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Quality Issues in Agricultural

Presenter
Chandrmouli Singh
Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner

19
Decembe
r 20...
Outline


What is Quality



Quality Parameters for Agricultural Produce



Issues



Impact



Possible Solutions

...
What is Quality


“Conformation to Specification”

Philip Crossby


Quality is the totality of features and
characterist...
Quality Parameters


ISO Family
 ISO

9001:2000

 ISO

15000:1998

 ISO

14001:2004

 ISO

22000:2005



AGMARK



...


BRC



IFS



CODEX



SQF 2000



OHSAS 18001

Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner

19
Decembe
r 2013

5...


Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006
 PFA,1954
 Essential Commodity Act,
 Fruit

Product Order

 Marine Food

Product...
Issues

Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner

19
Decembe
r 2013

7
Ban on Imports


Indian mangoes arrive in the U.S. after long
hiatus ( May 1, 2007, CNN Money)



Trouble spells for cor...


US rejects India's basmati exports due to
pesticides, price falls 23.5% (September 24, 2012
www.fbnews.com)



EU reje...
Lack of Awareness Among People
Table I: Awareness about the types of certificates
Certifications

Exporters and
Promoters
...
Health Related Issues
Table II: Top five pathogens contributing to domestically acquired
food borne illnesses
Pathogen

Es...
Impact

Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner

19
Decembe
r 2013

12
Loss to Nation and Farmers


50% decline in Grape export which cost about ₹
535.34 cr. (2010-11)



US rejected Okra of ...
Effect on Trade Relationship
Graph I: India Export of Principle Commodities Value in ₹ Cr (2011KUWAIT
12)
2%
Total: ₹86018...
Graph II: Major importing countries of Grape and exported value in lakh ₹
18000
16000
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
200...
Expenses on Illness


Estimated cost of food borne illness in USA $152 billion annually



Indian scenario
Total no. of ...
Some Facts


With investment of ₹
17221.36 cr.



We can make
 Fund
 Mid

for ICDS (₹17700 cr.)

Day Meal Scheme (₹
13...
Possible Solutions


Role of APEDA



Global GAP



Formulation of new standards



Post Harvest Technology

Institute...
Conclusion


We need to create awareness among people about
Food Safety Certification



Short term training program and...
References


Sharma. Rajesh. Sharma Madhu. And Divashree. (2009)
Awareness and Status of Food Safety Certificates in Indi...


www.cert-int.com/



http://mofpi.nic.in/



http://www.iso.org/



http://www.standardsglossary.com/



http://www...


http://newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/article1274751.e
ce



http://news.agropages.com/Feature/FeatureDetail--911....
“Quality is never an accident, it is always
the result of intelligent effort”

Institute of Agri Business Management Bikan...
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Quality issues in agriculture

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We lost nearly ₹ 17000 Cr. due to cancelled consignments. this presentation will try to highlight some major failures, their reasons and solutions. to cope with changing environment and to develop better policy implementation framework for agricultural growth

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  • Delhi Metro Project(₹19131 cr.)http://www.delhimetrorail.com/projectsupdate/project_cost.aspx86105 km of Bituminous Roadhttp://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/IIT-MADRAS/Infrastructure_Planning_Management/pdf/Class%209%20-%20Road%20Infrastructure%20Development%20in%20India.pdf
  • Transcript of "Quality issues in agriculture"

    1. 1. Quality Issues in Agricultural Presenter Chandrmouli Singh Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 MBA (AB) I Year 1
    2. 2. Outline  What is Quality  Quality Parameters for Agricultural Produce  Issues  Impact  Possible Solutions  Conclusion  References Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 2
    3. 3. What is Quality  “Conformation to Specification” Philip Crossby  Quality is the totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs (ISO 8402/ISO 9000) Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 3
    4. 4. Quality Parameters  ISO Family  ISO 9001:2000  ISO 15000:1998  ISO 14001:2004  ISO 22000:2005  AGMARK  HACCP Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 Contd. 4
    5. 5.  BRC  IFS  CODEX  SQF 2000  OHSAS 18001 Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 5 Contd.
    6. 6.  Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006  PFA,1954  Essential Commodity Act,  Fruit Product Order  Marine Food Product Order  Vegetable and  Edible Oil  Milk 1955 Oil (control) Order Packaging (regulation) Order and Milk Produce Order Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 6
    7. 7. Issues Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 7
    8. 8. Ban on Imports  Indian mangoes arrive in the U.S. after long hiatus ( May 1, 2007, CNN Money)  Trouble spells for corn exporters as Vietnam rejects shipments ( December 23, 2011 Business Line)  After 2 years, city grapes to be served on German tables (March 3, 2012 The Times of India)  Japan rejects prawn order, Odisha exporters worried (September 27,2012 The Indian Express) Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 Cont. 8
    9. 9.  US rejects India's basmati exports due to pesticides, price falls 23.5% (September 24, 2012 www.fbnews.com)  EU rejects three okra consignments from India (November 29, 2012 Business Line)  Groundnut exporters' woes continueRussia's ban on groundnut imports from India raises quality concern ( April 23,2013 Business Standards) Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 9
    10. 10. Lack of Awareness Among People Table I: Awareness about the types of certificates Certifications Exporters and Promoters Customers Retailers ISO:9001:2000 96.84 85 90.63 HACCP 24.21 64 93.75 BRC 11.58 10 34.37 ISO:22000:2005 12.63 68 68.75 - 5 18.75 IFS 3.16 6 15.63 GMP 1.05 12 56.25 Global GAP 1.05 6 28.13 SQF 2000 Source: Sharma. Rajesh. Sharma Madhu. And Divashree. (2009) Awareness and Status of Food Safety Certificates in India. National Conference on “Innovative Marketing Strategies: Current Trends”. Pg 391-398 19 Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner Decembe r 2013 10
    11. 11. Health Related Issues Table II: Top five pathogens contributing to domestically acquired food borne illnesses Pathogen Estimated number of illnesses Norovirus 54,61,731 Salmonella, nontyphoidal 10,27,561 Clostridium perfringens 9,65,958 Campylobacter spp. 8,45,024 Staphylococcus aureus 2,41,148 Source: http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/facts.html Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 11
    12. 12. Impact Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 12
    13. 13. Loss to Nation and Farmers  50% decline in Grape export which cost about ₹ 535.34 cr. (2010-11)  US rejected Okra of ₹51 cr. (2010-11)  Vietnam rejected ₹91.74 cr. corn (2011-12)  Shrimp of ₹ 177 cr. rejected by Japan (2011-12)  Every year 20% of Indian consignments get rejected which cost about ₹17221.36 cr. http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/indexp/18headgenReportmonth.aspx#content Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 13
    14. 14. Effect on Trade Relationship Graph I: India Export of Principle Commodities Value in ₹ Cr (2011KUWAIT 12) 2% Total: ₹86018.261Cr. BANGLADESH PR 3% MALAYSIA 4% INDONESIA 5% SAUDI ARAB 7% IRAN 4% NIGERIA 2% others 39% UAE 8% USA 18% VIETNAM SOC REP 8% Contd. http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/indexp/18headgenReportmonth.aspx#content Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 14
    15. 15. Graph II: Major importing countries of Grape and exported value in lakh ₹ 18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 14092.24 13989.1 12440.29 6448.44 5490.48 4092.24 3531.1 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/Market%20Profile/MOA/Product/GRAPES.pdf 19 Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner Decembe r 2013 15
    16. 16. Expenses on Illness  Estimated cost of food borne illness in USA $152 billion annually  Indian scenario Total no. of labours in India 487 million Average sick leave 7-10 days 3409 million If we pay ₹ 100 only ₹340900 million http://www.njeha.org/pdf/Michelle%20Malavet%20-%20Foodborne%20Illness%20Prevention.pdf http://www.citehr.com/17068-leaves-per-law-company-policy.html 19 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labour_in_India Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner Decembe r 2013 16
    17. 17. Some Facts  With investment of ₹ 17221.36 cr.  We can make  Fund  Mid for ICDS (₹17700 cr.) Day Meal Scheme (₹ 13215 cr.)  Rastriya Madyamik  Medical Education Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 Siksha Abiyan (₹3983 cr.) and training (₹4727 cr.) 17
    18. 18. Possible Solutions  Role of APEDA  Global GAP  Formulation of new standards  Post Harvest Technology Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 18
    19. 19. Conclusion  We need to create awareness among people about Food Safety Certification  Short term training program and up-dated literature may reduce losses due to ban  We need to control post harvest losses to secure better quality production Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 19
    20. 20. References  Sharma. Rajesh. Sharma Madhu. And Divashree. (2009) Awareness and Status of Food Safety Certificates in India. National Conference on “Innovative Marketing Strategies: Current Trends”. Pg 391-398  Magazine: Agribusiness and Food Industry  Production and Operation Management: Kanishka Bedi  http://www.citehr.com/17068-leaves-per-law-companypolicy.html  http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/indexp/18headgenReport month.aspx#content  http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/facts.html Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 20
    21. 21.  www.cert-int.com/  http://mofpi.nic.in/  http://www.iso.org/  http://www.standardsglossary.com/  http://www.fao.org/  www.indiastat.com/  http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-andeconomy/agri-biz/trouble-spells-for-corn-exporters-asvietnam-rejects-shipments/article2741758.ece  http://www.downtoearth.org.in/node/290 Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 21
    22. 22.  http://newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/article1274751.e ce  http://news.agropages.com/Feature/FeatureDetail--911.htm  http://www.hindu.com/2009/06/15/stories/2009061556581 800.htm  http://www.globalgap.org/uk_en/what-we-do/the-ggsystem/certification/list-of-accreditation-bodies/ Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 22
    23. 23. “Quality is never an accident, it is always the result of intelligent effort” Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner 19 Decembe r 2013 23
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