFVI[mnusS eCOelIeRkAxøn Ü- süg; pþl;rbkKMehIj RTwsþI viFIsaRsþkarBarCIvitmnusS ;- süg;pþl;nUvRTwsþI dl;Gñkticnic begáIt]bkrN_eRbIR)as;sMrYldl;meFüa)ay rs;enAepSg²bMeBjtMrUvkarrbs;mnusS écñvasnamnusS [)ankan;EtRbesIreLIg.- sügécñvasnamnusS eFVI[mnusSkøayCam©aselIFmµCati ecHykFmµCatidak;kñgkareRbIR)as; ú ecHTajykplRbeyaCn_BIFmµCati. x-süg;bMpøajmnusS- sügmanbMngRtwmbMeBjcMng;dwg nigmanlkçNBuT§b:unenaH EtysmiT§plrbs;va iGac[eTasdl;mnusSGaRs½yelI ³
  • 158. 1>smtßPaBGñkeRbIR)as; ³ ebIKµansmtßPaBeRbIvaenaHnwgnaM[maneRKaHfñak;.2>lkçNpÞal;rbs;GñkeRbIR)as;va ³ citþKMnit ebIeRbIkñgmhicätarbs;xøÜn enaHvanwgnaM úeRKaHfñakdl;mnusS.3>kaeeFVsRbEhsrbs;mnusSGacnaM[b:HBal;dl;brisßan eBlEdlminmankarRbugRby½tñcMeBaHplvi)ak EdlekIteLIgBIkarGPIvDÆsüg;ticnic.snñdæan ³ süg;CaGavuFmuxBIr vamineGIreBInwgRbeyaCn_eT KuNnigeTasKWGaRs½y ielIGñkeRbIR)as;vakñpvRtUv rWpøÚvxusNamYyenaH. ú øÚ317>-kareFIVCMerOnenARbeTskm<CABIqañ M 1921 maneKalbMngbMerI[ karRbmUlBn§dar. ú-edIm,ImitþPaByUrGEgVg karesBKb; rab;GanykmkeFVCaklüanmitþ Kb,IykcitþTukdak;CacMbg I elIlkçNxag sµartI rbs;mnusS.-edIm,IeqøytbeTAnwgsiTri§ s;ranmanCivit mnusSmñak;²RtUvbMeBj[)annUvtMrUvkarKW ³ tMrv I Ukarxag srIr³ edIm,IRTRTg;CIvit nigtMrUvkarxag suvtßPaB edIm,IkrBarCIvit. i-karGb;rMcMenHTUeTAmUldæanenARbeTskm<Camanry³eBl 9qñaM. ú318>etIkareFVICMerOnmansarsMxan;y:agdUcemþcxøH?cM>kareFVICMerOnmansarsMxan;kñgkar ³ ú-RbmUlTinÜn½yBt’man edIm,IEsVgyl;BiTidæPaBrbs;RbCasaRsþ¬GRtakMenIt GRtamrN³GRtaPaBRkIRk>>>>¦bBaðaesdækic© sgÁmkic©enAkñúgsgÁmCati naeBlbc©úb,nñ nigbNþamUlehtuepSg²EdlBakB½n§pg.-pþl;GaMgDIkaT½rCamUldæaá nviPaKBIsßanPaBesdækic©sgÁmkic© ehIyGaceFVkarBüakrN_ ITsSn_TayBITMhMtMrvkarrbs;BlrdænaeBlGanaKt edIm,I[sßab½nCMnaj pþl;eyabl; UCUnrdæaPi)al nigCamUldæansMrab;rdæaPi)al eFVIkarsMerccitþRbkbeedaysuPvinicäy ½smehtupl.-ksagEpnkarGPivDÆelIRKb;vis½y)anRtwmRtUv c,as;las;RKb;RCugeRCay Fana)annUvsßirPaB tulüPaB nigcMTisedA cMtMrvkarcaM)ac; edIm,IsuBlPaBsgÁm. U-pþl;lT§PaBd;l;shKmn_GnþrCati¬sßanTUténbNþaRbeTsCamitþ GgÁkareRkArdæaPi)al
  • 159. GgÁkarGnþrCati TIPñak;garshRbCaCati GñkBak;B½n§kmµviFICMnYyGPivDƦGacdak;eKaledAkargarrbs;xÜøn )anl¥RbesIr nigcMTisedA.-bgálkçNgayesYldl;vinieyaKinkñúgRsuk nigbreTs bNþak;TunrksIu nigGgÁkareRkArdæaPi)al kñúgRsukcUlrYmkargarGPivDÆsgÁmCati.319>etInkmµPaB nigeRKaH)at;GaCIBbNþalmkBIktþaGVIxøH? icM>nikmµPaB nigeRKaH)at;GaCIBbNþalmkBIktþaTaMgLaydUcxageRkam ³-bdivtþn_]sSahkmµ rWbdivtþn_viTüasaRsþ bec©keTs bec©kviTüaTMnIb RtUv)anykeRbICMnYsbec©keTsEbbsib,kmµ-smtßPaBmankMritrbs;mnusS ³ CMnajÉkeTs ekaslü rbs;mnusSzitkñúgkMritmYykMnt;minGaceqøytbnwgbec©kviTüaTMenIb rkkargarmin)aneFIV. I I-GñkEdlmansmtßPaBkargarx<s;elIstMrUvkar kEnøgEdlRtUvkareRbIR)as;mnusSmansmtßPaB mancMnYnkMnt; EtGñkmansmtßPaBmancMnYneRcIn naM[manmnusSenAsl;xøH ehIyKµankargarFVI-karkat;bnßybuKÁlkniykCik ³ dak;[cUlnivtþn_munGayukMnt; bBaÄb;kargarcMeBaHGñkmin)anqøgkat;salabNþHbNþal rWGñkBMu)aneFVIviRkwtkarbEnßm naM[)at;bg;kargar ú-karkS½yFnrbs;shRKas ³ buKÁlk nieyaKCiKRtUvbBaÆb;BIkargar naM[Gs;kargareday isV½yRbvtþ.320>CIvitrbs;eyIgCaGMenayrbs;eyIgcMeBaHBiPBelak. GMenayenHRtUvEt[edaytMélbMput. cUrBnül;KMnitenH.cM>sMenrGFib,ayBnül;KMnit ³k-kfax½NÐTI1 ³ erobrab;BIKMnitviC¢man rWGMeBICaviC¢manEdlRtUvRbRBwtþ ³ rs;enAedIm,IeFVRI beyaCn_CUnmnusSCati ksagsñañ éd begátsmtßPaB eFVbric©akha‘nlH I Ibg;ksagkitiþKuN cUlrYmksagsnþPaB suvtßPaBBiPBelak>>>edIm,ITukCaekr×þdMEnldl;Gñk i iRskreRkay²eTot xitxMksagsmtßPaBbegáItsUltMémørbs;rbs;xøÜn.x-kfax½NTI2 ³KUsbBa¢ak;BIskmµPaBGviC¢manEdlRtUveCosvag ³ Ð kMubgáGkuslkmµ kMbgáPaBGaRsUv kMbgávinaskmµ rWk¾sRgÁam rWbMpøcbMpøajsmiT§pl u u i
  • 160. dl;RbeyaCn_Cati eCosvagnUvkarRbRBwtþkmµNamYy EdlnaMplvi)akdl;mnusSCati nignaM[mankarefáaleTasBIRskreRkay²eTot.321>-RBHmhakSRtRTg;LayRBHhsþelxaelI RBHraCRkm Rbkas[eRbIc,ab;EdlGgÁkarnitibBaØtiþ )ansMercrYcehIy.-kñúgrcnasm<½nrdæa)alfñak;kNþal RBHraCaNacRk km<Cabc©úb,nñ manrdæelxaFikardæan úcMnYn2 KWrdæelxaFikardæanmuxgarsaFarN³ nigrdæelxaFikardæan GakascrN_sIuvil .-kñúgcMenamtMrUvkarTaMgR)aMrbs;ma:søÚ mantMrUvkarmYyEdlRsbeTAnwgGtßsuxkñgBuuT§iTsSn³ i úEdlmnusS RKb;rUbRtUvbMeBjmuxeKbg¥s; KWtMrUvkar srIr³ .322>edIm,I[BiPBelakmansnþiPaB sßirPaB nigGPivDÆn_ yUeNsáÚ)ankMnt;eKalkarN_Gb;rMsMrab;stvtSTI21 KWctusþmÖGb;rM. cUrGFib,ayBnül; BIssrsþmÖGb;rMnImYy²edayTajesckþIsnñidæan faetIssrsþmÖGb;rMNamYyEdlsMxan;CageK?cM>ctusþmÖGb;rM KW ³k-eronrs;CamYyKña ³-eronrs;CamYyKñaedaysnþPaB nigsuxdumrmna i-eroneyaKyl; shRbtibtûkarKÜa TTYlsÀal;Bhuvb,Fm’ tMÙlmnusS siTi§mnusS rYmKÜa iedaHRsaybBaðaedaysnþviFI nigGhigSa. ix-eronedIm,IecHdwg ³-eronsÁal;BIGVI²EdlenACMuvijxøn begáInsmtßPaBcMenHdwgTUeTA cMenHviTüasaRsþ bec©keTs Ü-eronBIreboberon nigbnþeronGs;myCIvit Y-Gb;rMcMenHsm,TaK-eronedIm,IecHeFVI ³-bNþHsm,TaRbtibtþkarCabuKÁl nigCaRkum ú i-Gb;rMviC¢aCIv³sm,Ta-bNþHbMninCIvitFmµta bMninCIvitbuer-viC¢aCIv³bMninCIvItGaCIBedypSaP¢ab;RTwsþeI TAnwgkar úGnuvtþ kargar sgÁmtamry³ karksagsmtßPaBelImUldæanBiesaFn_ nigkarsakl,g.
  • 161. X-eronedIm,IecHrs; ³-eronerobcMxøÜnrs;cuHsMrugCamYysgÁmRsbtamkalGakas-eronrs;enAedaym©as;kar mansSrPaB manTMnYlxusRtUvmanesaP½NÐkñgKMnit smCa úmnusSeBjlkçN³ nigéføfñÚrminrs;enAbeBaIEØ k¥k.snñdæán ³ kñgcMenamctusþmÖGb;rM manEtssrsþmÖGb;rMTI1eTEdlsMxan;CageK.eRBaHfa ³ i ú-RbePTmnusSxøH minfaGµkl¶g; rWGñkecHeTk¾enAEtciBa©wmcitþmanH Bhucitþxs; minGacrs; <cuHsMrgCamYyGñkdéT)aneLIy. u-ssrsþmÖGb;rMTI1 CamUldæanRKwHénexOnsnþiPaB nigsßri PaBBiPBelak.324>edIm,IeRCIserIsmuxrbr rWkargarNamYysMrab;GnaKt etIGñkKb,IBicarNaeTAelIlkçx½NÐGVIxøJH?cM>edIm,IeRCIserIsmuxrbr rwkargar[)anl¥RbesIrsMrab;GnaKt xJúMRtUvBicarNaeTAelI ³-smtßPaBviC¢aCIv³ edayRtUvyl; sÁal;BIsmtßPaBCMnaj ÉkeTsrbs;xJMú[)an c,as;las;Camunsin nigRtUvR)akdkñúxøÜñfa nwgGaceFVI)anxøH eFVI)ankñúgkMritNaxøH manbTBiesaFn_kMritNakñúgmuxCMnaj eRBaHebIkargarminRtUvmuxCMnaj vanwgnaM[eTACabraC½y BMru IkcMerIneLIy.x-]bnisS½y rwcMng;cMnUlcitþ ³ edayRtUvBicarNaelInisS½yBIkMenIt BIcMng;cMnUlcitþpÞal;xøÜnxJúM eRBaHfaGVEI dlcg;KW´manlT§PaB EtGVEI dlmincg;KWBMGaceFVI)aneLIyCaBiessBicarNa ufa etImuxCMnaj muxrbr rWkargarEdl´eRCIserIsykenaHRsbnwgnisS½yrbs;´EdrrWeT.K-RbPBFnFan ³ RtUvecH):an;RbmaNBIRbPBFnFanEdl´manCamYynwgmuxviC¢aCIv³ muxrbrEdl´bMrugnwgeRCIserIsyk ehIyføgEføgemIlfaetIeTArYcrWGt;. RbPBFnFanEdlRtUv wBicarNaKW KitBIsmtßPaBcMenHdwg kMritbec©keTs RTBüsm,tþi sMPar³ fvikar suxPaB rYmTaMgeBlevlapgfaetI´GacRTaMRTnwgkargarenaH)aneT nig)ankñúgkMritNa.X-c,ab;sgÁm nig]tþmKtisgÁm ³ RKb;kargarEdl´manlT§PaBeFVI)an ehIyEdl´bMrugnwgeRCIserIsykenaHKb,ICakargarrWmuxrbrEdlRsbc,ab; nigRsb]tþmKtisgÁmeTIb Vkargar rWmuxrbrenaHmansßri PaB nigrIkcMerIn. enHCaRbkarsMxan; eRBaHebIRbkbmuxrbrrWeFVkargarNamYyminRsbc,ab; pÞúyBI]tþmKtisgÁm enaHnwgRtUvmaneTas rWnwgRtUvsgÁm IraraMg naM[manplvi)akGaRkk;.
  • 162. g-sßanPaBsgÁm nigsßanPaBTIpSar ³ edImI,[kargar rWmuxrbrrIkcMerIn bEnßmBIelIlkçx½NÐbYnxagedIm ´k¾RtUvEtsiksaBItMrvkarrbs;TIpSarBlkmµ rWtMrUvkarpÁt;pÁg;EfmeTot.ebIBMdUc U uenaHeT ´BMGacsMerceKaledAénCIvit)aneLIy.eRBaHBImYyCMnan;eTAmYyCMnan; mnusSBI ustvtSr_mYyeTAstvtSr_my tMrUvkarTIpSarBlkmµ k¾dUcCatMrUvkarpÁt;pÁg; EtgEtERbRbYl YnigGPivDÆCanic©.dUcenH´Kb,IRtUvbegánsmtßPaB[eqøIytbeTAnwgtMrUvkarénstvtSr_ ICaRbkarcaM)ac;bMput.325>etIesdækic©rdæ nigesdækic©TIpSar xusKñadUcemþcxøH?cM>cMnucxusKµarvag esdækic©rdæ nigesdækic©TIpSar esdækic©rdæ esdækic©TIpSar-KµankarRbkYtRbECg -RbkYtRbECgRsYcRsal;-rdæaáPi)alpÁt;pÁg;hirBaØvtßeú Blmankarxatbg; -GñkmanTunticRtUvkS½yFnnig)atbg;GaCIB-rdæaPi)alCam©as;kmµsiTi§elImeFüa)ay -kmµsiTi§ÉkCnelImeFüa)ayplitkmµplitkmµ-plittamEpnkar nigtulüPaB -plittamtMrvkarTIpSar U-rdæCaGñkkMnt;tMélTMnij -tMélTMnijGaRs½yelIkarRBmeRBogKña rvagGñkeRbI nigG ñkplit.-rt;tambrimaN CagKuNPaB -rt;tamKuNPaBCagbrimaN-pþl;lT§PaB[mnusSGacTijeRbIR)as;RKb;² -manEtGñkmanluyeTIbmanlT§PaBTijKña TMnijmkeRbI-Kµanl,icpþlrlMKña Ü -manl,icpþÜlrlMKñaykQñHerog²Kña-GtifiCnKµanCMrIs -manCMerIseRcInsMrab;GtifiCn.326>-tMrUvkarEpñksrIr³rbs;RTwsþIm:asømanGtßn½ydUcKñanwgesckþIsuxmYyrbs;RTwsþBuT§ niymKW Gtßsux Ú I i .-karBnüakMenIt Ca)atuPaBsgÁmmYyEdlBak;B½n§eTAnwgsiTi§kumar siTI§ RsþI rWnarI.-ecARkm nigRBHraCGaCJaEtgtaMgeday RBHraCRkwt tamsMenIrrbs;]tþmRkumRbwkSaénGgÁecARkm.
  • 163. -kñúgRbB½n§rdæá)alfñak;kNþalénRBHraCaNacRkkm<CamanRksYgBIrEdldwknaMRKb;RKg edayshrdæmRnþI ú KWRksYgkarBarCati nigRksYgmhaépÞ.317>dUcemþcEdlehAfa kare)aHeqñatedayesrI RtwmRtUvnigyutþiFm’? cUrbkRsayBnül;cMnucnImYy².cM>GtÓn½yÙnkare)aHeqÜatedayesrI RtwmRtUv nigyutûFm’ ³ ik-e)aHeqñatedayesrIKW ³-KµankarbgçitbgçM-KµankarbMPitbMP½y rWKMramkMEhg-KµankarTijTwkcitþ rWKµankarTijsnøkeqñat w-esrIPaBkñgkareRCIserIs rWKUssnøkeqñat ú w-esrIPaBcUlrYmKNbkSneya)ayx-kare)aHeqñatedayRtwmRtUvKW ³-KµankaeEkøgbnøsnøkeqñat M w-KµankarbþÚrsnøwkeqñat-KµankarlYcbþrÚ hibeqñat-kare)aHeqñatRbRBwteþi TARtwmRtUvtameBlkMnt;-cMnYnsnøwkeqñatEdleRbIR)as;RtUvepÞógpÞat; y:agRtwmRtUvCamYycMnYnGñk)aneTAe)aHeqñat.K-manc,ab;e)aHeqÜatedayyutûiFm’KW ³-manc,ab;e)aHeqñatCamUldæanRKiH-manGaCJaFrCatierobcMkare)aHeqñat edayÉkraCüminlMeGog rWmanKNkmµaFikarerobcMkae)aHeqñatedayÉkraCü ehIynigminlMeGog.-manGñksegátkarÉkraCü¬CaPñak;garGgÁkarCati rWGnþrCati rWPñak;garKNbkSneya)aycUlrYm¦-kare)aHeqñateTogTat;tamkalevlakMnt; rwtamGNtþknt;. i-minlMeGogkñúgkareRbIR)as;esvakmµpSBVpSaysaFarN³318>dUcemþcedlehAfaesdækic©RbéBNI? etIesdækic©RbéBNImanKuNsm,tþi
  • 164. nigKuNvibtþidUcemþcxøH?cM>esdækic©RbéBNI manKuNsm,tþi nigKuNvibtþidUcteTA ³k-lkçNesdækic©RbéBNI ³-exOnplitkmµ nigEckcayEbbsamBaØ-rbbkmµsiTi§buKÁlelImeFüa)ayplitkmµ-viFIplitsamBaØ rWEbbburaN bnþBICMnan;myeTaCMnan;mYy rWmant²KñaBIdUnta Y-bec©keTsplitGn;fy hYssm½y nigmanlkçN³GPirkS-KµankarEklMG rWEkécñbec©keTsplit nig]bkrN_Blkmµ-Gnuvtþn_tamTMenomTMlab; RbéBNItamtMbn;nImYy²-kMBugmanvtþmanenAtamCnbTéntMbn;GasIu GaRhVik Gaemricxagt,Úg¬GaemricLaTIn¦.]TarhrN_ ³ sib,kmµtM)aj ensaT ksikmµ ebHRkva:j C½rcug C½rTwk>>>.x-KuNsm,tþi ³-bgá[BlrdæmanmuxrbrcaM)ac;tamCMnaj Gacm©as;karrs;enA)an-manesrIPaBkñgplitkmµ kñgmuxrbr rWmansV½yPaBkñgGaCIB ú ú ú-eRbIR)as;RbPBTuntic nigGacmanlT§PaBeFVI)anRKb;²Kña-minGMBl;dl;rdæ rdæaPi)alkñúgkarbNþHbNþalviC¢aÁ CIv³ rWmuxCMnaj ú-minGMBl;dl;rdæ KWrdæaPi)alkñúgkarrkkargar[eFVI.K-KuNvibtþi ³-exOnplitkmµesdækic©]btßmÖxøÜnmin)ancUlrYmkñgplitkmµTMnijnaMecj ú-plit)anbnþicbnþÜcRKan;nwgciBa©wmRkBHBi)akkúgkarelIkkMBs; KuNPaBCIvit-GacBi)akrkTIpSar P¢¢ab;TIpSarmin)an ehIyGacplitxustMrUvkar rWelIstMrUvkar-GacxatTun rWFøak;xnRk CYbeRKaHTurkS RbsinebImaneRKaHFmµCati øÜ iÖ-mincUlrYmcMEnkxøaMgkøakúgkarGPivDÆesdækic©Cati.319>tamTsSnBuT§niym sIlTI5)anhammnusSmin[esBKb;nUveRKOgRsvwg mansuraCaedIm.etIRsapþl;plvi)akGaRkk;dUcemþcxøHdl;mnusS?cUrerobrab; nigBnül;.
  • 165. cM>sIlTI5rbs;RBHBuT§sasna )anhammnusSmin[esBKb;nUveRKOgRsvåg mansuraCaedIm eRBaHfaRsanågnaH[manplvi)akGaRkk;dUcCa ³k-bMpøajsuxPaB ³ eFVIeGaysuxPaBqab;exSay RTuDeRTam naMmknUvCMgwepSg²dUcCaeraKrlakRkBH eraKeføm rlakeBaHevon j½rédeCIg srésRbsaT InaM[xUcRbB½n§karBarrbs;srIragÁ.l.x-bMpøajfvikar RTBüFn ³ cMnaytRbeyaCn_ cMnayelIrbs;mncaM)ac; cMnayfvikarTij iCMgWcMnayelIkarBüa)al CMgWEdlbNþalmkBIRsa naM[b:HBal;dl;CIvPaBrs;enAFøak;R; k.lK-x¢Hx¢ayeBlevla ³ cMnayeBlevlad¾mantMélelIkarpwksIu nigeRkayeBlpwksIu¬sMrakeBlRsvwg¦xateBlevlaeFVkar rWRbkbmuxrbr ePøckargar minecHTajpl IRbeyaCn_BIeBlevla.l.X-)at;bg;esckþéføfÚñr ³ RsanaM[ePøcPøaMg )at;bg;karcgcaM )at;sti eFV[mnusSmansµartI minnwgnr I IGacnaM[eFVIGMeBImnKb,I EdlGacnaM[)at;bg;nUvkitþyxøn nigesckþéføfñrÚ pgEdr. i i Ü IdUcenH eyIgTaMgGs;KaKYrKb,IeCosvag[q¶ayBIkaresBnUveRKOgRsvwg k¾dUcCaeRKOg ejonepSg²eRBaHvaTaMgGs;enH GacbgáeRKaHfñak;dl;GayuCIvit nignaMTukçeTasdl;xçneyIg k¾dUcCaRKYsar ÜnigsgÁmCatieyIgTaMgmUlpgEdr.320>-CnbreTsEdlmksak;enArksIu kñúgRbeTsNamYykñúgry³eBlminkMnt;Etmin)ancUlsBa¢atieKehAfa GnikCn.-RBHBuT§sasnaRtUv)anekIteLIg enaeBlEdlsamNeKatmRTg; Rtas;dwg rWsMercsmµasem<aFijaN.-RbCaBlrdæExµrTaMgBIrePTmansiTi§e)aHeqñatenAGayuy:agtic 18 qñaM nigGacQreQµaH[eKe)aHeqñatCaebkçCntMNagraRsþenAGayuy:agtic 25qña. M-rdæsPaebIksm½aM.-rdæsPaebIksm½yRbCMusamBaØcMnYn 2dgkñúgmYyqñaMkñgsm½yRbCMunImYy²manefrevla y:agticcMnYn ú3Ex.321>etIyuvCnRtUvmanKuNsm,tiþGVIxøH edIm,IkøayCasisSl¥ kUnl¥ nigBlrdæl¥?cM>edIm,IkøayCasisSl¥ kUnl¥ nigBlrdæl¥ yuvCnRtUvmanKuNsm,tþidUcxageRkam ³k-sisSl¥ ³
  • 166. -eKarBvin½ysala c,ab; TMenomTMlab;RbéBNI -samKÁI nigshRbtibtþkarl¥ i-xitxMeronsURt -CYybeRgonsisSexSay-sIlFm’rs;enAl¥x-kUnl¥ ³-sþab;bgÁab; nigdMbUnµan»BUkmþay CIdUnCIta>>> -CYyGb;rM nigEfTaMb¥n² Ú-CYyeFVkargar»Bukmþay I -sIlFm’rslenAl¥-samKÁkúgRKYsarl¥ IK-Blrdæl¥ ³-eKarBc,ab;TMenomTMlab;RbBNIrbs;CatixÜn ø -cUlrYmeFVIkargarsgÁmRtUvkar-samKÁPaBl¥kñgshKmn_ I ú -sIlFm’rs;enal¥-cUlrYmpþl;mtidl;shKmn_322>etIkarkMnt;eKaledAénCIvitsMrab;mnusSmñak;²mansar³sMxan;EdrrWeT? eRBaHGVI?cM>karkMnt;eKaledACIvitsMrab;mnusSmñak;²mansar³sMxan;Nas; eRBaH ³-eFVI[CIvitkan;EtRbesIrCagGVIEdl)anCYbknøgmk-manKMeragEpnkar-Gnuvtþn_tamKMeragkarN_enaH)aneCaKC½y cMenjeBlevla R)ak;kasminxatbg;kMlaMgcitþ-GPivDÆcMenHdwg nigCMnajkan;EtRbesIr-CafñalCMrujd¾l¥-CaRtIvis½ysMrab;CIvit-qab;)anTTYl)aneCaKC½y323>kúñgkaeeRCIserIsédKUbnþBUCsMrab;GnaKt etIGñkKYrRtUveKarBlkçx½NÐGVIxøH?cM>edIm,IeRCIserIsédKUrbnþBUCsMrab;GnaKtEdlRbkbedaysuPmgÁleKRtUveKarBtamlkçx½NÐdUcxageRkam ³k-l½kçx½NÐsMPar³-bursRsþIRtUvmansuxPaBl¥ RtUvBinitüsuxPaB¬Qam¦muneBlerobkar
  • 167. -RtUvmancMenHviC¢a mansmtßPaBkñgkarRbkbkargarciBa©wmRKYsar ú-RtUvmanFnFanedIm,IpÁt;pÁg;RKYsarx-l½kçx½NeÐ vTna ³-RtUvmanseBa©tnacMeBaHKñaeTAvijeTAmk-eCosvagGaBah_BiBah_edaybgçcitþ EdlGacnaMmknUvkarElglHKñnaeBleRkay MK-l½kx½NÐsgÁm ³-RtUverobcMtamTMenomTMlab;RbéBNIsana tamkarniymrbs;RKYsarTaMgsgxag-RtUvcuHsMbRu tGaBah_BiBah_tamc,ab;rbs;sgÁmX-l½kx½NÐsIlviC¢a b¤sIll½kx½NÐ ³-RtUvmancitþesµaHRtg;nwgKña¬esµaHmYynwgmYyminRBYyqøgCMgWeGds_¦-RtUveKarBsiTibnþBUC siTsMerccitþ eyaKyl;Kña § i§-RtUvykcitþTukdak;EfrkSasuxKñaeTAvijeTAmk-minRtUveRbIGMeBIhigSa dak;KñaeLIy.324>RbePBkILaEdlRbkYtCalkçNbuKÁlmñak;²pÞal;ehAfakILa GtþBlkmµ.-edaysarkargareTIbeFV[mnusSrvl; ehIyeCosputBIG)aymux nignaM[mnusSeTArkPaBx<g;x<s; EdlCaRbPBÙntMÙlEpÜk sIlviC¢a rWsIlFm’ .329>m:asøÜ)anEbgEcktMrUvkarrbs;mnusSCaR)aMdMNak;. cUrerobrab;Bnül;.cM>m:asø)anEbgEcktMrUvkarrbs;mnusSCaR)aMdMNak;KW ³ Úk-tMrvkarsrIr³ CatMrUvkamUldæan eIycaM)ac;sMrab;mnusSkúñgCIvitrs;enARbcaMéf¶ edayGac UxVH)aneLIy.tMrvkarsrIr³rYmmanes,ógGahar sMelokbMBak; TICMrk.eRkABIenH enaman UtMrUvkarclnaedIm,IeFV[mansuxPaBpøvkayEfmeTot. i Úx-tMrUvkarsuvtßPaB rYmman ³ i-suvtßPaBes,ógGahar mðbGaharRKb;RKan; KµaneRKaHTuriÖkS KµanTMnijEkøgkøay>>>>. i Ú-suvtßPaBpøvkay ³ KµanGñkvaydM Kµankarkab;sMlab; KµankareFVI[QWcab;pøÚvkay. i Ú-suvtßPaBpøvcitþ rWGarmµN_ ³ KµankarRbmaf KµanGMeBIhigSakñúgRKYsar rWkñúgsgÁm. i ÚK-tMrUvkarsgÁm rWtMrUvkarRslaj ³
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  • 169. tamRbB½n§smamaRt.cM>sMeNrkfax½NÐ ³k-kare)aHeqñattamRbB½n§Éktþnam Cakare)aHeqñatcMeQVaHbuKÁlyktammtiPaKeRcIn rWmYytammtiPaKeRcInedayeRbo rWmytamPaKeRcInFmµta rWmYyyksMelgKaMRTPaKeRcIn Ydac;xat.tammtiPaKFmµta eKeRCIserIsykebkçCnmñak; rWeRcInnak;kñúgmNÐledayykCnNaEdl)anTTYlsMelgeqñateRcInCageK rWeRcInCageKbnþbnÞab;CaGñkQñHeqñat.tamsMelgPaKeRcIndac;xat KWkñgmYymNÐleKeRCIserIsykebkçCn Etmñak;Kt;Edl)an úsMelgKaMRTelIsBI 50° CaGñkCab;eqñat.ebIKµanebkçCnNamñak;EdlTTYl)ansMelgKaMRT 50° ÷1eT tMrUv[ebkçCn)ansMelgKaMRTeRcInCageKBIrnak; QreQµaHCaelIkTI2edIm,IrksMelgKaMRTPaKeRcIndac;xat.rIÉebkçCnQreQµaHGacCasmaPaBKNbkSneya)ay nigGacCaebkçCnÉkraCüehIyebIcg;TMlak; rWdkesckþTukcitþBIGñkCab;eqñatRtUvqøg Ikat;kaee)aHeqñatCafµI rWkareFVRI bCamti.x-kare)aHeqñattamEbbRbB½n§smamaRt manbMngbMEngEckGasn³tamcMnYnkMnt;kñúgGgÁkarnItibBaØti edayKNbkSneya)aynImYy² TTYlGasn³Rbhak;RbEhl rWesµnwg IPaKryénsMelgeqñatEdlTTYl)ankñúgmNÐle)aHeqñatNamYy.kñgmYymNÐlRtUvman útMnagraRsþeRcIn ehIyebkçCnQreQµaHCasmasPaBKNbkSneya)ay.KNbkSneya)ayCaGñkerobcMbBa¢IeQµaHebkçCn nigkMnt;lMdb;elxerogenakñúgmNÐle)aHeqñat.ebkçCnRtUvrNbKNbkSTaMgRsug.kardkdak;brþÚ CMnYsCasiTi§sMercrbs;KNbkSedayRtUveRCIserIsykeQµaHenAlMdab;elxerogbnÞab;.ebkçCnÉkraCüBMGacQreQµaHCaebkçCn)an ueLIy.332>-sil,³KMnUr rwKMnUrpat;BN’zitenAkÜùgTMrg;sil,H KW viciRtkmµ.-kare)aHeqñatcMeQµaHbuKÁl CaebkçCnQreQµaHe)aHeqñat KwCakare)aHeqñattamRbB½n§Ékkþnam.-eRkABICnCatiPaKtic EdlmanedImkMenItkñúgRbeTsNamYyCnCatiepSg²EdlGaRs½yrbkbmuxrbrkñúgRbeTsenaHehAfa GaNikCn.333>cUrsresrBaküesøakmYyEdlmanxøwmsar nigGtßn½yTak;TgeTAnwgkar
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