Life Experiences of IndividualsLiving with Dyslexia in Malaysia:A Phenomenological Study  Chan Oga & Fatimah Haron  World ...
OutlineWhat is dyslexia? Past ResearchThe Current Study   Research Question     Methodology         Analysis         Re...
What is DYSLEXIA?   Dys                   lexis               DyslexiaDefinition today:A specific learning disability that...
A specific learning disability…                  Listening     Attention                               Speaking           ...
… neurobiological in origin
…characterized by difficulties in accurate  or fluent word recognition, spelling and  decoding abilities                  ...
…despite higher cognitive abilitiesand effective classroom experience*A classroom experience effective for others maynot b...
…comorbidity in other academic orcognitive areas such asattention, mathematics and self-expression is common
Is dyslexia really a disability or adifference?
Disability or difference?                                         Research showed4% tertiary students                     ...
Dyslexia in Context 5-10% of the world’s population  That’s 1 or 2 out of every 20              persons   314,000 Malay...
Literature review of life experiencesof Individuals Living with Dyslexia                    Feeling                   diff...
Current Research Problem   Abilities of dyslexics can be fostered with the right    support. However, how would we know ...
Salient Experience in Malaysia:Subjected to the watchful eyes of others andtheir negative reactions                       ...
Implications 1) increase efforts of instilling awareness  of dyslexia in Malaysia 2) educate the public about the  natur...
Conclusion This research has only uncovered thetip of the iceberg of experiences faced        by dyslexics in Malaysia. Mo...
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Life Experience of Individuals Living with Dyslexia in Malaysia

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A brief presentation of my research at the World Conference on Educational Sciences 2012 at Barcelona. Dyslexia is a condition, not very well researched in Malaysia as of end of 2011. Please feel free to ask for my full research paper if you wish to learn more of the life experience of individuals living with dyslexia in Malaysia.

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  • Across language and culturesPosterior left hemisphere lack functioningFront (inferior frontal gyrus): sound (broca’s area)Next (parieto-temporal system): word analysis (meaning)Last (occipito-temporal system): word form (graphics)
  • Note: spelling together because spelling use the same 3 systems; form, graphic and sounds
  • Children in poverty who did not attend class earlier have slower language development and cannot be attricuted to dyslexia (non-effective classroom exp)
  • Memory and organization ability too
  • Lack fluency in reading
  • Life Experience of Individuals Living with Dyslexia in Malaysia

    1. 1. Life Experiences of IndividualsLiving with Dyslexia in Malaysia:A Phenomenological Study Chan Oga & Fatimah Haron World Conference on Educational Sciences 2012, 2 -5 February, 2012 Barcelona, Spain
    2. 2. OutlineWhat is dyslexia? Past ResearchThe Current Study Research Question Methodology Analysis Results Implications Limitations Conclusion
    3. 3. What is DYSLEXIA? Dys lexis DyslexiaDefinition today:A specific learning disability that is neurobiologicalin origin, characterized by difficulties in accurateor fluent word recognition, spelling and decodingabilities despite higher cognitive abilities andeffective classroom experience, where comorbidityin other academic or cognitive areas such asattention, arithematic and self-expression iscommon (Reid, Shaywitz & Shaywitz, 2003)
    4. 4. A specific learning disability… Listening Attention Speaking Learning disability arithmetic Reading Writing
    5. 5. … neurobiological in origin
    6. 6. …characterized by difficulties in accurate or fluent word recognition, spelling and decoding abilities FluentQuickly Accurately Comprehend reading/ spelling *Research indicates dyslexic readers can improve as they mature but continue to lack fluency
    7. 7. …despite higher cognitive abilitiesand effective classroom experience*A classroom experience effective for others maynot be effective for dyslexic individuals
    8. 8. …comorbidity in other academic orcognitive areas such asattention, mathematics and self-expression is common
    9. 9. Is dyslexia really a disability or adifference?
    10. 10. Disability or difference? Research showed4% tertiary students that dyslexicare dyslexic and fail VS individuals areexam or were on the significantly more verge of being creative than non-kicked out of varsity dyslexics Abilities of dyslexics can be fostered with the right support.
    11. 11. Dyslexia in Context 5-10% of the world’s population That’s 1 or 2 out of every 20 persons 314,000 Malaysian students Highly unrecognized in Malaysia
    12. 12. Literature review of life experiencesof Individuals Living with Dyslexia Feeling different Reacting Finding a to the niche diagnosis Experiences A mass of Contending emotions
    13. 13. Current Research Problem  Abilities of dyslexics can be fostered with the right support. However, how would we know what is the right support for dyslexics in Malaysia if we do not know what they have been experiencing in Malaysia? Research Question  What are the life experiences of individuals living with dyslexia in Malaysia? Research Methodology  A phenomenological approach was adopted  Individual semi-structured interview  5 participants
    14. 14. Salient Experience in Malaysia:Subjected to the watchful eyes of others andtheir negative reactions Watchful eyes of others Punishment/ skepticism, n People’s egative ignorance comments & name calling Subjected to Misconception of the Being condition misunderstood
    15. 15. Implications 1) increase efforts of instilling awareness of dyslexia in Malaysia 2) educate the public about the nature, limitation as well as the potential of individuals with dyslexia 3) rectify the education system that marginalizes the educational opportunities of dyslexics.
    16. 16. Conclusion This research has only uncovered thetip of the iceberg of experiences faced by dyslexics in Malaysia. More research needs to be done to understand their life experiences better.

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