Occupational optometry
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  • 1. Occupational Optometry Presented By: Mr.Chandan
  • 2. Introduction
    • Occupational optometry is the portion of optometric practice that is concerned with the efficient and safe visual functioning of an individual within the work environment.
    • Prevention of occupational eye injuries
    • Vision assessments of workers/patients, taking into account their specific vision requirements and the demands these requirements place upon them.
  • 3. Occupational Vision Services
    • Three general areas or levels:
      • Primary care
      • Eye safety consultation
      • Vision consultation
  • 4. Occupational Vision Services
    • Primary care : To meet certain occupational vision objectives
    • • Complete an occupational history on each adult patient
    • • Diagnose and manage occupationally induced conditions (making referrals when necessary)
    • • Assess his or her patients’ occupational vision demands and provide appropriate treatments as necessary
    • • Educate patients on the need to incorporate eye safety principles into their daily activities.
  • 5. Occupational Vision Services
    • Eye safety consultation : Overseeing the facility’s entire eye safety program.
    • • Writing and helping to enforce an eye safety policy
    • • Performing an eye-safety workplace assessment
    • • Overseeing the procurement of eye protection devices (both prescription and nonprescription)
    • • Educating workers on eye safety issues
    • • Overseeing pre-placement and periodic vision screenings
    • • Writing policy concerning contact lens wear.
  • 6. Occupational Vision Services
    • Vision consultation : To provide consulting services concerning the general area of visual efficiency.
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. Occupational Diseases
    • Chronic ailment - Occupational activity
    • Exposure - Workplace health hazard
    • More prevalent - Given body of workers than in the general population
    • Occupational hazards which are traumatic in nature are not considered
  • 12. Occupational Diseases
    • Common Occupational diseases -
    • Asbestosis - Asbestos miners/ Friable asbestos insulation
    • Black Lung Disease - Coal miners
    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – Poultry industry/Data entry personnel's
    • Radiation sickness - Nuclear industry
    • Byssinosis - Cotton textile industry
    • Phossy jaw and Radium jaw- Match girls and Radium Dial Workers
  • 13. Occupational Diseases
  • 14. INCIDENCE OF OCULAR INJURIES AND ITS PREVENTION
    • Incidence of eye injuries:
    • Play and sport
    • RTA
    • Industrial accident
    • Civil disturbances
    • Home accidents
    • Assault
    • Farm accident
  • 15. Incidence Of Eye Injuries
    • Occupations:
    • Machine tool operators
    • Motor vehicle or aircraft mechanic
    • Metal worker
    • Construction
    • Electrician
    • Welder
    • Painter
    • General laborer
  • 16. Incidence Of Eye Injuries
    • Most common Grinding or buffing
    • Leisure or sports-worst injury
    • Baseball, Ice hockey and Racket sports.
    • Squash ball 224km/h
    • Racket ball and tennis ball 192km/h
    • Shuttlecock 232km/h
  • 17. Incidence Of Eye Injuries
    • Open eye guards are not recommended
    • Spectacle frames with hinges that open beyond 90degrees
    • Boxers-Thumbless glove
    • Monocular player-Identified and advised
  • 18. Incidence Of Eye Injuries
    • Adult supervision-Children
    • Household items: Oven cleaners, Glue, Disinfectants, Nylon cord grass trimmers, Chain saws, Hair sprays, Paints, Insecticides and Cleaning agents.
  • 19. Prevention Of Injuries
    • Optometrist role:
      • Visual requirement?
      • Hobbies?
      • Sports?
      • Occupation?
      • Identifying potential hazard and protection
      • Eye protection programmes
  • 20. Prevention Of Eye Injuries
    • Perception of risk
    • Education for the younger employee
    • Publicizing eye injuries carefully
    • Counsel workers after an injury
    • Determining reasons for not using protection
    • Compulsory wear
  • 21. Prevention Of Eye Injuries
    • Eye protection programme:
    • Aim : Identify and Eliminate/Control
    • Economic benefits
    • Reduction in eye injuries=Reduction of insurance and medical expenses, Reduction in lost production, Work replacement and retraining costs
    • Good employee-employer relationship
  • 22. Prevention Of Eye Injuries
    • Eye protection programme
      • Expenses:
        • Consultant fee
        • Cost of implementation
        • Modification of the manufacturing process
        • Cost of employee education
        • Cost of providing and maintaining
  • 23. Eye Protection Programme
    • Parts:
      • Plant environment survey
      • Vision screening
      • Implementation of the programme
      • Maintenance of the programme
  • 24. Plant Environment Survey
    • Assessment of potential plant hazards
    • Dangerous tasks and area inspection
    • Method of elimination/controlling
    • Modify/ Use of non-hazardous materials
    • Last option is eye guards
  • 25. Plant Survey
    • Lighting conditions needs to be assessed
    • Sites of emergency first aids needs to be noted
    • Accident records have to be maintained
  • 26. Vision Screening
    • Studies have proved to have a strong relation between defective vision and accidents
    • Injure not just themselves but their colleagues also run the risk of being injured
  • 27. Implementation Of Programme
    • Elimination/control
    • Provision of eye protectors
    • Marking of the areas
    • Provision for first aid facilities
    • Provision of lens cleaning stations
    • Formation of safety committee
    • Educating employees
  • 28. Maintenance Of the Programme
    • Assessing new manufacturing processes
    • Continuing education and training
    • Regular vision screenings
    • Active safety committee
    • Stocking eye protectors
    • Maintenance of lens cleaning and first aid facilities