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Collective Bargaining is a system and a technique of resolving an industrial dispute through negotiations between employers and the representatives of employees without any help of an arbitrator.
Collective bargaining is that arrangement whereby the wages components of remuneration and conditions of employment of workman are settled through a bargain between the employer and the workman collectively whether represented through their union or by some of them on behalf of all of them.
Collective bargaining is a mode of fixing the terms of employment by means of bargaining between an organized body of employees and an employer or an association of employers usually acting through organized agents.
The resolution of industrial problems between the representatives of employers and the freely designated representatives of employees acting collectively with a minimum of government dictation.
Collective Bargaining is a process in which the representatives of a labour organization and the representatives of the business organization meet and attempt to negotiate a contract or agreement which specifies the nature of the employee-employer union relationship Edwin B.Flippo
Collective bargaining is a process of discussion and negotiation between two parties, one or both of whom is a group of persons acting in consent. The resulting bargain is an understanding as to the terms and conditions under which a continuing service is to be performed. More specifically, collective bargaining is a procedure by which employers and a group of employees agree upon the conditions of work. Encyclopedia of Social Sciences
Collective bargaining leads to industrial peace in the country which in turn helps to increase the pace of a nation’s efforts towards economic and social development.
It helps in implementation of labour legislation.
Essential Conditions for Success of Collective Bargaining
There must be a change in the attitude of employers and employees. It is an approach which indicates that the two parties are determined to resolve their differences in their respective claims in a peaceful manner.
The employers and employees should enter upon negotiations on points of difference or on demands with a view to reaching an agreement.
To ensure that collective bargaining functions properly , unfair labour practices should be avoided and abandoned by both sides.
When negotiations result in an agreement, the terms of the contract should be put down in writing and embodied in a document .
4. Bargain : here the bargaining process starts in this stage what ‘if’ and ‘suppose’ are set forth and the drafting of agreements take place.
5. Settlement : a consensual agreement is reached upon wherein both the parties agree to a common decision regarding the problem. This stage consist of effective joint implementation of the agreement through share vision, strategic planning and negotiated change.
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is a term for describing the process of resolving disputes in place of litigation. It includes arbitration, mediation, conciliation, expert determination and early neutral evaluation by a third person.