043225
Solar Electric
Technologies
Harin S. Ullal, Ph.D.
National Center for Photovoltaics
National Renewable Energy Labor...
043225
Solar Energy — Clean Energy
• No greenhouse gases
• No air pollution
• No acid rain
• No soil, plant, animal damage...
043225
The Concept
043225
Criteria
• Efficiency
• Cost
• Reliability
043225
Photovoltaic Technologies
• Crystalline Silicon (Mono, Multi)
• Thin Films (a-Si, CIS, CdTe)
• Concentrators (Si, G...
043225
PV Efficiencies
043225
Top Ten PV Companies - 2008
No. Name Technology Country Production (MW)
1 Q-Cells Si Germany 570
2 First Solar CdTe...
043225
Major Polysilicon Manufactures
• Wacker - Germany
• Hemlock - USA
• MEMC - USA
• REC Silicon - Norway
• Tokuyama - ...
043225
Concentrator PV Technologies
• Technologies are ready to deliver
• High (200-1000x) and low (2-20x)
concentrations
...
043225
Thin Film PV Companies – USA
•a-Si
•Uni-Solar – MI
•Applied Materials
– CA
•Power Films – IA
•Energy PV – NJ
•MV Sy...
043225
Thin Film PV Market Share – USA
043225
World PV Cell/Module Production –
1988-2007 (Megawatts)
043225
Is There Enough Sunshine to
Energize America?
That’s right! This bright spot covers a circle of Nevada desert
about...
043225
Flexible CIGS Modules on Tent
Global Solar
043225
Thin Film CIGS Facade
Honda
043225
BIPV and “Special” Product
043225
1.8 MW – Thin Film CdTe Solar Roof
First Solar / Juwi Solar
043225
40 MW – Thin Film CdTe Solar Field
First Solar / Juwi Solar
Under Construction
Total Project Price: Euro – 130 Mill...
043225
Thin Film PV Capacity (2009-2012)
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NREL Solar Technology Overview

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NREL Solar Technology Overview

  1. 1. 043225 Solar Electric Technologies Harin S. Ullal, Ph.D. National Center for Photovoltaics National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado TIE Rockies April 9, 2009
  2. 2. 043225 Solar Energy — Clean Energy • No greenhouse gases • No air pollution • No acid rain • No soil, plant, animal damage • No human respiratory ailments
  3. 3. 043225 The Concept
  4. 4. 043225 Criteria • Efficiency • Cost • Reliability
  5. 5. 043225 Photovoltaic Technologies • Crystalline Silicon (Mono, Multi) • Thin Films (a-Si, CIS, CdTe) • Concentrators (Si, GaAs)
  6. 6. 043225 PV Efficiencies
  7. 7. 043225 Top Ten PV Companies - 2008 No. Name Technology Country Production (MW) 1 Q-Cells Si Germany 570 2 First Solar CdTe USA 504 3 Suntech Si China 498 4 Sharp Si Japan 473 5 Motech Si Taiwan 384 6 Kyocera Si Japan 290 7 BTY Si China 282 8 JA Solar Si China 277 9 SunPower Si USA 237 10 SolarWorld Si Germany 221
  8. 8. 043225 Major Polysilicon Manufactures • Wacker - Germany • Hemlock - USA • MEMC - USA • REC Silicon - Norway • Tokuyama - Japan • Mitsubishi Materials - Japan • Sumitomo Titanium - Japan
  9. 9. 043225 Concentrator PV Technologies • Technologies are ready to deliver • High (200-1000x) and low (2-20x) concentrations • Systems may require some maintenance, should only be deployed in areas with adequate “direct” solar resource
  10. 10. 043225 Thin Film PV Companies – USA •a-Si •Uni-Solar – MI •Applied Materials – CA •Power Films – IA •Energy PV – NJ •MV Systems – CO •XsunX – CA •OptiSolar – CA •Signet Solar – CA •Nano PV – NJ •Xunlight – OH •Proto Flex – CO •New Solar Ventures – NM •CdTe •First Solar – OH •Primestar Solar – CO •AVA Solar – CO •Calyxo – OH •Canrom – NY •Ascentool – CA •Nuvo Solar Energy – CO •Zia Watt Solar – TX •Solexant – CA •Sunovia Energy – FL • CIS • Global Solar – AZ • Miasole – CA • Energy PV – NJ • Ascent Solar – CO • ISET – CA • Daystar – NY • Nanosolar – CA • Heliovolt – TX • Solo Power – CA •Thin-Si •Innovalight – CA •Nanogram – CA •Soltaix – CA •Crystal Solar – CA •Parachete Energy – SC •Ampulse – TN
  11. 11. 043225 Thin Film PV Market Share – USA
  12. 12. 043225 World PV Cell/Module Production – 1988-2007 (Megawatts)
  13. 13. 043225 Is There Enough Sunshine to Energize America? That’s right! This bright spot covers a circle of Nevada desert about 100 miles across, that if covered with modern PV arrays, would satisfy America’s entire electricity demand.
  14. 14. 043225 Flexible CIGS Modules on Tent Global Solar
  15. 15. 043225 Thin Film CIGS Facade Honda
  16. 16. 043225 BIPV and “Special” Product
  17. 17. 043225 1.8 MW – Thin Film CdTe Solar Roof First Solar / Juwi Solar
  18. 18. 043225 40 MW – Thin Film CdTe Solar Field First Solar / Juwi Solar Under Construction Total Project Price: Euro – 130 Million PV System Price: Euro – 3.25 / Watts Completion Date: December 2008
  19. 19. 043225 Thin Film PV Capacity (2009-2012)

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