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My Role Oversee the Employment Services DivisionStrategic Planning | New Product Development | P&L | Sales Team Management | Marketing | Technology & Development | Customer Service | Janitorial Services Attend annual HR Conferences with NRECA, APPA, IEHRA, et al. Macro-level view of IOUs, Munis, Coops, general job market in utility industry.
Macro Energy Industry View:Green Collar Jobs
What are Green Collar Jobs? Are Green Collar Jobs more like Blue Collar or White Collar jobs? Van Jones – Special Advisor on Green Jobs, White House Council on Environmental Quality defined Green Collar Jobs as “Good jobs that are good for the environment.” Colorado doesn’t know… Center for Workforce Development is working with business leaders, educational institutions, and labor to define green jobs. Confusion: If you are a sales executive for a company that has a corporate recycling initiative, are you green?
Green Collar Jobs… Are more like Blue Collar Jobs Energy Efficiency Solar installations Blade Technicians
Decline of Manufacturing Jobs Manufacturing Employment (millions of jobs) Between 1998 and 2007, Manufacturing jobs declined by nearly 21% - an average of 2.6% per year. >2M jobs lost Sources: Congressional Budget Office; Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Note: The vertical bars indicate periods of recession as defined by the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Job-Years Executive Office of the President Council of Economic Advisers: $100 billion of government spending creates 1,085,355 job-years. $100 billion of tax cuts creates 687,991 job-years. $100 billion of state fiscal relief creates 857,610 job-years. Government Spending: $92,136 per job-year Tax Cuts: $145,351 per job-year State Fiscal Relief: $116,603 per job-year Pick a number! Average of three types of job-years created is 118,030. Let’s go with $120K per job year… easier math.
So then… Colorado has received $1,448,726,912 in ARRA funds so far… http://projects.propublica.org/recovery/locale/colorado Equates to 12,073 job-years created.How do you define “long-term” jobs? 10 Years? = 1,207 jobs 20 Years? = 604 jobs On a national level, $85B in ARRA funding goes to Energy & Transportation. How does that break down?
ARRA Stimulus Spending 85B ARRA Energy & Transportation 21B Extending tax incentives for wind, solar, other Renewables 30B Direct spending on clean energy programs 11B Modernize grid 6B Energy Efficiency 5B Weatherization of low-income homes 2B Advanced battery technology 500M Job training 300M Fuel-efficient vehicles
Turning “Job-Years” Into Jobs
To Answer the Question “Green Jobs have to pay decent wages and benefits that can support a family. We don’t know yet because the jobs have not been fully defined. Most likely will satisfy this objective. Short term. Band-aid for manufacturing. Hard to say until skills defined and market conditions create competition for skills. It has to be part of a real career path, with upward mobility. Will be similar to manufacturing. Potential limitations based on duration of positions. Likely to be heavily unionized. And it needs to reduce waste and pollution and benefit the environment.” Okay. Sure. The second “Green” fad? Altruistic endeavors end at what price point? If cost of power doubles, then what? $4.00 gallon of gas and American’s forget about environment issues in Alaska. Are the green collar jobs sustainable long-term or are they a temporary fix?
In My Opinion Green Collar Jobs are a temporary fix aimed at available manufacturing and veteran labor pools. Will help economy in near term but likely to suffer same fate as manufacturing in 7-10 years. Majority of positions will have similar salary scales as manufacturing “blue collar” jobs. Some long-term high-end jobs will emerge.
Resources ProPublica – Tracks spending Nationally, by State, and even county level. http://projects.propublica.org/recovery/ US DOE Energy Efficiency & Renewable News http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/news/enn.cfm US DOE Colorado http://www.energy.gov/colorado.htm ARRA Jobs http://jobsearch.usajobs.gov/a9recoveryjobs.aspx The Clean Energy Economy – The PEW Charitable Trusts Report Industry Guidebook: Renewable Energy – Corporation for a Skilled Workforce. The Job Impact of The American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan – Christina Romer & Jared Bernstein – January 2009 Executive Office of the President , Council of Economic Advisers Estimated of Job Creation from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act – May 2009 Preparing the Workers of Today for the Jobs of Tomorrow – July 2009