វចនានុក្រមបច្ចេកទេស ២

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វចនានុក្រមបច្ចេកទេស ២

  1. 1. PaKTI 2 Exµr-Gg;eKøsPart Two: Khmer – English
  2. 2. sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2k v. write down kt;sMKal;/ KYr[ noticeable, karERbRbYl ~ noticeable changekk/ bgák freeze, bgákebovtSr_ ¬min[cuHeLIg¦ ktikasBaØa ¬kic©RBmeRBogCapøÚvkar¦ pactwage freezekkkuj/ PaB bottleneck ktþa factorkk; v. deposit ktþacMNUlbzm primary factor incomekk;/ R)ak; n. deposit, ~ mun advance deposit ktþaeFVIeGaymansßirPaBCasV½yRbvtþi built-in stabiliserskekIt/ kar inception ktþabMElgsþg;dar standard-conversionkgVl; n. concern factor (SCF)kgVH n. lack, ~ tulüPaB lack of balance, ktþaplTunbreTssuT§ net foreign factor~ TMnukcitþ lack of confidence income (NFFI) ktþaplitkmµbzm primary factor ofkgVH n. shortage, ~ TMgn; shortage in weight productionkgVH ¬]> fvika¦ shortfall ktþarUbvnþ physical factorkgVHxat n. shortcoming ( characteristics/ ktþþatMél factor cost, ~ bzm primaryquality of sth or s.o) factor costkBa©b;fvika package budget k®nþkTMnijeRbIR)as; consumer basketkBa©b;ebovtSr_ ¬ebovtSr_ nigR)ak;]btßmÖepSg² kEnøg placesMrab;kargarGVImYy¦ pay/salary package kEnøg ¬eFVIkar¦ TMenr vacancykBa©b;ExSTsSnkic© package tour kEnøglk;ecj outletkBa©úM cluster, smasFaturYmCa ~ cluster of kmµkr worker, workmanelements kmµkrkMBg;Ep docker, stevedorekNþal adj. central, FnaKar ~ central bank kmµnþsal manufacture, TMnij ~kt;Rta n. record manufactured goodskt;Rta/ Edlmin)an unrecorded kmµnþsalkmµ manufacturingkt;RtaxagNTan v. credit kmµvtßú n. objectivekt;RtaxagNBn§ v. debit kmµvFCnybreTs foreign-aid programme iIMYkt;RtabBaúHtMélRTBüskmµ ¬kñúgbBa¢IKNenyü¦ © 105
  3. 3. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2kmµviFIneya)ay ¬rbs;KNbkS¦ political nigensaT Ministry of Agricultureplatform, platform Forestry and FisherieskmµviFIbBaÄb;BlkredaykgVHkargar ksikmµRKan;EtmYyrs; ¬m> CIvRBwtþi/ ksikmµ¦redundancy programme subsistence agriculturekmµviFIskmµPaB programme of action ksidæan farm, brikçar ~ farm equipmentkmµviFINTanpÞal; direct-lending schemes ksipl rW plitplksikmµ agriculturalkmµvi)ak ¬m> TNÐkmµ¦ sanction productkmµvis½yPaB objectivity ksi-BaNiC¢kmµ agribusinesskmµsikSakarI trainee or intern (US) ksi-]sSahkmµ agro-industrykmµsiTæi ownership kaksMNl; waste, ~ rav liquid waste, ~ rwg solid wastekmµsiT§i/ kar)anmkCa acquisition katBVkic© obligation, man ~ to have thekmµsiT§ikr rW m©as; owner, proprietor (of a obligation, Ca ~ obligatoryhouse, business...)kmµsiT§iKµankalkMNt; freehold property katBVkic©/ Ca compulsory, karRtYtBinitü ~ compulsory inspectionkmµsiT§idIFøI land ownership kat;kg v. deductkmµsiT§ibBaØa intellectual property kat;kgecj/ Gac adj. deductible, ~ BIcMnUlkmµsiT§iRsbc,ab; legal ownership Cab;Bn§ tax deductiblekrNIKµanlT§PaBsg event of default kat;Kña v. intersect (graph lines)krNIbnÞan;/ kñúg in case of emergency kat;ecj ¬CakarBin½y¦ forfeitkrNIyutþisaRsþ n. ¬tulakar¦ precedent kat;éfømin)an adj. invaluableksag/ CalkçN³ constructive, karTieton ~ kat;bnßy/ kar reduction, curtailment,constructive criticism ~ fvika budget reduction, ~ PaBRkIRkksageKalneya)ay/ kar policy formulation poverty reductionksagCasßab½n v. institutionalise kat;bnßycMnay/ kar expense reduction,ksag¼eFVI BiesssMrab;GtifiCnNamñak; retrenchmentcustom-built/made kat;sg/ Bn§Ky duty drawbackksikmµ agriculture, RksYg ~ rukçaRbmaj; katalIkr catalyst, tYnaTICa ~ catalyst role 106
  4. 4. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2kataLúk ¬esovePA¦ catalogue time workkan;/ Gñk holder, ~ mUlb,Tanb½Rt holder kargareCIgsar brokerageof a cheque kargareRbIxYrk,al ¬EdlRtUvriHKit¦ mental jobkan;kab;/ kar possession kargareBjem:ag full-time work kargarmineBjem:ag part-time workkan;kab;/ kar ¬]> cUleTArs;enAelIdILÚt_¦ kargarl¥itel¥ac odd joboccupationkan;kab;CakarepJITuk hold in trust karedaHRsay resolution, ~ TMnas; conflict resolutionkan;kab;dI/ kar land tenure karEtl cartelkan;kab;tMENg/ ry³eBl tenure karbdiesFc,ab;rdæ civil disobediencekan;kab;RtwmRtUv/ Gñk holder in due course karR)ak; interest, ~ smas compoundkan;kab;EfTaM/ Gñk caretaker (of a motor interest, ~ x<s;¼Tab high/low interest,vehicle)kan;kab;bBa¢IKNenyü v. maintain ~ samBaØ simple interest, kalKit ~accounting book interest period, GRta ~ interest ratekan;criya v. behave karR)ak;)anKitbEnßm accrued interestkan;bBa¢I/ Gñk bookkeeper karR)ak;mkTl;bc©úb,nñ interest to datekan;Baküsnüa v. abide by a promise karR)ak;minTan;sg back interestkab;eQI/ kar logging, ~ xusc,ab; illegal karR)ak;viC¢man positive interest (interestlogging rate higher than inflation rate)kayvikar gesture karR)ak;GviC¢man ¬GRtakarR)ak;TabCagGRtakargar work GtiprNa¦ negative interestkargar ¬eTogTat;manR)ak;kMér¦ employment karBar/ kic©¼kar- protection, ~ brisßankargar/ eQµaH job title environment protectionkargarkñúgkariyal½y office job, white- karBarkarxatbg; ¬EdlRtUv)an¦ hedgedcollar job karsikSakrNI ¬b¤krNIsikSa¦ case studykargarRkdassñam paperwork kariybriecäT financial yearkargarKitem:ag ¬TUTat;kMértamcMnYn em:ag/ éf¶¦ kariybriecäT ¬sareBIBn§/ hirBaØvtßú>>>¦ year 107
  5. 5. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2(fiscal, financial...) kalviPaK schedule/timetablekariyaFibetyü bureaucracy, red tape, kalviPaKfµI/ eFVI reschedule (loan)officialdomkariyal½y bureau, ~ kargar employment kalaTikrN_sniTanIy_ ¬m> rMMBwgsmehtupl/kar¦bureau GñkeFVIkar ~ bureaucrat kalanuvtþiPaB opportunitykariyal½yKNenyü accounting office kalikb½Rt ¬TsSnavdþI/ RBwtþib½Rt>>>¦ periodicalkariyal½ycuHeQµaHGñke)aHeqñat voter kic©karCMnYj transactionregistration station kic©RBmeRBogepÞrkic©snüa ¬[PaKITI3¦kariyal½ytMNagRbcaMRbeTs novationcountry-representative office kicR© BmeRBogTUeTAsþIBItaragBn§Ky nigBaNiC¢kmµkariyal½yFM head office ¬hÁat;¦ GATT (General Agreement onkariyal½ye)aHeqñat polling station Tariffs and Trade)kariyal½ybþÚrR)ak; exchange office kicsnüa contract, ~ lk;¼kargar contract of ©kariyal½ypþlBtmanBIktnam ¬énshRKas>>>¦ ; ½ ’ i iþ sale/work, buKÁlikrdæCab; ~ contract publiccredit bureau employee, Cab;¼eRkam ~ adj. underkariyal½yrkkargareGayeFIV employment contract, cuH ~ v. contract, GñkcuHkic©snüaagency contractorkariyal½yrab;snøwkeqñat vote-counting kic©snüa/ c,ab;én law of contractstation kic©snüaCalaylkçN_GkSr deedkariyaelxanukar ¬m> kariyal½y/ GñkeFVIkar¦bureaucrat kic©snüaCYlTijpþac; ¬rW kic©snüaTijbNþak;¦ hire-purchase agreementkal kMNt;¼bBaØtþi specified period kic©snüaTij-lk; bargain and salekalkMNt; deadline kic©snüabnþ/ cuH subcontract, Gñk ~kalkMNt; time, rUbiyaNtþiman ~ time draft subcontractorkalkMNt;RbKl;TMnij time limit for delivery kic©snüaEbgEckplitkmµ production-kalbriecäT date sharing contract (PSC)kalbriecäTGnaKt/ cuH v. post-date kic©snüamankalkMNt; terminal contractkalvsan maturity kic©snüalk; ¬TMnij¦ sale contract kic©snüashRbtibtþikarBaNiC¢kmµ business 108
  6. 6. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2cooperation contract (BCC) ekItdMNalKña/ kar ¬RBwtþikarN_¦ concurrencekic©snüaesva service contract ekItman/ kar incidencekic©snüaesarkñúgéd turnkey contract ekIn v. increase, risekitþinam reputation, credibility ekInCadMNak;²/ Edl incrementalkitþisBÞ good reputation ekInmYyCabI v. treblekitüanuPaB prestige ekInmYyCaBIr v. doublekinRsUv/ kar paddy husking ekIneLIg v. gainkiriyamayaT conduct ekogKr v. lobbykugtWn½r container ekobsgát; v. exert pressurekugsg;s‘us consensus ekgRbv½Ba©/ kar embezzlementkugs½rsüÚm consortium ekgRbv½Ba©RTBüsm,tþisaFarN³/ karkugsuI ¬bBa©aM¦ pawnbroker misappropriation of public fundskub,kmµ n. riot, eFVI ~ v. riot ekNÐRbmUl v. mobilisekumµúynisþ communist ekNÐRbmUlR)ak;snSMÉkCn/ karkulalPaCn_ ceramics, plitpl ~ ceramic mobilisation of private savingsproduct ekrþ×eQµaH reputationkusl merit , good deed ekrþ×eQµaHCMnYj n. goodwillkuslkic© good deed, charity ekrþ×mrtk heritage, patrimonykUd/ elxkUd code, kardak;elx ~ coding, kar ekrþ×xagRsI dowrybkRsay ~ ¬ERbCaPasaFmµtavij¦ decoding Ek/ kar ¬Bakü¼elx¼bBa¢IKNenyü>>>edaykarkUdkmµ strike ekaslub rW karsresrRtYt>>>¦ alterationkUta quota, karkMNt; ~ fixing of quotas Ekécñ/ kar ¬plitpl¦ processing, viBaØabnb½RtkUtanaMcUl import quota bBa¢ak;BIkEnøgEkécñ certificate of processingkUnbMNulGuIb:UEtk mortgagor/ mortgager EkécññeLIgvij/ kar recyclingkUnesovePApSBVpSay brochure EktMrUv v. adjust, KNnI ~ adjustmentkUr:um quorum account, ktþa ~ adjustment factor (AF), 109
  7. 7. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2tMél ~ adjustment value, elxna ~ kMNt; v. determine, fix, specifyadjusting entries (accounting) kMNt;/ naéf¶Edl)an on appointed daysEktMrUv/ kar rectification kMNt;kUta/ kar fixing of quotasEkTMrg; v. reform kMNt;Rta n. recordEkERbdIFøIeLIgvij/ kar land restructuring kMNt;éfø¼éføkMNt; CarUbiyvtßúkñúgRsuk v. & n.EklMG/ kar improvement quote in local currencyEksMrYl adj. revised, Epnkar ~ revised plan kMNt;TUeTA general points (in text of law)ekaslvic½y expertise, valuation kMNt;RbePTTMnij/ kar categorisation ofekasikasnþiPaBeGaypSarP©ab;Kñal¥/ BRgwg goodsstrengthen the fabric of peace kMNt;Bn§/ Gñk assessor of taxeskMcIKµankalkMNt; ¬eBlTarRtUvsg¦ demand kMNt;RBMRbTl;/ kar demarcation (boundary)loan kMNt;sMKal; notekMcIKµanvtßúFana fiduciary loan kMNt;sMGag ¬Fanar:ab;rg¦ cover notekMc¼R)ak;kcI loan, ~ pøas;pÞHfµI bridging loan, I M (insurance)~ karR)ak;Tab soft loan, ~ KµankarFana kMNay n. excavationunsecured loan, ~ KµankalkMNt; loan at kMeNIt/ GRta birth ratecall (pay back when required), ~ )anebIk kMeNIn growth, increase, rise, gain,pþl; loan disbursed GRta ~ growth ratekMcIEdlm©as;bMNulGacTarykvij)anPøam kMeNInkartantwg ¬TMnas;¦ escalationmoney at call kMeNIntamfñak;/ GRtaBn§ progessive tax ratekMcIenACMBak; outstanding loan kMeNInRbCaCnkMritsUnü zero populationkMcIpÞal;xøÜn personal loan growth (ZPG)kMcIBi)akTar non-performing loan kMENtMrUv adjustmentkMcImankarR)ak;efreTArksuI/ kareRbI leverage kMENtMrUvrcnasm<½n§ structural adjustment,kMcImankarR)ak;Tab/ kMcIKµankarR)ak; soft loan kMcIsMrab; ~ structural adjustment loankMcImanrbs;bBa©aM collateral loan kMENTMrg; n. reform, ~ dIFøI land reform,kMcIsMrab;sg;¼TijpÞH housing loans ~ RbB½n§yutþiFm’ judicial reform, ~ Bn§dar 110
  8. 8. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2fiscal reform, ~ vis½yensaT nigClplfisheries reform kMritRBMEdn/ dak; v. limit, kar ~ limitationkMENERb modification kMritmUldæan local/grassroots levelkMBg;EppÞúkTMnij port of loading/shipment kMritmUldæanénkareRbIR)as; base level ofkMBg;EpBaNiC¢kmµ commercial port consumptionkMBg;EpsmuRT seaport kMrityl;dwg level of understanding, cognitive levelkMBugcab;kMeNIt nascent, esdækic© ~ nascent kMritel¥óg margin of erroreconomykMBugdMeNIrkar/ skmµPaB ongoing activity kMér earnings, ~ rk)an earned feeskMBugplit ¬xÞg;KNnIsMrab;kt;RtaRTBükMBug kMér fee, ~ GaCJab½NÑ licence feeplit¦ work in progress (WIP) kMéreCIgsar brokeragekMBüÚT½rFuntUc minicomputer kMéreCIgsarFanakarTUTat; del credere commissionkMr/ PaB scarcity kMérykelIs ¬elIskMritsmrmü¦ overchargekMrgr)aykarN_ series of reports kMéresva service feeskMrit level, dose, margin, eRcIn ~ multi- kMéreCIgsar commission, karlk;yk ~ commission salelevel, ~ eGayx©IR)ak; margin of lending, kMéreCIgsar/ yk v. charge a commission~ R)ak;cMeNj margin of profit, ~ suvtßiPaB kMlaMg force, power, ~ TIpSar market forcessafety margin, ~ GPivDÆn_ level of kMlaMgpÞal;xøÜn/ eday adj. unaideddevelopmentkMriteKal benchmark kMlaMgBlkmµ labour force, workforce, forcekMritcab;ERbRbYl ¬m> kaMQancUl¦ threshold kMlaMgrujRcan momentumkMritCIvPaB standard of living, living kMsanþ ¬esva¦ recreation (service)standardkMritCMnaj qualification kMsanþ/ kar entertainment, mNÐl ~ entertainment centrekMritTMenarénkareRbIR)as;bEnßm marginal kMhat loss, ~ Cak;Esþgsrub actual totalpropensity to consume loss, ~ srubsuT§ absolute total losskMritTMenarénkarsnSMbEnßm marginal 111
  9. 9. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2kMhateFVIGaCIvkmµ ¬eBlR)ak;cMNUl)anticCag Rkb frameR)ak;cMNayecj¦ trading losses Rkbx½NÐ cadre, ~ m®nþIraCkar public cadre, ~kMhab;énsarFatu/ kMrit concentration level Pñak;garrdæ)al cadre of administrative agentof a substance Rkbx½NÐ framework, frame, ~ c,ab; legalkMhit n. constraint framework, ~ eBlevla timeframekMhit/ kardak;kMhit restriction,~ énNTan Rkm code, ~ BaNiC¢kmµ commercial codecredit restrictionskMht/ dak; v. restrict, ~ elINTan restrict i RkmsIlFm’ code of conduct/ethicscredit RkLabBa¢I court clerkskMhusqÁg malpractice RkeLkemIleTAGtItkal/ kar retrospectionkaMQancUl n. threshold RkahVik graphicekaHsakSI v. ¬tulakar¦ subpoena RkIRk/ PaB poverty, karkat;bnßy ~ povertykñúgtMENg in post reduction, bnÞat;RkIRk ~ poverty linekñúgrgVg;kBa©úM intra-cluster Rkwtü decreekñúgRsuk domestic, RTBüskmµ ~ domestic Rkumkargar working group, task forceassets (bank), NTan ~ domestic RkumKMrUtag sample groupcredit, tMrUvkar¼karpÁt;pÁg; ~ domestic RkumRbwkSaRKb;RKg board of managementdemand/supply RkumRbwkSaFmµnuBaØ Constitutional CouncilkñúgRsuk ¬m> mUldæan¦ local RkumRbwkSaPi)al board of directorsk,ac; n. ¬]bkrN_buraNsMrab;Kitelx¦ abacus RkumRbwkSaPi)alRbtisiT§iCn trusteeshipk,aldI ¬m> dILÚt_¦ plot councilk,alma:sIunkMeNInesdækic© engine of RkumRbwkSavin½y ¬GñksMercdak;vin½yelIbuKÁlik¦economic growth disciplinary councilRkdasR)ak; ¬luyRkdas¦ bank note, RkumRbwkSavinieyaK board of investmentpaper money (BOI)RkdaseBIelo flimsy paper RkumRbwkSasnþisux Security Council (UN)RkdassñamBaNiC¢kmµ commercial paper Rkumpþl;KMnit think-tankRkNat; cloth, material RkumBhuCMnaj multi-disciplinary team 112
  10. 10. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2Rkumh‘un company, ~ Gnamik joint stock Rkumh‘unrMlgCati transnationalcompany, ~ BaNiC¢kmµ trading company, corporation (TNC)~ buRtsm<½næ affiliated or associated Rkumh‘unsikSaKMeragbøg; architectural companycompany, ~ TTYlxusRtUvmanx½NÐsIma Rkumh‘unhUlDij holding companylimited liability company, ~ TTYlxus Rkumh‘unnavacr shipping companyRtUvKµankMNt; unlimited company, ~ saxa Rkumh‘unGnamik ¬m> saCIvkmµ¦subsidiary companyRkumh‘n ¬CanItibuKÁleBjelj¦ incorporated u RkumGayu age groupcompany RkumGñkmanKMnitdUcKña like-minded groupsRkumh‘un/ cUlCa incorporated eRkam/ xag downstream, plitpl ~ rWRkumh‘un/ c,ab; companies act plitplcugExS downstrem productRkumh‘uncUlpSarh‘un ¬KWmansnøwkh‘unlk;-Tij eRkam»vaT/ GgÁPaB subordinate entityenApSarh‘un¦ listed/quoted company eRkamsþg;dar sub-standardRkumh‘unTTYlxusRtUvmankMrit limited eRkay/ Ca post, svnkmµ ~ post auditingliability company eRkay/ tam following, qñaMeRkay rW qñaMbnÞab;Rkumh‘unFanar:ab;rgedIm principal insurance following/next yearcompany eRkA/ ktþaxag rW plb:HBal;mkBIeRkARkumh‘unbiTCit ¬Gñkkan;kab;PaKh‘unmanticnak; externalitiesNas;¦ close company eRkAksidæan/ kargar off-farm employmentRkumh‘nbuRtsm<n§ ¬Rkumh‘unemkþab;PaKh‘unticCag u ½ eRkARbB½n§ ¬rW eRkApøÚvkar¦/ vis½yesdækic©50°¦ affiliated/associated company informal sectorRkumh‘unpÁt;pÁg;saFarN³ ¬Twk/ ePøIg>>>¦ utility køasuik/ TsSn³Ebb classical viewcompany køib club, ~ ]sSahkmµtMbn; regionalRkumh‘unBhuplitpl conglomerate industry clubRkumh‘unPaKh‘un public company or Ekøg/ kar forgerypublic limited company (PLC) Ekøgkøay falseRkumh‘unem parent company kS½yFn/ PaB bankruptcy, karrYcputBI ~Rkumh‘unrYmPaKh‘un joint-stock company discharge in bankruptcy 113
  11. 11. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2ekSRtviTU agronomist damageekSRtsaRsþ rW ekSRtviTüa agronomy xUcxat/ ¬R)ak;¦ sMNgcMeBaHkar damages xUcKuNPaB/ kar ¬rbs;hUb¦ spoilagex xUcRbeyaCn_/ kar detriment xUcRbeyaCn_/ EdleFVIeGay detrimentalx ¬xTI1/ xTI2>>> ¦ clause xYb¼CMu¼vdþ cyclexkxan fail, xkxanmin)anTak;Tg fail to xMRbwgxñHExñg/ kic© endeavourcontact x©I/ sMux©I v. borrow, karx©Ibul borrowings,xkxan ¬min)aneFVI¦/ kar omission Gñk ~ borrowerxn§b,maNrUbiyvtßú ¬m> rUbiyvtßúTaMgGs;¦ x¢Ix¢a sloppy, kargar ~ sloppy workmonetary aggregatexn§b,aT aggregation x¢Hx¢ay/ kar wastagexageRkA exogenous, ktþaGviC¢man ~ negative ex©aH/ flaw, defect Edlman ~ flawed,exogenous factors defective, faultyxatbg;/ kar loss xÞg; item, ~ eRkAtaragtulükar off-balance sheet itemsxatbg;srub/ kar total loss, dead loss, xÞg;/ xÞg;bBaÄr ¬tarag¦ column~ Cak;Esþg actual total loss xÞg; ¬taragtulükar¦ headingxanmin)an¼katBVkic© adj. compulsory, xñgTl;xñg back to back, NTan ~ backmandatory to back creditxitþb½NÑ ¬b½NÑeXasnapSBVpSayEckeGay xñat ¬]> EpnTI¦ scalepÞal;éd¦ hand bill xñat ¬sMrab;vas;Evg¦ yardstickxuTÞkal½y cabinet, ~ KN³rdæm®nþI political xñattUc small-scalecabinetxusc,ab; illegal, kic©snüa ~ illegal contract xñatmaRta dosexusc,ab; illicit, Rsa ~ illicit alcohol xñatmas gold standardxUcxat/ kar damage Exµrkat;cin Sino-KhmerxUcxatedaysarTwksmuRT/ Edl sea-damaged xøwmsar contentxUcxatbgáeLIgedayectna/ kar wilful xøwmsar niglkçxNÐ énkic©snüa terms and 114
  12. 12. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2conditions of a contractxVH/ cMnYn shortfallxVHxat/ karpÁt;pÁg;mankar deficient supply KN³kmµaFikarcMeBaHkic© ad hoc committeexVHTMgn;/ PaB deficiency in weight KN³CMnajkar panel of expertsExSekag curve, ~ cMNay expenditure KNna v. calculate, work outcurve, ~ eRbIR)as; consumption curve, KNnaxus miscalculate~ pÁt;pÁg;srub aggregate supply curve KNnaéføedIm/ kar costingExSekaghVlB Phillips curve (relationship I I KNnaGtüaNU calculusbetween rate of change of money wageand rate of unemployment) KNnI account, ~ épÞkñúg domestic account,ExScgVak; chain, ~ m:aXITIg¼TIpSar ~ )anEksMrYl account amended, ~ enAminmarketing chainExSbeNþay/ mnÞIr line department Tan;sg outstanding account, ~ RtUvsgExSbBaÄr/ karR)aRs½yTak;Tgtam vertical account payable, ~ RtUvTar accountcommunication receivable, esovePA ~ account book,ExSplitkmµ ¬tMelIgeRKOgcRk¦ assembly line m©as; ~ account holder, sMrab;EtsgcUl ~ExSepþk¼ExSTTwg/ karsMrbsMrYltam account payee onlyhorizontal coordination KNnI mUlFn¼Tun capital accountexSay/ rUbiyvtßú weak/soft currency KNnIkan;kab;kñúgnambuKÁlmñak;eTot nominee accountK KNnIcrnþ current account KNnIcMNUl-cMNay income and expenseKgKña¼RtYtKña overlap accounts, income-outlay accounts, appropriation accountsKN³kmµkar commission KNnIcMruH sundry accountKN³kmµkaresIubGegát board of inquiry KNnIcMh ¬kt;RtakarTijeCOedayGñkTijKN³kmµkarGPivDÆn_PUmi village Kµandak;vtßúFana¦ open accountdevelopment committee (VDC)KN³kmµaFikar committee, ~ RtYtBinitü KNnIQb;eRbI rW KNnIgab; dead accountcommittee of inspection, ~ Gcié®nþy_ KNnIFnaKar bank account 115
  13. 13. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2KNnIenAbreTs foreign accounts KNenyükic© accountancyKNnIRbePTGkSr et T account KNenyüRKb;RKg managerial accountingKNnIR)ak;tMkl;Fana deposit guaranty KNenyüCati national accountingaccount KNenyübrisßan ecological accountingKNnIpat;Tat; clearing account KNenyüPaB accountability, TamTar ~ BIKNnIépÞeRkA external accounts demand accountibility fromKNnIrg subsidiary account KNenyüPaB/ Kµan adj. unaccountableKNnIrg;caM suspense account KNenyürdæaPi)al nigKNenyüsßab½nKNnIrYm ¬manm©as;KNnIBI 2nak;eLIgeTA¦ government and institutional accountingjoint account KNenyüsaFarN³ public accounting/KNnIlT§pl profit and loss account accountsKNnIGtifiCn ¬m> KNnIRtUvTar¦ trade KN³RbtiPU delegationaccount receivable KN³emFavI bar associationKNnIeCO charge/credit account KN³rdæm®nþI Council of MinistersKNenyü accounting (US), accountancy KtibNÐit/ Rbkbeday sound(GB), bookeeping, ~ hirBaØvtßú financial Ktiyutþi ¬Rsbtamc,ab; nigrebobrbbén c,ab;¼accounting, ~ Bn§dar tax accounting, tulakar¦ juridical, lixitsñam ~ legalvdþ ~ accounting cycle, RKa ~ accounting documentperiod, bøg; ~ accounting plan, éfø ~ Ktiyutþi/ rUbPaB legal formaccounting price, RbB½n§ ~ accounting Kn;KUr/ kar extrapolationsystem, karviPaK ~ accounting analysis Kn;KUrCamun/ kar projectionr)aykarN_ ~ accounting statement KnøgeRKaHfñak; precarious pathKNenyü éføedIm¼viPaK cost accounting KnøwH/ tYnaTI key roleKNenyükr accountant, ~ rdæTTYlsÁal; KnøwH/ sunÞrkfa keynote addresschartered accountant, certified public KmnaKmn_B½t’man communication ofaccountant (US) informationKNenyükredImExS principal accountant Ky customs, Pñak;gar ~ customs agent,(Ministry of Economy and Finance) 116
  14. 14. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2TIcat;karKynigrdæakr Customs Department, KYbpSM combine, ~ CamYyKñanUvBaNiC¢kmµ nigbuKÁl¼Rkumh‘un EdlnaMTMnijqøgkat; ~ customs karkMsanþ combine business and pleasurebroker KYr)anTTYlNTan/ PaB credit worthinessKl;mUlb,TanbR½t cheque stub eKcBn§/ kar tax evasionKl;G½kS origin, zero point eKcUlcitþ ¬CagGVImYyeTot¦/ Edl preferentialKhbtI bourgeois, vNѳ ~ bourgeoisie or eKhkic©/ brikçar household equipmentmiddle classKab;CYn ¬Kña¦/ kar coincidence éKbnøM adj. fraudulentKahkniy½t holder in due course éKbnøM/ kar fraudKitKUrbegáItfµI v. conceptualise eKal base, GRta ~ base rateKitdl;/ edaymin regardless eKal ¬R)ab;cMgay¦ milestoneKitbEnßm/ cMNUl)an accrued income eKal/ RKa¼ry³eBl reference periodKIb bale eKalkarN_ ¬kñúgRbkas¦ general (in a Prakas)KuNFm’ virtue eKalkarN_KNenyümankarTTYlsÁal;TUeTAKuNPaB quality, grade, karEbgEck ~ generally accepted accountinggrading, ~ eBlpÞúk quality shipped or principle (GAAP)shipped quality, viFIsaRsþ ¬viPaK¦ tamEbb eKalkarN_ENnaM guideline~ qualitative method (of analysis) eKalkarN_énPaBsuIKña matching concept/KuNPaBx<s; ¬Er:¦ high grade (ore) conventionKuNvibtþi shortcoming, disadvantage eKalkarN_esµIPaB nigmanplRbeyaCn_eTAvijKuNvibtþi flaw, Edlman ~ flawed eTAmk principle of equality and mutual benefitKuNvuDÆi ¬smtßPaBkñúgCMnaj¦ qualification eKalKMnit conceptKuNsm,tþixagCMnaj qualification eKal¼em/ EpnTI master mapKURbECg rival eKaledA purpose, goalKUsbBa¢ak; v. emphasise eKaledA target, Rkum ~ target group,KYkeC broker, middleman TIpSar ~ target marketKYkeCh‘un stockbroker 117
  15. 15. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2eKaledAGPivDÆn_shsSvtSr_ Millennium KMrUtagem master sampleDevelopment Goals (MDGs) KMrUtagrg subsampleeKalneya)ay policy, Rkbx½NÐ ~ policy KMrUtagsV½yTMgn; self-weighting sampleframeworkeKalneya)ayebIkTUlay open policy KMrUbgðaj specimeneKalneya)ayrUbiyvtßúRbugRby½tñ prudent KMrUBIelImkeRkam top-down paradigmmonetary policy KMrUhtßelxa specimen signatureeKalneya)aysac;R)ak;gayRsYl easy KMerag project, karvaytMél ~ project appraisal, karksag ~ project formulation,money policyKMnas; leverage karGnuvtþn_ ~ project implementation,KMnit idea sMeNI ~ project proposalKMnitécñRbDit creativity, creative thinking KMeragkksÞH project indigestionKMnitpþÜcepþIm initiative KMeragbnÞab;bnSM marginal projectKMnitviPaK analytical thinking KMeragsakl,g pilot projectKMnitevocevr bad faith KMlat gap, deviationKMnUrsßiti chart KMlatmFüm ¬m> KMlatsþg;dar¦KMnUstaglk; sale chart KMlatsþgdar standard deviation (statistics) ;KMrU model KMehIj findingKMrUtag sample, yk ~ v. sample, take a KaMRT v. support, endorse, esvakmµ ~sample, Rkum ~ sample group, karRsg; ~ support servicesample implementation, ~ Kg sample KaMRT/ bBa¢ak;KaMRT v. back up, bBa¢ak;KaMRToverlap, karyk ~ sampling, kareRCIs ~ karGHGag back up a claimsample selection, Gegát ~ sample survey, KaMRT/ Gñk backerKMrUtagécdnü random sample, ~ KµankMNt; KaMRTxaghirBaØvtßú/ kar financial backing,unrestricted random sample financial assistanceKMrUtagécdnüsamBaØ/ karyk simple KaMBar v. safeguardrandom sampling KµankargareFVIeBjelj adj. underemployed,KMrUtagCMerOn census sample 118
  16. 16. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2Gñk ~ n. underemployed RKaeKal reference periodKµankareyaKyl;Biess/ karlk; arm’s RKwH foundationlength sale RKwH/ karRsavRCavCa fundamental researchKµanRcksmuRT/ RbeTs landlocked country RKwHsßan establishmentKµandI landless, PaB ~ landlessness RKwHsßan ¬CMnYj¦ business concernKµaneRbIkar idle, Tun ~ idle capital RKwHsßanrdæ)alsaFarN³ publicKµanplitPaB/ RTBüskmµ unproductive adminstrative establishmentassets RKwHsßansaFarN³ public establishmentKµanélTukedayELk/ mUlniFi unearmarked RKwHsßanesvakmµEkécñ processing-typefund service establishmentKµanGVIKYrq¶l; unquestionable RKwHsßanGcié®nþy_ permanent establishmentRKbdNþb;/ kar¼TMhM coverage RKUeBTüCnbT barefoot doctorRKbsgát; v. dominate RKYsar family, karensaTCalkçN³ ~ familyRKb;RKg v. manage, nayk ~ managing scale fishingdirector RKYsar household, ~ RsþIemRKY female-headedRKb;RKg/ kar management, karRtYtBinitükar household, ~ bursemRKY male-headed~ management control householdRKb;RKgeday bTbBa¢a¼bTb,BaØtþic,ab; v. RKYsaredIm original familyregulateRKb;RKgedayxøÜnÉg/ kar self-managing eRKOgeRbIR)as; applianceRKb;RKgmin)an/ cMNay uncontrollable eRKOgeqH fuelexpenses eRKOgbriePaK food itemsRKb;RKgGsmtßPaB/ kar maladministration eRKOgbMBak; ¬TaMgGcl½t nigcl½t Edllk;eTARKb;RKan; enough CamYynwgpÞH¦ fixtures and fittingsRKb;RKan;/ PaBmin insufficiency, deficiency eRKOgbMBak;Cab; fixtureRKb;RCugeRCay adj. comprehensive, eRKOg]bePaK-briePaK ¬m> sMPar³pÁt;pÁg;¦ supplykarviPaK ~ comprehensive analysis eRKagkar schemeRKa ¬KNenyü¦ period eRKageRcIndMNak; multi-stage frame 119
  17. 17. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2eRKagelImUldæantMbn; area-based frameeRKagykKMrUtag sampling frame, ~ dMbUg gprimary-sampling frame (PSF) gakecj/ kar deviationeRKaHfñak;/ EdlRbkbeday hazardous gayxUc perishable, TMnij ~ perishableeRKaHfñak;enAeBlbMeBjkargar occupational goodsaccident gayeCO/ PaB credulityeRKaHFmµCati natural disaster gayrgeRKaH adj. vulnerable, Blkr ~eRKaHGKIÁP½y fire risk vulnerable workerKøInik clinic gayrgeRKaH/ PaB vulnerability gayRsYl/ kar facilityX gar titleXat;cab;Tuk/ kar ¬rfynþ/ TUk>>>¦impoundment cXubXitkMNt;éfø/ kar price fixing ckçúvis½y n. visioneXasnaTak;TajkarKaMRT v. canvass cg v. bindeXasnabBa©úHbBa©Úl v. lobby cgRkg v. compileeXasnapSaylk;pÞal;/ kar ¬énbuKÁlmñak;¦ cgP¢ab;/ kar linkagepersonal sellingXñas; lever cg¥úlTis/ kar directiveXøatBIsPaBedIm/ kar aberration cenøaHCMerOn/ TsvtSr_ inter-censal decadeXøaMemIl v. monitor cenøaHeRCIs selection intervalXøaMg warehouse cenøaHRbehag loophole, ~ énBn§ tax loopholeXøaMg/ karTukdak;TMnijkñúg warehousing crca v. negotiate, kar ~ n. negotiationXøaMg/ qµaM warehouseman crca)an/ Gac negotiable, éfø ~ negotiable priceXøaMgsþúkTMnijRKb;RKgedayPñak;garKy crcaBIkartMelIgR)ak;Qlrvag nieyaCit nig Úñbonded warehouse nieyaCk/ kar (free) collective bargaining crcaCa rYm¼smUhPaB/ kar collective 120
  18. 18. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2bargaining carxñgcMh blank endorsementcrnþkar/ eFVI ¬m> bc©úb,nñPaB/ eFVI¦ update carwk nominal, tMél ~ nominal valuecrnþþ adj. current, cMNay ~ current carwkCaduløarGaemrik ¬]> mUlb,Tanb½Rt¦expenditures denominated in US$cracr circulation, ~ Tun circulation of cas;TuM/ PaB maturitycapital, ~ TMnij circulation of goods ciBa©wmCIvit/ karrk livelihoodcracr traffic, sNþab;Fñab; ~ traffic order ciBa©wmRtI/ kar pisciculture, fish culture,crit character fish farmingclnvtßú movable (property) cIrPaB sustainabilityclnaTun/ karepÞrTun capital movement cIrPaB/ man sustainable, ksikmµ ~cak;Kr/ kar dumping sustainable agriculture, karGPivDÆn_ ~ sustainable developmentcak;eLIgvij/ kar ¬ExSGat;>>>¦ playback cugeRkay last, ultimate, eKaledA ~ ultimate(tape...) goalcaj;eRbob disadvantaged cugeRkay/ kareRbIR)as; final consumptioncat;Ecg v. organise, handle, manage, cugExS/ plitpl downstream productdispose cugRKa/ sareBIP½NÐ ending inventorycat;EcgTinñn½y/ kar data processing cugecaT defendantcat;fñak; v. classify culøesdækic© ¬m> mIRkUesdækic©¦cat;TukCaemaX³ v. invalidate cuHkalbriecäTGtItkal v. antedatecab;eqñat v. draw lots cuHkalbriecäTGnaKtelImUlb,Tanb½Rt date acab;epþIm/ esah‘uy start-up cost cheque forwardcab;GarmµN_/ PaBmin insensitivity cuHkic©snüa ¬em:Akar[Gñk¦ xageRkA v.cab;eGayTTYlxusRtUv v. hold responsible outsourcecay ¬R)ak;¦ spend, expend, lay out cuHKuNPaBdI/ kar land degradationcarxñg ¬Éksar¦ endorse v. cuHéf¶Ex/ Kµan undatedcarxñg ¬Éksar¦/ Gñk endorser cuHéfø v. discount, lk; ~ sell at a dicount, GRta ~ discount rate 121
  19. 19. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2cuHéfø v. lower the price, decrease in cuHhtßelxasegçb v. initialprice cUlCaRkumh‘un/ min unincorporatedcuHéfø/ kar ¬elITMnijminRtUv)a:n; rW karsgR)ak; cUlCaFrman v. come into effect/forcemunéf¶kMNt;¦ rebate cUlCasmaCik/ kar accessioncuHéføtamkarbg;Casac;R)ak;/ karlk; cash cUléd/ kar complicitydiscountcuHéføeGaytamkarbg;Casac;R)ak;/ cMnYn cash cUlRbLÚk/ kar engagementrebate cUlmunecjmun Fifo (first in, first out)cuHTabbMput v. bottom out cUlrYm v. participate, kar ~ participationcuHTidæakar ¬elIcMNay¦ rW GnuBaØatcMNay cUlrYm/ karGPivDÆn_edaymankarauthorise payment participatory developmentcuHTinñanub,vtþi/ kar journalising cUlh‘un/ kar stakecuHbBa¢I register, kar ~ registration, elx ~ cUleRkayecjmun ¬lIhVÚ ¦ Lifo (last in,registration number, viBaØabnb½Rt ~ first out)registration certificate ecosvagBn§/ kar tax avoidancecuHbBa¢I/ Edlmin)an unregistered ecjcMNayCYs v. defraycuHbBa¢Ika ¬m> cuHbBa¢I¦ v. register ecj¼ecjpSay v. issue, ecjGaCJab½NÑcuHbBa¢IKNenyü/ kar bookkeeping issue a licencecuHbRBa©aselxna v. reverse an entry ectna intentioncuHbuerkalbriecäT v. ¬m> cuHkalbriecäT Eckcay/ kar distributionGtItkal¦ antedate, backdate Eckdac;/ Edl ¬elx¦ divisiblecuHelxna enter an entry (journal) Eckbnþ v. ¬KNnI/ Rkum>>>¦ subdividecuHelxna v. post an item (ledger), ~ eTAkñúg EckrMElk v. share, ~ bTBiesaFn_ share experiencesesovePAFM post an item to the ledger Ecg v. stipulatecuHsMrugKña/ kareFVI[manPaB harmonisation EcgxagelI/ dUcman above-mentionedcuHhtßelxaFanaelIvikáybRt v. back a bill Ecs ¬fµI/ s¥at¦ adj. immaculatecuHhtßelxaBIeRkam/ Gñk undersigned n. écdnü adj. random, KMrUtag ~ random 122
  20. 20. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2sample, karRtYtemIl ~ random check ~ rMls;bMNul debt amortisation outlaysécdnünIykmµ randomisation cMNay/ smtulüminTan; unexpendedecaTRbkan;edaymin)anbgðajPsþútag/ kar balanceallegation cMNayRKb;RKg)an controllable expensesecAhVay boss, EdlcUlcitþRtYtRtaeK bossy cMNaycuHeFVIkardl;kEnøg field expenditurecMkar plantation, ~ ekAs‘U rubber plantation cMNayCamUlFn capital expensecMNg/ CMnYyman tied aid cMNayCYs/ ecj v. defraycMNgeCIg title, heading cMNaytaméf¶/ ¬R)ak;¦ per diemcMNgTak;Tg link, linkage cMNayEfTaM maintenance expense,cMNakRsuk migration upkeep expensescMNat;kar n. treatment cMNayTUeTA ¬cMNayeTogTat; nigsMxan;²EdlcMNat;fñak; classification, eFVI ~ classify v. minTak;TgedaypÞal;nwgkarplit¦ overheads, overhead chargesRbB½n§eFVI ~ system of classification cMNayTUeTA nigcMNayrdæ)al general andcMNat;fñak; tMél¼KuNsm,tþi/ kareFVI rating administrative expensescMNat;fñak; ¬tamlMdab;¦/ eFVI v. rank cMNayRTRTg;karrs;enA cost of livingcMNat;fñak;kargar job ranking/grading cMNaybg;mun prepaid expensecMNat;fñak;rg subclassification cMNaybEnßm additional expense, aftercostcMNab;GarmµN_ impression, perception cMNay)anKitbEnßm accrued expensecMNay expense, cost, ~ énkarRbmUl cMNayeRbIR)as; consumptionTinñn½y cost of data collection expenditures cMNayhYskMNt; overspendingcMNay v. expend, spend cMNarxñg endorsement, ~ ÉksaredIm,IcMNay n. expenditure, expense, ~ Ca RbmUlR)ak; endorsement for collection,mUlFn capital expenditure, ~ crnþ current GñkmansiT§ieRbIR)as;lixitsñamtam ~ endorseeexpenditure, ~ rdæ)al admistrative cMNuccUl entry pointexpenses, ~ epSg² sundry expenses cMNucecj exit pointcMNay n. outlays (financial), 123
  21. 21. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2cMNucedA target cMNUlCamUlFn capital revenuecMNucENnaM guideline cMNUldul gross proceeds/receipts/returnscMNucbt; ¬eBlEdlmankarpøas;bþÚr¦ turning cMNUlTTYlmun ¬KWRtUveyageTAbBa©Úlkñúgpoint kariybriecäTeRkay²¦ deferred revenue orcMNucRbsBV focal point unearned revenuecMNucepþat n. focus cMNUlTab low-income, RKYsarman ~ lowcMNucminl¥ drawback income householdscMNucrYcedIm break-even point cMNUlenATMenrrbs;buKÁl rW cMNUlbuKÁlcMNuH ¬vtßúpÞúk¦ capacity eRkaykat;Bn§ ¬]> R)ak;ExrebIkykeTApÞH)an¦ disposable personal incomecMNuH/ GgÁPaB subordinate entity cMNUlbuKl/ R)ak; personal income/revenue ÁcMNuHpÞúk loading capacity cMNUlBIkarlk; sale revenue/proceedscMNUl income, earnings, ~ eRkaykat;Bn§ cMNUlBIvinieyaK returnsafter-tax income, ~ Cab;Bn§suT§ net taxable cMNUltRbkas undisclosed incomeincome, ~ pÞal;xøÜn personal income, cMNUlÉktabEnßm marginal revenue~ eRkaykat;Bn§ disposable income, ~ eRkA cMeNj ¬CaR)ak;¦ v. gainBIebovtSr_ private income, ~ )anTTYlmun cMeNj/ PaBman profitabilityincome collected in advance, ~ kñúgmnusS cMeNj rW R)ak;cMeNj profitmñak; per capita income, ~ suT§ net income, cMeNj¼xat elIRkdas paper loss/profitKNnI ~ income account, r)aykarN_ ~ cMeNjxat/ KNnI profit and loss accountincome statementcMNUl revenue, ~ crnþ current revenue, cMeNjxat/ r)aykarN_ rW r)aykarN_cMNUleKalneya)ayxag ~ revenue policy, cMNay/ profit and loss statement~ TTYlmun unearned revenue, cMeNjx<s;bMputminFøab;man record profitscMNUleRkABIebovtSr_ private income cMeNjeRcIn healthy profitcMNUlcitþ preference, taste cMeNjdul gross profitcMNUlcMNay/ r)aykarN_ profit and loss cMeNjPøam²trMBwgTuk winfall profitstatement cMeNjmunbg;Bn§ pre-tax profit 124
  22. 22. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2cMENk n. share c,ab;kic©snüa contract lawcMENkTIpSar market share/penetration c,ab;Rkumh‘un companies actcMeNaténExSekag slope of a curve c,ab;edIm ¬snøwkedIm¦ original, vikáybRt ~cMeNalRsuk/ Gñk ¬m> GaNikCn¦ expat original invoicecMeNHeFVI know-how c,ab;TTYlsÁal;/ R)ak;Edl legal tendercMnYnmux range, ~ plitpl product range c,ab;nItiviFI procedural law (French: code de procédure)cMbg adj. major, main c,ab;bEnßm ¬RbcaMtMbn;¦ by-lawscMraj;/ Er: mineral concentrate c,ab;RbqaMgnwgRtwsþ anti-trust lawcMraj;eGaysuT§ v. purify c,ab;Blkmµ labour lawcMruH ¬shRKas/ KN³kmµaFikar>>>¦ joint c,ab;rdæb,evNI civil lawcMruHkmµ diversification c,ab;erobcMGgÁkar organic/organisational lawcMruH¼smasPaBesdækic©cMruH/ shRKas joint c,ab;sþIBIkarFanar:ab;rg insurance lawventurecMruHGnþrRksYg/ KN³kmµaFikar joint inter- c,ab;sþIBIc,ab;bEnßm law on addendumministerial committee c,ardMNaM/ kareFVI horticulturecMlgtam/ eFVI v. replicate ec,al²/ kar)a:n;sµan rough estimatecMelIy/ EdlKµan unanswered Rck channelcMh open, pSar ~ open market Rckecj exitcMehH ¬kareqH¦ combustion RckecjcUlEtmYy single window, oneécñRbDitrksuI/ lkçN³ entrepreneurship stop shopc,ab; law, esckþIRBag ~ draft law, ~ nig Rckecjbec©keTs technical fixbTb,BaØtþi laws and regulations, ~ sþIBIsh RcklðkmanPaBRkIRk pocket of povertylkçnþik³m®nþIraCkarsuIvil law on Co-Statute Rc)ac;bBa©ÚlKña consolidated, B½t’man ~ consolidated information, kar ~ nUvtaragof Civil Servants, ~ sþIBIhirBaØvtßúsMrab;karRKb;RKg law on Financial Management, ~ tulükar consolidation of balance sheetssþIBIrbbsnþisuxsgÁm law on Social Security RcbUkRcbl;/ kar¼PaB confusion, chaos RcLMbl; confusing 125
  23. 23. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2Rcanecal v. reject, vtßú ~ ¬eRBaHminRtUvkar¦ qñaM/ KitelImUldæanRbcaM annualizedreject qñaMelIqñaM ¬eFobnwgry³eBldUcKñaénqñaMmun¦ yearRcanecalCamun preclude on year, bMErbMrYl ~ year on year changeeRcInkkkuj adj. glut qøgkat; transit, KNnI ~ transit account,eRcInkMrit multi-level TMnij ~ transit goods, GaCJab½NÑsMrab;TMnij ~eRcInliclg;TIpSar glut the market transit licence, GñkdMeNIr ~ transit passengereRcInelIstMrUvkar/Edl adj. redundant qøgkat;RBMEdn/ BaNiC¢kmµ cross-border tradeeRcaHdac;dI/ kar soil erosion eqøytb/ kar n. response, GRtaeqøIytb IeRcaHsMGat v. purify response rate, PaBeqøIytb responsiveness eqøótykcMeNj v. capitaliseq eqøótykcMeNjBIelI cash in onqk;»kas v. capitalise qøúHbBa©aMg v. reflectqk;»kasekjcMeNj/ kar speculation, q¥wgxñg/ ehdæarcnasm<½n§ ¬ehdæarcnasm<½n§~ kñúgeRbgkat oil speculation eKal¦ backbone infrastructureqnÞ³ will Eq¥teBjedayTMnijénTIpSar/ PaB market saturationqnÞanusiT§i ¬siT§isMerceBjelj¦ discretion,Ca ~ rbs;rdæaPi)al at the ~ of thegovernment Cqak stage, scenario, ~ neya)ay political CECkedjedal/ kar ¬]> enAsPa¦ debatescene/arena CBa¢IgTUTat; balance of payments, »nPaB¼qakar flat, kMér ~ flat fee, éfø ~ flat price Gtierk ~ balance of payments deficit/qab;rMePIb/ PaB sensitivity surplusEqkeqr/ kar check CBa¢IgTUTat;GnþrCati external balance, foreign balanceeqA raw, Tinñn½y ~ raw data CBa¢IgBaNiC¢kmµ balance of tradeqñaM year, ~ eKal base year, ~ sareBIBn§ Cncas;Cra elderlyfiscal year, ~ hirBaØvtßú financial year CncMNakRsuk migrant 126
  24. 24. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2CnCab;ecaT n. accused CatiBn§úviTüa ethnographyCnenArs; survivor CatUbnIykmµ¼Catikmµ/ eFVI v. nationaliseCnbreTs alien, c,ab;sþIBI ~ alien act CaRbcaM/ cMNUl ¬m> cMNUlcrnþ¦ currentCnrYmCati compatriot revenueCnsuIvil n., énCnsIuvil adj. civilian Camun/ karpþl;dMNwg advance noticeClpl aquatic product, FnFan ~ aquatic Cav¼sMuCav/ kar subscription, éføCav subscription priceresourcesClyan boat, esovePAskmµPaB ~ boat log Cavtßú/ viPaKTan in-kind contributionbook CINUm ¬CIvsaRsþ¦ genomeClvb,kmµ aquaculture CIv³cMruH bio-diversityC½yP½NÐ ¬rbs;EdldeNþIm rW bøn;BIeK¦ booty, CIvRBwtþi/ ksikmµ subsistence agriculturespoils CIvPaB livelihood or livingC½ylaPI winner CIvm:as biomassCak;lak; explicit, bTbBa¢a ~ explicit CIv]sµ½n biogasinstructionCak;lak;/ PaB specificity, accuracy CIvit/ mYy lifetime, bTBiesaFn_kñúg ~ a lifetime of experienceCak;lak;/ ry³eBl specific period of time CUndMNwg/ kar notification, nItiviFICUndMNwgCak;Esþg actual, karRbKl; ~ actual notification proceduredelivery, karbBa©aTij ~ actual order, CUndMNwg/ FnaKar advising bankkarlk;TMnij ~ actual selling of goods CUndMNwgmunry³eBlxøI short noticeCak;Esþg factual, sßanPaB ~ factual CUnB½t’man/ lixit advice notesituation CUneyabl;/ lixit advice noteCak;Esþg/ tamkar de facto CYjdUr/ kar tradingCak;Esþg/ minTan; latent CYjdUr)an/ Gac negotiable, rUbiyaNtþiCak;Esþg/ viFankar concrete measure NeTyü ~ negociable debt instrumentCati adj. national, fñak;eRkam ~ sub- CYjdUrh‘unedayGñképÞkñúg/ kar ¬EdldwgB½t’mannational level sMgat;BIRkumh‘un¦ insider dealing, insider trading 127
  25. 25. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2CYbTak;Tg/ kar contact, mnusSsMrab;CYb CMTas;tva:nwgesckþIsMerc contest a decisionTak;Tg contact person CMnaj skillCYyFana v. underwrite, Gñk ~ underwriter CMnajnIykmµ ¬m> ÉkeTsnIykmµ¦CYybMeBjxat v. subsidise, kar ~ specialisationsubsidisation CMnUn n. presentCYr ¬PñM¦ range CMnYj trade, dealing, ~ Rsbc,ab; fairCYr/ CYrepþk ¬tarag¦ row dealingCYl ¬edaymankic©snüa¦ v. lease, ~ mkvij CMnYj/ kic©kar business, kareFVI ~ business undertakinglease back, karCYl lease n. CMnYj/ eFVI v. tradeCYl v. ¬pÞH/ kariyal½y>>>¦ let CMnYjEdlpþl;cMeNj paying businessCYl v. ¬pÞH/ rfynþ/ >>>¦ rent CMnYjh‘unKña partnershipCYl v. ¬rfynþ/ Blkr>>>¦ hire CMnYb meetingCYl/ kar rental CMnYy aid, assistance, kic©RBmeRBogpþl; ~CYl/ ry³eBl n. ¬GclnRTBü¦ tenancy aid agreement, ynþkarsMrbsMrYl ~ aidCYl/ Gñk ¬dI/ pÞH>>>¦ tenant, ksikrCYldIeK coordination mechanism, kmµviFI ~ aidtenant farmer programme, ~ esdækic© economic aidCYlbnþ sublet, subleaseeCIgsar ¬rW eCIgsarCMnYj¦broker, middleman CMnYykar assistant, KNenyükr ~ assistant accountanteCO/ PaBKYreGay credibility CMnYybec©keTs technical assistance (TA)eCOnelOn progress, kMBug ~ in progress CMnYybreTs foreign aideCOnelOneTAmux/ kar advancement CMnYyBIxageRkA ¬RbeTs¦ external aideCOnelOnnigsµúKsµaj/ bec©kviTüa CMnYymnusSFm’ humanitarian assistancesophisticated technologyeCaKC½y/ min)an unsuccessful CMnYyse®gÁaHbnÞan; emergency aid/reliefCMu¼xYb¼vdþ cycle CMnYysµartI memorandumCMgWbNþalBIkargar work-related illness CMnYytcMNg untied aidCMTas;/ kar objection, Kµan ~ no objection CMnYytsMNg grant aid 128
  26. 26. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2CMnYs/ kardak; subrogation liquidation report, kar ~CakatBVkic©CMnYsKña)an/ PaBGacykeTA fungibility compulsory liquidation, kar ~ edaysµ½RKCMenOn progress, r)aykarN_ ~ progress citþ voluntary liquidationreport CMrHhirBaØvtßú/ kar financial liquidationCMBak;/ Edl due CMelaH quarrelCMBak;/ enA ¬kMcI¦ outstanding CMhr positionCMBak;bMNul/ PaB indebtedness CMhrhirBaØvtßú financial standingCMBUk chapter CMhrNTan credit statusCMBUk ¬RkumstV/ rukçCati¦ genus CMhan ¬kñúgdMeNIrkarGVImYy¦ step, CaCMhan²CMrk shelter, ~ ecosBn§ tax shelter steadily, mYyCMhanmþg² step by stepCMruj v. boost, motivate, stimulate, eRCIs v. select, sortpromoteCMrujTwkcitþ/ kar motivation eRCIs/ kar selection, el¥ógkñúg ~ selectionCMrujTwkcitþ/ eRKOg inducement error, cenøaHeRCIs selection interval,CMrujplRbeyaCn_BaNiC¢kmµ/ kar promotion ~ beNþaHGasnñ tentative selectionof commercial interests eRCIsKMrUtag/ kar sample selectionCMerIs option eRCIserIs/ kar selectionykKMrUtagKµanRsTab;/ kar unstratified eRCotERCk/ kar interferencesampling ERCTMnijemIl shop aroundCMerIsdMbUg primary selectionCMerIsepSgeTot alternativeCMerIsmankarRtYtBinitü controlled selection QCMerOn census, ~ RbCaCn population census Qb;/ kar cessation, karbBaÄb;GaCIvkmµCMrH ¬bBa¢I/ bMNul¦ v. liquidate cessation of businessCMrHkþI v. adjudicate Qb;sMrakKµanebovtSr_/ kar leave without payCMrHbBa©b; v. dispose Qb;sMrakeBlQW/ kar sick leaveCMrHbBa¢I/ kar liquidation, r)aykarN_ ~ QaneTAdl;kic©RBmeRBog v. come to an agreement 129
  27. 27. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2Qanmux/ ]sSahkmµ pioneer industry dkR)ak;elIsR)ak;beBaØI/ kar overdrafteQagdl;/ kar outreach dkhUt v. revoke, ~ GaCJab½NÑ ¬mkvij¦QñH/ Gñk winner revoke a licenceQµÜj trader dkhUt v. ¬rbs;RTBü¦ confiscate, dispossessQµÜjkNþal middleman dg;suIet densityeQµaHBaNiC¢kmµ brand name dNþb;minsBV/ karFanar:ab;rg undercoverage (insurance)j dl;kMNt;/ Edl due dl;kMNt; ¬sg¦/ éf¶ maturity datejtþi petition dl;éd/ éføTijlk; spot pricejtþibenÞas motion of censure dak;ecjCaelIkdMbUgnUv/ kar ¬]> plitplelIjatiCitCageK next of kin TIpSar¦ launchjatiBn§ n. ¬m> sac;jati¦ relative dak;CUnBinitü/ kar filingjwkjab;/ PaB frequency dak;eTas v. penaliseEjk v. differentiate dak;R)ak;enAFnaKar v. bankEjk[eXIjPaBxusKña/ kar differentiation dak;mUlb,Tanb½RteGayRbB½n§FnaKarcat;kar epÞrR)ak; clear a chequed dak;vin½y v. impose disciplinary sanction,dkxøÜnecj back out, ~ BIkic©snüa back out kar ~ disciplinary actionfrom a contract dak;snÞsSn_/ kar indexationdkecjBImuxtMENgGVImYykñúgrdæaPi)al dak;sMBaF v. exert pressureremoval from a government office dac;xat absolute, sMelg ¬e)aHeqñat¦ PaKeRcIndkbNþwg discharge ~ absolute majority vote, ]tþmPaB ~dkR)ak; ¬BIKNnI¦ withdraw money absolute advantagedkR)ak;/ Gñk drawer dac;Rsyal/ tMbn; remote areadkR)ak;/ GñkeGayeK drawee das;etOn/ kar warning 130
  28. 28. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2dI rW dIFøI land dUmINU/ T§iBl domino effectdIkmµsiT§i ¬FM²¦ estate edIm ¬rukçCati¦ trunk, stemdIka warrant edIm/ RbCaCn indigenous peopledIkaekaHsakSI subpoena edImecaT plaintiff, claimantdIkaextþ¼Rkug provincial/municipal order edImTuntamc,ab; legal capital(written instruction) edjecal/ kar dismissaldIkaXMu commune regulation(s) edjéfø v. biddIkabgÁab; ¬tulakar¦ writ edjéfø/ kar bid, auction, karlk; ~ auctiondIRkhm red soil saledIdaMduH cultivated land edjéfø/ kar ¬edIm,IeFVIkarpÁt;pÁg;¦ tenderdIFøI/ én agrarian, kMENTMrg;dIFøI agrarian edjéfø/ kar ¬edaymandak;ÉksartMélreform ):an;sµanlMGit¦ tenderingdIesIm ¬dITMnabmanTwkdk;edayGenøI¦ wetlands edjéfø/ Gñk tendererdILÚt_ plot edjéføkñúgeRsamsMbuRtbiTCit/ kar sealeddIGacdaMduH arable land tenderdwkCBa¢Ún v. & n. transport edjéføCaGnþrCati/ kar international bidding/dwkTMnij ¬tamrfynþ rW rfePøIg¦/ kar haulage, tenderingéfø ~ haulage cost edjéføedayRbkYtRbECgkñúgRsuk/ kar DCB ( Domestic Competitive Bidding)dwknaMkargar/ KN³kmµaFikar steering edjeCIgKña/ PaB ¬m>RbkYtRbECg/ PaB¦committee competitivenessdwgsÁal;/ kar awareness EdndI/ GaCJaFr territorial authoritydul gross EdnCMrkstVéRB wildlife santuaryduløarGWr:ub Eurodollar EdnensaT fishery zone, ~ bMrugTukduløarUnIykmµ dollarisation reserved fishery zoneduHdI/ kar silting (of waterways) EdnrgTwkePøóg catchment areadUcmanEcg ¬kñúgc,ab;¦ as provided, as Ednsmtßkic©¼yutþaFikar jurisdictionstated, set forth Ednsm,TanTwkéRb marine concession 131
  29. 29. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2EdnGnuvtþ ¬c,ab;¦ scope edaHdUredaypÞal;/ kar direct exchangeédKU partner, PaBCa ~ partnership edaHdUrTMnijnwgTMnij ¬karpøas;bþÚrTMnijKñaedayédKUBaNiC¢kmµ trading partner mineRbIluy¦ barterduM/ karTij bulk buying edaHdUrenApSarh‘un/ kar stock-exchangedMukMPYn/ karpþl;fvikaCa substantial funding dealingsdMNak;/ dMNak;kal stage, phase edaHT½l/ karlk; distress saledMeNIrkar process edaHElg v. releasedMeNIrkar/ ¬Edl¦ performing, RTBüskmµ edaHRsay handle, ~ sßankarN_ handle a situation~ performing asset, RTBüskmµmin ~ edaHRsay/ kar resolution, ~ TMnas; conflictnon-performing asset resolutiondMeNIrkar/ cMNay ¬sMrab;¦ running costsdMNaMeRcInmux/ kareFVIV polyculturedMNaMmYymux/ kareFVI monoculture zdMNaMrYmpSM supplementary crop zbnkmµ ¬m> erobcMtMelIg/ kar¦dMNaMlk;ykR)ak; cash crop zbnIyPNÐ ¬m> FnbMrug¦ reservedMeNaHRsay n. settlement, ~ dIFøI land zbnIyCIvmNÐlbwgTenøsab Tonle Sapsettlement, ~ bec©keTs technical fix biosphere reserve zan³ rankdMeNaHRsayRbkbedaykareyaKyl; zan³ status, nimitþsBaØasMKal; ~ status symbol¬min)ac;eTAtulakar¦ amicable settlement zanKNit land surveydMeNIrkareTAmux/ kMBug ¬CMnYj¦ to be a goingconcern zannþrs½kþi ¬m®nþIraCkar¦ rankdMeNIrkareFVIGaCIvkmµ/ kic© conduct of zananuRkm hierarchybusinessdMbUg initial, mUlFn ~ initial capital, éfø ~initial price DdaMéRBeQIeLIgvij/ kar reforestation DIy:aRkam rW KMnUsbMRBYj n. diagramedaHdUr ¬TMnij¦ Kña/ kar trade-off DIvIDI ¬fasvIedGU¦ DVD 132
  30. 30. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2DIhSúItal; ¬EdlbgðajCaelx¦ digital taméfø/ Bn§yk ad valorem duty tamry³enH herebyt tamGMNacmuxgar ex-officio tarag table, spreadsheet, chart, flowtkáviC¢a logic chart, karelIkCa ~ tabulationttiyCnGMNUs n. garnishee taragkaMebovtSr_ wage scalettiyCn third party taragKNnI chart of accountstfPaB reality taragtulükar balance sheet, xÞg;eRkA ~téfø v. bargain off-balance sheet items, éf¶eFVI ~tnukmµ depletion balance sheet datetnuPaB ¬m> kMr/ PaB¦ scarcity taragtulükarsrub ¬bUkcUlEfmnUvbuRtsm<½n§>>¦tbkmµ austerity, ~ esdækic© economic consolidated balance sheetausterity taragtulüPaB trial balancetv:a v. protest, complain taragBn§Ky customs tariff, tarifftv:a/ kar protest, claim tarageBl¼kalviPaK schedule, ~ sgR)ak;ts‘Umti/ kar advocacy repayments scheduletamkalkMNt; adj. periodic, RbB½n§RtYtBinitü taragGnueRKaHBn§KymanRbsiT§iPaBrYm Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT)~ periodic-control system, RbB½n§bBa¢aTij ~ titkmµ ¬m> Eq¥teBj>>>¦ saturation, ~ kñúgpSar ißperiodic-order system market saturation, eFVI ~ v. saturatetamc,ab; legal, edImTun ~ legal capital,esckþIsMerc ~ legal decision, GñktMNag ~ twgEtg hard, kartéfød¾ ~ hard bargainlegal representative, eFVI[eTA ~ legalise, twgruwg/ viFankar stringent measurePaB ~ legality tulakar court of justicetamdan ¬m> XøaMemIl¦ monitor tulakarBaNiC¢kmµ commercial courttamdanbnþ follow-up v. & n. tulükarfvika/ eFVI v. balance the budgettamdanemIl/ kar tracking tulükares,óg food balancetamEtGMeBIcitþ arbitrary tulüPaB balance 133
  31. 31. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2tUctac adj. minor tMbn;/ karEbgEck zoningtY ¬rfynþ¦ body (car) tMbn;RtYtBinitüKy ¬tMbn;EdlKyGactamcab;tYy:ag/ Ca typical TMnij)an¦ customs territorytYGgÁ actor, ~ esdækic© economic actor tMbn;BaNiC¢kmµesrIGas‘an ASEAN Freeetsþ n. test, eFVI ~ v. test Trade Area (AFTA)etsþCab;/ eFVI pass the test (education) tMbn;PavUbnIykmµ regionalisationEtgtaMg/ kar nomination, appointment, tMbn;ykKMrUtag sampling domainaccreditation, GñkTTYl ~ nominee, tMbn;rab;bBa©Úl enumerator area (EA)kartaMgs‘ubkñúgzannþrskþiCaPñak;garrdæ)al tMbn;rab;bBa©ÚlCMerOn census-enumeration areapermanent appointment to the rank ofadministrative agent tMbn;esdækc©Bei ss special economic zone itMkl;Tuk/ kar filing tMbn;GPivDÆn_Biess special promotiontMkl;R)ak;¼kk; v. deposit zone (SPZ)tMNag rW GñktMNag representative, ~ tMrg;Tis oriented (orientated), kar ~ orientationmansiT§iRbTan authorised representative tMrg;Tis v. directtMNagkarBarkþI attorney tMrUv v. mandate, c,ab; ~ fa... the lawtMNagRbcaMRbeTs resident representative mandates that....tMNagpþac;mux sole representative, tMrUv/ kar requirement, R)ak;bMrugtam ~exclusive/sole agent required reservestMNagBaNiC¢kmµ commercial traveller tMrvkar demand, need, ~ Cak;Esþg effective UtMNageBjsiT§ full-right representative demand, ~ ¬én¦TIpSar market demand,tMENg position, ~ TMenr vacant position ~ edIm,Icgsm<½n§ need for affiliationtMbn; area, Ékta ~ area unit tMrvkar ¬caM)ac;CamUldæan¦ needs, karsikSa UtMbn; region, Gnu ~ sub-region, ~ Rbtibtþikar vaytMélBI ~ needs assessment study,swkrg military sub-region ~ caM)ac; basic needs, ~ CamUldæanrbs;mnusStMbn; zone, ~ sñÚl core zone, ~ RTnab; basic human needs (BHN) tMrUvkar/ ExSekag demand curvebuffer zone, Gnþr ~ inter zone 134
  32. 32. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2tMrUvkar/ minsUvman be in poor demand tMélTijcUl ¬m> tMéltamRbvtþisaRsþ¦tMrUvkar nigkarpÁt;pÁg; demand and supply historical costtMrUveGay v. ¬eFVIGVImYy¦ require tMélTIpSar market valuetMlaPaB transparency tMélFanik ¬m> tMélTIpSar¦ market valuetMelIg v. raise, ~ Bn§ raise tax tMélenAeBlcUl ¬tMélsMPar³eBlTijcUl¦ original costtMelIg KuNPaB¼ smtßPaB v. upgrade tMélbc©úb,nñ present value, ~ suT§ nettMelIgzan³/ kar ¬buKÁlik¦ promotion (of present value (NPV)an employee) tMélbEnßm value added (VA)tMelIgéfø v. increase price, mark up tMélRbmUl)anvij scrap/salvage valuetMél cost, value, ~ elIs¼xVH capital tMél)an Rbkas¼RbtievTn_ declared valuegains/loss (accounting)tMél/ karkMNt; valuation tMélplitpÞal; ¬KµanbUkcMnayTUeTA¦ direct production cost, prime costtMél/ TMnijman valuable goods tMélpøas;ecj ¬pøas;rbs;mYyedayrbs;mYytMél/ ry³kalman validity epSgeTot¦ replacement valuetMél/ vay¼eGay v. value tMéllk; ¬)an¦ sales valuetMélkñúgbBa¢I rW tMélKNenyü book value, tMélelIs ¬elIkarlk;RTBüskmµCab;lab;¦carrying value capital gaintMélRkumh‘unKittamtMélTIpSarénsnøwkh‘un tMélsþg;dar standard costmarket capitalisationtMélxVH capital loss (accounting) tMélGnaKt future valuetMélKNenyü book value t,itet,ót/ kar¼PaB austerity, ~ xagesdækic© economic austeritytMélcarwk nominal value t,Úg rW t,Úg ¬fµ¦ mantMél gem or gemstonetMélcuHelIb½NÑ rW tMélcarwk face value, par Rta n. sealvalue, nominal valuetMéltamRbvtþisaRsþ ¬tMélCak;EsþgkalBIeBl Rtab;tam/ kareFVI simulation/imitateTijcUl¦ historic/historical cost RtIPaKI adj. tripartitetMéltameBl time value RtImas quarter RtwmRtUv correct, right, just, fair, sound 135
  33. 33. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2eKalkarN_RbkYtRbECg ~ principle of fair and balancescompetition RtYsRtay¼Qanmux/ kargar pioneering workRtwmRtUv/ PaB correctness, accuracy eRtom/ kic©RBmeRBog stand-by agreementRtwmRtUv/ min inaccurate, PaB ~ inaccuracy eRtombMrug backupRtUvc,ab; licit t¥ÚjEt¥r v. complainRtUvpøas;bþÚrtamkarcaM)ac;/ Edl mutatismutandisRtYtKña¼KgKña overlap fRtYtKña ¬tRbeyaCn_¦/ kar duplication ftcMlg/ kar duplicationRtYtRta v. control ftdak;Tinñn½y ¬kMuBüÚT½r¦ n. directoryRtYtRta/ cUl v. ¬edayTijykCag 50°én fycuH/ kar decreasePaKh‘unrbs;Rkumh‘un¦ takeover, kar ~ n. fycuHtamkareRbIR)as;/ RTBü depletive assettakeover fytMél depreciateRtYtBinitü control, inspect, GñkRtYtBinitü fvika budget, NTan ~ budget credit,controllerRtYtBinitükarbþÚrR)ak;/ kar exchange control mUlniFi ~ budget fund, karRtYtBinitü ~ budget controlRtYtBinitüeRkayskmµPaB/ kar post-action fvikaKµantulüPaB ¬man»nPaB¦ unbalancedcontrol(s) budgetRtYtBinitüxaghirBaØvtßú/ Gñk (financial) fvikaTUeTArbs;rdæ state general budgetcomptrollerRtYtBinitüedayeRbIEPñk/ kar visual control fvikanIykmµ budgetarization, budgetRtYtBinitüénPñak;garKy/ kar customs preparation, naykdæan ~ nig hirBaØkic©examination department of budgetarization and financeRtYtBinitüebovtSr_nigéfø/ kar wage and fvikaRbtibtþikar operating budgetprice controlsRtYtBinitümunskmµPaB/ kar pre-action zan³ ¬kñúg¦ sgÁm social statuscontrol(s) famBlelIs)anBIkarpÁMúKña synergyRtYtBinitüsþúk/ kar stock control fasrwg hard disk (computer)RtYtemIl/ kar check, ~ nigføwgGMNac checks efr/ éfø constant price 136
  34. 34. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2efrevlaGnueRKaH grace period (debt fñaMsMlab;stVcéRg pesticidesrepayment) fµmantMél precious stonesEfTaM/ cMNay upkeep expenses fµIEbøk/ Edl¼PaB¼rbs; adj. & n. noveltyEfTaMRKb;RKg/ kar stewardship éfø n. price, ~ efakNas; bargain/cut price,EfTaMsuxPaB ¬cMNay¦ medical care(expense) ~ efakbMput rock bottom price, ~ RBmeRBogEfTaMsuxPaB/ kar health care, ~ bzm agreed price, ~ lk; selling priceprimary health care (PHC)EfTaM/ kar maintenance, cMNay ~ éfø adj. dear, expensivemaintenance costs éfø/ kMNt; v. price, kar ~ pricing, RbB½n§ ~éf¶kMNt;/ dl; by the due date pricing systeméf¶Qb;sMrakmanebovtSr_ holidays with pay éfø ¬RtUvbg;¦ charge, éføbnÞb; ¬RtUvbg;¦or paid holidays room chargeéf¶dl;kMNt;sgR)ak; date of maturity, due éfø ¬lk;¦ ecjBIXøaMg ex-warehouse pricedate éfø ¬lk;¦ ecjBIeragcRk ex-works price,éf¶TUTat; account day ex-factory priceéf¶TUTat;bBa¢I/ éf¶CMrHbBa¢I settlement day éfø ¬Ékta¦ unit price, rateéf¶eFVIkar working day éføx<s;hYsRbmaN ¬éføkab;eqA¦ price cut to the boneéf¶RbKl;R)ak; ¬QñÜl¦RbcaMRtImas quarter- éføKitTaMgBn§ duty paid pricedayéf¶rYcput ¬Bn§¦ day-release éføeKal basic pricefñak; class, ~ eGkUnUmI¼CMnYj¼elxmYy ¬ekAGI éføcrnþ current price, tarag ~ current price listynþehaH¦ economy/business/ first class éføCak;Esþg ruling pricesfñak; grade (civil servant) éføQñÜl ¬yanCMniH¦ fare, ~ x<s;¼Tab tamrdUvfñak;xs; ¬zan³kargar¦ senior, m®nþI ~ senior < high/low season fare, ~ eFVIdMeNIrEteTAofficerfñak;qøg cross class rWEtmk single/one way farefñak;rg sub-class éføQñÜlenACMBak; back rentfñaMbgáar vaccine éføQñÜlGnueRKaH concessionary fare 137
  35. 35. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2éfødwkCBa¢Ún freight, ~ )anbg;mun freight éføTMnijdwkdl;eRkamdgeyag FOB underprepaid tackleéfødwkCBa¢Únbg;edayGñkTTYl freight/ éføTMnijbUkéføFanar:ab;rgbUkéfødwkCBa¢Ún CIFcarriage forward (cost, insurance, freight)éfødwkCBa¢Únbg;edayGñkepJI carriage paid éføTMnijbUkéfødwkCBa¢Ún cost and freightéfødwkCBa¢ÚnyktaméføTMnij ad valorem (C & F )freight éføTMnijeRbIR)as; consumer priceéfødul gross price éføTMnijeBlehobbiThag closing priceéføedIm cost price, cost, ~ TMnijlk;ecj éføRTRTg;CIvPaB cost of livingcost of goods sold, ~ plitkmµ éfø Fmµta¼crnþ going pricemanufacturing cost éføeFob relative priceéføedImÉktabEnßm marginal cost éføenATIpSar rW éføTIpSar market priceéføedIm,IbeBa©jTMnij/ karkMNt; clearance éføenARBMEdn border pricepricingéføEdlGacTijdUr)an accessible price éfø)anRbkas quoted priceéføefakdl;)at ¬éføefakNas;¦ rock bottom éføRbkas ¬enATIpSar¦ quotationprice éføRbkaslk; offered priceéføTak;m:Uy introductory offer éføRbkYtRbECg competitive priceéføTMnijdwkdl;EKmnava éføeRbIesva ¬]> eRbIpøÚv/ s<an>>>¦ tollFAS (free alongside ship) éføeBj full price ( no discount)éføTMnijdwkdl;eKaledA FOB shipment todestination éfømanninñakarfycuH prices are inclined to easeéføTnjdwkdl;elInava FOB (free on board) Mi éføykbEnßm surchargeéføTMnijdwkdl;elInava nigerobeGay FOBtrimmed éføyutþiFm’ fair priceéføTMnijdwkdl;elIpøÚvEdk FOR (free on rail) éfølk; selling priceéføTMnijdwkdl;elIrfynþ FOT (free on éfølk; ¬efak edayKittamkarbg;Casac;R)ak;¦truck) cash priceéføTMnijdwkdl;Gakasyandæan FOB airport éføelI/ kar[ ¬edIm,IRbECgTij¦ counter-offer 138
  36. 36. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2éføelIRkb ¬éfølk;raycuHelIRkbesovePA/ TTYlxusRtUvmankMNt;/ kar limited liabilityTsSnavdþI>>>¦ cover price TTYlTMnij/ Gñk consigneeéføelIbBa¢I ¬kataLúk¦ list price TTYlRBm v. ¬lixitpøas;bþÚr/ rUbiyaNtþi¦ acceptéføsBVRKb; ¬éføKitbBa©ÚlRKb;mux³ TMnij/ (a bill of exchange), lixitbBa¢ak;kar ~Fanar:ab;rg/ dwkCBa¢Ún>>>¦ all-in price notification of acceptance, viBaØabnb½Rt ~éføsmRsbnwglT§PaBTijrbs;RKb;Kña prices acceptance certificate, bgðajlixitedIm,Ito suit all pockets sMukarbBa¢ak; ~ present a bill for acceptanceéføesva service charge TTYlRBmedaymanlkçxNÐ/ kar qualifiedéføGtibrma ceiling price acceptanceéføGnueRKaHdl;GñkTij buyers price TTYlRBmedaytsMéc/ kar unqualifiedéføÉkta unit price, rate acceptance TTYlRBmTaMgRsug/ kar absolute acceptance TTYlsÁal; v. acknowledge, ~ karTTYlT mUlb,Tanb½Rt acknowledge receipt of aTkSiNRbeTs ¬RbeTsRk¦ south countries chequeTegVI performance TTYlsÁal;/ kar recognition, accreditationTNÐkmµ sanction, ~ esdækic© economic Tn;exSay/ ksikr weak farmers, disadvantaged farmerssanctionTNÐkmµxagvin½y disciplinary sanction Tn;Pøn; flexibleTNÐit ¬GñkCab;Bn§naKar¦ convict T®nÞanykdI/ kar land grabbingTTYl/ Gñk receiver Tb;éfønigebovtSr_mineGayeLIg/ kar price and salary freezeTTYl/ Gñk ¬]> CMnYy¦ recipient, RbeTsTTYl Tb;sáat; v. curb¬CMnYy¦ recipient country TliTÞPaB ¬m> RkIRk/ PaB¦ povertyTTYlxusRtUv/ kar responsibility, liability TsPaK decile n. (statistics), decimalTTYlxusRtUv/ PaB trusteeship adj., elx ~ n. decimalTTYlxusRtUv ¬tamc,ab;¦ cMeBaH liable for TsvtSr_/ CMerOnRbCaCnRbcaM decennialTTYlxusRtUvKµankMrt/ kar unlimited liability i population census 139
  37. 37. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2TsSn_lT§PaB n. rW PaBGacTsSn_Tay)an collection, TIPñak;garTarbMNul debtpredictability collection agencyTsSn³ view, TsSn³rYm overview Tarmin)an/ Edl irrecoverableTsSnkic©sikSa study tour Tal;Rck/ PaB deadlock, TMlay ~ breakTsSnviC¢aesdækic© economic philosophy the deadlockTsSnvis½y outlook, perspective Tij purchase, ~ eCO purchase on credit,TsSn³esdækic©/ tam from the economic Tij/ kar ~ purchasestandpoint Tij/ Gñk buyer, purchaser, vendeeTsSnaTan concept, conception Tijykvij buy back, repurchaseTak;Tg¼Tak;Tin/ Cab; related TidæPaBxageBlevla time dimensionTak;Taj adj. attractive, éfø ~ GtifiCn Tidæakar/ cuH ¬GnuBaØatcMNay¦ endorse v.attractive price (an expense) (French: viser)TajcMNUl/ GRta rate of return TinikCn ¬m> BlkrsuIR)ak;éf¶¦ day labourerTan;eBl ¬B½t’man¦ up to date (information) Tinñn½y data, bBa©Úl ~ v. enter data,TabCagéføedIm below cost mUldæan ~ n. databaseTamTar sMNgkarxUcxat¼R)ak;b:Hb:Uv v. claim Tinñn½y eqA¼minTan;viPaK raw datacompensation Tinñn½yRbPBTIBIr secondary dataTamTar/ kar demand, claim Tinñpl yieldTamTar/ EdlBMuRtUv)an unclaimed Tinñanub,vtþi journal (accounting) , b½NÑ ~TamTar/ Gñk claimant journal voucherTamTarKNenyüPaBBI demand Tis directionaccountability from TisedA direction, pþl;TisedAnigkarENnaMTayk donor provide direction and guidanceTayC¢Tan endowment TisedA n. objectiveTayC¢Tan allowance, ~ eGaydl;rMls; TIkEnøg sitedepreciation allowance TIXkal ¬m> ry³eBlEvg¦ long termTayaT ¬GñkTTYlmrtk¦ heir TIcat;karKy customs houseTar ¬RbmUlR)ak;¦ collect payment, kar ~ 140
  38. 38. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2TIcat;karcuHbBa¢ICapøÚvkar registered office agency(of a company) TIsMGagbBa¢ak;BIxagFnaKar bank referenceTIcat;karFM head office TIsñak;karkNþal ¬énRkumh‘un¦ headquartersTICMrk sanctuary TwkédGn; bad workmanshipTICMral watershed TwkEt ¬R)ak;eGayeRkA¦ tipTItaMg location TwkR)ak; amount, sum, ~ dul grossTIRbwkSa adviser (advisor), ~ hirBaØvtßú amount, ~ énvikáybRt amount offinancial adviser invoiceTIpSar market, ~ rUbiyvtßú money/finance Twksab freshwater, karensaT ~ freshwatermarket, ~ biT closed market fisheries RtI ~ freshwater fishTIpSarkMBugpuseT,Ig emerging market Tukcitþ/ karrMelaPesckþI abuse of trustTIpSarEdleKeCOfaGIv:an;nwgcuHéfø bear Tukcitþ/ EdlKYreGay trustworthymarket TuqnÞ³ ill-willTIpSarEdleKeCOfaGIv:an;nwgeLIgéfø bull TudæPaB ¬karminRBmcUlxøÜneTAtulakar¦market contumacyTIpSarpþac;mux monopoly/captive market TutIyta duplicate (copy)TIpSarmankarpÁt;pÁg;eRcInCagtMrUvkar soft TuTidæi/ kar)a:n;sµan pessimistic estimatemarketTIpSarrUbiyvtßú money market Tun capitalTIpSarNTan credit market Tun edIm¼BUC ¬edIm,I[)anduHdal¦ seed capitalTIPñak;gar agency, ~ CMnYy aid agency, ~ TunbgVil ¬rW Tuncl½t¦ circulating/working/BinitülT§PaBmuneBlvinieyaK pre- trading capital, revolving fundinvestment agency Tunecj/ dk v. decapitaliseTIPñak;garKmnakar travel agency TunbMrug capital reservesTIPñak;gardwkCBa¢Ún forwarding agency TunmnusS/ vinieyaK human-capitalTIPñak;gareTscrN_ travel agency investmentTIPñak;garpþac;mux sole agency TunminTan;)anbg; unpaid capitalTIPñak;garrUbiyvtßúkNþal central-monetary Tunm©as;h‘unFmµta equity capital 141
  39. 39. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2TunvinieyaKpSgeRKaHfñak; risk capital TUTat;sgR)ak;CMBak;eK v. pay up(venture capital) TUeTA generalTunGcl½t fixed capital TUeTA/ PaB generalityTuBVlPaB ¬m> bBa©úHKuNPaB/ kar¦ TUTaMgRbeTs nationwidedegradationTurKtPaB poverty TUrKmn_/ Gasydæan telegraphic addressTurÖikS famine TUrBum< telexTUk boat TUrsar faxTUTat;/ kar settlement, ~ pþac; final TUlMTUlay adj. comprehensivesettlement, FnaKarTUTat; settlement eTogTat; adj. regular, R)ak;cMNUl ~bank, NTanTUTat; settlement credit regular income, PaB ~ regularityTUTat;/ karmin non-payment eTogTat;/ Ca steadilyTUTat;/ éf¶ account day eTogTat;/ eday regularlyTUTat;/ min adj. unpaid (cheque) eTogTat;/ min irregularTUTat;Camun/ kar advance payment eTogeBl/ eday periodicallyTUTat;Cavtßú/ kar payment in kind eTsrdæm®nþI senior ministerTUTat;¼bg; R)ak;ecj v. pay out eTsPaBkarBar/ tMbn; protected landscapeTUTat;¼bg; pþac; v. pay off eTas T½NмbBaØtþi penaltyTUTat;tamdMNak;énCMenOn ¬kargar¦/ kar eTaskmµ offenceprogress payment eTasT½NÐ/ dak; v. impose/inflict a penaltyTUTat;tamFnaKar/ kar bank clearing eTAvijeTAmk mutual, karCYyKña ~ mutualTUTat;tamrebob em:Akar¼qaka/ kar lump- assistance, manplRbeyaCn_ ~ mutualsum payment benefitTUTat;TaMgRsug/ Edl)an fully paid up TMgn;dul gross weightTUTat;bMNulTaMgRsug liquidate/discharge a TMgn;nicl rW TMgn;gab; dead-weightdebt TMgn;bøg; design weightTUTat;R)ak;EdlBMuTan;)ansg/ eFVIkar clearingthe arrears TMng/ PaB likelihood 142
  40. 40. Economic Lexicon Part 2 sTÞanuRkmesdækic© PaKTI 2TMnak;TMng relation, liaison, TMnijnaMecj exports, mux ~ exportTMnak;TMng relation, liaison, kariyal½y ~ article/itemliaison office, ~ saFarN³ public TMnijbBa¢ÚntamynþehaH air cargo/freightrelations, ~ GnþrCati international TMnijminKg;yUr ¬Gahar/ sarB½t’man>>>¦ non- durablesrelationsTMnak;TMngCMnYjpþac;mux dealership TMnijmUlFn rW TMnijCaTun ¬TMnijsMrab;plitTMnas; n. conflict, ~ dIFøI land conflict, TMnijepSg²eTot¦ capital goods~ plRbeyaCn_ conflict of interest TMnijlk;dac;qab; ¬gaylk;;¦ quick sellerTMnij goods, ~ eRbIR)as; consumer/ TMnijlk;efakBiess special offerconsumable goods, ~ eRbIR)as;kñúgpÞH TMnijlk;mindac;bBa¢Únmkvij sales returns, returnshousehold goods, ~ eFVIedaym:asuIn TMnijGacføwgrWrab;)an fungiblesmanufactured goods, ~ RbNit luxury TMnukcitþ/ Cnkan;tMENgCaTI fiduciarygoods, ~ xUcKuNPaB faulty goods, ~ TMnukcitþelIrUbiyvtßú monetary confidenceqøgkat;¼kñúgsþúk¼epJIeTAlk; goods in transit/ TMenIbPavUbnIykmµ¼TMenIbkmµ modernisation,in stock/ on consignmentTMnij nigesva goods and services eFVI ~ moderniseTMnijKµanGñkTTYl goods in abeyance TMenrecal idle, em:ag ~ idle timeTMnijgayxUc n. perishables TMenar propensityTMnijRcbUkRcbl; ¬minTan;EbgEcktamRbePT¦ TMrg; profileunascertained goods TMrg; nig Kti énc,ab; form and legalTMnijdwktamnava cargo concepts of the lawTMnijEdlKyXat;Tuk clearance inwards TMrg;kar formalitiesTMnijEdlputBIKyBinitü clearance TMrg;kar ¬m> nItiviFI¦ procedureoutwards TMrg;kar ¬Éksar¦ form (document)TMnijnaMcUl imports TMrg;kardEdl² n. routineTMnijnaMcUlsMrab;eRbIR)as; ¬kñúgRsuk¦ retained TMrg;EbbbT formalitiesimports TMrg;EbbbT/ bMeBj fill in a form 143

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