Why study geography? To understand more about the changing world we live in To learn more about the people and cultures of the world so that we can better understand each other To evaluate the connection between the earth and those who live on it
What are the Five Themes of Geography? The concepts that geographers use to study the world and the people that inhabit it. They are all connected Use all five themes to truly understand the geography of a place
Location Asks the question: Where is it? Here’s Madagascar!
Can be relative location, which uses descriptions to find places on the earth. Example: I live in New Hope near the McDonalds on Medicine Lake Road.
Can be absolute location, which uses a system to find an exact spot on the earth. Examples: latitude and longitude, address with zip codes, GPS, map coordinates
Place Asks: What are the characteristics of a location? Describes what it is like there For example, how would you describe Armstrong High School?
Can be physical features Climate – temperature, rainfall Landforms – plateaus, plains Topography - elevation Flora - plants Fauna - animals Resources – petroleum, gemstones
Can be human characteristics Such as population statistics, economic activities, religion, language, government
Human Environment Interaction How do we use the earth? How have we changed the earth?
Examples of HEI Growing corn in Farmington Mining iron ore from the Iron Range Skiing down Buck Hill Fishing on Medicine Lake Cars consuming gasoline and polluting the air AHS built out of brick Deforestation of the Himalayas so that homes can be built
Movement How do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another?
Examples of movement Trading products between countries Migration of people to new areas Buying clothes over the internet Flying overseas to visit your relatives Coming to school on the bus this morning Urban sprawl
Region How is this place similar to other places? Are there common characteristics?
There are different types of regions: Formal (Uniform) Region – a common characteristic throughout (Gulf Coast states, South Asia) Functional (Nodal) Region – areas connected to a central location (Twin Cities metro area) Regions can overlap!
Know these themes! Definitions Examples Questions they answer We will use them throughout the semester as we analyze the different areas of the world!