Does city planning need a bigger picture?

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  • If there were a major food crop failure, there is not enough food available on the international market to make up the difference. Ag. Research still vital Food prices falling c. 1%/ year Production costs falling c. 1+%/ year Countries not investing in ag. Research are creating a food shortage time bomb.
  • Policy: an overall plan, principle, or guideline Policy without institutional implementation is usually ignored in fact. Institution: an organization founded and united for a specific purpose How Gov’ t carries out its responsibilities
  • Emerging consensus on role of government v. rural resource users. It is the economic actors who actually create the added value to society through their activities. Government facilitates the achievement of goals by creating a favorable legal and political environment.
  • Does city planning need a bigger picture?

    1. 1. Does City Planning need a bigger picture? Land Use Policy in Global Economies Jim Riddell, Ph.D.
    2. 2. 1. Earth resources are finite 2. Everything is linked to everything else <ul><li>Land </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheric change </li></ul><ul><li>Bio diversity </li></ul><ul><li>And everything else </li></ul>
    3. 3. Urban centers depend on the rural sector for necessities <ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Raw materials </li></ul>
    4. 4. Demography Urbanization <ul><li>There more people living in cities today than the entire world’s population at the end of WWII </li></ul>
    5. 5. Who wants to be a farmer? <ul><li>Rural areas are no longer the engine of economic growth for a nation – it is now the city </li></ul><ul><li>Age and gender trends in cities and in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>People are voting with their feet </li></ul>
    6. 6. Air <ul><li>7th International Conference on Air Quality – Science and Application 24-27 March 2009, Istanbul, Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Urban trees, not the same rural trees </li></ul><ul><li>pollutants : CO, SO2, NO2, O3, Pb, PM10, heavy metals </li></ul>
    7. 7. Globalizing food Taken from Haggblade, et al, IFPRI
    8. 8. Global food trade Global food production versus Picture source: Freelancer.com
    9. 9. Water allocation Domestic Industry Agriculture
    10. 10. Raw Materials Source: Greenpeace Photo collection Source: Travel Pod
    11. 11. How to control so many variables Three Gorges Dam
    12. 12. Unintended Consequences <ul><ul><li>Unavoidable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most advanced computers and software are devoted to weather forecasting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do you still look out the window? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Government is not the same thing as “governance” <ul><li>Government is the organization of authority and public policy </li></ul><ul><li>Governance is about how to implement policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to get things done </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Administrative Capital Savings? <ul><li>More demands by public for greater intervention in natural resource and land management </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid rise in governance costs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social/cultural </li></ul></ul></ul>US Government Expenditures Source: Wolfram Alpha
    15. 15. New approaches There might be a way forward <ul><li>Inclusive economies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The more users, the more valuable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In addition to, not a replacement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inclusive technologies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value is in the information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The more complete, the more valuable </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Inclusive models <ul><li>Inclusive Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet: more users the more valuable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart cards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exclusive model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value from exclusive ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maps (limited no.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stores </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Companies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owner of the lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checks, drafts, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent operators </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Inclusive governance strategies <ul><li>Not because it is “good” but because it is necessary </li></ul>
    18. 18. Inclusive Governance Models <ul><li>Inclusive technologies make it possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cell Phones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information->analysis->discussion ->implementation </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Urban governance cannot be separated from rural governance
    20. 20. Complementary <ul><li>Complementary investments to increase rural capacity to meet new urban demands </li></ul>

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