38. uk and usa society

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38. uk and usa society

  1. 1. British and American society
  2. 2. economy UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  3. 3. Bretton Woods Agreements (1944) ONU GATT (1947) (General agreement on traffic and trade) IMF (1945) (International Monetary Fund) Old market economy Mixed economy Passive State Welfare State 1. A new economy UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  4. 4. Golden Age and Bretton Woods’s failure Economic miracle from 1950 to 1968 Deep political and social changes Crisis of 1973 and inflation High prices and low wages Cartels like Opec Welfare State High public debt and new monetary economy 2. Golden Age and Bretton Woods’s failure UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  5. 5. Globalisation Commercial banks Securitisation Subprimes Loans for everybody No capitals WORLDWIDE CRISIS 3. Crisis of 2007-2009 UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  6. 6. <ul><li>Correct the mistakes of Bush ’s administration. </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a new liberalism following Keynes ’s theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Government stimulus of one trillion of dollars with the American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan . </li></ul>4. Obama’s agenda Time chose Barack Obama as the 2008 Person of the Year UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  7. 7. <ul><li>Reduction of carbon emissions . </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of health care . </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of Bush’s deficit . </li></ul><ul><li>Stop bloody wars in the Middle East . </li></ul>4. Obama’s agenda UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions Time chose Barack Obama as the 2008 Person of the Year
  8. 8. society UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  9. 9. 1. The ‘50s Full employment, good wages, public services, technical improvements Sudden blossoming of mass prosperity A 1950s advertisement for Coca-Cola UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  10. 10. 1. The ‘50s <ul><li>Families  have cars , phones , washing-machines , refrigerators , their own houses . </li></ul><ul><li>Education  bigger affluence in universities and college which receive the government financial support. </li></ul>A 1950s housewife UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  11. 11. 2. The ‘50s: social phenomena Consumerism Television as revolution Change in style with popular series and quiz shows Another 1950s advertisement for Coca-Cola UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  12. 12. 2. The ‘50s: social phenomena Hedonism Equipments and clubs A 1950s advertisement for cigarettes UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions Recreational activities
  13. 13. 3. The ‘50s: the young and their tastes <ul><li>Great interests in music , fashion , drinks and vehicles . </li></ul><ul><li>Working-class adolescents spending money on their pleasures . </li></ul>Poster for Rebel without a cause (1955) UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  14. 14. 3. The ‘50s: the young and their tastes <ul><li>Leisure activities  dancing and listening to rock’n’roll . </li></ul><ul><li>Negative mood of the “angry young men” </li></ul><ul><li> moral independence, sexual ethics, public decency </li></ul><ul><li> The Homosexual Act (1957) </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions UK and USA society Poster for Rebel without a cause (1955)
  15. 15. 4. The ‘60s: London <ul><li>New centre of fashion , replacing Paris . </li></ul>Mary Quant, fashion designer credited for inventing the miniskirt and the hot pants UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  16. 16. <ul><li>Immigrants from the colonies attracted by the UK’s promise of employment , moved to the inner-city areas  suffer social deprivation , racism , hostility . </li></ul>4. The ‘60s: London Indian students protesting UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  17. 17. 5. The ‘60s: the young <ul><li>Sensitive to their age spiritual problems </li></ul><ul><li> Commitee for nuclear disarmament and pacifist march in Trafalgar Square led by Bertrand Russell (1961). </li></ul><ul><li>Mood of irriverence and rebellion </li></ul><ul><li> university occupations and demonstrations . </li></ul>A student demonstration UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  18. 18. <ul><li>The swinging sixties = quest for self-expression and liberation </li></ul><ul><li> drugs, discos, progressiveness in education, pop music and poetry, one-parent families, the contraceptive pill, abortion and homosexuality legalised. </li></ul><ul><li>1968  birth of women’s liberation movement . </li></ul>5. The ‘60s: the young The cover of Led Zeppelin III UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  19. 19. 6. The ‘70s: decay Unemployment spread in the heavy industrial areas Economy The “Winter of Discontent” Society Race riots Drugs and juvenile violence UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  20. 20. 6. The ‘70s: decay Factories with waste material Pollution Oil tankers, chemical fertilizers, noisy aircraft, traffic ‘ Me’ Decade Individualism, selfishness, punk culture, nihilism, political struggle, radicalism (no pacifism), racism UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  21. 21. Elected in 1979 <ul><li>Call on individual enterprise and responsability </li></ul><ul><li>Illusion of a new start </li></ul>“ The state is the servant not the master of the nation” 7. The ‘80s: Margaret Thatcher Margaret Thatcher UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  22. 22. 8. The ‘80s: Thatcher’s and Reagan’s society UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  23. 23. 9. The ‘90s <ul><li>People involved in community action </li></ul><ul><li> A new social awareness = ‘we’ decade . </li></ul><ul><li>Disdain for “thatcherism” = greed , coldness , disregard for minorities and the weak . </li></ul>The Iron Lady UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  24. 24. 10. Youth culture <ul><li>Teddy boys </li></ul><ul><li>Edwardian uniform </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation for violence, delinquency, racism </li></ul>A 1962 photo shoot of some Teddy Boys UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  25. 25. <ul><li>The Rockers </li></ul><ul><li>Battered clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Outsiders </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressivity towards women and immigrants </li></ul>10. Youth culture Typical rocker outfit, black leather and a white scarf UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  26. 26. <ul><li>The Skinheads </li></ul><ul><li>Tattoos and shaved heads </li></ul><ul><li>Welcome conflict and aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme right political views = racism </li></ul><ul><li>No girls </li></ul>10. Youth culture This is England (2006) UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  27. 27. <ul><li>Punks </li></ul><ul><li>Nihilistic battle-cry “no future” </li></ul><ul><li>Nothingness </li></ul><ul><li>Safety pins, coloured hair </li></ul><ul><li>Outcast status </li></ul><ul><li>A tourist attraction </li></ul>10. Youth culture A group of English punks UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  28. 28. 10. Youth culture <ul><li>The Hippies </li></ul><ul><li>Status and sex minimized </li></ul><ul><li>No certainties  drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Escape from time and modern life </li></ul><ul><li>Natural materials in the dress style </li></ul><ul><li>Love, not war </li></ul>Hippies at a concert UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  29. 29. art & music UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  30. 30. <ul><li>Anglo-American music </li></ul><ul><li>from the 1950s to the 1990s </li></ul>1950s : Rock‘n’roll , Soul . 1960s : Folk revival , Rock music . 1970s : Progressive rock , Punk rock , Fusion , Disco music , Reggae , Funk , Electronic . 1980s : Metal , Electro-pop , New Wave , Hip hop . 1990s : New Age , Grunge , Britpop . The Beatles UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  31. 31. <ul><li>Phenomenon originated in the U.K. in 1963 . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Beatles” + “mania” . </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to the intense level of hysteria demonstrated by fans both at the concerts played by the band and during the band’s arrivals and travels to and from different places. </li></ul>2. Beatlemania Policemen’s struggle to restrain young Beatles fans outside Buckingham Palace as The Beatles receive their MBEs (Member of the British Empire) in 1965. UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  32. 32. Rock as an opportunity of unifying art,music,design,fashion and youth in a single experience Rock as energy for the motor of social change Rock as a necessity to take a social position Rock as an experience of community and togetherness (Peter Wicke; “Rock music”) 3. Rock music Elvis Presley The Rolling Stones UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  33. 33. <ul><li>How many roads must a man walk down Before you call him a man? Yes, ‘n’ how many seas must a white dove sail Before she sleeps in the sand? Yes, ‘n’ how many times must the cannon balls fly Before they’re forever banned? The answer, my friend, is blowin’ in the wind, The answer is blowin’ in the wind. </li></ul><ul><li>Quante strade deve percorrere un uomo prima che tu possa chiamarlo uomo? E quanti mari deve navigare una bianca colomba prima di dormire sulla sabbia? E quante volte devono volare le palle di cannone prima di essere proibite per sempre? La risposta, amico mio, soffia nel vento, la risposta soffia nel vento. </li></ul>4. Blowin’ in the wind (Bob Dylan) UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  34. 34. 4. Blowin’ in the wind (Bob Dylan) How many years can a mountain exist Before it’s washed to the sea? Yes, ‘n’ how many years can some people exist Before they’re allowed to be free? Yes, ‘n’ how many times can a man turn his head, Pretending he just doesn’t see? The answer, my friend, is blowin’ in the wind, The answer is blowin’ in the wind. E quanti anni può esistere una montagna prima di essere erosa dal mare? E quanti anni possono gli uomini esistere prima di essere lasciati liberi? E quante volte può un uomo volgere lo sguardo e fingere di non vedere? La risposta, amico mio, soffia nel vento, la risposta soffia nel vento. Only Connect ... New Directions UK and USA society
  35. 35. 4. Blowin’ in the wind (Bob Dylan) How many times must a man look up Before he can see the sky? Yes, ‘n’ how many ears must one man have Before he can hear people cry? Yes, ‘n’ how many deaths will it take till he knows That too many people have died? The answer, my friend, is blowin’ in the wind, The answer is blowin’ in the wind. E quante volte deve un uomo guardare in alto prima di poter vedere il cielo? E quanti orecchi deve avere un uomo prima di poter sentire gli altri che piangono? E quante morti ci vorranno prima che lui sappia che troppi sono morti? La risposta, amico mio, soffia nel vento, la risposta soffia nel vento. UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  36. 36. <ul><li>Reaction against the poetry of the first half of the century. </li></ul><ul><li>A new poetry: the “movement” . </li></ul><ul><li>Simple language, contemporary and rational poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Emulation of the American poets . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Underground” poetry. </li></ul>5. British poetry in the second half of the century UK and USA society The realistic language Only Connect ... New Directions
  37. 37. <ul><li>Refusal of traditional forms . </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into “beat generation” and “confessional poetry” . </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective and denunciatory attitude. </li></ul>6. American literature after the war Poetry Jack Kerouac’s 1959 album Poetry for the Beat Generation UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  38. 38. <ul><li>Main themes: journey , rebellion , drugs . </li></ul><ul><li>Experimentation . </li></ul><ul><li>Afro-American identity. </li></ul>6. American literature after the war Fiction The Catcher in the Rye (1951) by J.D. Salinger UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  39. 39. <ul><li>Artistic movement of the late 1950s. </li></ul><ul><li>The word “pop” stands for “popular” . </li></ul><ul><li>Themes and techniques drawn from the mass culture . </li></ul><ul><li>Three important painters: Andy Warhol , Jasper Johnson (considered the precursor of the pop art) and Hamilton . </li></ul>7. Pop Art Richard Hamilton, Just What Is It that Makes Today's Homes So Different, So Appealing? , 1956. UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions
  40. 40. <ul><li>He became famous in the 1960s . </li></ul><ul><li>He painted dollar bills , celebrities , brand name products . </li></ul><ul><li>His most important works are: Marilyn Monroe , Green Coca-Cola bottles and Big Campbell’s Soup cans . </li></ul>8. Andy Warhol Andy Warhol, Campbell’s Soup Can , 1962. UK and USA society Only Connect ... New Directions

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