5 Themes
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5 Themes






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5 Themes 5 Themes Presentation Transcript

  • Why study geography?
    To understand more about the changing world we live in
    To learn more about the people and cultures of the world so that we can better understand each other
    To evaluate the connection between the earth and those who live on it
  • What are the Five Themes of Geography?
    The concepts that geographers use to study the world and the people that inhabit it.
    They are all connected
    Use all five themes to truly understand the geography of a place
  • Location
    Asks the question: Where is it?
    Here’s Madagascar!
  • Can be relative location, which uses descriptions to find places on the earth.
    Example: I live in New Hope near the McDonalds on Medicine Lake Road.
  • Can be absolute location, which uses a system to find an exact spot on the earth.
    Examples: latitude and longitude, address with zip codes, GPS, map coordinates
  • Place
    Asks: What are the characteristics of a location?
    Describes what it is like there
    For example, how would you describe Armstrong High School?
  • Can be physical features
    Climate – temperature, rainfall
    Landforms – plateaus, plains
    Topography - elevation
    Flora - plants
    Fauna - animals
    Resources – petroleum, gemstones
  • Can be human characteristics
    Such as population statistics, economic activities, religion, language, government
  • Human Environment Interaction
    How do we use the earth? How have we changed the earth?
  • Examples of HEI
    Growing corn in Farmington
    Mining iron ore from the Iron Range
    Skiing down Buck Hill
    Fishing on Medicine Lake
    Cars consuming gasoline and polluting the air
    AHS built out of brick
    Deforestation of the Himalayas so that homes can be built
  • Movement
    How do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another?
  • Examples of movement
    Trading products between countries
    Migration of people to new areas
    Buying clothes over the internet
    Flying overseas to visit your relatives
    Coming to school on the bus this morning
    Urban sprawl
  • Region
    How is this place similar to other places?
    Are there common characteristics?
  • There are different types of regions:
    Formal (Uniform) Region – a common characteristic throughout (Gulf Coast states, South Asia)
    Functional (Nodal) Region – areas connected to a central location (Twin Cities metro area)
    Regions can overlap!
  • Know these themes!
    Questions they answer
    We will use them throughout the semester as we analyze the different areas of the world!