Occupational optometry
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Occupational optometry



One of the classes on Occupational Optometry

One of the classes on Occupational Optometry



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    Occupational optometry Occupational optometry Presentation Transcript

    • Occupational Optometry Presented By: Mr.Chandan
    • Introduction
      • Occupational optometry is the portion of optometric practice that is concerned with the efficient and safe visual functioning of an individual within the work environment.
      • Prevention of occupational eye injuries
      • Vision assessments of workers/patients, taking into account their specific vision requirements and the demands these requirements place upon them.
    • Occupational Vision Services
      • Three general areas or levels:
        • Primary care
        • Eye safety consultation
        • Vision consultation
    • Occupational Vision Services
      • Primary care : To meet certain occupational vision objectives
      • • Complete an occupational history on each adult patient
      • • Diagnose and manage occupationally induced conditions (making referrals when necessary)
      • • Assess his or her patients’ occupational vision demands and provide appropriate treatments as necessary
      • • Educate patients on the need to incorporate eye safety principles into their daily activities.
    • Occupational Vision Services
      • Eye safety consultation : Overseeing the facility’s entire eye safety program.
      • • Writing and helping to enforce an eye safety policy
      • • Performing an eye-safety workplace assessment
      • • Overseeing the procurement of eye protection devices (both prescription and nonprescription)
      • • Educating workers on eye safety issues
      • • Overseeing pre-placement and periodic vision screenings
      • • Writing policy concerning contact lens wear.
    • Occupational Vision Services
      • Vision consultation : To provide consulting services concerning the general area of visual efficiency.
    • Occupational Diseases
      • Chronic ailment - Occupational activity
      • Exposure - Workplace health hazard
      • More prevalent - Given body of workers than in the general population
      • Occupational hazards which are traumatic in nature are not considered
    • Occupational Diseases
      • Common Occupational diseases -
      • Asbestosis - Asbestos miners/ Friable asbestos insulation
      • Black Lung Disease - Coal miners
      • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – Poultry industry/Data entry personnel's
      • Radiation sickness - Nuclear industry
      • Byssinosis - Cotton textile industry
      • Phossy jaw and Radium jaw- Match girls and Radium Dial Workers
    • Occupational Diseases
      • Incidence of eye injuries:
      • Play and sport
      • RTA
      • Industrial accident
      • Civil disturbances
      • Home accidents
      • Assault
      • Farm accident
    • Incidence Of Eye Injuries
      • Occupations:
      • Machine tool operators
      • Motor vehicle or aircraft mechanic
      • Metal worker
      • Construction
      • Electrician
      • Welder
      • Painter
      • General laborer
    • Incidence Of Eye Injuries
      • Most common Grinding or buffing
      • Leisure or sports-worst injury
      • Baseball, Ice hockey and Racket sports.
      • Squash ball 224km/h
      • Racket ball and tennis ball 192km/h
      • Shuttlecock 232km/h
    • Incidence Of Eye Injuries
      • Open eye guards are not recommended
      • Spectacle frames with hinges that open beyond 90degrees
      • Boxers-Thumbless glove
      • Monocular player-Identified and advised
    • Incidence Of Eye Injuries
      • Adult supervision-Children
      • Household items: Oven cleaners, Glue, Disinfectants, Nylon cord grass trimmers, Chain saws, Hair sprays, Paints, Insecticides and Cleaning agents.
    • Prevention Of Injuries
      • Optometrist role:
        • Visual requirement?
        • Hobbies?
        • Sports?
        • Occupation?
        • Identifying potential hazard and protection
        • Eye protection programmes
    • Prevention Of Eye Injuries
      • Perception of risk
      • Education for the younger employee
      • Publicizing eye injuries carefully
      • Counsel workers after an injury
      • Determining reasons for not using protection
      • Compulsory wear
    • Prevention Of Eye Injuries
      • Eye protection programme:
      • Aim : Identify and Eliminate/Control
      • Economic benefits
      • Reduction in eye injuries=Reduction of insurance and medical expenses, Reduction in lost production, Work replacement and retraining costs
      • Good employee-employer relationship
    • Prevention Of Eye Injuries
      • Eye protection programme
        • Expenses:
          • Consultant fee
          • Cost of implementation
          • Modification of the manufacturing process
          • Cost of employee education
          • Cost of providing and maintaining
    • Eye Protection Programme
      • Parts:
        • Plant environment survey
        • Vision screening
        • Implementation of the programme
        • Maintenance of the programme
    • Plant Environment Survey
      • Assessment of potential plant hazards
      • Dangerous tasks and area inspection
      • Method of elimination/controlling
      • Modify/ Use of non-hazardous materials
      • Last option is eye guards
    • Plant Survey
      • Lighting conditions needs to be assessed
      • Sites of emergency first aids needs to be noted
      • Accident records have to be maintained
    • Vision Screening
      • Studies have proved to have a strong relation between defective vision and accidents
      • Injure not just themselves but their colleagues also run the risk of being injured
    • Implementation Of Programme
      • Elimination/control
      • Provision of eye protectors
      • Marking of the areas
      • Provision for first aid facilities
      • Provision of lens cleaning stations
      • Formation of safety committee
      • Educating employees
    • Maintenance Of the Programme
      • Assessing new manufacturing processes
      • Continuing education and training
      • Regular vision screenings
      • Active safety committee
      • Stocking eye protectors
      • Maintenance of lens cleaning and first aid facilities