Cloud Foundry and Ubuntu - 2012
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Cloud Foundry and Ubuntu - 2012 Cloud Foundry and Ubuntu - 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • Cloud Foundry and Ubuntu one year of bliss for a marriage made in heaven! Patrick Chanezon Senior Director Developer Relations chanezonp@vmware.com http://twitter.com/chanezon Ubuntu Cloud Summit, May 2012Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • P@ in a nutshell • French, based in San Francisco • Senior Director, Developer Relations,VMware • Software Plumber, API guy, mix of Enterprise and Consumer • 18 years writing software, backend guy with a taste for javascript • 2 y Accenture (Notes guru), 3 y Netscape/AOL (Servers, Portals), 5 y Sun (ecommerce, blogs, Portals, feeds, open source) • 6 years at Google, API guy (first hired, helped start the team) • Adwords, Checkout, Social, HTML5, CloudTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Dreams Of my childhood 3Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Accelerando / Singularity, in a Galaxy far far away § Even if we automate ourselves out of a job every 10 years § ...I don’t think the singularity is near! 4Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Moores Law is for Hardware Only § Does not apply to software § Productivity gains not keeping up with hardware and bandwidth § Writing software is hard, painful, and still very much a craft 5Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Moores Law’s free lunch is over § Herb Sutter, Welcome to the Jungle http://herbsutter.com/welcome-to-the-jungle/ 6Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Future “The future is already here — its just not very evenly distributed” William Gibson 7Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Haiku - Skylark “Trampling on clouds, inhaling the mist, the skylark soars” —SHIKI 8Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Haiku - Frog “Crouching, studying the clouds— a frog” CHIYO-JO 9Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Architecture Changes: 60’s MainframeTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Architecture Changes: 80’s Client-ServerTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Architecture Changes: 90’s WebTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Architecture Changes: 2010’s Cloud, HTML5, MobileTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Back to Client Server: Groovy Baby! 14Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • What is Cloud Computing? Cloud According to my daughter Eliette 15Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Stack - Classic Pyramid Software As A Service Platform As A Service Infrastructure As A Service 16Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Stack - By Value Software As A Service Platform As A Service Infrastructure As A Service 17Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Stack - History § What does cloud mean, 4 main angles • Software 1994 Netscape • Infrastructure 2002 Amazon AWS • Platform 2008 Google • Development now! § Industrialization of hardware and software infrastructure like electricity beginning of 20th century § But software development itself is moving towards craftmanship 18Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud started at Consumer websites solving their needs • Google, Amazon, Yahoo, Facebook, Twitter • Large Data Sets • Storage Capacity growing faster than Moore’s Law • Fast Networks • Vertical -> Horizontal scalability • Open Source Software • Virtualization • Cloud is a productization of these infrastructures • Public Clouds Services: Google, Amazon • Open Source Software: Hadoop, Eucalyptus, Ubuntu, Cloud FoundryTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Infrastructure 20Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • IaaS/Virtualization getting mainstream § AWS, Joyent, Rackspace,... § Open Source projects: OpenStack, DeltaCloud, Eucalyptus § Automation: Chef, Juju § Standardization? DMTF § Inside the Firewall, Virtualization: VMware, Microsoft, Xen, KVM § 50% of workloads are virtualized § Easy to provision, manage instance...BUT § Still need to manage backups, software stacks, monitor, upgrades 21Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • With Infrastructure, you still need to build your own platform § Need to build a distributed platform on top of you infrastructure § Story of the AWS meltdown from last summer • http://blog.reddit.com/2011/03/why-reddit-was-down-for-6-of-last-24.html • http://www.readwriteweb.com/cloud/2010/12/chaos-monkey-how-netflix- uses.php • http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=2477296 • http://stu.mp/2011/04/the-cloud-is-not-a-silver-bullet.html § Twilio, Smugmug, SimpleGeo survived it because they built their own distributed platform on top of IaaS § Enterprise customers want to consider Infrastructure like CDNs • Multi Cloud usage • Based on Open Source de facto standards, or full standards whenever that happens 22Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Platforms Let the wild rumpus begin! 23Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Platforms § Raise the Unit of currency to be application & services instead of infrastructure § Google App Engine, Cloud Foundry, SalesForce Heroku, Cloudbees, Amazon Elastic Beanstalk, Microsoft ex-Azure, AppFog § Single or a few languages, services § Start of Multi language Polyglot platforms § Enabler for Agile Developers -> Create Business value faster § Lack of standards: risk, vendor lock-in § Enterprise needs: • Control, customizability • Private/Hybrid Cloud • Avoid lock-in 24Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Agile Development ProcessesTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Agility as a survival skill § Consumer software is becoming like fashion • Phone apps, social apps, short lifetime, fast lifecycles • Ab testing § Enterprise • Clay Shirky, rise of situational apps § Kent Beck, Usenix 2011 Talk, “Software G-Forces” change in software process when frequency grows § Cloud Platforms enables an Agile culture, driver for innovation • Scalability is built in the platforms • Can iterate faster • Focus on design § Cloud Platforms lets developers focus on driving business value 26Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Main Risk: Lock-In Welcome to the hotel california Such a lovely place Such a lovely face Plenty of room at the hotel california Any time of year, you can find it here Last thing I remember, I was Running for the door I had to find the passage back To the place I was before ’relax,’ said the night man, We are programmed to receive. You can checkout any time you like, But you can never leave! 27Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry: The Open PaaS • Open Source: Apache 2 Licensed • multi language/frameworks • multi services • multi cloud Ap ce pli vFabric rfa Postgres Private ca nte Data Services tio Clouds rI n e Se Public vid vFabric RabbitMQTM rvi Cloud ro Msg Services ce dP Micro ou Other Cloud Cl Services 28Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Open Source 29Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Open Source Advantage: moves faster § http://code.google.com/p/googleappengine/issues/detail?id=13 • https://github.com/cloudfoundry/vcap/pull/25 30Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Open Source Advantage: diverse communities § Juju Charms to setup a multi node Cloud Foundry in 10 minutes § See Brian Thomason & Juan Negron’s UDS 2011 session http://cloud.ubuntu.com/2011/09/from-zero-to-drawbridge-via-ubuntu- server-ensemble-and-cloudfoundry-in-less-than-10-minutes/ 31Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Open Source Advantage: more innovation 32Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • CloudFoundry.org 33Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry Open Source Workflow cloudfoundry.com production updated ~2x/week github github.com/cloudfoundry on +2 and ✓ change pushed to github Reviewers +1/-1 Gerrit Code Review +2/-2 Committers reviews.cloudfoundry.org test verification score ✓ ✗ git push triggers test execution Jenkins CI ci.cloudfoundry.org 34Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Multi Cloud 35Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • CloudFoundry.COM Cloud Foundry Runtimes & Frameworks Services vCenter / vSphere Infrastructure 36Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry.ORG Cloud Foundry The Source Code to Compile & Build Cloud Foundry vCenter / vSphere Download Setup Setup Scripts Deploy Code Environment Behind Firewall 37Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Micro Cloud Foundry Micro 38Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • What is a Micro Cloud? Or Entire Cloud Running inside of a single VM 39Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • What is in Micro Cloud Foundry? .COM Dynamic Updating DNS App Instances Services Open source Platform as a Service project 10.04 40Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry is 1 year old § Services • Caldecott – tunnel into your services, explore with standard client tools • PostgreSQL, RabbitMQ § Frameworks, Runtimes, and Tools • Java and Ruby Auto-Reconfiguration • Scala, node.JS 0.6.*, Erlang, JRuby, PHP, Python, .NET, Spring 3.1, Grails 2.0, Play 2.0 • Multi-Node Chef based deployment tools • Maven Plugin, Eclipse Integration • VMC manifests, Java Debugging, Rails Console • Standalone applications § Micro Cloud Foundry x 3 41Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry is 1 year old § Services • Caldecott – tunnel into your services, explore with standard client tools • PostgreSQL, RabbitMQ § Frameworks, Runtimes, and Tools • Java and Ruby Auto-Reconfiguration • Scala, node.JS 0.6.*, Erlang, JRuby, PHP, Python, .NET, Spring 3.1, Grails 2.0, Play 2.0 • Multi-Node Chef based deployment tools • Maven Plugin, Eclipse Integration • VMC manifests, Java Debugging, Rails Console • Standalone applications § Micro Cloud Foundry x 3 41Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry Ecosystem 42Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry Ecosystem 43Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Register today http://cloudfoundry.com/signup Use Promo Code CFOpenTour2012 To avoid approval queue waiting time 44Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry BOSH 45Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Production Grade Cloud Foundry Clusters § 500 – 5,000 VMs cloudfoundry.com § 40+ unique node types § 75+ unique software packages § 75+ unique environments § 2x/week cf.com updates § 24x7x365 non-stop operation § No-downtime deployments § Reliable, robust, repeatable deployments, updates, capacity adjustments § Small teams manage many instances production, staging, stress, qa, dev Google style problem è Google style solution 46Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry BOSH § Cloud Foundry BOSH is an open source tool-chain for release engineering, deployment, and lifecycle management of large scale distributed services • Prescriptive way of creating releases and managing systems and services • It is not a collection of shell scripts, not a pile of Perl § Built to deploy and manage production-class, large scale clusters • Production grade Cloud Foundry clusters: 500+ VMs, 40+ jobs, 75+ packages • Multi-node, multi-tier, complex clusters: e.g., our Gerrit/Jenkins Cluster § Built for devops usage and scale by a crack team of veterans • A project, not a product: command line interface, YAML, etc. • Continuous improvement, iterative development, rough edges github.com/cloudfoundry/bosh 47Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • BOSH: under the hood BOSH User “BOSH is deployed by BOSH” bosh cli director healthmon cloudfoundry.com db redis nats workers blobs active jobs agent IaaS CPI stemcell disk48 Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • IaaS neutral by design vSphere: battle tested implementation, thousands of deployments CPI: code complete vCloud Director: “work in progress”, 2H 2012 functional status: “work in progress” Cloud Foundry BOSH Cloud Provider Interface (CPI) github.com/piston/openstack-bosh-cpi contribute: github.com/cloudfoundry/bosh 49Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • BOSH Resources @DrNic http://drnicwilliams.com/2012/04/16/creating-a-bosh-from-scratch-on-aws/ @BrianMMcClain http://www.brianmmcclain.com/2012/05/08/using-bosh-with-vsphere-part-2/ https://github.com/cloudfoundry/bosh https://groups.google.com/a/cloudfoundry.org/group/bosh-users/topics https://github.com/piston/openstack-bosh-cpi 50Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud for Developers: the true path is PaaS! 51Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Development As A Service 52Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Development § Final frontier, happening now § Not whole product yet § Social Coding: Google code, Github § Web IDEs: Cloud9, Exo, Orion § Higher level case tools, Wavemaker, Orangescape, Runmyprocess § Continuous Integration: Jenkins, Cloudbees, OpenShift § Test: feature of cloud platforms § Knowledge Sharing: StackOverflow 53Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Lessons for Developers 54Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Predictions § Software is becoming like fashion, design rules § Welcome to Babel, use the best tool for the job, embrace multiple language & heterogeneity § Our jobs will change, build yourself out of your current job § Sysadmin jobs will morph, there will be less of them § Many opportunities open when you embrace change 55Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Things to Forget § First normal form § Waterfall model § Single server deployment § Single language skill § Build everything from scratch § Build custom infrastructure 56Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Things to Learn • Agile • Take risks, fail often, fail fast and learn • API Design: create the API first • UI Design, Javacript, HTML5, CSS3 • A/B Testing • Open Source, Open Standards • Architecture, Distributed Computing (CAP theorem, 8 fallacies) • Cloud Platforms and APIs • Multiple types of languages (imperative, object, functional, logic) • Ability to encapsulate domain knowledge in a DSL • Build on the shoulders of giants: reuse, REST APIs • Pick your battles, choose what you need to build yourself to add value • Learn to live in a box (embrace platform limitations) to think outside the box • Use an App Store for distribution • Consider your career as a startup 57Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Such stuff as dreams are made on § Like a kid on a candy store: theres never been a better time to be a software developer! § Welcome to the Cloud: embrace change and reinvent yourselves § “The future is already there, not evenly distributed” Gibson § We Developers, invent the future today 59Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Cloud Foundry Resources Primary Site : cloudfoundry.com Open Source Site : cloudfoundry.org Twitter : @cloudfoundry , hash tag #cfoundry Blog : blog.cloudfoundry.com FB : facebook.com/cloudfoundry Support : support.cloudfoundry.com • Documentation • Knowledge Base • Q & A / Forums We’re hiring: www.cloudfoundry.com/jobs 60Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Questions 61Tuesday, May 8, 12 ?
  • Thank You! t @CloudFoundry t @chanezon Website : www.cloudfoundry.com Blog : blog.cloudfoundry.com Forum : support.cloudfoundry.comTuesday, May 8, 12
  • Books / Articles § Nick Carr, The Big Switch § Eric Raymond, The Art of Unix Programming § Weinberg, Psychology of Computer Programming § Wes python book § Mark html5 book § Kent Beck XP § Hunt, Thomas, The Pragmatic Programmer § Ade Oshineye, Apprenticeship Patterns § Matt Cutts Ignite Talk IO 2011, Trying different things § Josh Bloch talk about api design § Larry and Sergey, Anatomy of a Search Engine § Rob Pike, The Practice of Programming 63Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Papers / Talks § Simon Wardley, Oscon 09 “Cloud - Why IT Matters” § Tim O’Reilly article on internet os § Peter Deutsch’s 8 Fallacies of Distributed Computing § Brewer’s CAP Theorem § Gregor Hohpe’s Starbucks Does Not Use Two-Phase Commit § Stuff I tag http://www.delicious.com/chanezon/ § More specifically http://www.delicious.com/chanezon/cloudfoundry § My previous Talks http://www.slideshare.net/chanezon § My list of favorite books http://www.chanezon.com/pat/soft_books.html 64Tuesday, May 8, 12
  • Acknowledgement § Drawings from my daughters Eliette § Slides from Dave McCrory, Derek Collison, Duke Leto § Haiku from Addiss, Stephen; Yamamoto, Fumiko; Yamamoto, Fumiko Y.; Yamamoto, Akira Y. (2011-06-22). Haiku: An Anthology of Japanese Poems (Shambhala Library) § Painting Hiroshige, Sengai 65Tuesday, May 8, 12