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5 Themes

5 Themes






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    5 Themes 5 Themes Presentation Transcript

    • Why study geography?
      To understand more about the changing world we live in
      To learn more about the people and cultures of the world so that we can better understand each other
      To evaluate the connection between the earth and those who live on it
    • What are the Five Themes of Geography?
      The concepts that geographers use to study the world and the people that inhabit it.
      They are all connected
      Use all five themes to truly understand the geography of a place
    • Location
      Asks the question: Where is it?
      Here’s Madagascar!
    • Can be relative location, which uses descriptions to find places on the earth.
      Example: I live in New Hope near the McDonalds on Medicine Lake Road.
    • Can be absolute location, which uses a system to find an exact spot on the earth.
      Examples: latitude and longitude, address with zip codes, GPS, map coordinates
    • Place
      Asks: What are the characteristics of a location?
      Describes what it is like there
      For example, how would you describe Armstrong High School?
    • Can be physical features
      Climate – temperature, rainfall
      Landforms – plateaus, plains
      Topography - elevation
      Flora - plants
      Fauna - animals
      Resources – petroleum, gemstones
    • Can be human characteristics
      Such as population statistics, economic activities, religion, language, government
    • Human Environment Interaction
      How do we use the earth? How have we changed the earth?
    • Examples of HEI
      Growing corn in Farmington
      Mining iron ore from the Iron Range
      Skiing down Buck Hill
      Fishing on Medicine Lake
      Cars consuming gasoline and polluting the air
      AHS built out of brick
      Deforestation of the Himalayas so that homes can be built
    • Movement
      How do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another?
    • Examples of movement
      Trading products between countries
      Migration of people to new areas
      Buying clothes over the internet
      Flying overseas to visit your relatives
      Coming to school on the bus this morning
      Urban sprawl
    • Region
      How is this place similar to other places?
      Are there common characteristics?
    • There are different types of regions:
      Formal (Uniform) Region – a common characteristic throughout (Gulf Coast states, South Asia)
      Functional (Nodal) Region – areas connected to a central location (Twin Cities metro area)
      Regions can overlap!
    • Know these themes!
      Questions they answer
      We will use them throughout the semester as we analyze the different areas of the world!