file 03.Knight-10-03-06

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file 03.Knight-10-03-06

  1. 1. All About Searching the Medical Literature Karen Knight, M.S.L.S. kknight@virginia.edu Medical Education Librarian Claude Moore Health Sciences Library
  2. 2. A World of Resources Available  What’s your question?  What’s your need? – Background information – Current clinical information – Comprehensive literature review – Results from recent research  What’s your strategy for keeping current with the literature continuing to come out on your topic?
  3. 3. Good Background Information Sources include:  Up to Date  InfoPOEMs: The Clinical Awareness System  MD Consult  Stat!Ref
  4. 4. Three Databases of Primary Interest for Clinical Investigation:  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews & DARE (Database of Reviews of Effects)  MEDLINE – Ovid or PubMed  Web of Science
  5. 5. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews  Available from the Library’s Home page under “Core Resources – Evidence Based Medicine” and also through Ovid  Composed of 2 databases: – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews – Database of Reviews of Effects (DARE)
  6. 6. Benefits of Searching Cochrane & DARE  Cochrane – A Systematic Review identifies an intervention for a specific disease or other problem in health care, and determines whether or not this intervention works. – Authors locate, appraise and synthesize evidence from as many relevant scientific studies as possible. – They summarize conclusions about effectiveness. – Systematic reviews differ from other types of reviews in that they adhere to a strict design in order to make them more comprehensive, thus minimizing the chance of bias, and ensuring their reliability.  DARE – Contains abstracts of systematic reviews and meta-analyses that have been quality assessed. – Each abstract includes a summary of the review together with a critical commentary about the overall quality.
  7. 7. Are corticosteroids beneficial in treating infants with bronchiolitis? COCHRANE
  8. 8. MEDLINE  Produced by the National Library of Medicine  Used to locate journal article citations  Largest & most popular international biomedical database – contains over 9 million bibliographic journal article references  Not full-text, but can link out to full-text if the Library has a subscription
  9. 9. Which Do I Use?  National Library of Medicine’s database – MEDLINE – is available through several search interfaces  Two most common search options are: – Ovid’s MEDLINE – National Library of Medicine’s PubMed
  10. 10. Locate articles on therapy for renal failure in the intensive care unit. MEDLINE
  11. 11. Keeping Current  Establish some saved searches in PubMed or Ovid MEDLINE on topics you wish to follow  The newest citations will be automatically emailed to you when they enter the database
  12. 12. Manage Your References with RefWorks  www.refworks.com  UVa pays the subscription for all  Web-based  RefWorks -- an online research management, writing and collaboration tool -- is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.
  13. 13. Web of Science  Once known as Science Citation Index  Multidisciplinary in coverage – Humanities – Social Sciences – Life Sciences  Unique feature is cited reference searching
  14. 14. Web of Science I want to locate articles about obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease WEB OF SCIENCE
  15. 15. For More Help with Searching Ovid MEDLINE, go to: MEDLINE: The Magnificent 7 Search Steps [PDF] http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/internet/library/services/education/7steps.pdf
  16. 16. For More Help with Searching PubMed, go to: Searching PubMed [PDF] http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/internet/library/services/education/handout- PubMed.pdf
  17. 17. For More Help with Searching Web of Science, go to: Web of Science tutorial http://www.thomsonisi.com/tutorials/wos7/

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