20. frankenstein


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20. frankenstein

  1. 1. Frankenstein A scene taken from the film version of Frankenstein directed by James Whale in 1931, starring Boris Karloff.
  2. 2. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin, both believers in the Enlightened power of reason . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She eloped to France with the Romantic poet Percy B. Shelley . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The writing of Frankenstein took place at Villa Diodati on the banks of Lake Geneva. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions 1. Mary Shelley’s life Frankenstein Only Connect ... New Directions Mary Shelley
  3. 3. <ul><li>Frankenstein , a Swiss scientist, creates a human being by joining parts selected from corpses . </li></ul><ul><li>The result of the experiment is ugly and revolting. </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions Frankenstein 2. Frankenstein and its plot
  4. 4. Only Connect ... New Directions Frankenstein 2. Frankenstein and its plot <ul><li>The Monster becomes a murderer . </li></ul><ul><li>At the end he destroys his creator . </li></ul><ul><li>The story is introduced by a series of letters written by Walton , a young explorer on an expedition voyage to the North Pole, to his sister, Margaret Walton Saville. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The protagonist of Frankenstein is the first embodiment of the theme of science </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions The latest scientific theories of chemistry and electricity influenced Mary Shelley He creates a human being through the use of electricity and chemistry Frankenstein 3. The influence of science
  6. 6. <ul><li>The myth of Prometheus  Frankenstein is an example of overreacher . </li></ul><ul><li>Rousseau  The Monster is a noble savage . </li></ul><ul><li>Locke  The Monster’s self-awareness and his education . </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions Frankenstein 4. Influences: from Prometheus to Frankenstein
  7. 7. Only Connect ... New Directions Frankenstein 4. Influences: from Prometheus to Frankenstein <ul><li>Gothic stories read by Mary and Percy B. Shelley. </li></ul><ul><li>S. T. Coleridge’s Rime of the Ancient Mariner  Both the novel and the poem are stories of a crime against nature . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Walton’s narration to his sister Margaret Walton Saville </li></ul><ul><li>(chapters 1-10) </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions Frankenstein’s narration to Walton (chapters 11-17) Frankenstein 5. Narrative structure: an epistolary novel The Monster’s narration to Frankenstein (chapters 18-24)
  9. 9. <ul><li>Both Captain Walton and Doctor Frankenstein tried to go beyond human limits . </li></ul><ul><li>The Monster is complementary to his creator : </li></ul><ul><li>they both suffer from isolation and they both begin with a desire to be good . </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions Frankenstein 6. Main characters
  10. 10. <ul><li>The quest for forbidden knowledge ( Walton and Dr Frankenstein ) is related to the theme of the overreacher . </li></ul><ul><li>The double ( Dr Frankenstein and the Monster ). </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions Frankenstein 7. Themes
  11. 11. Only Connect ... New Directions <ul><li>The overcoming of natural and divine rules  the creation of a human being without the participation of a woman . </li></ul><ul><li>Social prejudices  the Monster as an outcast . </li></ul><ul><li>Education and experience  the Monster’s intellectual and emotional development . </li></ul>Frankenstein 7. Themes
  12. 12. Only Connect ... New Directions A being created by man Boris Karloff in Frankenstein by James Whale, 1931 Robert De Niro in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein by Kenneth Branagh, 1994 Frankenstein 8. Frankenstein on the screen
  13. 13. Only Connect ... New Directions Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another. This means that every single bit of DNA is the same between the two. Can you consider the Monster a sort of a clone ? Frankenstein 9. Frankenstein and cloning Sheep cloning.
  14. 14. Only Connect ... New Directions First nuclear transposition of the nucleus of a frog embryo cell The first transgenic mouse was born ‘ Embryo splitting ’ technique was discovered: from a single embryo, 5 identical sheep were obtained Sheep Dolly was born Thomson found out embryo stem cells European Parliament voted against therapeutic cloning The Advanced Cell Technology announced its success in cloning a human embryo 1952 1982 1984 1996 1998 2000 2001 2007 Scientists discovered stem cells inside placenta and amniotic fluid able to give rise to specialized cells Frankenstein 10. Cloning steps