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24. victorian context
 

24. victorian context

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  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions
  • The Victorian Age Only connect ... New Directions

24. victorian context 24. victorian context Presentation Transcript

  • The Victorian Age (1830-1901) Sambourne House, London.
    • Victoria became queen at the age of 18; she was graceful and self-assured.
    • Her reign was the longest in British history.
    T he Victorian Age Franz Xavier Winterhalter , The young Queen Victoria, 1842 1. Queen Victoria Only Connect ... New Directions
  • T he Victorian Age 1. Queen Victoria
    • In 1840 she married a German prince, Albert of Saxe-Coburg.
    • They had nine children and their modest family life provided a model of respectability.
    • During this time Britain changed dramatically.
    Franz Xavier Winterhalter , The young Queen Victoria, 1842 Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 2. The growth of the British Empire
    • England grew to become the greatest nation on earth  “The sun never sets on England ” .
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.
  • 2. The growth of the British Empire
    • British Empire included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Africa, Kenya, and India.
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.
  • 2. The growth of the British Empire
    • Great Britain imported raw materials such as cotton and silk and exported finished goods to countries around the world.
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.
  • 2. The growth of the British Empire
    • By the mid-1800s, Great Britain was the largest exporter and importer of goods in the world. It was the primary manufacturer of goods and the wealthiest country in the world.
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.
  • 2. The growth of the British Empire
    • Because of England’s success, the British felt it was their duty to bring English values , laws , customs , and religion to the “savage” races around the world.
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection.
    • 1832 : The First Reform Act granted the vote to almost all male members of middle-class.
    • 1833 : The Factory Act regulated child labour in factories.
    • 1834 : Poor Law Amendment established a system of workhouses for poor people.
    3. An age of social and political reforms T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 3. An age of social and political reforms T he Victorian Age
    • 1867 : The Second Reform Act gave the vote to skilled working men.
    • 1871 : Trade Union Act legalised trades unions.
    • 1884 : The Third Reform Act granted the right to vote to all male householders.
    Only Connect ... New Directions
    • Women’s suffrage did not happen until 1918 .
    The Rights of Women or Take Your Choice (1869) 4. The woman’s question T he Victorian Age Suffragettes Only Connect ... New Directions
  • Industrial revolution : factory system emerged; for the first time in Britain’s history there were more people who lived in cities than in the countryside. Technological advances : introduction of steam hammers and locomotives; building of a network of railways. Workers in a Tobacco Factory 5. Positive aspects of the age T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 5. Positive aspects of the age T he Victorian Age Economical progress : Britain became the greatest economical power in the world; in 1901 the Usa became the leader, but Britain remained the first in manufacturing. Only Connect ... New Directions Workers in a Tobacco Factory
    • Crystal Palace was built for the Great Exhibition of 1851 ; it was destroyed by fire in 1936 .
    6. Crystal Palace T he Victorian Age The Crystal Palace Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 6. Crystal Palace T he Victorian Age It was made of iron and glass , exhibited hydraulic presses, locomotives, machine tools, power looms, power reapers and steamboat engines. Only Connect ... New Directions The Crystal Palace
  • It had a political purpose  it showed British economic supremacy in the world. 6. Crystal Palace T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions The Crystal Palace
    • Pollution in towns due to factory activity.
    London in 1872 Homeless Boys (1880) 7. Negative aspects of the age T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 7. Negative aspects of the age T he Victorian Age Lack of hygienic conditions : houses were overcrowded, most people lived in miserable conditions; poor houses shared water supplies. Only Connect ... New Directions London in 1872 Homeless Boys (1880)
    • Epidemics , like cholera, thyphoid, caused a high mortality in towns. They came to a peak in the Great Stink of 1858.
    • This expression was used to describe the terrible smell in London, coming from the Thames .
    • The “Miasmas” , exhalations from decaying matter, poisoned the air.
    8. The “Great Stink” Caricature appearing on the magazine «Punch» in 1858 T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions
    • The Victorians were great moralisers  they supported: personal duty, hard work, decorum, respectability, chastity.
    9. The Victorian compromise T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions W. H. Hunt, The Awakening Conscience , 1853-4, London, Tate Britain.
    • ‘ Victorian’ , synonym for prude , stood for extreme repression; even furniture legs had to be concealed under heavy cloth not to be “suggestive”.
    • New ideas were discussed & debated by a large part of society.
    9. The Victorian compromise T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions W. H. Hunt, The Awakening Conscience , 1853-4, London, Tate Britain.
    • The middle-class was obsessed with gentility, respectability, decorum.
    • Respectability  distinguished the middle from the lower class.
    9. The Victorian compromise T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions John Lamb, Victorian family portrait, 1879.
    • Decorum meant:
    • Victorian private lives were dominated by an authoritarian father .
    • Women were subject to male authority ; they were expected to marry and make home a “refuge” for their husbands.
    9. The Victorian compromise T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions John Lamb, Victorian family portrait, 1879.
  • John Stuart Mill and his ideas based on Bentham’s Utilitarianism. 10. Key thinkers T he Victorian Age John Stuart Mill Only Connect ... New Directions
  • Karl Marx and his studies about the harm caused by industrialism in man’s life. 10. Key thinkers T he Victorian Age Karl Marx Only Connect ... New Directions
  • Charles Darwin and the theory of natural selection. 10. Key thinkers T he Victorian Age Charles Darwin Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 11. The rise of the novel
    • There was a communion of interests and opinions between the writers and their readers.
    • The Victorians were avid consumers of literature . They borrowed books from circulating libraries and read various periodicals.
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 11. The rise of the novel
    • Novels made their first appearance in instalments on the pages of periodicals .
    • The voice of the omniscient narrator provided a comment on the plot and erected a rigid barrier between «right» and «wrong» , light and darkness.
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 11. The rise of the novel
    • The setting chosen by most Victorian novelists was the town .
    • Victorian writers concentrated on the creation of characters and achieved a deeper analysis of their inner life .
    T he Victorian Age Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 12. Poetry Alfred, Lord Tennyson : the most popular Victorian poet. He wrote narrative poems. T he Victorian Age Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson , by George Frederic Watts (died 1904), given to the National Portrait Gallery, London in 1895. Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 12. Poetry Robert Browning : he raised the dramatic monologue to new heights making it a vehicle for a deep psychological study. T he Victorian Age Robert Browning Only Connect ... New Directions
  • 12. Poetry Elizabeth Barrett Browning : she wrote love sonnets valued for their lyric beauty. T he Victorian Age Elizabeth Barrett Browning Only Connect ... New Directions