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What Is Race
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  • 1. What is Race?
  • 2. What are physical characteristics of human beings we could use to categorize people into different groups?
  • 3. How many different Races are here?
  • 4. What is the definition of race?
    The categorization of different human beings using the arbitrary factor of skin color.
  • 5. Twin Brothers. Are they different races?
  • 6.
  • 7. The U.S. racial system has focused on the white-nonwhite dichotomy
    The one drop rule: one drop of black blood (i.e., any percentage of
    ancestry) makes someone black
    Until 1967, many states had laws against miscegenation (marriage or sexual relations between a man & a woman of different races)
    People and groups move from one racial category to another
    Because of the one-drop rule, many blacks throughout U.S. history have looked white enough to “pass” as white; this has resulted in a large percentage of whites with black ancestry.
    New immigrant groups, e.g., Irish, Slavs, have been successful in becoming white.
    Census categories
    • Races: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, White, Some other race
    • Ethnic category: Hispanic or Latino
  • 8. Race is socially constructed!
    Race: category of people labeled and treated as
    similar because of some common biological traits,
    such as skin color, texture of hair, and shape of
    eyes. These traits are culturally determined.
    Race has no “scientific” basis, e.g., DNA
    • Biological variability exists, but doesn’t conform to our
    race” categories; racial characteristics aren’t transmitted
    Race was invented in the 18th Century to justify slavery.
    Race and racism have always been connected.
  • 9. Our physical characteristics are inherited from our parents.
  • 10. Correct use of the word “race”
    "There is only one race, the human one. The concept of race is not genetic, but social. There is no gene for race. We need to move beyond differences and arrive at sameness. We are all one.”
  • 11. Red haired people are not a different race.
  • 12.  Similar appearance of children from the same region of Asia due to a shared gene pool
  • 13. Skin Color… Before colonization
  • 14. Believing in Race leads to Racism…
  • 15.
  • 16. Slavery
  • 17.
  • 18. Believing in Race leads to Racism…
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Primitive tribe in Amazon. Photo taken by Helicopter in 2008. These people are identical to us without our culture and technology.
  • 22. The dots are genetic markers (defects) that track how people changed over time.
  • 23. http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/journey/timeline.swf