Apis and scientific publishing


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Covers a brief history Nature publishing and the publishing industry as the reasons behind the nature.com API programme.

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  • NPG is a subsidiary of Macmillan Publishers Ltd, a global publishing group founded in the United Kingdom in 1843. Macmillan is itself owned by German-based, family run company Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck GmbH. Portfolio of high impact journals and magazines , online gateways and databases, news and comment, and related services Life, physical and applied sciences, chemistry and clinical medicine Comprehensive science media group, spanning from consumer to scholar, from high school student to researcher Leaders in online innovation and social networking for the scientific community Meeting varying needs of the community: conferences, Naturejobs and other services principal offices in London, New York and Tokyo
  • Nature Mission statement taken from: http://www.nature.com/npg_/company_info/mission.html Macmillan values here: http://international.macmillan.com/AboutUs.aspx?id=994, the following objectives: Macmillan upholds “the 10 universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour relations, the environment and anti-corruption as set out in the UN Global Compact 2006.”    Our objectives To build a truly diverse and culturally sensitive work force by encouraging short and long-term job mobility inter-country and internationally between our companies based on talent and merit. To encourage staff retention from diverse backgrounds at both entry level and in management positions. To continue becoming a carbon neutral group of Companies. To encourage and work with our staff and suppliers to uphold the 10 universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour relations, the environment and anti-corruption as set out in the UN Global Compact 2006.    To work with Governments and Educational Institutions around the world to promote education for all.
  • NPG has a position statement on OA (Jan 2011) for more info and background: http://www.nature.com/press_releases/statement.html Who to ask for more info: Emma Greenwood (Locum Publisher) or Grace Baynes (Corporate PR) Nature Communications is unique amongst the Nature journals in offering an open access option. The gold open access model (funded by article processing charges) is still inappropriate for Nature and the Nature research journals. These journals decline more than 90% of submissions, these high rejection rates and the developmental editing that goes into every published paper would make APCs prohibitively high. We estimate the APCs on these journals would be between $10-30000, and research funders are not currently willling to support this. The Nature Review journals do not publish original research papers. The Manuscript Deposition Service deposits the authors accepted version (not the final PDF) into PubMed Central and UK PubMed Central. Participating funders are: Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) National Institutes of Health (NIH) Austrian Science Fund (ASF) Arthritis Research Campaign (ARC) Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) British Heart Foundation (BHF) Cancer Research UK Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Executive (CSO) Department of Health (DoH) Health Research Board (HRB) Medical Research Council (MRC) Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) Telethon Italy Wellcome Trust
  • Apis and scientific publishing

    1. 1. Business of APIs Conference – Oct 2011 APIs and Science Publishing Nature.com Chandran Honour 25 Oct 2011
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Intro </li></ul><ul><li>About Nature Publishing Group </li></ul><ul><li>The Publishing Industry Today – Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Science API Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>The Developer Portal </li></ul><ul><li>APIS Overview </li></ul><ul><li>API Business Model </li></ul><ul><li>The Future </li></ul>
    3. 3. About Nature Publishing Group <ul><li>Small, family-owned: less than 100 journals in total </li></ul><ul><li>33 ‘Nature’ titles – including 16 review titles </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines including Scientific American part of the ‘family’ </li></ul><ul><li>1000 employees in 17 offices on 5 continents </li></ul><ul><li>28 society partners </li></ul><ul><li>53 academic and society journals </li></ul><ul><li>Online services, databases, conferences/events, multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>We aim to be the best – not the biggest </li></ul><ul><li>32% of the top 50 science journals by Impact Factor (16/50); (2009 JCR*) </li></ul><ul><li>15 NPG journals #1 in their fields by Impact Factor (2009 JCR ) </li></ul>*Source: 2009 Journal Citation Report, (Thomson Reuters, 2010)
    4. 4. About Nature Publishing : Company values <ul><li>Nature ’s 1869 mission statement, still guides us today: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ FIRST, to place before the general public the grand results of Scientific Work and Scientific Discovery ; and to urge the claims of Science to a more general recognition in Education and in Daily Life ;    And, SECONDLY, to aid Scientific men themselves, by giving early information of all advances made in any branch of Natural knowledge throughout the world, and by affording them an opportunity of discussing the various Scientific questions which arise from time to time.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>As part of Macmillan, we are guided by its values </li></ul>
    5. 5. First Issue of Nature
    6. 6. Nature Publishing - Timeline – Nature.com launched - 1995 Tim Berners Lee invents Web - 1990
    7. 7. Publishing Today – Open Access Content <ul><li>Why is Open Access important? wider access and availability to the latest published research papers is the key to enabling greater collaboration amongst scientists and researchers or open science as it is known in the scientific community. </li></ul><ul><li>How does it work? – removing the cost of downloading the paper means that any researcher with a potential interest in the topic can down the information and use it to further their own research interests, thus increasing the impact of original paper. </li></ul><ul><li>How has it grown? – recent studies have shown a significant growth in the number of Open Access journals and publishers offering article search at journal level. – this now been embraced by NPG and other major publishers as a primary means to </li></ul>
    8. 9. Applications <ul><li>Productivity Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citation management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authoring tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lab management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network/Impact Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring article/author impact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content discovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding relevant research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social / Communication Apps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connecting like-minded researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visualisation </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>
    9. 10. Google Gadget for Nature.com search
    10. 11. Creative Mashups using PubMed API With self-citations External citations only Nature Blogs + Circos
    11. 13. Visualizing Neuroscience Blog Citations With self-citations External citations only Nature Blogs + Circos
    12. 14. The Developer Portal <ul><li>Overview – goals: </li></ul><ul><li>– to provide quality data to enable the creation of new scientific applications </li></ul><ul><li>- provide a single place for documentation and support for APIs on the web </li></ul><ul><li>- to create a developer community to allow sharing of ideas and information </li></ul>
    13. 15. The Developer Portal
    14. 16. API Business Model – Developer Tiers <ul><li>. </li></ul>Tier 0- keyless - public access – meta-data (search results, abstracts provided by opensearch), lists of links (e.g blogs aggregation) and RSS feeds Tier 1 – non-commercial developers - keyed/unlimited - research developers want to build apps but not monetise them Tier 2 – non-commercial re-use developers- keyed/rate limited bundles Tier 3 – commercial developers – bespoke
    15. 17. Keyed API Access via the Portal <ul><li>Keyed access – developers are required to register for API access on the portal and receive an API access key after confirming via registration link. </li></ul><ul><li>Quota and rate limits are set – the portal allows configuration of quotas are rate limits based on the level of access granted (this is confgured manually for premium users and insitutional clients who agree access directly with NPG sales staff.) </li></ul>
    16. 18. APIs Overview <ul><ul><li>Opensearch – open search gateway allows querying of nature.com article meta-data and abstracts via an SRU/CQL query interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs API search and retrieval of science-related blog (meta-data), posts and related papers and journals. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 19. The Future <ul><li>Portal launch – planned for Nov 2011 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://developers.nature.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developer events – website launch, mailing lists, hackathon, webinars – planned for 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>New APIs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Content – toc, articles, top content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Research highlights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Protocol Exchange (experimental know-how) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– News </li></ul></ul>
    18. 20. Questions and Answers <ul><li>... </li></ul>