Kaanapali Makai Watch presentation 6/30/10


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The slides presented at the June 30th, 2010 Ka'anapali Makai Watch "Talk Story" meeting.

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  • Role of the public (observation, sample collection, recordkeeping )Role of the sample collection site (sample preservation, recordkeeping) Role of the meter site (sample preservation, recordkeeping, turbidity analysis, meter care) Role of Data Collector (tabulates and enters data from meter sites) Role of QC reviewer (reviews data throughout process) Reporting (Retreiving data from database for reporting back to community and submittal to DOH)
  • Role of the public (observation, sample collection, recordkeeping )Role of the sample collection site (sample preservation, recordkeeping) Role of the meter site (sample preservation, recordkeeping, turbidity analysis, meter care) Role of Data Collector (tabulates and enters data from meter sites) Role of QC reviewer (reviews data throughout process) Reporting (Retreiving data from database for reporting back to community and submittal to DOH)
  • Coral Reefs 101 Coral reefs should be considered as whole ecosystems. The habitat and associated marine life are deeply interlinked! It’s a complex system, where the biology, the water chemistry, and the physical ocean forces are all part of the whole, all working together to form thriving ecosystems. They are not separable. Imagine a car engine, all of the parts working together to make it run. If one of the pieces wears out or breaks or falls off, it affects another part that it was connected to, which affects another part, and eventually it breaks down. All of the pieces and fluids need to be present and clean for it to run properly.
  • While this is grossly oversimplified, it has been shown in numerous studies that healthy stocks of herbivores, including sea urchins, is a dominant factor in helping to maintain healthy coral reefs.
  • And Ecological Change (change in the habitat) is called a ‘Phase Shift’. This is where a healthy reef is stressed by overfishing and nutrient pollution, resulting in a degraded reef dominated by algae, unable to support the abundant life of the healthy system. Nutrient pollution is another way of saying “pollution with plant food”. Our waste = their food. Our waste contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and other ‘nutrients’ that gives plants and algae the nutrition they need. Give algae food and it will grow! (It’s part of the water chemistry mentioned earlier).
  • Invasive algae increase this process by outcompeting corals for space on the reef, filling in the pukas where the fishes live. (click) If a reef is not growing, (click) it is eroding. This photo was taken at Olowalu, mile marker 14 in the nearshore area. This is the invasive algae, Acanthophora spicifera, also known as ‘prickly seaweed’.
  • Kahekili Beach Park (Airport Beach) is changing too. It has lost 50% of its coral cover since 1995, with seasonal invasive algal blooms.
  • Surveys of fish biomass around the state was put in relation to their proximity to populated areas. (Oahu gets its own graph). What we see is that fish stocks are lower in areas with more people. (click) Kahekili has considerably less fish than the average for populated areas. As you move away from populated areas to smaller towns and remote areas, you can see more fish. (click)So about half of our reefs surveyed are doing better than those near population centers. But to put this into perspective, (click) the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands has dramatically larger fish stocks, due predominantly to their remote location.
  • Surveys of fish biomass around the state was put in relation to their proximity to populated areas. (Oahu gets its own graph). What we see is that fish stocks are lower in areas with more people. (click) Kahekili has considerably less fish than the average for populated areas. As you move away from populated areas to smaller towns and remote areas, you can see more fish. (click)So about half of our reefs surveyed are doing better than those near population centers. But to put this into perspective, (click) the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands has dramatically larger fish stocks, due predominantly to their remote location.
  • The photo on the left is the whole of the HFMA; from Kekaa Point (Black Rock) at the southernmost edge to Honokowai Park in the north. The nearshore Reef at Kahekili Beach Park in front of the Westin is about a half a kilometer long, and still has quite a lot of complexity given the 50% decline in coral cover since 1995, as shown by the top photo on the right. This is also a photo of one of two main grazing schools at Kahekili, numbering less than 100 individuals at any given time. We will be monitoring the size of the grazing schools over time. The darker brown and gray in these photos is algae. The photo on the lower right illustrates the loss of interconnectivity and decreasing sizes of the corals as algae outcompetes them.
  • Grazing schools are veritable lawnmowers of the reef, keeping algal growth down. This is a grazing school at Kahekili.
  • This is a grazing school at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
  • Thanks Darla, you’re the best and I really appreciate it!
  • Topics: coral reefs, marine mammals, sea turtles, sharks and fishes, naturalist basics and interpretation, Hawaii rules and regulations
  • Fish-Friendly Business Alliance; includes over 30 members statewide. Online business directory http://www.coral.org/fishfriendly Members comprised of commercial diving and snorkeling-related businesses . Collaborative effort between the State of Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources, Project S.E.A.-Link, and the Coral Reef Alliance (CORAL). Outreach efforts focused on both the consumer and the supplier. Campaign began in fall 2006 Postcards that local residents and visitors fill out , writing to companies that promote fish-feeding. Boss Frog’s Dive and Surf on Maui first company to change its business practices and sign on to the campaign. “ Fish-Friendly Establishment” decal designed for companies who sign on to the company to raise customer awareness and publicly designate their responsible practices. Supported by the state of Hawaii’s Recreational Impacts to Reefs Local Action Strategy feeding fish can result in a decrease in natural grazing behavior, which in turn could promote a cascade of negative ecological effects upon marine communities. If these impacts to the reef were not enough to discourage snorkelers from fish feeding, this practice can also promote behavioral changes in local fishes. At the Honolua Bay education station coordinated by Project S.E.A.-Link, cases of fish bites continue to be documented, as snorkelers encounter aggressive and habituated fishes. Any business participating in this campaign will be added to the online director and receive a fish-friendly establishment decal and a CD of educational materials. For more information about the Take a Bite Out of Fish Feeding Campaign, FishFeedingAwareness@gmail.com ------------------------- WHAT IS THE ISSUE: The consistent presence of small and large groups of people in shallow coral reefs and other habitats can lead to significant degradation of an ecosystem over time, particularly if activities are conducted in an irresponsible manner. NEED TO KNOW: Irresponsible or inexperienced snorkelers and divers regularly crush and break corals and other reef dwelling organisms with fins, equipment and body parts. This damage usually comes as a result of people who are unable to maintain control in the water, stand or walk in a shallow area, fight a current, get a closer look at, photograph, handle, touch and feed wildlife. NICE TO KNOW: Irresponsible snorkeling and diving activities can lead to the following impacts on coral reef ecosystems: Disrupted sea bottom habitats - Contact from fins, equipment or body parts may crush and kill bottom dwelling organisms and their habitats. In heavily used areas, the cumulative effects of many snorkelers and divers can lead to increased levels of degradation in the ecosystem and a decrease in the quality of the visitor experience. Increase in sedimentation - Stirred up sediment can disrupt sea bottom communities, smothering and choking coral colonies and causing broader impacts in the ecosystem. Disturbance of marine wildlife - Excessive disturbance can cause animals to leave primary feeding and reproductive areas, which can lead to an overall decline in habitat health and a decrease in the primary features that attract tourists. When animals become habituated to being fed by divers or snorkelers, they may lose some of their ability to find food on their own, which can affect population size and change natural behaviors. Removal of coral mucus- Repeated contact between divers and snorkelers and coral removes the coral’s mucus covering and causes physical damage to coral tissue. This can increase the susceptibility of corals to pathogens, diseases and other competitive organisms.
  • I showed this slide already when I did REEF training but you could reiterate the purpose of the portal briefly and point out we plan to do a more extensive training workshop and field training too… so stay tuned for dates…
  • Example of field excursion/training…
  • I showed this already… reiterate it’s a fun way to get involved… and do REEF…
  • Viral video contest?
  • Kaanapali Makai Watch presentation 6/30/10

    1. 1. Ka‘anapali Makai Watch “Talk Story” Planning Meeting Luna Kekoa & Darla White - Division of Aquatic Resource Liz Foote - Coral Reef Alliance & Project S.E.A.-Link Tamara Paltin & Robin Knox - Turbidity Task Force
    2. 2. Agenda Pule: Ke‘eaumoku Kapu Part 1: Turbidity Task Force and water quality: Take Action NOW! (Tamara Paltin & Robin Knox) Part 2: NOAA Coral Fellow role & responsibility; Introduction to the Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area (KHFMA) and the science behind the KHFMA (Luna Kekoa) Part 3: Ongoing Research in the KHFMA and volunteer opportunities in community-based monitoring (Darla White) Part 4: Ka‘anapali Makai Watch program: Overview, background, and brainstorming (Liz Foote & EVERYONE)
    3. 3. Part 1 The Turbidity Task Force Tamara Paltin Save Honolua Coalition Teri Leonard Maui Dreams Dive Co. Wayno Cochran Killah Wiffah Surf Shop
    4. 4. Clean Water Committee Turbidity Task Force
    5. 5. What is the Turbidity Task Force? <ul><li>A community-based water quality monitoring program designed to decrease the amount of sediment and pollutants that flow into Maui’s near shore waters for both new and existing land-based pollution sources by connecting concerned citizens and institutions to relevant information </li></ul>
    6. 6. What is Turbidity? <ul><li>Turbidity is the lack of clarity or cloudiness, haziness of a fluid caused by light reflecting off of individual particles (suspended solids) </li></ul><ul><li>A key measure of water quality </li></ul>Turbidity Standards 10, 100, and 1000 NTU Low turbidity water is clear High turbidity water is cloudy
    7. 7. How is turbidity measured? <ul><li>A measure of light attenuation as it passes through a column of water </li></ul><ul><li>Can be measured visually with a secchi disk or with a meter </li></ul>MNMRC member Robin Knox with NOAA Whale Sanctuary Partner Alastair Hebard and Turbidity Meter Mahalo to Coral Reef Alliance, Digital Bus and Aquanimity Now for providing Turbidity Task Force meters
    8. 8. What causes Turbidity? <ul><li>Lots of factors natural and manmade </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of phytoplankton and bacteria (in response to nutrients) </li></ul><ul><li>High suspended sediment levels in storm runoff due to erosion; </li></ul><ul><li>Often caused by human activities such as construction, agriculture, urbanized development, and industrial activity. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Why do we Care? <ul><li>Contaminants like chemicals, viruses or bacteria can become attached to the suspended solids </li></ul><ul><li>Solids act as shields interfering with water disinfection by sunlight or treatment processes </li></ul><ul><li>In water bodies high turbidity reduce the amount of sunlight reaching lower depths, decrease photosynthesis and inhibit growth of submerged aquatic plants and corals, </li></ul><ul><li>Settled particles can cover aquatic plants and corals, </li></ul><ul><li>Turbid water is heated by the sun more efficiently than clear water, adding heat stress. </li></ul><ul><li>All of these factors affect uses such as fisheries, aesthetics and recreation </li></ul>Maalaea Bay 75% - 4% Coral Cover Up to 77% Invasive Algae Cover Turbid Water occurs with other symptoms of degradation
    10. 10. How does the Turbidity Task Force help improve water quality? <ul><li>Provides sampling kits and training to community </li></ul><ul><li>Raises awareness of water quality and how it is impacted by human activity on land </li></ul><ul><li>Generates data that can be compared to water quality goals (standards) </li></ul><ul><li>Working with Coral Reef Monitoring Data Portal </li></ul><ul><li>(http://monitoring.coral.org) generates reports to EPA and Hawaii Department of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Reports assist agencies in pollution control decisions </li></ul>
    11. 11. Hawaii Water Quality Standards (Goals) for Turbidity Waterbody Type geometric mean (NTU) not to exceed 10% (NTU) not to exceed 2% (NTU) a. Streams wet (Nov1 to April 30) 5.00 15.00 25.00 dry (May 1 to Oct 31) 2.00 5.50 10.00 b. estuaries 1.50 3.00 5.00 c. Embayments wet ≥ 1% of bay volume/day 1.50 3.00 5.00 dry < 1% of bay volume/day 0.40 1.00 1.50 d. Open Coastal wet (>3MGD/mile shoreline) 0.50 1.25 2.00 dry (<3MGD/mile shoreline) 0.20 0.50 1.00 e. oceanic 0.03 0.10 0.20 f. R-1 Water 2.00 g. drinking water (varies by treatment and averaging period) 0.5 - <1.0
    12. 12. What can you do? <ul><li>Pick up a sampling kit and monitor your favorite waterbody </li></ul><ul><li>Take water quality training classes (Ocean Awareness Training, HIHWNMS Citizen Scientists, Surfrider Bluewater Task Force) </li></ul><ul><li>Help with data entry and reporting to DOH </li></ul><ul><li>Comment on Clean Water Rulemaking and Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>http://hawaii.gov/health/environmental/env-planning/wqm/wqm.html </li></ul>
    13. 13. Public Sample Collection Site Meter Site Data Collector Quality Control Reviewer Reporting observation, sample collection, recordkeeping Sample preservation, recordkeeping Sample preservation, recordkeeping, turbidity analysis, meter care Tabulates and enters data from meter sites Reviews data throughout process Retrieves data from database for reporting back to community and submittal to DOH
    14. 14. Turbidity Task Force - Key Info Contact: Tamara Paltin, Save Honolua Coalition [email_address] TURBIDITY SAMPLE DROP-OFF LOCATIONS: South Maui: Maui Dreams Dive Company 1993 South Kihei Rd; (808) 874-5332 West Maui: Kilah Wiffah Surf Shop Mon-Fri, 9 am - 5 pm; located at the intersection of Honoapiilani Highway and Halawai Drive; (808) 264-2648 Download Forms: http://monitoring.coral.org/resources/download
    15. 15. Part 2 Introduction to the NOAA Coral Fellow and the Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area (KHFMA)
    16. 16. Luna Kekoa Education University of Miami, MSC/BIO Experience Kaala Farms : “Opelu Project” Community-based Subsistence Fishing Areas : Miloli’i, Hawaii Ha’ena, Kaua’i
    17. 17. Ho’okena / Honaunau <ul><li>Makai watch </li></ul><ul><li>Summer Programs </li></ul><ul><li>- Kukulu Kumuhana O Honaunau </li></ul><ul><li>- Pihana Na Mamo </li></ul><ul><li>Sociocultural Surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Benthic Baseline </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Mapping </li></ul>
    18. 18. CREEL Surveys
    19. 19. Makai Watch <ul><li>Hawaiian Names of Area </li></ul><ul><li>Mo’olelo of the Area </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Fishing Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Mauka / Makai Relationship </li></ul>
    20. 20. Coral Reefs 101 Coral reefs should be considered as whole ecosystems. The habitat and associated marine life are deeply interlinked! Coral reefs evolved in Clean , Clear, Low nutrient water <ul><li>Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Inseparable </li></ul>
    21. 21. Coral Reef Ecology What does a healthy reef look like?
    22. 22. = Healthy Stocks of Herbivores Healthy Coral Reefs Ecological Harmony Photo Credits: Eric Brown, Matt Ramsey, & Matt Barton
    23. 23. Ecological Change = Phase Shift Images by Jennifer Smith, PhD
    24. 24. Invasive algae (limu) will outcompete corals for space on the reef Do you see any fish in this photo? Photo by Darla White If a reef is not growing IT IS ERODING
    25. 25. There is Plenty of Blame to go Around Maui’s Reefs in Danger
    26. 26. Maui’s Reefs in Danger Sedimentation Invasive Algae Over Fishing Over-use Groundings and Anchor Damage Land Based Pollution
    27. 27. http://www.hawaii.gov/dlnr/dar/pubs/MauiReefDeclines.pdf AG Intensive Urban Areas
    28. 28. A. spicifera H. musciformis G. salicornia Maui Nui’s Invasive Algae Spread of Invasive Algae in MHI, based on 2003 surveys by UH Botany. Photos and maps: JE Smith and E. Conklin.
    29. 29. Six out of the nine surveyed locations have significantly declined in coral cover Maui’s Coral Cover by Study Site 1999 - 2009
    30. 30. Kahekili Park: Corals Under Stress Kahekili Park 55% - 34% Coral Cover Up to 35% Invasive Algae Cover
    31. 31. Kahekili Park 3m Site Impacts from invasive algae 1999 - 2005
    32. 32. Kahekili Park 3m Site (1999 - 2006)
    33. 33. * Friedlander & DeMartini 2002 [Marine Ecology Progress Series 230:253-264] % of MHI REEFS: Statewide Fish Biomass How Does Population and accessibility impact fish stocks? Kahekili Herbivores Kahekili PRIMARY SECONDARY APEX 28% 37% 16% 20%
    34. 34. NWHI* * Friedlander & DeMartini 2002 [Marine Ecology Progress Series 230:253-264] % of MHI REEFS: Statewide Fish Biomass How Does Population and accessibility impact fish stocks? PRIMARY SECONDARY APEX 28% 37% 16% 20%
    35. 35. Hunter et al. Ecological Success Alien and Invasive Algae [ http://www.hawaii.edu/ssri/hcri/rp/hunter/final_report_99-00/01.htm] Herbivores and Invasive Algae Friedlander et al. in review MEPS More Herbivore Fish Biomass means Less Algae Herbivore Fish Prefer to Eat Acanthophora spicifera
    36. 36. The Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area Keka‘a Point (Black Rock) Honokowai Beach Park N <ul><li>Prohibited Activities Include: </li></ul><ul><li>Removing or killing any surgeon fish, parrotfish, or chub </li></ul><ul><li>Removing or killing any sea urchins </li></ul><ul><li>Fish feeding </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed Activities Include: </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing for or Removing all other legally harvested marine life. </li></ul><ul><li>Using bait and/or other fish attractants while legally fishing. </li></ul>
    37. 37. The Reef at Kahekili Why Kahekili? Corals in distress Loss of coral, increase of algae Still has complexity Not too degraded 50% Reef Structure Can Support Fish Reef Needs Immediate Help
    38. 38. ECOLOGICAL SERVICES Simple Concept: Using herbivorous fishes (fish that eat limu) as a means to control algae growth on the reef Photo by Darla White
    39. 39. Herbivorous Fish Species PHOTOS BY KEOKI & YUKO STENDER www. marinelifephotography .com Parrotfishes, Family Scaridae uhu
    40. 40. Herbivorous Fish Species www. marinelifephotography .com Surgeonfishes, Family Acanthuridae PHOTOS BY KEOKI & YUKO STENDER
    41. 41. Photo by Darla White Herbivorous Fish Species Chubs or Rudderfishes, Family Kyphosidae nenue
    42. 42. Part 3 Ongoing Research in the KHFMA and volunteer opportunities in community-based monitoring
    43. 43. Research at Kahekili University of Hawaii (UH) Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) US Geological Survey (USGS) Scripps Institution of Oceanography National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) The Kahekili HFMA is the Priority Site Designation By the Hawaii Coral Program under the US Coral Reef Task Force
    44. 44. Iuri Herzfeld – UH Mānoa Non-point Source Pollution Mapping of Physical & Chemical Parameters Jet Ski Surveys
    45. 45. <ul><li>Chip Hunt – USGS </li></ul><ul><li>Wading Surveys – </li></ul><ul><li>Fabric Brightener Fluorescence </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceuticals </li></ul><ul><li>Salinity </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen Isotopes </li></ul>“ Laboratory results confirmed the presence of wastewater constituents in marine water-column samples” Hunt & Rosa, 2010 USGS Report http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5253/
    46. 46. Meghan Dailer – Researcher, UH Botany Where are the nutrients coming from out on the reef? Native algae Ulva spp. -> “ The reefs near at Kahekili receive consistent inputs of sewage effluent via groundwater seeps” (Dailer, et al., 2010)
    47. 47. <ul><li>Melissa Garren – Scripps </li></ul><ul><li>Microbial Ecology on the Reef Influenced by Fresh Water Seeps </li></ul><ul><li>Corals, </li></ul><ul><li>Reef Sediments, & </li></ul><ul><li>Water column.  </li></ul>“ Seeps at Kahekili contain elevated levels of bacteria that can be cultured on marine agars in the presence of antibiotics” (Garren, EPA testimony Lahaina Injection well).
    48. 48. <ul><li>Emily Kelly – Scripps </li></ul><ul><li>(& dive buddy Mike, Scripps) </li></ul><ul><li>How much algae is currently growing on the reef? </li></ul><ul><li>How much algae fish will eat? </li></ul><ul><li>In what situations coral can out-compete algae?   </li></ul>
    49. 49. Robin Knox – UH Botany Integrated Ecosystem Management Identify point and nonpoint sources of nutrients; conduits to the ocean; and estimate mass loading (lbs/day). Do areas with high nutrient levels and algal blooms encourage growth of bacteria that cause human diseases? Identify programs to manage and control nutrient releases Investigate the relation of human pathogens to harmful algal blooms Goal: Reduction of Land-based Pollution in watersheds mauka of Kahekili HFMA Where are the nutrients coming from? How much is coming from these sources? How do nutrients get to the ocean? What can we do to reduce pollutants reaching the HFMA?
    50. 50. What’s Happening to the Reef???
    51. 51. James Wicklund – DAR Intern Kamehameha School, Maui Mapping ‘Dead Zones’ at Kahekili
    52. 52. Dark brown indicates dead coral with algal overgrowth Notice that the dead areas are flat compared to the live coral
    53. 53. Kahekili Herbivore Grazing Surveys Engaging the Community “ Citizen Science”
    54. 54. Maui’s Citizen Scientists Volunteer contributions are invaluable to managers in the efforts to better understand our coral reef ecosystems. These data fill in knowledge gaps and paint a clearer picture of the complexities of which science still knows remarkably little.
    55. 55. Figure 3. Parrotfish grazing pressure by size class calculated for area (m 2 ) scraped annually, based on bite data and daily grazing behavior for Chlorurus and Scarus spp. by Ong (2008). Pearson’s correlation for positive linear relationship is significant (0.925, P-value = 0.000).
    56. 56. Grazing School at Kahekili
    57. 57. Grazing School at Midway Photo by Darla White
    58. 58. Coral disease in Hawaii Greta Aeby - HIMB 17 disease states widespread low prevalence Montipora multi-focal TLS Montipora dark band Por trematodiasis Poc white-band disease Acrop white syndrome Porites growth anomalies Coral Bleaching
    59. 59. Alien Species Roi Peacock Grouper <ul><li>CPUE – Catch Per Unit Effort </li></ul><ul><li>Population Estimates </li></ul><ul><li>Ciguatera Research </li></ul>Photo by Skippy Hau Photo by John Randall Data will further our understanding
    60. 60. Large Parrotfishes Uhu >45 cm (1.5 ft) Abundance Single (1) Few (2-10) Many (11-100) Abundant (> 100) Red – Female / Initial Blue – Male / Terminal
    61. 61. Large Grazing Schools (> 300 fishes) List most abundant species present Photo by Darla White
    62. 62. Benefits of Volunteering Gain valuable field experience Learn by doing Resume building Make new connections Bring data to managers Real Impact
    63. 63. Part 4 Ka‘anapali Makai Watch - Overview & Brainstorming
    64. 64. What is Makai Watch? <ul><li>Components: </li></ul><ul><li>Education & Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Observation & Compliance </li></ul>http://hawaii.gov/dlnr/dar/coral/coral_las_makaiwatch.html
    65. 65. What has been going on in the area? <ul><li>Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels, fishing supply stores & snorkel/dive shops </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctuary education station at Whaler’s Village </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>HEA surveys </li></ul><ul><li>REEF surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Water Quality Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Coral Reef Monitoring Data Portal workshops </li></ul>
    66. 66. Get Involved!
    67. 67. Outreach in support of the Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area (KHFMA)
    68. 68. International Year of the Reef Outreach station at Pu‘u Keka‘a (Black Rock), 2008 Current location: outreach at Whaler’s Village with HIHWNMS Volunteer Corps
    69. 69. Take a Bite out of Fish Feeding Generalists increase Diversity decreases Online directory: “Fish-Friendly Business Alliance” http://www.coral.org/fishfriendly
    70. 70. West Maui Sporting Goods and Fishing Supply Maui Sights and Treasures
    71. 71. Volunteer! Fish grazing Fish behavior Grazing schools
    72. 72. <ul><li>resources & links </li></ul><ul><li>HEA protocols </li></ul><ul><ul><li>grazing, behavior, schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water Quality Monitoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>basic parameters, bacteria, visual assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large,Terminal parrotfish & Large Grazing Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Roi Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer Info: track your time & activity! </li></ul>http://monitoring.coral.org Next workshop: stay tuned…
    73. 73. Large, Terminal Parrotfishes and grazing schools <ul><li>>45 cm (~1.5’) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Y/N; S F M A </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Terminal? Y/N; S F M A </li></ul><ul><li>School > 300? Y/N </li></ul>
    74. 74. Water Quality Monitoring Robin Knox Ananda Stone
    75. 75. Snapshot Day: October 3rd, 2009
    76. 76. FIN: Fish Identification Network All FIN needs to be FUN is U! <ul><li>Email List: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook Group </li></ul><ul><li>www.fbook.me/FIN </li></ul>Monthly surveys Maluaka Beach every 1st Saturday! Kahekili - Honolua July 17th!
    77. 77. How do I do a REEF Survey? Now online data entry at www.reef.org !
    78. 78. What is Needed? <ul><li>Outreach & Education </li></ul><ul><li>Local community </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><li>K-12 students </li></ul><ul><li>Visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain & expand existing efforts </li></ul><ul><li>biological, physical, human use </li></ul>Voluntary compliance
    79. 79. Case Study - email/observations from Karen <ul><li>“ It's been a busy last few weeks at Kahekili, it seems like there have been loads of people standing on the reef, feeding the fish, harassing the turtles, and fishing &quot;for anything&quot; - it seemed like things were better for awhile, as far as people standing on the reef and feeding the fish, but recently it's gotten worse again, I don't know why.  Lots of people fishing &quot;for anything&quot;, too - one day a group of people had their towels draped over the sign, I rearranged their towels so people could read the sign. ” </li></ul>
    80. 80. Case Study - 5/29/10 email from Karen… <ul><li>“ I talked to some spearfishermen while I was out swimming and when I got back, but before I left, as I was packing up to go, I looked around and there were 11-12 separate groups of guys, all with spears!!  I thought, oh my gosh, I can't talk to all of these people!!  It was too much!!  I've talked to at least 2 spearfishermen a day for the last 5 days, all of whom had already been fishing and had dead fish, and none of them knew that herbivores are protected, very frustrating .  .  .” </li></ul>
    81. 81. Case Study - from Darrell 5/30/10 <ul><li>“… we must not react negatively just because we see lots of people &quot;with spears&quot; entering the Kahekili waters, if anything, we should learn from this past episode and keep in mind, that perhaps on certain long weekends, when the weather is beautiful, we can expect a lot of fishing to happen in this area.  In which case, it would be a good opportunity to educate the fishers…” </li></ul><ul><li>“… give out dive flags for free to any fisher you approach, along with a regulations handbook and flyer of the rules of that area...a free gift is always well received.....but on the dive flag you can place a visible marker...so that in the future, when you see this dive flag in the area with that marker, you know that diver has been educated…” </li></ul>
    82. 82. Case Study - from Karen 6/4/10 <ul><li>“ I thought of a new approach today when I was at Kahekili and saw a group of local spearfishermen arrive.  (3 men, 2 women, 3 spears)  I walked over to them and asked them if they would be interested in joining a group of volunteers who are trying to inform and educate people about protecting the reef and the new Kahekili fishing rules.  They all said, &quot;what new rules?  We're from Kihei, we don't know the new rules.&quot;  So I told them, and I pointed out the sign.  Then I went back to my bag and returned with a pamphlet and a sticker/decal that I got from Darla months ago, one of the &quot;A Living Reef Gives Our Islands Life&quot; decals.  They actually fought over who should get the decal!!” </li></ul>“ Thanks goes to Darrell Tanaka for his dive flag idea.  I didn't have a dive flag, but figured the decal would have to do - a gift is a gift, after all!! ”
    83. 83. What would we like to do? <ul><li>Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Develop new materials, venues, contexts & approaches; disseminate existing materials </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Involve more people, get more data & integrate with web portal </li></ul><ul><li>Observation & Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate with statewide effort to standardize protocols with DOCARE… </li></ul>
    84. 84. Some ideas & potential projects… <ul><li>Outreach station(s?) - Whalers Village (& Westin KOR?) </li></ul><ul><li>Hotel trekking & outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging & educating fishers </li></ul><ul><li>Human use surveys -land/ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Beachgoer surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Beach cleanups </li></ul><ul><li>Developing PSAs, blogging, social media applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>viral video contest with Hawaii EcoTube? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School visits </li></ul><ul><li>Youth mentorship & career development </li></ul><ul><li>Science café, restaurant/bar sponsorships </li></ul><ul><li>Help us create a logo, mascot, slogans, stickers, t-shirts, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>General community outreach campaigns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish around town? Reusable bags with rules & messages? </li></ul></ul>“ Professor Kika Clearwater,” Guam Coral Reef Initiative
    85. 85. Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area (KHFMA) Permitted: To fish for, injure, kill, possess, or remove any finfish or invertebrate, except prohibited species indicated below.To use bait or other attractants while fishing for permitted marine life. Prohibited: To injure, kill, possess, or remove any of the following: sea urchins Also Prohibited: To feed or deliberately introduce any attractant, directly to or in the vicinity of any marine life, except while fishing for permitted marine life. surgeonfishes parrotfishes (uhu) rudderfishes (nenue) KHFMA Boundaries Handout for Fishers with KHFMA info & Tide chart (on reverse)
    86. 86. Fish around town?
    87. 87. Set Observation Zones? Human Use surveys? Adapt existing Makai Watch materials
    88. 88. How many hotels & condos are there between Lahaina and Kapalua??
    89. 89. A Lot. ????
    90. 90. International Coastal Cleanup Day September 25th, 2010 Adopt-a-Beach-Segment?
    91. 91. Team Uhu? Herbivore Hui? Limu Lovers? T-shirt/sticker design v. 1.0 (Rick Long’s concept)
    92. 92. PSA development MPAsWork.org
    93. 93. Yay or Nay? Makai Watch
    94. 94. <ul><li>Honolua Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Mokuleia Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Napili Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Kapalua Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Lahaina Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Kihei Boat Ramp </li></ul><ul><li>Four Seasons Resort </li></ul><ul><li>Ulua Beach </li></ul><ul><li>Wailea Beach </li></ul><ul><li>Ahihi Kina’u (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Sheraton Maui (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Marriot Maui Ocean Club </li></ul><ul><li>Ka‘anapali Ali’i </li></ul><ul><li>Olowalu mm14 </li></ul><ul><li>DT Fleming </li></ul>Maui Sign Locations * (n=32) <ul><li>Po‘olenaena Beach Park </li></ul><ul><li>Kamaole I Beach Park </li></ul><ul><li>Kamaole II Beach Park </li></ul><ul><li>Kamaole III Beach Park </li></ul><ul><li>Kalama Park (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Ritz Carlton Kapalua </li></ul><ul><li>Maui El Dorado </li></ul><ul><li>Mahana </li></ul><ul><li>Kalepolepo Park </li></ul><ul><li>Maalaea Harbor Shops </li></ul><ul><li>Napili Surf </li></ul><ul><li>Keawakapu </li></ul><ul><li>Westin Maui Resort & Spa </li></ul><ul><li>Westin Kaanapali Ocean Resort </li></ul>Reef Etiquette Sign *Missing location: Kahekili Beach Park *
    95. 95. What else??
    96. 96. MAHALO! Luna Kekoa NOAA Coral Fellow [email_address] Darla White DAR Special Projects Coordinator Darla J White [email_address] (808) 345-2312 Be a fan and get updates! http://www.facebook.com/KHFMA http://www.facebook.com/KaanapaliMakaiWatch Liz Foote Executive Director, Project S.E.A.-Link & Hawaii Field Manager, CORAL [email_address] (808) 669-9062 www.facebook.com/liz.foote