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26. wuthering heights

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  • 1. Wuthering Heights Emily Brontë Top Withens, possible inspiration for the Earnshaw family house.
  • 2.
    • The foundling Heathcliff is brought to Wuthering Heights by Mr Earnshaw.
    • Oppression and exploitation of Heathcliff by Hindley, Mr Earnshaw’s son.
    • Cathy Earnshaw and Heathcliff become twin souls .
    The bill for the 1992 film version Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions 1. Key events Part One: First generation
  • 3. Emily Bront ë
    • Cathy Earnshaw’s transformation from ‘savage’ to ‘proper lady’ during her stay at Thrushcross Grange.
    • Cathy’s betrayal of her ‘soul mate’ Heathcliff.
    • Heathcliff’s departure (splitting of the oak).
    • Cathy’s marriage to Edgar Linton.
    Part One: First generation Only Connect ... New Directions 1. Key events The bill for the 1992 film version
  • 4. 1. Key events
    • Heathcliff’s return as a ‘gentleman’ intent on revenge .
    • Cathy’s attempts to have both Heathcliff and Edgar.
    • Cathy’s derangement and illness .
    Top Withens Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions Part One: First generation
  • 5.
    • Birth of Cathy II, Catherine’s and Edgar’s daughter.
    • Cathy’s death and Heathcliff’s despair .
    1. Key events Emily Bront ë Top Withens Only Connect ... New Directions Part One: First generation
  • 6. 1. Key events
    • Heathcliff’s revenge : property , gained by marriage to Isabella Linton and expropriation.
    • Degradation of Hareton, Heathcliff’s and Isabella’s son.
    • Heathcliff loses interest in revenge.
    Near Top Withens Emily Bront ë Part Two: Second generation Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 7. 1. Key events Emily Bront ë
    • Heathcliff and Cathy together in death.
    • Marriage of Cathy II and Hareton: property restored to rightful owner.
    Part Two: Second generation Near Top Withens Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 8. 2. Narrative structure Non -linear narrative structure Use of flashback Beginning in medias res Binary structure Elicits curiosity in the reader Invites comparison between the two stories Implies an active reader Emily Bront ë Bront ë Parsonage in Haworth, where the Bront ë family lived Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 9.
    • Two frame narrators: Lockwood (as external narrator) and Nelly Dean (as internal narrator) .
    • Chinese box structure: stories within stories.
    • Two interpreters; two auditors ( reader and Lockwood closely identified).
    3. Narrative point of view Lockwood’s dream in an etching by Rosalind Whitman Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 10. 3. Narrative point of view Nelly Dean’s perspective Emily Bront ë
    • Conventional  based on morality, religion and superstition.
    • She thinks Cathy is “wayward”, “ill-tempered”.
    • “ I vexed her frequently by trying to bring down her arrogance ” (Part I, Ch. VIII).
    • “ She was too much fond of Heathcliff ” (Part I Ch. V).
    Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 11. Lockwood’s perspective 3. Narrative point of view Emily Bront ë
    • The voice of conventional society.
    • An unreliable narrator because he does not know all the details of the story.
    Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 12. Implications of the multiple narrators 3. Narrative point of view Emily Bront ë
    • Strangeness and ‘otherness’ preserved.
    • Multiple interpretations: no single ‘truth’.
    • Unique Interpretation becomes impossible  modern aspect of the novel.
    Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 13. 4. Main characters Catherine
    • Wayward , difficult , rebellious , spirited & ‘unfeminine’ .
    • “ her spirits were always at high water-mark, her tongue always going... A wild, wick slip she was but she had the bonniest eye, and sweetest smile and lightest foot in the parish ” (Part I, Ch. V)
    • “ heaven did not seem to be my home ” (Part I, Ch. IX)
    Charlotte Riley as Catherine and Tom Hardy as Heathcliff in Coky Giedroyc’s 2009 film version Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 14.
    • Persistent ambiguity: man or beast ?
    • Unknown origins , absence of social connection.
    • Absence of emotion, “ insensible ”.
    4. Main characters Heathcliff Timothy Dalton in Robert Fuest’s 1970 film version Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 15. 4. Main characters Heathcliff Timothy Dalton in Robert Fuest’s 1970 film version Emily Bront ë
    • Deteriorates into brute state .
    • Violent and extreme language.
    • A Byronic hero.
    Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 16.
    • Vindictive, violent and possessive
    • “ They may bury me twelve feet deep and throw the church down over me; but I won’t rest till you are with me… I never will! ” (Part I, Ch. XII)
    • Merged identities
    • “ If all else perished and he remained, I should still continue to be; and, if all else remained, and he were annihilated, the Universe would turn to a mighty stranger….Nelly, I am Heathcliff! ” (Part I, Ch. IX)
    Heathcliff / Catherine relationship Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions 4. Main characters
  • 17.
    • Vitality , authenticity , freedom .
    • Rejection of class values.
    • Heathcliff and Cathy symbolise the instinctual , unconscious forces.
    • Contrasted with ‘ civilised ’ characters: Edgar, Lockwood, Nelly Dean.
    Heathcliff / Catherine relationship Emily Bront ë Robert Brook, Heathcliff and Cathy , from the novel Wuthering Heights , 20th century, Private Collection. Only Connect ... New Directions 4. Main characters
  • 18. 5. The Moors as symbol Attempt to escape The Moors represent the Romantic rejection of society and the desire to transcend its rules Emily Bront ë English Moors English Moors Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 19. 5. The Moors as symbol Escape is impossible Cathy reconciles self & class society through her marriage to Edgar and her relationship with Heathcliff Emily Bront ë English Moors English Moors Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 20.
    • Heathcliff as a Gothic villain in his inhuman treatment of his wife and his son.
    • The sinister atmosphere of Wuthering Heights surrounded by the wilderness.
    • Catherine’s ghost .
    6. Gothic elements Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 21. 6. Gothic elements Emily Bront ë
    • The dreams and superstitions often mentioned.
    These are not used to frighten the reader, but to convey the struggle between the two opposed principles of love and hate , of order and chaos . Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 22.
    • The home of the Earnshaws.
    • Severe, gloomy, brutal in aspect and atmosphere.
    • Firmly rooted in local tradition and custom.
    • The background for the life of primitive passion led by its owner.
    • The home of the Lintons.
    • Reflects a Victorian conception of life.
    • Symbolises stability, kindness and respectability.
    7. Opposite principles Thrushcross Grange Wuthering Heights principle of storm and energy principle of calm Emily Bront ë Only Connect ... New Directions