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Cloud Foundry Introduction - Canada - October 2012
 

Cloud Foundry Introduction - Canada - October 2012

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    Cloud Foundry Introduction - Canada - October 2012 Cloud Foundry Introduction - Canada - October 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • Cloud is such stuff as dreams are made onPatrick ChanezonSenior DirectorDeveloper Relationschanezonp@vmware.com@chanezon Montreal, October 2012
    • @chanezon French Polyglot Server Side San Francisco Developer Relations
    • Dreams Of my childhood3
    • Accelerando / Singularity, in a Galaxy far far away§ Even if we automate ourselves out of a job every 10 years§ ...I don’t think the singularity is near!4
    • Moores Law is for Hardware Only§ Does not apply to software§ Productivity gains not keeping up with hardware and bandwidth§ Writing software is hard, painful, and still very much a craft5
    • Predictions “The future is already here — its just not very evenly distributed” William Gibson6
    • Architecture Changes: 60’s Mainframe
    • Architecture Changes: 80’s Client-Server
    • Architecture Changes: 90’s Web
    • Architecture Changes: 2010’s Cloud, HTML5, Mobile
    • Back to Client Server: Groovy Baby!11
    • What is Cloud Computing? Cloud According to my daughter Eliette12
    • Cloud Stack - Classic Pyramid Software As A Service Platform As A Service Infrastructure As A Service13
    • Cloud Stack - By Value Software As A Service Platform As A Service Infrastructure As A Service14
    • Cloud Stack - History§ What does cloud mean, 4 main angles • Software 1994 Netscape • Infrastructure 2002 Amazon AWS • Platform 2008 Google • Development now! § Industrialization of hardware and software infrastructure like electricity beginning of 20th century§ But software development itself is moving towards craftmanship15
    • Cloud started at Consumer websites solving their needs• Google, Amazon, Yahoo, Facebook, Twitter• Large Data Sets• Storage Capacity growing faster than Moore’s Law• Fast Networks• Vertical -> Horizontal scalability• Open Source Software• Virtualization• Cloud is a productization of these infrastructures • Public Clouds Services: Google, Amazon • Open Source Software: Hadoop, Eucalyptus, Ubuntu, Cloud Foundry
    • Infrastructure17
    • IaaS/Virtualization getting mainstream§ AWS, Joyent, Rackspace,...§ Open Source projects: OpenStack, DeltaCloud, Eucalyptus§ Automation: Chef, Juju, Cloud Foundry BOSH§ Standardization? DMTF§ Inside the Firewall, Virtualization: VMware, Microsoft, Xen, KVM§ 50% of workloads are virtualized§ Easy to provision, manage instance...BUT§ Still need to manage backups, software stacks, monitor, upgrades18
    • With Infrastructure, you still need to build your own platform§ Need to build a distributed platform on top of you infrastructure§ Story of the AWS meltdown from last summer • http://blog.reddit.com/2011/03/why-reddit-was-down-for-6-of-last-24.html • http://www.readwriteweb.com/cloud/2010/12/chaos-monkey-how-netflix-uses.php • http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=2477296 • http://stu.mp/2011/04/the-cloud-is-not-a-silver-bullet.html§ Twilio, Smugmug, SimpleGeo survived it because they built their own distributed platform on top of IaaS§ Enterprise customers want to consider Infrastructure like CDNs • Multi Cloud usage • Based on Open Source de facto standards, or full standards whenever that happens19
    • Platforms20
    • Platforms§ Raise the Unit of currency to be application & services instead of infrastructure§ Google App Engine, Cloud Foundry, Heroku, CloudBees, Amazon Elastic Beanstalk, Microsoft Azure, AppFog§ Single or a few languages, services§ Start of Multi language Polyglot platforms§ Enabler for Agile Developers -> Create Business value faster§ Lack of standards: risk, vendor lock-in§ Enterprise needs: • Control, customizability • Private/Hybrid Cloud21
    • Agile Development Processes
    • Agility as a survival skill§ Consumer software is becoming like fashion • Phone apps, social apps, short lifetime, fast lifecycles • A/B testing§ Enterprise • Clay shirky situational apps§ Kent Beck, Usenix 2011 Talk, “Software G-Forces: the effects of acceleration” change in software process when frequency grows§ Cloud Platforms enables an Agile culture, driver for innovation • Scalability is built in the platforms • Can iterate faster23
    • Main Risk: Lock-In Welcome to the hotel california Such a lovely place Such a lovely face Plenty of room at the hotel california Any time of year, you can find it here Last thing I remember, I was Running for the door I had to find the passage back To the place I was before ’relax,’ said the night man, We are programmed to receive. You can checkout any time you like, But you can never leave!24
    • Cloud Foundry: The Open PaaS • Open Source: Apache 2 Licensed • multi language/frameworks • multi services • multi cloud Ap pli vFabric ce Private ca Postgres rfa tio Clouds nte n Data Services Se rI Public e vFabric rvi vid RabbitMQTM ce Clouds ro Msg Services dP Micro ou Clouds Cl Other Services25
    • Lessons for Developers26
    • Predictions • Software is becoming like fashion, design rules • Welcome to Babel, use the best tool for the job, embrace multiple language & heterogeneity • Our jobs will change, build yourself out of your current job • Sysadmin jobs will morph, there will be less of them • Many opportunities open when you embrace change27
    • Things to forget • First normal form • Waterfall model • Single server deployment • Single language skill • Build everything from scratch • Build custom infrastructure28
    • Things to learn • Agile • Take risks, fail often, fail fast and learn • API Design: create the API first • UI Design, Javacript, HTML5, CSS3 • A/B Testing • Open Source, Open Standards • Architecture, Distributed Computing (CAP theorem, 8 fallacies) • Cloud Platforms and APIs • Multiple types of languages (imperative, object, functional, logic) • Ability to encapsulate domain knowledge in a DSL • Build on the shoulders of giants: reuse, REST APIs • Pick your battles, choose what you need to build yourself to add value • Learn to live in a box (embrace platform limitations) to think outside the box • Use an App Store for distribution29
    • The Open Platform as a Service Deploy and scale applications in seconds, without locking yourself into a single cloud30
    • “I just want to deploy my code…”31
    • What if…   target  <any  cloud>     push  <my  app>   bind  <my  services>   instances  <my  app>  +100  32
    • What’s Happening with Applications Today?Frameworks are what really matter • Developer productivity and innovation • Reduce time to marketNew application types • Mobile, Social, SaaS • Apps released early and oftenData intensive • Emerging requirements: elasticity, multi-cloud • Web orientation drives exponential data volumesDeployed on virtual and cloud infrastructures • Virtualization, Cloud, PaaS33
    • Cloud Foundry – The Open Platform as a Service Target a choice of deployment cloudsProvide a choice of Bind a choice of development application frameworks services github.com/cloudfoundry 34
    • Why Cloud Foundry?Developer Agility • Friction-free way to develop, test and deploy applications • Focus on writing applications, not meddling with middleware and infrastructurePortability without changes • Write once, test-scale-deploy to private/public clouds without code changes • Quickly build and test on a laptop and scale to the cloudOpen - The freedom to choose • Choice of clouds for deployment, industry frameworks, and application services • Extensible architecture to “future proof” for rapid cloud innovation • Community open-source project - access, evaluate and contribute35
    • CloudFoundry.COM – Multi-Tenant PaaS Operated by VMware CloudFoundry.COM (beta) Frameworks Services vCenter / vSphere Infrastructure36
    • Micro Cloud FoundryTM – Industry First Downloadable PaaS Micro Cloud Foundry Frameworks Services Your Laptop/PC Single VM instance of Cloud Foundry that runs on a developer’s MAC or PC37
    • CloudFoundry.ORG – Community Open Source Project github.com/cloudfoundry§ .NET x 2 § Memcached§ PHP § SQL Server§ JRuby § Neo4j§ Python § CouchDB§ Rails 2.x § VirtualBox§ Clojure § Mono§ Erlang § Rack§ Haskell38
    • CloudFoundry.ORG – Community Open Source Project CloudFoundry.ORG Community Frameworks Contributions Community Services Contributions Your Infrastructure Download Setup Tool Chain & Deploy Behind Code Environment Scripts Firewall Cloud Foundry BOSH Apache2 license39
    • Cloud Foundry Open Source Workflow cloudfoundry.com production updated ~2x/week github github.com/cloudfoundry on +2 and ✓ change pushed to github Reviewers +1/-1 Gerrit Code Review +2/-2 Committers reviews.cloudfoundry.org test verification score ✓ ✗ git push triggers test execution Jenkins CI ci.cloudfoundry.org40
    • Open Source Advantage: moves faster§ http://code.google.com/p/googleappengine/issues/detail?id=13• https://github.com/cloudfoundry/vcap/pull/2541
    • Open Source Advantage: diverse communities § Juju Charms to setup a multi node Cloud Foundry in 10 minutes § See Brian Thomason & Juan Negron’s UDS 2011 sessionhttp://cloud.ubuntu.com/2011/09/from-zero-to-drawbridge-via-ubuntu-server-ensemble-and-cloudfoundry-in-less-than-10-minutes/42
    • Open Source Advantage: more innovation43
    • Open Source Advantage: faster adoption 283% growth of Twitter followers in 2012 From Richard Seroter’s post http://seroter.wordpress.com/2012/07/18/measuring-ecosystem-popularity-through-twitter-follower-count-growth/44
    • Cloud Foundry turned 1 year old april 11§ Services• Caldecott – tunnel into your services, explore with standard client tools• PostgreSQL, RabbitMQ§ Frameworks, Runtimes, and Tools• Java, Ruby, Node & Play Auto-Reconfiguration• Scala, node.JS, Erlang, JRuby, PHP, Python, .NET, Spring 3.1, Grails 2.0, Play 2.0• Multi-Node Chef based deployment tools• Maven Plugin, Eclipse Integration• VMC manifests, Java Debugging, Rails Console• Standalone applications• native npm support in Node• Java 7, Node 0.8.2, Ruby 1.9• Eclipse tunneling, better ruby gem support§ Micro Cloud Foundry x 345
    • Cloud Foundry turned 1 year old april 11§ Services• Caldecott – tunnel into your services, explore with standard client tools• PostgreSQL, RabbitMQ§ Frameworks, Runtimes, and Tools• Java, Ruby, Node & Play Auto-Reconfiguration• Scala, node.JS, Erlang, JRuby, PHP, Python, .NET, Spring 3.1, Grails 2.0, Play 2.0• Multi-Node Chef based deployment tools• Maven Plugin, Eclipse Integration• VMC manifests, Java Debugging, Rails Console• Standalone applications• native npm support in Node• Java 7, Node 0.8.2, Ruby 1.9• Eclipse tunneling, better ruby gem support§ Micro Cloud Foundry x 345
    • Broad Industry Investment46
    • Multi-Cloud Flexibility is Critical§ Make use of both public and private clouds without rewriting your applications§ Protect against vendor lock-in§ Meet different compliance and geographical needs§ Manage your growth, accommodate peak loads & optimize costs Public Private Micro Clouds Clouds Clouds47
    • Cloud Foundry - Making Multi-Cloud a Reality Private Cloud Public Cloud Management and Distributions Operators .COM Bare metal48
    • Cloud Foundry – Key Use Cases New applications App modernization Dev-test-trial SaaS extensibility49
    • Cloud Foundry Logical View Developers Users vmc Routers CloudControllers App App HealthManager Execution Agents Services (DEA) Pool Messaging
    • Cloud Foundry BOSH51
    • Production Grade Cloud Foundry Clusters§ 500 – 5,000 VMs cloudfoundry.com§ 40+ unique node types§ 75+ unique software packages§ 75+ unique environments§ 2x/week cf.com updates§ 24x7x365 non-stop operation§ No-downtime deployments§ Reliable, robust, repeatable deployments, updates, capacity adjustments§ Small teams manage many instances production, staging, stress, qa, devGoogle style problem è Google style solution52
    • Cloud Foundry BOSH§ Cloud Foundry BOSH is an open source tool-chain for release engineering, deployment, and lifecycle management of large scale distributed services • Prescriptive way of creating releases and managing systems and services • It is not a collection of shell scripts, not a pile of Perl§ Built to deploy and manage production-class, large scale clusters • Production grade Cloud Foundry clusters: 500+ VMs, 40+ jobs, 75+ packages • Multi-node, multi-tier, complex clusters: e.g., our Gerrit/Jenkins Cluster§ Built for devops usage and scale by a crack team of veterans • A project, not a product: command line interface, YAML, etc. • Continuous improvement, iterative development, rough edges github.com/cloudfoundry/bosh53
    • BOSH: under the hood BOSH User “BOSH is deployed by BOSH” bosh cli director healthmon cloudfoundry.com db redis nats workers blobs active jobs agent IaaS CPI stemcell disk54
    • IaaS neutral by designvSphere: battle tested implementation, thousands ofdeployments CPI: code completevCloud Director: “work in progress”, 2H 2012 functional status: “work in progress” Cloud Foundry BOSH Cloud Provider Interface (CPI) github.com/piston/openstack-bosh-cpi contribute: github.com/cloudfoundry/bosh55
    • BOSH Resources @DrNic http://drnicwilliams.com/2012/04/16/creating-a-bosh-from-scratch-on-aws/ @BrianMMcClain http://www.brianmmcclain.com/2012/05/08/using-bosh-with-vsphere-part-2/ @VadimSpivak http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pASQT5mGc_g https://github.com/cloudfoundry/bosh https://groups.google.com/a/cloudfoundry.org/group/bosh-users/topics https://github.com/piston/openstack-bosh-cpi56
    • Key Takeaways§ PaaS is the application platform for the Cloud era§ Cloud Foundry is the Industry’s Open PaaS • Developer agility • Portability without changes • Open system§ What’s next? • Free Signup: www.cloudfoundry.com • Get started: docs.cloudfoundry.com/getting-started.html • Learn more on the blog: blog.cloudfoundry.com • Download your Micro Cloud Foundry: my.cloudfoundry.com/micro • Get the source code: www.cloudfoundry.org • Follow us: @cloudfoundry • Watch us: www.youtube.com/cloudfoundry57
    • Register today http://cloudfoundry.com/signup Use Promo Code montreal2012 To avoid approval queue waiting time Come to our booth to get a T-shirt Deploy an app to get a preshavedyack hoodie!58