Autism

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Autism

  1. 1. By: Chloe’ Hanes
  2. 2. Autism • Autism is a developmental disorder that causes impaired social interaction and communication and bad, repetitive behavior. • Children with Autism may go to regular high schools or they may have to take special classes. • Born with it and can have it through adulthood. • It is also known as the spectrum disorder.
  3. 3. Causes of the Disorders • No one knows for sure how a child gets autism. • May be caused by differences in their brain chemicals from something in their genes. • Results from a combination of the genes and not just one affected gene.
  4. 4. Incident Rates and Risk Factors • About 1 in 150 or, 6 in 1000, children are affected by autism • 4 times as many boys than girls will get the disorder • Twins are more likely to get it and identical twins are highly likely to get the disorder • Usually runs in the family • If older parents give birth that increases the risk • Having another genetic disorder can also increase the risk of the disorder such as epilepsy or if there were problems during pregnancy.
  5. 5. Symptoms • Not all children have the same symptoms and some may have severe or only mild autism. • They rather be alone and don’t seem to want to make friends • Find it hard to communicate, use gestures when talking, and wont make eye contact • Sounds are louder, lights are brighter, and smells are stronger • Some will have mental retardation but others may be very intelligent • Wont react to different “social cues” like smiling
  6. 6. Symptoms Possibly seizures or gastrointestinal issues • Lack of athletic coordination • May have bad repetitive behaviors • Some may show no physical or mental • illnesses
  7. 7. Treatments • Autism is diagnosed at a younger age(under four years old) • No actual way to determine if a child has autism • Will run other test to eliminate other diseases • Specialists will compare the child with others to determine if they have autism • Can not be treated by a surgery
  8. 8. Treatments • Medicine will help lessen the anger and attention problems • They can take therapy to help them learn simple basics such as learning to talk and interact with other kids • Different therapy- speech, physical, music, occupational, and/or hearing vision.
  9. 9. Autism Organizations National Autism Association • Devereux • Autism Speaks • F.A.C.E.S •
  10. 10. Work Cited • http://kidshealth.org/teen/school_jobs /school/autism.html • http://www.aurorahealthcare.org/your health/healthgate/getcontent.asp?UR Lhealthgate=%2219127.html%22 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autism
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