Overview
• The WiderNet Project
• The eGranary Digital Library
• Strategies for Creating Broader
Access to Knowledge
The WiderNet Project
• Since 2000, building capacity at African institutions for
academic collaborations
• 3,600+ particip...
The eGranary Digital Library
“The Internet in a Box”™
Internet
Connectivity
& Costs
Users/1000
population
Proportion of
Average Salary
2
2.9 2
3.8
3
1.4
12
5.5
1
3.3
7
5.0
?
9....
100Mb network backbone
100Mb network backbone
A Bandwidth Comparison
The University of Iowa
28,000 students
1,000Mb x 2
← ...
WiderNet Project Internet Speed Test
Average Speeds in Kbits for External Organizations Accessing Information on the Wider...
The Reliability of the
Internet Connection
• Very rarely 24 x 7
• Many institutions hard pressed to
deliver 6 hours a day
...
Replacing Bandwidth
with Storewidth
• 750+ GB information store inside LAN
• Millions of educational documents
• Collectio...
The eGranary Digital Library provides every networked
computer high-speed access to millions of documents and
multimedia f...
The eGranary Digital Library
• Permission from over 1,000 authors & publishers
(MIT OpenCourseware, Wikipedia, WHO, Math
T...
eGranary Demonstration
WiderNet Project Internet Speed Test
Average Bandwidth by Organization in Kbits
9/21/04 -- 300+ tests
65,445
17,103
2,587
...
Paradox of “Free”
• Internet = Free Access to Knowledge ???
• The Internet is beyond the reach of 7 out of 8
people
• Off-...
Overcoming “Bandwidth Blackmail”
• Expensive Internet connectivity only one
option for delivering knowledge
• Better disti...
A Curated Solution
• Content seen as “safe” for those leery
of the wild and wooly Internet
• Primary and secondary schools...
eGranary
Digital Library
Local
Content
Local
Server
Gateway
Internet
Local Area Network
Metropolitan Network
Expanding Access Even More
• Able to serve a larger patronage
with nominal additional costs
• Free wireless public librari...
Seeking Passionate Partners
• A not-for-profit service project
• Believe that information access is important
for all popu...
The eGranary Digital Library
Delivers!
The eGranary Digital Library
The WiderNet Project
The School of Library and Information Science
University of Iowa
http://...
eGranary Presentation - November 2007 HIPNet Meeting
eGranary Presentation - November 2007 HIPNet Meeting
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eGranary Presentation - November 2007 HIPNet Meeting

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eGranary Presentation - November 2007 HIPNet Meeting

  1. 1. Overview • The WiderNet Project • The eGranary Digital Library • Strategies for Creating Broader Access to Knowledge
  2. 2. The WiderNet Project • Since 2000, building capacity at African institutions for academic collaborations • 3,600+ participants from 20 universities in Nigeria, Ghana, and East Africa (~30% women) • Collected over $1,500,000 in new & used hardware, software, and refurbished 1,200+ used computers for partner universities in Nigeria • Volunteers have put in over 10,000 hours • Focus on practical, cost effective solutions • Helping to build a digital culture (best practices, user groups, student internships, gender equity…) “see one – do one – teach one”
  3. 3. The eGranary Digital Library “The Internet in a Box”™
  4. 4. Internet Connectivity & Costs Users/1000 population Proportion of Average Salary 2 2.9 2 3.8 3 1.4 12 5.5 1 3.3 7 5.0 ? 9.9 6 3.5 4 1.1 1 8.1 13 1.5 34 0.2 68 0.2 35 0.1 1 6.8 39 .05 29 .04 16 .12 67 .05 Source: 2005 World Development Indicators, World Bank Europe 378 .02
  5. 5. 100Mb network backbone 100Mb network backbone A Bandwidth Comparison The University of Iowa 28,000 students 1,000Mb x 2 ← Internet LAN → 2Mb common use Ahmadu Bello University 24,000 students ← Internet LAN → (not to scale)
  6. 6. WiderNet Project Internet Speed Test Average Speeds in Kbits for External Organizations Accessing Information on the WiderNet Project Server 17,103 2,587 831 512 508 437 117 111 105 92 90 70 66 56 54 52 39 36 23 16 13 11 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 SaintJoseph'sUniversity CarnegieCorporationofNew YorkLundUniversityUSHomeDSL AhmaduBelloUniversityZaria WARO/IDRC NationalLibraryofSouthAfrica UCTLibraries DaresSalaam ComputingCentreUniversityofAbujaStadKaapstad FoodandAgricultureOrganization UniversityofJos,Jos,Nigeria NorthernCapeProvincialLibraryService SouthPeninsulaAdministrationUSphonemodemUniversityofJos FordFoundationSA JomoKenyattaUniversityofAg&Tech UnitedStatesMission--Nigeria MsunduziMunicipalityCityofCapeTown
  7. 7. The Reliability of the Internet Connection • Very rarely 24 x 7 • Many institutions hard pressed to deliver 6 hours a day • Frequent lapses of a day or more • Occasional lapses of a week or more • Many points of failure, the external connection to blame about 70%
  8. 8. Replacing Bandwidth with Storewidth • 750+ GB information store inside LAN • Millions of educational documents • Collection created and maintained by librarians • Multimedia, audio, video at full network speeds • No bandwidth costs • Augments a conventional Internet connection ← Internet LAN →
  9. 9. The eGranary Digital Library provides every networked computer high-speed access to millions of documents and multimedia files. LAN Even when the Internet connection is broken! X← Internet
  10. 10. The eGranary Digital Library • Permission from over 1,000 authors & publishers (MIT OpenCourseware, Wikipedia, WHO, Math TV, Virtual Hospital, etc.) • Over ten million documents • Tens of thousands of books, hundreds of journals, hundreds of Web sites & CDs • 180+ installations in Africa, India, Bangladesh, Haiti • Patrons open documents 100 – 5,000 times faster than over their Internet connection
  11. 11. eGranary Demonstration
  12. 12. WiderNet Project Internet Speed Test Average Bandwidth by Organization in Kbits 9/21/04 -- 300+ tests 65,445 17,103 2,587 831 512 508 437 117 111 105 92 90 70 66 56 54 52 39 36 23 16 13 11 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 Intranet--eGranaryDigitalLibrarySaintJoseph'sUniversity CarnegieCorporationofNewYork LundUniversity USHomeDSLAhmaduBelloUniversityZaria WARO/IDRC NationalLibraryofSouthAfrica UCTLibraries DaresSalaamComputingCentre UniversityofAbuja StadKaapstad FoodandAgricultureOrganizationUniversityofJos,Jos,Nigeria NorthernCapeProvincialLibraryService SouthPeninsulaAdministration USphonemodem UniversityofJos FordFoundationSA JomoKenyattaUniversityofAg&Tech UnitedStatesMission--NigeriaMsunduziMunicipality CityofCapeTown
  13. 13. Paradox of “Free” • Internet = Free Access to Knowledge ??? • The Internet is beyond the reach of 7 out of 8 people • Off-line delivery gives librarians more choices, more freedom, more flexibility, more affordability… • New questions about distribution and access to knowledge • What is “adequate” versus what is “ideal”
  14. 14. Overcoming “Bandwidth Blackmail” • Expensive Internet connectivity only one option for delivering knowledge • Better distinctions about our patrons’ use of resources • Better understanding of their knowledge access needs • Sculpting more precise knowledge access strategies for distinct groups of library patrons
  15. 15. A Curated Solution • Content seen as “safe” for those leery of the wild and wooly Internet • Primary and secondary schools, prisons, community libraries • An additive option: can work in conjunction with a standard Internet connection • Librarians/parents have more control
  16. 16. eGranary Digital Library Local Content Local Server Gateway Internet Local Area Network Metropolitan Network
  17. 17. Expanding Access Even More • Able to serve a larger patronage with nominal additional costs • Free wireless public libraries • Handheld libraries • Mini-eGranaries – personal libraries
  18. 18. Seeking Passionate Partners • A not-for-profit service project • Believe that information access is important for all populations – Primary, secondary, tertiary education – Health care, legal services, public libraries • Recognize that inexpensive information delivery is key • Ready to contribute to serve the information poor
  19. 19. The eGranary Digital Library Delivers!
  20. 20. The eGranary Digital Library The WiderNet Project The School of Library and Information Science University of Iowa http://www.egranary.org Presenter: Cliff Missen missenc@widernet.org

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