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Early Romantic Poetry (1760-1789) John Constable,  Stoke Poges Church , 1833, London, Victoria and Albert Museum.
<ul><li>AUGUSTAN POETRY </li></ul><ul><li>Impersonal material </li></ul><ul><li>2. Loud noble eloquence </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Poetry was essentially  reflective . </li></ul><ul><li>The experiences it dealt with were not presented for the sa...
2.  Main characteristics <ul><li>Early Romantic poets reacted to the social changes taking place in the country with a re ...
<ul><li>Main representative:  </li></ul><ul><li>William Cowper  (1731-1800) with his main work  The Task   (1785). </li></...
3.  Pastoral poetry <ul><li>Celebrated and praised  country life  for its simplicity and domesticity, free from the corrup...
3.  Pastoral poetry <ul><li>Described  landscape details  and reflected upon them. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature   seen as a so...
<ul><li>Main representative: </li></ul><ul><li>James Thomson   (1700-1748). </li></ul><ul><li>His treatment of nature brok...
Nature was seen in its  physical , rather than abstract, details, no longer as static but  in motion . The observation of ...
<ul><li>James Macpherson  (1736-1796) collected and published some of Ossian’s works in  Fragments of Ancient Poetry   (17...
<ul><li>A cycle of poems by a  legendary Irish warrior , called  Ossian , who lived in the 3rd century. </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>The most important work of this school was  Thomas Gray ’s  Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard . </li></ul><ul>...
Melancholy tone . Choice of  cemeteries, ruins, stormy landscapes  as the setting of poems. The  tomb  as a symbol eliciti...
<ul><li>Myth of the natural genius, able to create poetry from  everyday experience . </li></ul><ul><li>Revived the  Engli...
7.  Scots dialect poetry <ul><li>Explored the literary forms and  legends of folk culture , and used the language really s...
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18. early romantic poetry

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Transcript of "18. early romantic poetry"

  1. 1. Early Romantic Poetry (1760-1789) John Constable, Stoke Poges Church , 1833, London, Victoria and Albert Museum.
  2. 2. <ul><li>AUGUSTAN POETRY </li></ul><ul><li>Impersonal material </li></ul><ul><li>2. Loud noble eloquence </li></ul><ul><li>3. Intellectual </li></ul><ul><li>EARLY ROMANTIC POETRY </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective material </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lyrical experience of life </li></ul><ul><li>3. Emotional </li></ul>1. Augustan vs. Early Romantic poetry Early Romantic Poetry Only Connect ... New Directions
  3. 3. <ul><li>Poetry was essentially reflective . </li></ul><ul><li>The experiences it dealt with were not presented for the sake of their immediate impact, but for the sake of generalized reflections . </li></ul>2. Main characteristics J . Constable, The Church Porch, East Bergholt (1810) Only Connect ... New Directions Early Romantic Poetry
  4. 4. 2. Main characteristics <ul><li>Early Romantic poets reacted to the social changes taking place in the country with a re - evaluation of rural origins and a sense of melancholy and sadness . </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions J . Constable, The Church Porch, East Bergholt (1810) Early Romantic Poetry
  5. 5. <ul><li>Main representative: </li></ul><ul><li>William Cowper (1731-1800) with his main work The Task (1785). </li></ul><ul><li>“ God made the country, man made the town ” </li></ul>3. Pastoral poetry George Morland, Door of a village inn , Late 18th century Only Connect ... New Directions Early Romantic Poetry
  6. 6. 3. Pastoral poetry <ul><li>Celebrated and praised country life for its simplicity and domesticity, free from the corruption of urban life. </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions George Morland, Door of a village inn , Late 18th century Early Romantic Poetry
  7. 7. 3. Pastoral poetry <ul><li>Described landscape details and reflected upon them. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature seen as a source of innocence and delight . </li></ul>Only Connect ... New Directions George Morland, Door of a village inn , Late 18th century Early Romantic Poetry
  8. 8. <ul><li>Main representative: </li></ul><ul><li>James Thomson (1700-1748). </li></ul><ul><li>His treatment of nature broke with the neoclassic view . </li></ul>4. Nature poetry John Martin, The bard , ca. 1817 Only Connect ... New Directions Early Romantic Poetry
  9. 9. Nature was seen in its physical , rather than abstract, details, no longer as static but in motion . The observation of nature included wild sceneries and led to reflections on the character of primitive man who was contrasted with civilized man. Only Connect ... New Directions John Martin, The bard , ca. 1817 4. Nature poetry Early Romantic Poetry
  10. 10. <ul><li>James Macpherson (1736-1796) collected and published some of Ossian’s works in Fragments of Ancient Poetry (1760). The authenticity of the work was controversial. </li></ul>François Pascal Simon Gérard, Ossian , 1801. 5. Ossianic poetry Only Connect ... New Directions Early Romantic Poetry
  11. 11. <ul><li>A cycle of poems by a legendary Irish warrior , called Ossian , who lived in the 3rd century. </li></ul><ul><li>Wild, gloomy landscapes . </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of melancholy and suffering produced by war or contrasted love . </li></ul>5. Ossianic poetry Only Connect ... New Directions François Pascal Simon Gérard, Ossian , 1801. Early Romantic Poetry
  12. 12. <ul><li>The most important work of this school was Thomas Gray ’s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard . </li></ul><ul><li>The vogue began with Edward Young (1683-1765) and his Night Thoughts on Life , Death , and Immortality (1742-1745). </li></ul>6. Graveyard poetry A hand coloured steel plate engraving from a painting by William Henry Bartlett of St Michael’s Church, Dumfries Only Connect ... New Directions Early Romantic Poetry
  13. 13. Melancholy tone . Choice of cemeteries, ruins, stormy landscapes as the setting of poems. The tomb as a symbol eliciting contemplation of death and immortality. 6. Graveyard poetry Only Connect ... New Directions A hand coloured steel plate engraving from a painting by William Henry Bartlett of St Michael’s Church, Dumfries Early Romantic Poetry
  14. 14. <ul><li>Myth of the natural genius, able to create poetry from everyday experience . </li></ul><ul><li>Revived the English lyric . </li></ul>Robert Burns (1759-1796) 7. Scots dialect poetry A portrait of Robert Burns Only Connect ... New Directions Early Romantic Poetry
  15. 15. 7. Scots dialect poetry <ul><li>Explored the literary forms and legends of folk culture , and used the language really spoken by the common folk. </li></ul>Robert Burns (1759-1796) Only Connect ... New Directions A portrait of Robert Burns Early Romantic Poetry
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