Xidi Ancient Villages
Xidi located in Yixian County, they were listed as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2000.
They are the most representative local-style residences in southern Anhui Province.
Construction of Xidi Village began during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). So far, it has
a history of over 900 years. It is famed as being the 'Ming and Qing Dynasty Local Residence
Xidi is in an area surrounded by mountains. Streams enter from the north and east respectively,
converging at the Huiyuan Bridge in the south of the village. The streets are all paved with
granite from Yi County. Narrow alleys join the streets and there are small open spaces in front
of the main public buildings, such as the Hall of Respect, the Hall of Reminiscence and the
Memorial Archway of the Governor. The buildings, which are widely spaced, are timber-framed
with brick walls and elegantly carved decoration. Most of them are built alongside the three
streams, the Front Stream, the Back Stream and the Golden Stream, which give a special
character to the village.
The more grandiose residential buildings, dignified with the title of 'hall', have complex ground
plans, but they are all variants of the basic pattern and conform to the characteristic use of
materials and decoration. The outer walls have very small windows, for reasons of security,
carved out of granite and decorated with floral and geometric motifs. Many have small private
gardens, usually in the front courtyard, where ingenious use is made of limited space.
It has about 124 ancient residences and three ancestral halls, including an archway, Qingyun
House, Eastern and Western Gardens, Ruiyu Courtyard, Taoli Garden, Da Fu Residence and
Lvfu Hall. Da Fu is an official title reserved for high ranking government officials in ancient
Yingfu Hall 膺福堂
It is an outstanding and imposing official residence with its tall gatehouse, protruding
eaves, square columns, moon-shaped beams, and exquisite brick carvings.
古時門檻是衡量官職高低的標誌，這是個二品官門檻，比 「大夫第」 的要高得多。
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