Industrial disputes

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Industrial disputes

  1. 1. Industrial Disputes Chandan raj IIeBM,Pune
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 – </li></ul><ul><li>“ Industrial Disputes is any dispute or difference between the employers and employers or between employers and workmen or between workmen and workmen which is connected with the employment or non-employment, or the terms of employment or the conditions of labour, of any person”. [Section 2(k)] </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A dispute is an industrial dispute if it satisfies following conditions :- </li></ul><ul><li>1. there should be an industry, employer and workman </li></ul><ul><li>2. there should be a real and substantial dispute or difference and should be one in which the workman is substantially interested </li></ul><ul><li>3. the dispute should be between the employer and his workman, between employers and employers or between workmen and workmen. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The dispute must be connected with (i) the employment (ii) non-employment (iii) terms of employment or with the conditions of labour. </li></ul><ul><li>There should be a contractual relationship between the employer and the workman. </li></ul><ul><li>The dispute should relate to the existing industry, and not a dead one or which is not in existence. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of Industrial Disputes <ul><li>Economic Causes :- wages, bonus, allowance, conditions for work, working hours, leave and holidays without pay, unjust layoffs and retrenchments. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Economic Causes :- victimization of workers, ill treatment by staff members, sympathetic strikes , political factors, indiscipline etc. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Economic Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Demand of Increase in Wages </li></ul><ul><li>Demand of Increase in Dearness Allowance </li></ul><ul><li>Bonus </li></ul><ul><li>Demand of Improvements in Working Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Demand of Less Working Hours </li></ul><ul><li>To oppose Modernization and Automation of Plant and Machinery. </li></ul><ul><li>Management Policies and Retrenchment </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Non-Economic Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Recognition to Labour Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Defective Recruitment and Promotion Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Unlawful Lay-off and Retrenchment Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Dis-obedience of Code of Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Defective Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of effective Communication </li></ul>

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