41. kerouac

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41. kerouac

  1. 1. “ Where are we going, man?” “I don’t know but we gotta go.” Jack Kerouac (1922-1969) Jack Kerouac
  2. 2. <ul><li>Born in Lowel, Massachusetts in 1922 . </li></ul><ul><li>Educated at Columbia University . </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of WWII, he began travelling across the States . </li></ul>1. Life Jack Kerouac Only Connect ... New Directions Jack Kerouac.
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>In New York he met the intellectual Neal Cassidy, the poet Allen Ginsberg and the novelist William Borroughs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After his hitch-hiking across America with Cassidy, he wrote the novel On The Road (1957). </li></ul></ul>Jack Kerouac Only Connect ... New Directions Jack Kerouac. 1. Life
  4. 4. <ul><li>Frightened by his popularity, he became more and more addicted to alcohol . </li></ul><ul><li>His novel Big Sur (1962) contains an account of the disintegration of all his hopes . </li></ul><ul><li>He died in 1969 at the age of forty-seven. </li></ul>Jack Kerouac Only Connect ... New Directions Jack Kerouac. 1. Life
  5. 5. <ul><li>Invented by Kerouac in 1948 . </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced to the public by an article on “New York Times Magazine” . </li></ul><ul><li>Beat = </li></ul><ul><li>1. t ired  reaction against capitalism and Puritan middle-class values. </li></ul><ul><li>2. beatific  Kerouac’s reverence for certain aspects of Catholicism and Buddhism. </li></ul>Jack Kerouac 2. The term “Beat Generation” A beatnik rock’n’roll compilation Only Connect ... New Directions
  6. 6. <ul><li>Suffix -nik borrowed from Sputnik , a Russian satellite. </li></ul><ul><li>Their main features: illegal way of life , acting on first impulses . </li></ul><ul><li>They advocated escapism and created underground culture . </li></ul>Jack Kerouac 3. The beatniks... Only Connect ... New Directions A group of Beatniks, 1950s.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Spiritual and sexual liberation . </li></ul><ul><li>Liberation from censorship . </li></ul><ul><li>Decriminalization of the use of marijuana . </li></ul><ul><li>The evolution of rhythm and blues into rock and roll . </li></ul>Jack Kerouac 4. ...and their influence upon artistic movements The Hip , a 1986 book about the Beat Generation Only Connect ... New Directions
  8. 8. <ul><li>The spread of ecological consciousness . </li></ul><ul><li>Attention to a “second religiousness” . </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for land and indigenous peoples and creatures  “ The Earth is an Indian thing” . </li></ul>Jack Kerouac The Hip , a 1986 book about the Beat Generation Only Connect ... New Directions 4. ...and their influence upon artistic movements
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ Because the only people for me are the mad ones, the ones who are mad to live, (..) the ones who never yawn or say a commonplace thing, but burn, burn, burn like fabulous yellow roman candles exploding like spiders across the stars” </li></ul>Jack Kerouac 5. On the Road Only Connect ... New Directions A contemporary edition of On the Road .
  10. 10. <ul><li>Story of a friendship . </li></ul><ul><li>Diary-like account of Kerouac’s wanderings across North America. </li></ul><ul><li>It lacks a central plot  episodic structure . </li></ul><ul><li>Theme of the journey  an escape from the town and from one’s own past. </li></ul>Jack Kerouac 6. On the Road: structure Only Connect ... New Directions A contemporary edition of On the Road .
  11. 11. Jack Kerouac <ul><li>Sal (the narrator) stands for Kerouac himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Dean stands for Kerouac’s friend Neal Cassidy . </li></ul><ul><li>Sal and Dean are linked to the same restlessness . </li></ul><ul><li>They keep on moving without a fixed goal . </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions A contemporary edition of On the Road . 6. On the Road: structure
  12. 12. <ul><li>A fictionalised Neal Cassidy . </li></ul><ul><li>He lives for “kicks”  moments of intense experience and pleasure . </li></ul><ul><li>He is the symbol of the attempt to live every moment with intensity . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ahead of him was the ragged and ecstatic joy of pure being ” </li></ul>Jack Kerouac 7. On the Road : Dean Moriarty, the protagonist Neil Cassidy and Jack Kerouac Only Connect ... New Directions
  13. 13. <ul><li>Spontaneous and episodic . </li></ul><ul><li>Natural explosion of feelings and thoughts . </li></ul><ul><li>Unsophisticated language, defined “hip talk” . </li></ul><ul><li>Vital , authentic , alive and individual language. </li></ul><ul><li>Opposite to conventional language . </li></ul><ul><li>Break with the impersonality of the artist. </li></ul>Jack Kerouac 8. On the Road : style and language Only Connect ... New Directions

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