Why study geography?<br />To understand more about the changing world we live in<br />To learn more about the people and cultures of the world so that we can better understand each other<br />To evaluate the connection between the earth and those who live on it<br />
What are the Five Themes of Geography?<br />The concepts that geographers use to study the world and the people that inhabit it.<br />They are all connected<br />Use all five themes to truly understand the geography of a place<br />
Location<br />Asks the question: Where is it?<br />Here’s Madagascar!<br />
Can be relative location, which uses descriptions to find places on the earth.<br />Example: I live in New Hope near the McDonalds on Medicine Lake Road.<br />
Can be absolute location, which uses a system to find an exact spot on the earth.<br />Examples: latitude and longitude, address with zip codes, GPS, map coordinates<br />
Place<br />Asks: What are the characteristics of a location? <br />Describes what it is like there<br />For example, how would you describe Armstrong High School?<br />
Can be human characteristics<br />Such as population statistics, economic activities, religion, language, government<br />
Human Environment Interaction<br />How do we use the earth? How have we changed the earth?<br />
Examples of HEI<br />Growing corn in Farmington<br />Mining iron ore from the Iron Range<br />Skiing down Buck Hill<br />Fishing on Medicine Lake<br />Cars consuming gasoline and polluting the air<br />AHS built out of brick<br />Deforestation of the Himalayas so that homes can be built<br />
Movement<br />How do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another?<br />
Examples of movement<br />Trading products between countries<br />Migration of people to new areas<br />Buying clothes over the internet<br />Flying overseas to visit your relatives<br />Coming to school on the bus this morning<br />Urban sprawl<br />
Region<br />How is this place similar to other places? <br />Are there common characteristics?<br />
There are different types of regions:<br />Formal (Uniform) Region – a common characteristic throughout (Gulf Coast states, South Asia)<br />Functional (Nodal) Region – areas connected to a central location (Twin Cities metro area)<br />Regions can overlap!<br />
Know these themes!<br />Definitions<br />Examples<br />Questions they answer<br />We will use them throughout the semester as we analyze the different areas of the world!<br />
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