31. auden

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31. auden

  1. 1. W. H. Auden (1907-1973) “Some books are undeservedly forgotten; none are undeservedly remembered” Wystan Hugh Auden.
  2. 2. • Born in 1907 at York of middle- class High Church Anglican parents. • At Oxford became the leader of the so-called «Oxford poets», a group of left-winged intellectuals. • Deeply committed with social and political issues. 2. Life W. H. Auden W. H. Auden. Only Connect ... New Directions
  3. 3. 2. Life W. H. Auden • In 1939 moved to New York and settled in a house in Brooklyn. • In 1940 began teaching in New York, and published Another Time. W. H. Auden. Only Connect ... New Directions
  4. 4. • From then on his social poetry was to be anti-ideological, anti- political. • Returned to Anglicanism, the religion of his youth. • Developed a growing concern with poetics and difficult verse forms. 2. Life W. H. Auden W. H. Auden. Only Connect ... New Directions
  5. 5. • In 1946 became a citizen of the USA. • In 1956 he was elected Professor of Poetry at Oxford. • Died in 1973. 2. Life W. H. Auden W. H. Auden. Only Connect ... New Directions
  6. 6. • Influenced by Freud and psychoanalysis. • Psychological models in relation to the customs of an entire society. • Another influence was that of Karl Marx. • Took for granted the engagement of the individual with history. W. H. Auden 3. England vs. America Auden’s English period Only Connect ... New Directions
  7. 7. W. H. Auden 3. England vs. America • Withdrawal from political commitment. • Disillusionment with political events in Spain and the Soviet Union. • Did not want to be the leader of the intellectual left but simply a verbal artist. • Came to believe that improvement must begin within the self, not within society. Auden’s American period Only Connect ... New Directions
  8. 8. W. H. Auden 4. Development of theme Theme of quest = at first regards secular political interests Theme of quest = later regards ethical concerns Sorrow, the relationship between man and nature, alienation, love, death, transgression and renewal. Only Connect ... New Directions
  9. 9. Mixture of modes and forms Fictional, didactic, comic, contemplative, fantastic. Free verse, metre, rhyme, popular forms such as ballads or songs. W. H. Auden 5. Style Mode Form Only Connect ... New Directions
  10. 10. • The role of poetry was to tell stories from which each person may draw his own conclusions according to their own immediate needs. • The poet’s task was to act as a public voice, to support the causes for freedom against tyranny. W. H. Auden 6. The figure of the poet Only Connect ... New Directions W. H. Auden.

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