Smart Grid Technology                                                                                                     ...
Today’s Electricity System   • Production follows demand   • Largely electromechanical   • High carbon/low storage   • Bli...
21st Century Electricity System• Information-rich• Distributed design  and operation• Clean tech priority• Ubiquitous stor...
NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   4
PJM Real-Time Load Duration CurveNREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficien...
Ecology of TechnologiesNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   6
Typical Smart MetersNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   7
Smart Grid Building BlocksNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   8
NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   9
Interoperability: Not Just a Technical Challenge                            8: Economic/Regulatory Policy    Fully engagin...
Utility Scale StorageNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   11
Electrifying TransportationNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   12
Will Work for Fuel…                  What am I ?                  480,000 Vehicles in United States                  Avera...
Impacts of StorageNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   14
Updating Grid InfrastructureNew tech (HTS)SensorsAutomationVoltage reductionAncillary services marketsHeterogeneous ...
Visualizing Power Flows & FaultsNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   16
Managing VariabilityNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   17
Wind and Solar Intermittency Present Dispatch and             Distribution System Challenges                              ...
Transformer Loads with PHEVs                                         *Home Charging Only                                  ...
Variable Wind Generation                          PJM Wind Output vs Capability 2009 3,000                                ...
Fast Regulation: Speed Matters…                                       A fossil power plant                                ...
www.Smartgrid.govNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY   22
Contact      Steve Hauser      Vice President, Grid Integration      National Renewable Energy Laboratory      1-303-275-3...
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Steven Hauser India Delegation May162011

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Steven Hauser India Delegation May162011

  1. 1. Smart Grid Technology India Ministry of Power & Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Visit to Colorado May 16th, 2001 Steve Hauser Vice President Grid IntegrationNREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.
  2. 2. Today’s Electricity System • Production follows demand • Largely electromechanical • High carbon/low storage • Blind to distribution/demand • Very little information and control • Central planning, design and operation • Aging assetsNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 2
  3. 3. 21st Century Electricity System• Information-rich• Distributed design and operation• Clean tech priority• Ubiquitous storage• Automated operations• Highly differentiated energy services• End-user participation• Smart homes & buildingsNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 3
  4. 4. NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 4
  5. 5. PJM Real-Time Load Duration CurveNREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. 5
  6. 6. Ecology of TechnologiesNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 6
  7. 7. Typical Smart MetersNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 7
  8. 8. Smart Grid Building BlocksNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 8
  9. 9. NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 9
  10. 10. Interoperability: Not Just a Technical Challenge 8: Economic/Regulatory Policy Fully engaging the regulatory and policyOrganizational (Pragmatics) 7: Business Objectives communities 6: Business Procedures Defining new business 5: Business Context models andInformational understanding the value (Semantics) propositions 4: Semantic Understanding 3: Syntactic Interoperability Striving for uniformity in Technical the upper layers, to 2: Network Interoperability (Syntax) enable scale-up to large 1: Basic Connectivity marketsNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 10
  11. 11. Utility Scale StorageNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 11
  12. 12. Electrifying TransportationNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 12
  13. 13. Will Work for Fuel… What am I ? 480,000 Vehicles in United States Average ~66 miles per day MPG = ~7 Parked 12 hours at same location Parked for 3 months Great public visibility Available for a full time summer job.NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 13
  14. 14. Impacts of StorageNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 14
  15. 15. Updating Grid InfrastructureNew tech (HTS)SensorsAutomationVoltage reductionAncillary services marketsHeterogeneous reliabilityFault detectionFlexibilitySelf-healingNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 15
  16. 16. Visualizing Power Flows & FaultsNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 16
  17. 17. Managing VariabilityNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 17
  18. 18. Wind and Solar Intermittency Present Dispatch and Distribution System Challenges Wind profile pattern in April 2007 700 Each Day is a different color. 600 Day 29Megawatts 500 Day 9 400 Day 5 Day 26 300 Average 200 NREL Mesa Solar - August (24 days) 700 100 600 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 500 -100 Hour 400 Power (kW) Smart charging has the 300 potential to dispatch the EV 200 load synergistically with 100 intermittent resources such as wind and solar 0 -100 0 5 10 15 20 25Wind - Alec Brooks (Tesla Motors), Sven Thesen (PG&E). V2G Demonstration and Evaluation Program. EVS23. (2007) HourSolar – Tony Markel, National Renewable Energy Laboratory NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 18
  19. 19. Transformer Loads with PHEVs *Home Charging Only 20 houses / transformer Rated Transformer Insulation Temp 100% penetration of EVs with 2.6 kWh of Transformer Rated Load charge required per PEV (36 vehicles) @ 3.3 kW charge rate.NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 19
  20. 20. Variable Wind Generation PJM Wind Output vs Capability 2009 3,000 MW CAPACITY 2,500 Capacity Factor = 24.8% 2,000MW 1,500 1,000 500 0 8,760 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 20
  21. 21. Fast Regulation: Speed Matters… A fossil power plant following a regulation command signal Energy Storage Output Regulation Signal Energy Storage (batteries / flywheels) accurately following a regulation command signalNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 21
  22. 22. www.Smartgrid.govNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 22
  23. 23. Contact Steve Hauser Vice President, Grid Integration National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1-303-275-3122 Steven.Hauser@nrel.govNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY 23

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